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Full text of "Looking forward: the phenomenal progress of electricity in 1912"

LIBRARY 

UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA 
DAVIS 




''''Electricity became the agent for Fourth of July 

celebrations, and the old style fire-works 

were abandoned. " 



Looking Forward 

The Phenomenal Progress 
of Electricity in 1912 



BY 

H. W. HILLMAN 

ILLUSTRATED BY 

W. L. GREENE 



VALLEY VIEW PUBLISHING COMPANY 

NORTHAMPTON, MASS. 
1906 



COPYRIGHT, 1906, 

BY 

H. W. HILLMAN 

ALL RIGHTS RESERVED 

PUBLISHED NOVEMBER, 1906 



Ta.rn.thro,> 



WRITINGS OF H. W. HILLMAN 



Paper Read Before the 

Ohio State Electrical Association at Cleveland 
in 1900 

Paper Read Before the 

Pacific Coast Electrical Transmission Association 
at San Francisco in 1900 

Paper Read Before the 

National Electric Light Association, held at time 
of Buffalo Exposition in 1901 

Paper Read Before the 

Association of Edison Illuminating Companies 
at Newcastle, N. H., in 1904 

Paper Read Before the 

Michigan State Electrical Association at Detroit 
in 1905 



DEPICATED TO 

THE MEMORY or 

EDWARD BELLAMY 

WHOSE MARVELOUS IMAGINATIVE ABILITY 

WAS ADMIRED BY THE PEOPLE 

IN ALL PARTS or 

THE WORLD 



PREFACE. 

When in the consideration of the welfare of 
all nations of the earth a book is written like 
Bellamy's "Looking Backward/' the people 
of the world not only admire the author's 
prophecies, but they try to bring about those 
conditions which are of daily help in the pur- 
suit of happiness and prosperity. 

The last generation has brought about many 
new conditions in our daily living. The dawn 
of another generation has introduced to the peo- 
ple conveniences never before enjoyed in any 
part of the world. 

It is, therefore, preeminently fitting that all 
the citizens of the earth should prepare for the 
year 1912. On the morning of Decoration Day 
in that year, those living shall witness the end of 
a quarter of a century, counting from the year 
of Bellamy's book in 1887. 

The purpose of the author in writing this 
book, LOOKING FORWARD, was to attract the 
attention of the people to the many evidences 
of ideal conditions which now exist, that were 
prophesied by Bellamy; also to present to the 
people the many evidences of other new condi- 
tions destined to greatly favor the domestic, 
social and industrial relations of the people in 
the pursuit of their daily vocations. It was the 
intention, likewise, to impress upon the readers 
not only the marvelous progress of electricity, 
but the very great share which the electrical 
industry and its representatives have taken in 
the endeavor to bring about improved conditions 
for the people in general. 

The writer anticipates criticism of a generous, 



PREFACE 

wholesome character, and even from engineers 
of well-known electrical ability, but calls atten- 
tion now to the wonderful growth of the electric 
street railway, born as late as 1887 ; to the rapid 
progress of the telephone; and last, but not 
least, the phenomenal extension of the electric 
motor drive. 

The older people take pride in the accomplish- 
ments of this generation. They have enjoyed the 
many advances in the electrical 'arts, even as 
related to the industrial world, but now as we 
approach an era when domestic relations are 
closely associated with the modern electrical 
conveniences, they will, even more fully, enjoy 
the progress following such advances in the arts. 

The younger people will be more closely 
associated with electricity in the 'home, the 
school, the college, the work-shop, the mercantile 
and industrial world. In the morning of life 
they will cherish the interesting and beneficial 
electrical associations; at noontime in their 
earthly career they will profit from the oppor- 
tunities which electrical contrivances will afford 
them in 1937, and as the evening of life 
approaches, the year 1962 will find them watch- 
ing their grandchildren living under the many 
ideal conditions which surely must exist at that 
time. 

The author believes that quarter-century 
records, at least, should be made in book form, 
covering the domestic and industrial conditions 
of the people of the earth. Thus, by such 
records, shall the people be guided toward the 
earliest and greatest pursuit of happiness and 
prosperity which all have a right to enjoy. 

H. W. HlLLMAN. 

Schenectady, N. Y., July 24, 1906. 



TABLE OF CONTENTS 



Chapter I. 
II. 
III. 
IV. 



V. 

VI. 

VII. 

VIII. 

IX. 

X. 

XI. 

XII. 

XIII. 

XIV. 

XV. 

XVI. 

XVII. 

XVIII. 

XIX. 

XX. 

XXI. 

XXII. 

XXIII. 
XXIV. 



XXV. 
XXVI. 



Tom Appleton's Promotion. 

The Electrical Club. 

The College Ball. 

The Electron Pacific Ex- 
press. 

Rebuilding San Francisco. 

The Electrical Convention. 

The Automobile Ride. 

The Steamship Electrania. 

Electrical Works, Rugvale. 

Evening in English Home. 

Air Ship Excursion. 

The Roses. 

In Paris. 

Evening with Emperor. 

Submarine Paintings. 

Electricity in Switzerland. 

Under the Alps Mountains. 

Eruptions, Mt. Vesuvius. 

Electricity Down on the 
Farm. 

The People and the Elec- 
trical Companies. 

Millville, The Electric City 
of the World. 

The -Dentist 'and Prof. 
Stoenmitz. 

Electric Arc Lighting. 

The Electrical Co-operative 
Improvement Associa- 
tion. 

The Wedding. 

Twenty-Five Years After. 



LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS. 

Frontispiece: "Electricity became the agent 
for Fourth of July celebrations, and the 
old style fire-works were abandoned/* 

Page 25: "With these last words, they said 
4 Good-bye/" 

Page 106: "He clutched the steering wheel 
with a grip of iron." 

Page 155: "The silence was interrupted by a 
noise, which startled them all." 

Page 210: "Gently, softly and gracefully, they 
glided along over the water." 

Page 310 : Portrait, Edward Bellamy. 



CHAPTER I. 

TOM APPLETON 's PROMOTION. 

"For God's sake, throw off that switch!" 
This order was given in a very loud tone, and 
could be heard distinctly above the noise of re- 
volving electrical machinery, which was being 
tested on this particular night, at the works of 
the Glendale Electric Company. 

Tom Appleton came out of his office in a 
hurry, knowing that something was wrong. He 
showed no signs of excitement, and in a calm 
tone called to the messenger who was rushing 
past him: 

"What's the matter?" 

1 ' Oh ! Mr. Appleton ; a man has gotten on the 
lines, on the arc lighting test, down at the 
other end of the building. Gome, quick!" 

While this message was being delivered, they 
had gotten half way down the room, and Tom 
was soon at the scene of the trouble. He saw 
at a glance that the proper aid was being given, 
and the man was beginning to show signs of 
life. 

"How about the ambulance?" Tom asked, 
turning to his assistant. 

"It will be here directly, as we telephoned 
immediately after the shock." 

Not for a second had they stopped working 
over the poor fellow, and the results were so 
encouraging that when the ambulance arrived 

9 



10 LOOKING FORWARD 

he was gently placed in it and driven to the 
hospital. 

A half hour later Tom Appleton was busy 
investigating and questioning the various men 
in the testing department, with a view of 
locating the responsibility for the accident. 

"What do you think about it, Jim?" he said 
to his assistant. 

"Well, from all I can gain in carefully talk- 
ing with the boys who were around there, 
that fellow Sheldon is the one to blame/' 

"Please telephone him to come in and see me 
immediately," said Tom. 

Several more young men were questioned, and 
all reported the same thing; that a notice was 
plainly visible on the switchboard to the effect 
that a man was working on the line, and yet 
they saw Sheldon carelessly go up to the board 
and deliberately throw the switch which nearly 
cost the man his life. 

These young men were excused, and Sheldon 
was ushered into the office. After taking a seat, 
Tom turned to him and said in a quiet voice: 

"Well, Sheldon, this is rather -a serious of- 
fense against you this time. You know how the 
company feels about a matter of this kind. It 
was merely by the slimmest chance that this 
man's life was saved. Several times before this 
you have been so careless that bad mistakes 
have resulted, and it is understood in the man- 
ager's office that you are here only on probation. 
What have you to say?" 

"I haven't anything to say," answered Shel- 
don, "except that I am tired of this - - test- 
ing room, -and I shall be glad to get out. It is a 
dog's life, anyway. My father's got money, and 
I don't care about staying here any longer." 



APPLETON'S PROMOTION 11 

"All right," said Tom, "I regret to make 
such -a report to the general manager, but your 
statement forces me to do so. That will be all. ' ' 

The next morning there was considerable stir 
when the report of the accident was placed 
before Manager Hammond, and he was exceed- 
ingly provoked over the attitude of young Shel- 
don. Instructions were issued -at once that he 
should be discharged from the company. At 
the same time, the manager sent for Tom Apple- 
ton, requesting that he should call in his office 
about two o'clock. 

That morning Tom had left the testing de- 
partment as usual, about six o'clock, and on 
the way up to his room had stopped in at the 
hospital to see how the invalid was getting 
along. He was pleased to find him in good 
spirits and physically all right, except for some 
bruises on the head caused from the fall at 
the time of the accident. After assuring him 
that upon his return to work some form of 
promotion would be found for him, Tom went 
along to his room, to secure his usual day's 
sleep. 

At this point the reader may be interested 
to know more about Tom Appleton. He was 
born in the small town of Northington, Mass. 
His boyhood days had been spent there in the 
Connecticut Valley. There was no swimming 
pool along the banks of the old Connecticut 
River with which he was not familiar. At an 
early age he became a member of the Northing- 
ton Canoe Club, and many happy summer days 
were spent paddling up and down the river 
banks, and sailing along those shores which he 
loved so well. 

He attended the grammar schools in North- 



12 LOOKING FORWARD 

ington, but at the early age of twelve was 
obliged to leave and commence work in the office 
of a manufacturing plant located there in the 
town. 

While his schooling had given him but <a 
limited education, his evenings were spent in 
studies of a general character, and coupled with 
a good presence, earnest manner, and a frank, 
honest face, he was soon promoted to a responsi- 
ble position. For several years, he was associated 
with that company, receiving a salary which 
permitted him to live comfortably, free from 
debt, and gradually increase a bank account 
of no mean amount. 

However, he became restless, being anxious 
about his future prospects there in the factory, 
and having heard a great deal about electrical 
engineering and the extensive field which the 
electrical business offered for a young man, he 
determined to concentrate his studies along 
the lines of electrical engineering. The Scrat- 
ton School of Correspondence offered splendid 
inducements for the electrical course, and the 
terms were easily within the reach of any young 
man of ordinary means. Soon after he com- 
menced these new studies, the rapidity with 
which he became acquainted with electrical 
terms and with engineering knowledge was sur- 
prising. It was not long before he knew all 
about the electro-magnet. He could fix the 
electrical door-bells at home, when they were 
out of order. He could intelligently answer 
his little sister's questions as to why the trolley 
made the electric cars go so fast. He became 
quite familiar with the electric generators, 
switchboards and transformers at the Local 
Electric Lighting Plant, and even volunteered to 



APPLETON'S PROMOTION 13 

explain about the electric meter and why the 
monthly bills were high or low; usually to the 
general satisfaction of the neighbors kind good 
souls, to appear as if they understood his expla- 
nations, because of pride for their neighbor's 
boy who would soon become an electrical engi- 
neer. 

These years were of very great value to the 
village boy, and many a time since then has 
he thought of the Scratton Correspondence 
School, and the easy manner in which they made 
it possible for him to learn the rudiments of 
magnetism and electricity, thus fitting him for 
duties in later years of a very important char- 
acter. 

They furnished him books for specializing on 
electrical engineering, also small printed leaf- 
lets with questions relating to electrical mattters, 
which leaflets were mailed to Scratton regularly 
two or three times a week. They promptly 
corrected the lessons and returned the leaflets to 
him with advice and encouragement, marking 
him excellent or otherwise, according to the ac- 
curacy of his answers. It is only just to state 
that he was so earnest in his studies, and took 
such a deep interest in the course, that marks 
of a high degree of excellence were frequently 
returned to him. And all of this interesting 
and valuable data and knowledge was within 
the reach of Tom Appleton for only a very 
small portion of his weekly salary. His father 
had been unable to send him to college because 
of the expense involved; yet in the two years' 
course with the help of the Scratton Corre- 
spondence School, he was able to accomplish 
more than many of the collge boys with their 
four years' course, and other special advantages. 



14 LOOKING FORWARD 

The course was finished, a diploma had been 
presented to him, and the school had secured 
for him a position in the Electrical Testing De- 
partment of the Glendale Electric Company, of 
Millville, N. Y. It was a happy day for him 
when the letter was received offering him a posi- 
tion in that wonderful Electric Works. He had 
been told that Thomas A. Edmunds, the great 
inventor of the incandescent lamp, the phono- 
graph, and the storage battery, had lived there 
in Millville, and personally worked there in the 
shops where he was to be located. He had left 
Northington with a sad heart and with tears 
flowing freely, but the future had so much in 
store for him, and the works at Millville offered 
such vast opportunities, that he took up his new 
position with great interest and enthusiasm, 
glad at heart from day to day, and cheerful at 
all times. His letters home told of the wonderful 
machinery that was under construction. He 
said there were at least 100 buildings in the 
Glendale Electric Works, and it was only a part 
of their factory organization; that they had an 
electric plant at Lundale, Mass., where more 
than 10,000 people were constantly employed. 
Also at Harrington, in New Jersey ; and, all told 
they employed approximately 50,000 people in 
connection with the design, manufacture, and 
sale of electric material. 

During the first few weeks of his first experi- 
ence at Millville, he had appreciated the train- 
ing which the Scratton Correspondence School 
had given him, and as the months rolled by the 
tremendous extent of the business appalled him. 
Thousands of horsepower of electrical machinery 
passed through the testing department daily, 
and the thorough method of testing and inspect- 



APPLETON'S PROMOTION 15 

ing was of very great interest. Almost every 
day lie was elbow to elbow with the prominent 
engineers who had designed the apparatus, and 
opportunity was offered to study not only the 
testing, manufacturing, and inspecting of elec- 
trical apparatus, but he was able to note partic- 
ularly the design of the machinery. 

During a certain period, everybody was talk- 
ing about the steam turbines for the large Power 
Company at Niagara Falls. Later on, it was 
the electrical apparatus for the Subway in New 
York City. In that testing department all ap- 
paratus for the Philadelphia and Atlantic City 
Electric Railroad was tested. The motors for 
the Chicago City Railroad passed through this 
young .man's hands for a certain class of test- 
ing, as well as large alternators, switchboards, 
and transformers for the San Francisco Power 
Company. So the days went by, filled with valu- 
able knowledge and experience. 

At first it seemed as if this young man was 
favored with a great degree of luck; but, upon 
careful consideration, it was simply an oppor- 
tunity which comes to any young man who is 
sufficiently thoughtful to take advantage of the 
Scratton Correspondence School in its elec- 
trical Course and then follow up the study in a 
representative electrical manufacturing con- 
cern. 

Tom Appleton possessed, first, a good char- 
acter. He was honest and industrious, also am- 
bitious. He was sufficiently well read to know 
and appreciate the opportunities in the electrical 
business. Having established such a founda- 
tion, it was comparatively easy to take advan- 
tage of the benefits of the Scratton School and 



16 LOOKING FORWARD 

then the opportunities of the Glendale Electric 
Company's Works. 

He had been working in the testing depart- 
ment for about a year, when a promotion was 
offered which placed him in charge of a test. 
This work he handled so well that in another 
year he was given the position of foreman of 
the night test, which carried with it a good 
salary and brought him closely in touch with 
the works management. He was in this position 
when the accident occurred, referred to early in 
the chapter. 

This was in the year 1907, which will be long 
remembered as a year of great aggressiveness in 
the commercial field of the electrical industry. 

Before describing Tom's career we had left 
him, on the way to his room. Upon arriving he 
went to bed immediately, and was in a very deep 
sleep when the landlady knocked on the door. It 
was with difficulty she awakened him, but finally 
succeeding in doing so, and stated that there was 
a message from the works manager. Tom hur- 
riedly dressed and went downstairs, where he 
received and read Manager Hammond's note, 
requesting him to call at his office about two 
o 'clock. 

Promptly at two Tom was at the general office 
and five minutes later he was ushered into the 
manager's private office. As he entered Mr. Ham- 
mond looked up and said pleasantly: 

''Well, Tom, I am glad that last night's acci- 
dent did not cost us the life of a man. I was 
surprised and greatly provoked at the attitude 
of that fellow Sheldon, and I'm glad he is now 
out of the company. He was a dangerous man 
to have in the works. ' ' 

"Yes," said Tom, "I am glad to be relieved 



APPLETON'S PROMOTION 17 

of the responsibility of having him in my de- 
partment. ' ' 

"How is the man who was hurtt" asked Mr. 
Hammond. 

"He is doing even better than I thought," 
replied Tom. "I stopped in at the hospital this 
morning, on my way home. His head is bruised 
somewhat, where he fell, but I think he will be 
out in a few days." 

* * Tom, how would you like to go into the engi- 
neering department?" asked Mr. Hammond. 

"I have been thinking for some time," said 
Tom, ' ' that I should like to be transferred to the 
engineering department. ' ' 

"Well," said Mr. Hammond, "I guess it can 
be arranged. We are sorry, Tom to have you 
leave the testing room. Your work has been 
very satisfactory." 

Tom thanked him, and after one or two minor 
questions were answered, he left the office. 

About the same time, Frank Sheldon had 
reached New York, and had just finished lunch- 
eon with his father, at their Fifth avenue home. 
The dining-room was filled with costly furni- 
ture, and elaborate decorations were exhibited 
on the walls and ceilings. Everything about 
the house indicated that Frank's father was a 
very wealthy man. 

Frank was welcomed by his parents in a 
hearty manner, but one of the first questions his 
father asked was, "Well, Frank, how are you 
getting along on the test ? ' ' 

"Oh, very well," Frank replied; "just now 
the work is slack, and I was asked to take a few 
weeks off. I'm rather glad of it, as the work is 
tiresome and monotonous to me." 

"I am sorry for that," said his father; "it 



18 LOOKING FORWARD 

does not seem to me that the work .should be 
slack. The general business of the electrical in- 
dustry never was better; I hope that after you 
have rested at home for a couple of weeks, you 
will return feeling better and enjoy the work. 
To tell the truth, I was expecting you would 
have been promoted by this time. The oppor- 
tunities are fine in those works and as soon as 
you become an electrical engineer, I will place 
you in a good position in connection with some 
of my large electrical properties. " 

With this statement, he retired to his private 
office, where several men were waiting to talk 
with him. 

Mr. Donald Sheldon was a man about fifty 
years of age. Tall and slim in form, with rather 
wide shoulders and a strong business counte- 
nance, he would pass for a good looking man. He 
was married young, had settled down in New 
York, and for thirty years had led a very busy 
life, the last ten years dealing particularly in 
electrical companies. Everybody, including 
Frank and his mother, considered him to be a 
very wealthy man, but like many other apparent- 
ly successful business men, Donald Sheldon had 
been able to live from year to year in grand 
style, always possessing good standing and 
credit. Some years before, business troubles 
had worried him, but as he squeezed out of each 
tight place from time to time, he became hard- 
ened to such conditions, and now while he was 
having a hard time to hold all his deals together, 
yet he kept it to himself, and neither Frank nor 
his mother knew that in a few short years they 
would be practically penniless. 

Frank Sheldon had applied himself fairly 
well in the high school, and succeeded in getting 



APPLETON'S PROMOTION 19 

into Amherst college; but notwithstanding the 
earnest talks with his father, and the appeals 
from his mother, he would not continue after 
the third year. In the first place, he was exceed- 
ingly lazy, and he did not like to apply himself 
to the tasks necessary in order to be graduated 
with honors. So he left college, and through the 
influence of his father a position was given him 
in the testing room of the Glendale Electric 
Company. He had no appreciation, whatever, 
of his obligations to his father. He possessed no 
sentimental regard for his mother's feelings. 
He failed to appreciate that he did not have the 
necessary qualifications to enter the testing de- 
partment of the Electrical Company, and was 
admitted simply on account of his father's in- 
fluence. It was this same carelessness of man- 
ner and principle which led him to absolute fail- 
ure in the works, and then to deliberately lie 
to his father and mother about it. 

He and his mother sat there at the table for 
a long time after his father left, discussing many 
matters pertaining to Frank's personal welfare. 
One thing in particular interested his mother, 
and that was to get Frank married well. 

"You are now getting along toward twenty- 
three years of age, and ought to be thinking 
about a wife. How about Evelyn Tyler?" 

"I should like vey much to marry her," 
said Frank, "and I don't see any reason why 
she should not be glad to be my wife. Father 
is very wealthy, and I shall, of course, have that 
money some day." 

Alas! Frank Sheldon, your careless, mean 
ideas are to get you into trouble all too soon. 
Neither you nor your mother stop to think how 
thoroughly unqualified you are to be the hus- 



20 LOOKING FORWARD 

band of such a noble, high-minded girl as Eve- 
lyn Tyler. 

One block above the Sheldon residence was 
the Tyler mansion. Luncheon was finished, and 
in her mother's boudoir, Evelyn and her father 
were talking in a manner entirely different from 
the conversation which had taken place that 
morning in the Sheldon home. The Tyler family 
was an exceedingly happy one. Evelyn was an 
only child, but she possessed the most delightful 
disposition, and, with kindly, gracious manners, 
was beloved by everybody. Nature had favored 
her with an attractive figure, above the medium 
height, well designed to attract attention by a 
commanding presence. A face, which might not 
be called handsome, was indicative of unusual 
intellectual character, and a great degree of re- 
finement. The features were more than passing 
fair, if not perfect. She had large black eyes, a 
wealth of fluffy hair, and with a most kindly ex- 
pression, she might well be termed a charming 
young girl. 

While quite like her girl friends in many 
other respects, Evelyn possessed one character- 
istic somewhat unusual for her sex. It was an 
earnest desire to study and learn all about elec- 
trical matters. Her father had been associated 
with the electrical business since 1884, and when 
a little girl she had evinced a great interest in 
traveling about the country with him. He had 
taken pains to show her the apparatus in the 
many stations he visited. At the age of twelve 
she could talk quite intelligently about alter- 
nators, motors, switchboards, transformers, met- 
ers, arc lamps, etc. Her father was very much 
pleased, as he loved the electrical business and 
was entirely wrapped up in it. He would bring 



APPLETON'S PEOMOTION 21 

home books and bulletins relating to new devices 
and their applications, and they talked over 
such matters together, with great interest to 
themselves and much benefit to Evelyn. She had 
finished school, and now at eighteen years of age 
was planning to enter the girl's college, at 
South Holly Falls, Mass. Her mother and father 
were talking the matter over with her this par- 
ticular afternoon. 

"I have learned, father, that the college has 
a complete electrical course, and I am. sure I 
should like to take that course more than any 
other. " 

"I think it is all right, Evelyn," said Mother 
Tyler; "there are so many electrical appliances 
coming into use nowadays in the home that it is 
highly important for a young woman to study 
and know all about them. ' ' 

"I understand," said Mr. Tyler, "that that 
college makes a specialty of educating girls to 
know all about housework, cooking, etc., as well 
as training them in many other intellectual 
ways. ' ' 

"Yes," said Evelyn; "and I am so pleased 
with the idea that I wish, father, you could go 
up to Northington and see if we could not rent 
a house there. They say it is a beautiful spot, 
delightfully located on the banks of the Con- 
necticut River." 

"Well, we will all go up there together next 
Friday afternoon, if you would like," he ans- 
wered. 

"Yes, indeed, father, I would be awfully 
pleased; and so would mother, I am sure." 

Mother Tyler nodded assent, and the next 
Friday they all went to Northington to select 
the house. 



22 LOOKING FORWARD 

In the old Appleton house at Northington 
there was great rejoicing. Tom's letter had 
been received telling them all about his promo- 
tion, the larger salary he was to receive, and his 
plans for sending his sister E ethyl to college at 
South Holly Falls. There was surely happiness 
in the old home that night. The dream of her 
life was to be realized, and Eethyl Appleton was 
the proudest girl in the whole of Northington. 

Tom thought she was the best and sweetest 
girl he had ever known. Her love and admira- 
tion for him was also of an unusual sort. Tom 
was nearly twenty-five, and he had always con- 
sidered Eethyl as his little sister, yet she was a 
girl of eighteen summers. 

Before Tom had left home to go to Millville 
his sister had been one of his constant compan- 
ions. They were very frequently seen on the 
street together. She often met him at the office 
and they walked home together. On Sunday 
mornings Tom and Eethyl never failed to walk 
to church together. From Sunday school they 
returned walking beside each other, and again in 
the evening the neighbors could tell the exact 
time of day because of the regularity with which 
Tom and Eethyl went by to the Sunday evening 
service. 

When Tom was studying the electrical course, 
his sister took the keenest interest in his prog- 
ress. She familiarized herself with a great 
many of the electrical terms, tried to appreciate 
what different devices were designed to do, and 
Tom explained to her the many devices, and 
told her his plans for the future. A few years 
later, when he had to leave home, it nearly 
broke her heart, for she loved him more than 
anyone knew. But they made the best of it, and 



APPLETON 'S PROMOTION 23 

corresponded freely, so that as time went on 
E ethyl became well acquainted with Tom's work. 
He sent her the electrical magazines, and ad- 
vised her what electrical articles of manufacture 
were most popular. One summer when Tom 
was home he wired the old house, and then after 
returning to Millville he sent samples of electri- 
cal devices to E ethyl for her room, and for the 
convenience of his mother; such articles as the 
electric chafing dish and the hair curler were 
exceedingly interesting at first, but when Tom 
sent a pipe lighter and electric shaving mug for 
his father, and E ethyl saw the extent to which 
these devices might be used in the home, she 
thought of making a special study of electrical 
engineering at college. She wrote to Tom about 
it, and whenever he came home they talked 
about it, and he made up his mind that in some 
way he would arrange for her to attend college 
and take the electrical course. 

Therefore the Appleton household was the 
scene of much rejoicing, not only because of 
Tom's success and recent promotion, but because 
he had written to Eethyl that now she could 
arrange to attend college. 

Such was the situation when the Tyler family 
had moved into the old Denniston place on the 
hill, and settled there <as one of the neighbors of 
the Appleton family. Eethyl had seen Evelyn 
Tyler pass the house several times, but had not 
had a good opportunity to speak with her. One 
afternoon, however, she was just leaving the 
house to go downtown when Evelyn came along 
at the same time. They spoke to each other and 
then walked along together. Evelyn thought 
that Eethyl was lovely. She had talked to her 
mother about having seen her on the street, and 



24 LOOKING FORWARD 

was very anxious to meet and talk with her. 
Now that they had actually become acquainted, 
her impressions of E ethyl were even more favor- 
able. They walked on together, and became 
more and more in sympathy with each other 
when learning how closely their plans for col- 
lege work compared. Evelyn told about her am- 
bitions ; how her father and mother had come up 
to Northington to look for a house, and to ar- 
range for living there while she attended South 
Holly Falls college for girls. Then Eethyl told 
about her brother Tom, his connection with the 
large electrical works at Millville, and her un- 
ceasing interest in the subject of electricity. 
They thought how wonderful that they should 
be thrown together so naturally. They each 
vowed that there was a divinity shaping their 
ends, and helping them on toward the promo- 
tion of high ideals. 

Finally Eethyl asked, "How do you like the 
new home here ? ' ' 

"We think it is lovely," replied Evelyn. "It 
was a surprise to all of us to find the house fully 
wired for all kinds of electrical appliances. In 
fact, it is not only wired, but the landlord had 
equipped the kitchen with an electric outfit ; the 
laundry has a washing machine operated by an 
electric motor, and is equipped also with an elec- 
tric flat-iron. In the pantry a small motor is 
installed for cleaning silver, sharpening knives, 
turning the ice-cream freezer, and such things. 
Oh ! you must come up and see us, and meet my 
mother and father. " 

"Yes, I will be glad to do so," said Eethyl. 
"In our house many of the convenient devices 
have been sent home to us by Tom, but it is get- 
ting quite common for landlords to equip their 




With these last words, they said, 'Good-bye. ' " 



APPLF TON'S PROMOTION 25 

houses as you have stated. They rent much 
easier. In fact, it is difficult to rent a house, or 
to sell one, which is not electrically equipped." 

"Yes, I know father has often said that his 
houses piped for gas only were not desired by 
the class of people who wanted that particular 
kind of a house in that neighborhood. He said 
that some years ago he had to have them all re- 
wired in order to keep them rented. " 

"Do you not think the location up on the hill 
is lovely?" asked Eethyl. 

"Yes, it is most 'delightful. My bedroom 
faces the East, and I am awakened each morn- 
ing by the sun streaming into the room. We 
have already named the house * Valley View/ 
as the scene from our piazza down over the Con- 
necticut Valley .is beautiful. We all sit there 
on the veranda in the evening, and just bubble 
over with enthusiasm for the location, the house, 
the stable, the city, and everything hereabout. 
We have been here too short a time to meet 
many people, but I am sure that you and I will 
become friends. You will come over a little 
while this evening just to meet mother and 
father. I want them to see you and know you. ' ' 

So with these last words, they said good-bye. 
Eethyl had to go in a different direction, and 
they parted with the understanding that she 
would call and meet Evelyn's parents in the 
evening. 

When Evelyn returned home about five 
o'clock, her mother was on the veranda. She 
could hardly wait to tell her all about the meet- 
ing with Eethyl. 

"Mother, you must see her and know her. She 
is the loveliest girl! We walked all the way 
downtown together, and talked every minute." 



26 LOOKING FORWARD 

"I guess that's right," said her father, as he 
came out of the house, and listened to the last 
few words. 

"I am so pleased," continued Evelyn; "her 
brother Tom is to send her to college, and she 
has selected South Holly Falls seminary for 
girls. We can now feel sure that we have not 
made any mistake in our selection, father." 

"No, Evelyn, I am very well pleased," said 
her father, "but you must accept the credit for 
it all. You and your mother. I have not en- 
joyed myself so much in years as during this 
past week." 

They had tea served out on the piazza. The 
birds sang sweet choruses in the woods near by, 
as if to emphasize their earnest desire to wel- 
come such good people in that, their own section 
of this country. The hens had commenced one 
by one to locate themselves in the old apple tree 
on the west side of the house, preparing to roost 
for the night. Across the valley the shadows 
were deepening, the purple colored mountains 
were fast losing all but their general outline, 
and the darkness of night was stealing over that 
beautiful scene. One by one the electric arcs 
were lighted, and from the Valley View resi- 
dence there was a glorious vision before them, 
illustrating the marvelous progress of electric 
illumination. 

Up the pathway came E ethyl Appleton. She 
was dressed in white, with a light shawl thrown 
around her shoulders for protection against the 
night air. As she came on the veranda Mrs. 
Tyler noticed what a dear, sweet face she pos- 
sessed, and she was glad at once that Evelyn 
had such a companion near them for her asso- 
ciate. 



APPLETON'S PROMOTION 27 

"Eethyl, we do not need any introduction," 
said Mrs. Tyler. " Evelyn has told us all about 
you, and we are glad to have you call and make 
your acquaintance." 

This was said in such a motherly tone as to 
put Eethyl at ease the first thing, and when 
Father Tyler arose and took her by the hand, 
she felt that s"he had been favored to meet such 
a lovely family. 

"I understand you have a brother in the great 
electrical works at Millville," said Mr. Tyler. 

"Yes," said Eethyl; "he has been there for 
several years." 

"It is a large plant," he continued. "I was 
once through it, and was very much impressed 
with its size and the organization. Of course, 
Evelyn has told you we are all interested in 
electricity. ' ' 

"Yes, it was a great pleasure to know that 
she is to attend college and take the electrical 
course. Perhaps we shall get on even faster by 
studying together. I am to take the electrical 
course, also." 

Eethyl did not stay late, but before leaving 
they all went with her over each room in the 
house, and enthusiastically explained about each 
new device. Here was a luminous radiator in 
the dining-room, a shaving mug in the bath 
room, the heating pad, the cigar lighter in the 
den, and all manner of conveniences. At the 
back door, the switch turned on the light in the 
stable. They even showed her the electric run- 
about, and the way the electrical company had 
installed the rectifier for charging the batteries. 

And after Eethyl had said good night and ar- 
rived home again, her mother and father listened 
with the utmost interest to her story of the 



28 LOOKING FORWARD 

visit, and how not only Evelyn, but her mother 
and father seemed as pleased to meet her. She 
told them, too, of the message she brought, re- 
questing her parents to come up and see them 
and be neighborly. 

This then relates the manner in which the 
two girls became acquainted, and the following 
chapters will indicate how firmly they main- 
tained that friendship. 



CHAPTER II. 

THE ELECTRICAL, CLUB. 

Five years have quickly rolled by, and it is 
commencement time at the South Holly Falls 
college. On this particular morning in June, 
1912, Evelyn Tyler was over in the electrical 
laboratory taking a last glance at the place 
where she had spent four very happy years. 
Scientific instruments surrounded her on all 
sides. The voltmeter and the ammeter, so com- 
monly used in her work, lay there on the shelf, 
face upward, almost ready to speak out and let 
her know that they, too, had keenly enjoyed as- 
sociation with her. She gave one lingering 
glance and then passed out, taking the well worn 
path over the campus to her room. 

She had no idea whatever of the surprise that 
was awaiting her. The Electrical club, con- 
sisting of about twenty girls, had gathered there 
in Evelyn's room, and as she entered they sa- 
luted her cordially with cheers. She was actually 
commanded to sit down in her own room and 
await their wishes. Requesting silence, E ethyl 
Appleton, who had been asked to make the 
speech, arose and said: 

"Evelyn, you have been the President of this 
Electrical club ever since its organization, four 
years ago. Through your energetic efforts and 
leadership it has been a grand success. We have 
all benefited from its associations. From the 



30 LOOKING FORWARD 

start we admired our President, and from year 
to year this admiration increased to a very close 
friendship, which has now ripened into a love 
which we fondly cherish. We desired to show 
our affection and love in some substantial man- 
ner, and have, therefore, selected as a token 
some devices which will be connected with your 
daily life. In behalf of the Electrical club of 
the South Holly Falls college, I present you 
with these pieces." At this point she removed 
a silk covering, disclosing a beautiful silver elec- 
tric dining-room service. 

The incident was so entirely unexpected that 
Evelyn was not only taken by surprise, but was 
overcome with emotion. She was fully capable 
of responding to such a speech, but her heart 
was full and overflowing with appreciation for 
the love which these girl friends were exhibiting. 
Her eyes filled with tears, and before anyone 
was hardly aware of it, they were all sobbing 
and talking at the same time. The formal re- 
sponse was never made, but the girls of the 
Electrical club had ample evidence on that morn- 
ing that Evelyn Tyler most heartily appreciated 
their gift. Time and time again she looked 
over those dainty pieces, and assured the girls' 
that she would use them almost daily at her 
home, and that they would always remind her 
of the happy days and evenings spent at that 
dear old college. 

Before parting they had a more or less infor- 
mal meeting of the club, and each pledged her- 
self to the other that they would continue to 
take a very active interest in electrical matters, 
even though the college course had been finished 
and they were leaving the scene of actual electri- 
cal training. 

"The best evidence I can give of my inten- 



THE ELECTRICAL CLUB 31 

tions," said Evelyn, "would be to tell you that 
I am going to San Francisco next month to at- 
tend the meeting of the National Electrical As- 
sociation. You will remember that my father 
is President of that organization." 

A young lady from South Carolina said: "As 
you know, I joined our local Woman's Club 
sometime ago, and am taking particular interest 
in the cooking class. I have promised to give a 
series of lectures this fall, explaining fully each 
and every electrical device used in the kitchen, 
its cost compared with old coal and gas devices, 
etc. You can count on me, Evelyn, to keep up 
this spirit of enthusiasm." 

"My way of aiding the cause," said another 
young lady, "is in connection with one of my 
friends who is to be married soon. She intends 
to start housekeeping at once, and we have talked 
the subject over very carefully. She says 
that she would not think of having any coal or 
gas devices in her house." 

Just then Eethyl Appleton spoke up, and said 
that her brother Tom was so enthusiastic in 
connection with the electrical business that she 
surely would keep up her study and work for 
the industry. 

This reference to Tom Appleton reminded 
Evelyn that she and Eethyl were to meet him 
at two o'clock in Springvale, and they were to 
have an afternoon's auto ride to Northington. 
Just before breaking up the meeting, Evelyn 
gave them a last parting word. 

"Do not forget, girls," she said, "that we are 
the representatives of an industry which has an 
important bearing on the home life of our coun- 
try. It is not merely the electrical device itself 
in which we are selfishly interested, but our aim 
has been, it is now, and will continue to be, that 



32 LOOKING FORWARD 

of promoting the introduction of conveniences 
in the homes, the saving of time and labor in 
connection with household duties. So long as 
the women of this country continue to do the 
housework, just so long shall we urge that the 
duties in the kitchen shall be made as light and 
easy as possible. It has been about five years 
now since the great electrical flat-iron campaign 
was started here in this country. At that time 
we were just about considering what college we 
should attend. You will remember the first 
meeting we held to discuss what policy this club 
should adopt regarding the subject. Thankful 
we are that an aggressive policy was adopted, 
and this club has been instrumental through its 
college paper, its letters, and magazine articles, 
in widely spreading the advantages of the elec- 
tric iron among the homes. Yes, we have not 
only been an active party in the campaign, but 
we have had the pleasure of watching the grand 
results of our efforts. From year to year the 
campaign continued. Residences and small 
homes, which were not wired for electricity when 
the campaign started, have been equipped for 
using electricity, and now in this year of 1912 
there is hardly a home in the country, which is 
not favored with an electric flat-iron. 

"Girls, do not be discouraged if you are ac- 
cused at times of being masculine and bold be- 
cause you are taking such an active interest in 
the electrical industry. Why shouldn't you do 
so? Your everyday life is associated with elec- 
trical matters. In your home there is not a 
room in the house but which has some device 
operated by electricity. Three times a day our 
meals are cooked by electricity. In sickness and 
in health we are surrounded by these devices 



THE ELECTRICAL CLUB 33 

which are inseparable with our daily lives. 
Therefore, why shouldn't we watch the advances 
in the art, the growth of the industry, and insist 
that we are rightfully selected to pass upon 
what devices shall be introduced in our homes. 
All of these electric household devices we have 
seen universally introduced in all parts of the 
country and all classes of homes, but the subject 
of universal cooking and baking by electricity 
has been our pet hobby. When we first consid- 
ered it, you remember how mountainous it 
looked, and some of us almost felt that we could 
not ascend the steep heights which the subject 
seemed to require. But the electrical art, girls, 
is a wonderful art. Its hidden secrets are nu- 
merous; they are unfolded to us gradually, and 
the ways and means have been forthcoming 
which have enabled us to surmount the difficul- 
ties. Those interested in the electrical business 
were naturally the first people in the world to 
appreciate the advantages of cooking and bak- 
ing by electricity. The industry being spread 
over the entire country, the experience was dis- 
tributed among several thousand homes. We 
all know what happened a year or two later, 
how the Woman's Club in every city and town 
took up the subject and became intensely inter- 
ested, and as the years rolled by there has been 
a gradual introduction of the electric cooking 
system. I received this morning a telegram 
from a friend in Chicargon as follows: 

" CHICABGON, June 16th, 1912. 
" Miss EVELYN TTLEB, 

"South Holly Falls College, Mass. 

" I learn that Chicargon Edmunds Electrical Company has today 
reached the one thousand mark in connection with installation of 
electric kitchen equipments. Wish you much success connection 
with finishing your electrical course and graduation exercises. 
(Signed) CLARA NEWMAN." 



34 LOOKING FORWARD 

Here the girls applauded vigorously, and it 
was some time before Evelyn could finish. In 
closing she urged them to frequently read Bel- 
lamy's "Looking Backward/' to keep saturated 
with his ideas of improvement in social and in- 
dustrial life ; but, above all, to cherish those noble 
ideals which tend to promote convenience, pleas- 
ure, and happiness in the home. 

With these parting words, the girls left 
Evelyn's apartments, while she and Eethyl 
made preparations to leave for Springvale. 

While the above mentioned meeting was going 
on, Tom Appleton had been speeding along in 
his electric car on the old Westvale turnpike. 
He had left Millville the afternoon before, with 
his new Edmunds Electric Touring Car, and 
had had one of the pleasantest and most success- 
ful trips imaginable. Arriving at Springvale 
about one o'clock, and not expecting the girls 
before two, he drove over to the Mansion House 
and had a quick lunch. Having finished, he 
sauntered out into the lobby and lighted a cigar. 
There was nothing in particular running 
through his mind except that he was soon to see 
his sister, and was getting nearer his own home 
again. It was always a source of much happiness 
to him to make periodical visits to the old home, 
but there was nothing in his mind on this par- 
ticular afternoon to warn him that in the future 
he would be attracted there for a reason which 
had not even entered his thoughts before. 

He looked at his watch, and seeing that it was 
nearly two, threw away the cigar, and walked 
up the stairway to the ladies' room. There were 
the girls just entering, and as his sister Eethyl 
caught sight of him, she rushed over and threw 
her arms around his neck, giving him such a 



THE ELECTRICAL CLUB 35 

fond embrace that there was no question about 
the deep affection which they felt for each other. 
Tom asked immediately about his father and 
mother, and, receiving a reply that they were 
very well, he turned to greet his sister's friend, 
Evelyn Tyler. A picture met his sight which 
Tom remembered through all his life. He saw a 
girl of twenty-two summers, standing there be- 
fore him whose height was above the average, 
exhibiting a form that was tall and commanding. 
But Tom was impressed particularly with the 
face and the eyes. Evelyn Tyler possessed a 
countenance full of intelligence and indicative 
of a high degree of refinement, and when she 
smiled and looked straight at Tom with those 
large black eyes, he felt a new sensation never 
before experienced. While Tom had never made 
a practice of noticing ladies' gowns, he caught 
himself secretly admiring the stylish and dainty 
manner in which this young lady was dressed. 
These thoughts passed through his mind 
instantly, but his sister noticed that he was 
slightly embarrassed, and was glad when 
Evelyn said: 

"Mr. Appleton, I am greatly pleased to meet 
you again; Eethyl and I have been looking for- 
ward to this ride with much pleasure, ever since 
she received your letter. ' ' 

"It is a pleasure to me also/' said Tom; "I 
have come all the way from Millville, alone, and 
shall be delighted to have company the re- 
mainder of the way. If you are ready, we can 
start any time." 

So they went down the front stairs, and there, 
in front of the ladies' entrance, was the electric 
touring automobile. It was a handsome car- 
riage, designed to please the most artistic taste, 



36 LOOKING FORWARD 

Tom expected that the two girls would take 
seats behind, but Evelyn said, if he did not 
mind, she would like to sit in front and talk' to 
him. They, therefore, started, seated side by 
side, with E ethyl in the back seat, and Tom, who 
had mastered the control of ten and fifteen thou- 
sand horsepower steam turbines, handling all 
manner of tests on them with ease, was now so 
embarrassed and flustered, he could hardly 
answer the questions which Evelyn was firing at 
him in quick succession. 

"How do you like the electric auto for tour- 
ing?" she asked. 

"It is splendid," said Tom; "I would not go 
back to the old style automobile for anything." 

"I should think it would be fine," continued 
Evelyn. "I have used an electric runabout for 
two or three years, and am thoroughly in love 
with it." 

"The other day," said Tom, "I was looking 
over some old automobile magazines, printed 
several years ago, and it is amusing to note what 
troubles were experienced with the old rubber 
tires. You will remember that as soon as the 
new Edmunds battery came into general use, 
the electrical manufacturers commenced most 
extensive investigations and experiments on au- 
tomobile tires. The new battery, you see, made 
it worth their time and attention to improve 
the tires. The tires nowadays are so durable 
and inexpensive that the people do not realize 
what a great advance was made when the new 
tire came out." 

"Yes, I know ! My tires never give any trou- 
ble. Father often says they are like the old 
metal rim tires which were on our coach. They 
never wore out, as I remember." 



THE ELECTRICAL CLUB 37 

Tom still continued: "There is every reason 
why the electric automobile should win out. The 
battery question and the tire question solved, 
left only the motor for consideration. Now the 
electric motor has been universally adopted for 
all classes of work, in the factory, the home, and 
in mercantile life. By reason of the survival of 
the fittest, it has replaced the gasoline motor. 
Therefore the gasoline motor could not live for 
automobiles only. It could not compete with 
electric motors. It was a case of enormous pro- 
duction of the electric motors, ever increasing in 
quantities for all kinds of applications, in all 
phases of life, against the limited production of 
gasoline motors for a very limited demand. Of 
course, it took some years to see this state of 
things brought about, but it is now plain to note 
why the electric car has won out. The people 
know and appreciate all the advantages which 
it possesses, and as the electrical companies 
placed charging electrants freely in all parts of 
cities and prominent country roads, the electric 
automobiles boomed beyond expectation. " 

* ' How far have you traveled without recharg- 
ing?" asked Eethyl. 

"I have gone one hundred and twenty-five 
miles, but my usual practice is to charge as 
often as every hundred miles, when touring. " 

They were now passing the Springvale race 
track, and Evelyn was telling him all about the 
last football game there, between Harvard and 
Yale. Eethyl chimed in occasionally with some 
amusing incident, and before Tom knew it, he 
was really enjoying himself heartily. After 
many years of continual confinement in connec- 
tion with business, it did not come easy to him 
to drop the subject and have a real jolly good 



38 LOOKING FORWARD 

time. But these two young ladies were exceed- 
ingly entertaining, and Tom found himself chim- 
ing in with them and laughing and talking as 
freely with Evelyn Tyler as if he had enjoyed 
her acquaintance for years. 

It was with the keenest pleasure that he lis- 
tened to her accounts of historical happenings 
there in the Connecticut Valley during the old 
Indian War times. Tom had read of them dur- 
ing his school days at Northington, but Evelyn 
had recently been studying and reading about 
that section with unusual interest, and she had 
grown to fondly love that beautiful valley and 
all its historical associations. From her bed- 
room window at home she could see the Con- 
necticut River as it curved gracefully around 
the bend from the Hatvale shores, down past the 
old Holly Bridge, and on beyond was the famous 
" Ox-bow," where the waters had gradually 
worn away the banks on the Northington side, 
and given to that part of the river the above 
name, due to its peculiar shape. Then for a 
stretch of several miles it flowed gently on to- 
ward the old Hockanom Ferry. It was here on 
this beautiful spot that the Northington boys 
had built the home of the Canoe Club. Many 
were the happy days spent along the banks of 
that dear old river. 

Tom loved these old scenes, and as they 
reached a point where Mt. Tong and Mt. Hall- 
ypke could be seen in the distance, he told the 
girls about his many thrilling experiences dur- 
ing boyhood days, when with his chums he 
roamed the mountains from base to summit and 
from end to end. 

As their road was so close to the Mountain 
Park, Tom suggested that they stop awhile and 



THE ELECTRICAL CLUB 39 

go up on the mountain. This pleased the girls 
also, and they soon reached the grove and 
were strolling around among the trees, watching 
the people, and particularly the small children 
that were having such a good time romping and 
playing on the grass. 

''What a great benefactor the electric railway 
has been/' said Evelyn! "Think of the thou- 
sands of poor people who come to this park with 
their families, for a fare of five cents each way, 
who cannot afford any other means for leaving 
the city and getting a breath of air. I come here 
often just to watch these people, and see the 
happiness which their faces show they are ex- 
periencing. " 

"What is that building over there?" asked 
Tom. 

"That is the theater," replied Evelyn. "For 
ten cents extra the people can see vaudeville en- 
tertainment of a high class. It is exceedingly 
popular. You would wonder how the railway 
company could offer it for such a small sum un- 
less you can appreciate the enormous crowds 
who patronize the place." 

Eethyl here suggested that they take the side 
line and go on up to the station, where the 
Electric Incline Railway would enable them to 
ascend the mountain. No sooner said than 
done, they were on their way. It seemed to 
Tom that only a few short years had made a 
great change up in that section. He told them 
about the old stage road, and how tiresome and 
tedious a trip it then was to go up the moun- 
tain, but now as they stepped into that com- 
fortable car, and commenced to ascend with ease 
and pleasure, once again there came across 
Tom's mind how great and important was the 



40 LOOKING FORWARD 

subject of electricity. While many years 
earlier there had been inclined railways, elec- 
tricity was the first power to bring the poor 
people to such places for an insignificant sum, 
and afford them pleasure and amusement which 
had previously been accorded to the wealthy 
families only. 

It was a perfectly clear afternoon. For miles 
and miles the beautiful Connecticut Valley lay 
stretched out before them, exhibiting a pano- 
ramic view delightful to the eye, and dear to the 
hearts of those in whose minds lingered tender 
memories of happy childhood days associated 
with those regions. 

They took supper there on the veranda of the 
Mountain House, and were favored with one of 
the most gorgeous sunsets ever witnessed. From 
their seats could be seen the Montreal Electric 
Express, a through electric train, wending its 
way along, making neither noise nor smoke, 
bound for New York City by way of Spring- 
vale. 

"Whenever I see one of those trains/* said 
Tom, "I cannot help but think of the marvel- 
ously rapid growth of the electric railway busi- 
ness. It is fair to state that the industry started 
in 1887, and in twenty-five years practically all 
the cities and towns in the country have the 
electric system of transportation on the streets, 
while the steam railroads are changing over from 
steam to electric power so fast we can hardly 
keep pace with their progress. ' ' 

"Do you happen to remember, Mr. Appleton," 
said Evelyn, "that Bellamy's ' Looking Back- 
ward' was published just about the same time 
that the commercial introduction of electric rail- 
ways was being announced to the world? If 



THE ELECTRICAL CLUB 41 

his book had been published a year or two later, 
probably another chapter, at least, would have 
dwelt upon the future in respect to railways/' 

"I do not think that anyone at that time 
could have prophesied that the electric railway 
in 1912 would have become so popular among 
all the classes of people/' answered Tom. 

" There comes the scintillator, " said E ethyl. 

Just then the lights were turned low on the 
pavilion, and a series of five searchlights sent 
their streams of illumination into view. Steam 
pipes were located some thirty feet in the air, 
and as the many jets emitted forth their vol- 
umes of steam, the various colors from the scin- 
tillator made beautiful clouds of all shades, ever 
changing as the signals for proper color com- 
binations were given. 

The policy of the proprietor of this Mountain 
House, was to furnish night illumination scenes 
from the scintillator at least one night each 
week, and the display apparatus was always on 
exhibit in connection with holiday festivals. 

"I remember," said Tom, "when this 
scintillator was invented, and commercially 
introduced. It was only a few years ago. One 
of the first exhibitions was given at a seashore 
resort near Boston, and it was exceedingly 
popular. Enormous crowds came to the beach 
on the trolley ears and automobiles, to spend 
the evening, and witness the beautiful illumina- 
tion displays. The newspapers commented 
very favorably upon the invention, and prophe- 
sied even at that time that scintillators 
would be adopted by all up-to-date summer 
resorts, mountain houses, and wherever the 
people congregated for an outing, or an even- 
ing of pleasure. I remember distinctly, attend- 



42 LOOKING FORWARD 

ing the Jamestown Exposition, where 100 
searchlights were used in connection with a 
grand illumination scheme. It was the most 
marvelous exhibit of illumination which I had 
ever witnessed. " 

Tom told the girls all about Prof. W. D'A. 
Rhine, the inventor of the scintillator, and his 
wonderful reputation as an illuminating engineer. 
He said that not more than a year after the 
first exhibition of the scintillator near Boston, 
Prof. Rhine's engineering ingenuity had created 
various schemes representative of the introduc- 
tion of fireworks displays, and that the next 4th 
of July he produced the most spectacular 
exhibit of fireworks by means of the electrical 
scintillator, without using powder, or any of 
the ordinary devices which had been common 
for years in connection with fireworks exhibi- 
tions. The results of this wonderful display 
led electrical papers, and the public press 
throughout the entire country, to disseminate 
information about the wonderful illumination 
scheme, so that the following year, electrical 
companies in general arranged their plans so 
that electricity became the agent for 4th of 
July demonstrations, and the old style fireworks 
were abandoned in connection with large 
demonstrations and illumination exhibitions. 

An hour later they were again speeding along 
the old River Road, enjoying the silvery moon- 
light, and as the rays were reflected upon the 
calm and peaceful waters, it exhibited a view 
seen only on rare occasions. 

As they left Evelyn at her door, she thanked 
Tom so kindly, and in such a gracious manner, 
he vowed to himself that the ride was ended all 
too soon. 



CHAPTER III. 

THE COLLEGE BALL. 

It was a happy group seated around the 
breakfast table the next morning. All kinds of 
questions were being fired at Tom, and kept 
him so busy talking that Mother Appleton soon 
insisted upon giving him time to eat a little 
breakfast, at least, especially as he was to have a 
long vacation with them. 

Tom's father had always listened with a 
great deal of interest to anything said about 
the electrical industry, but on this particular 
visit there seemed to be a great many matters 
of unusual interest to them both. The old gas 
plant there in the city had been abandoned 
entirely. Some time ago it had been purchased 
by the local electrical company, and all its 
customers for both liqrht and heat were now 
favored with the electrical appliances. Tom 
explained to his father how his position en- 
abled him to know what was going on all over 
the country in respect to electric lighting and 
gas companies. 

"You see, father, the new incandescent lamp 
was developed and introduced to the people 
in 1907. It did not take long to see the ad- 
vantages which this new lighting device pos- 
sessed over gas. It was designed by the inven- 
tors to produce the same illumination for one- 
third of the cost. The people were tired of 

43 



44 LOOKING FOBWARD 

using gas, and had been anxiously waiting for 
some such great invention to be introduced. As 
soon as the new lamps were on the market, every 
branch of the electrical industry became 
acquainted with the situation. Wiring con- 
tractors saw the opportunities for increasing 
their business by advertising the new lamp, 
and dealers in supplies also became aggressive. 
It was impossible to hold back such a radical 
departure in the field of illumination. Hence 
the gas companies all over the country com- 
menced to fear for the future of the gas busi- 
ness. 

" Another reason/' said Tom, "the electrical 
companies studied carefully the needs and con- 
veniences of the people. In 1907 they produced 
devices for home use which were exceedingly 
attractive. They were simple in design, sold 
at a low price, and cost only a small sum to 
operate. Having been attracted in his own 
home by such devices, the merchant requested 
them in his business ; the physician recommended 
them in his profession: the manufacturer used 
them in his factories and mills; and as gas 
was not used for motive power, but the electri- 
cal companies had been foremost in electrical 
motors for years, you see how natural it was 
to supply light, heat and power by electricity." 

"Come," said Eethyl; "quit talking shop, 
and let's talk about the college ball tonight. I 
understand that Evelyn has decided to go with 
Frank Sheldon, but she tells me it will posi- 
tively be the last time." 

"Who is Frank Sheldon?" asked Tom, trying 
to conceal the start which her announcement 
had given him. 

"Don't you remember him? Evelyn says he 



THE COLLEGE BALL 4S 

told her that he worked on the test, some five 
years ago, at Millville." 

"Let me see! Sheldon, did you say? It 
seems to me I do remember the name now." 
He did not tell her the circumstances which 
resulted in his discharge from the Glendale 
Works, but asked why Evelyn did not like him. 

"Well," said Eethyl, "in the first place, she 
does not think he has any ambition, and lately 
she believes that his character may be ques- 
tionable. Their families have lived near each 
other in New York City for many years, and 
Evelyn has kept company with him because of 
old associations." 

Eethyl seemed to be wound up this particular 
morning, and told Tom a great many things 
about Evelyn which made him feel more and 
more that he should like to be better acquainted 
with her. The splendid character of the girl 
appealed to him. Eethyl had told him that 
Evelyn's home life was beautiful. Her mother 
and father simply worshiped her. She was 
always doing something for others which not 
only indicated an unusually kind disposition, 
but likewise, in many cases, showed depth of 
thought of no mean degree. 

M While we have been at school the Tylers 
have continually kept three and four girls in 
their kitchen. At first I could not understand 
it, bu* one day I was talking with Mrs. Tyler, 
and she told me that the plan was Evelyn's. 
She trained them herself to skilfully use the 
electric outfit, and when one of them had been 
there a year, a position was secured for her as 
demonstrator in the employ of some electrical 
company or large department store. She has 
personally helped to educate them, and has 



46 LOOKING FORWARD 

boarded and paid them good wages for the 
purpose of placing the girls in positions where 
they could not only earn more money, but get 
an education, a better idea of life and under- 
stand the new manner in which kitchen work 
might be considered if the housewives and the 
kitchen girls would educate themselves to- 
gether on the subject for the best good of both. 

"I never saw such a girl/* said Eethyl; "she 
goes down in the afternoon and talks to the 
classes in the Woman's Club, and before return- 
ing she makes a call on some sick woman or 
child in the parish. Her father told me the 
other day that he guessed he would have to 
purchase electric pads and water heaters by the 
gross, if Evelyn continued to leave them wher- 
ever she visited." 

"What did Ev I mean Miss Tyler say to 
that?" said Tom, coloring a little in spite of 
himself. 

"She smiled," replied Eethyl, pretending not 
to notice his embarrassment. "But she is not 
extravagant in other ways. She simply likes 
to visit among the parish people and being fond 
of electrical articles, also fully appreciating their 
value, she leaves them freely among such 
families. They all know her and love her. If 
they return to New York to live, she will be 
missed around here by a great many of the poor 
people." 

So Tom got a good idea that morning of 
Evelyn Tyler and her daily life. What his 
sister had told him about her acquaintance with 
Frank Sheldon set him to thinking. He began 
to wonder if there could be any hope for him, 
but this thought was quickly put aside. He had 
to help his father and mother. His sister would 



THE COLLEGE BALL 47 

need some assistance from him, and then again 
Evelyn Tyler was rich, highly cultured, a Fifth 
Avenue girl, whose parents would naturally 
desire her to marry into an equally wealthy 
family. No, he must not leave any room for 
such thoughts in his mind, but be thankful that 
through the friendship of his sister he could 
be near her occasionally, hear her talk and 
laugh, and feel again the pleasant sensation 
which had crept over him yesterday when they 
had ridden together in the same seat, and 
enjoyed each other's society as if they had been 
old acquaintances of many years' standing. 

He thought, however, that he ought to go 
downtown right away and get some new dan- 
cing slippers and a tie. Surely he must look 
well tonight, although, as the thought came to 
his mind, he felt slightly vexed for allowing 
himself to anticipate the occasion so much. He 
had attended a ball before, and surely his mind 
had not been so stirred up as the thoughts of 
tonight's reception had stirred it. 

At any rate he started down to the city, 
walking the entire way in order to see what 
improvements had been made in the city's 
streets, the houses, etc. 

Having reached Main street he made his 
purchases, and was about to turn his steps 
homeward again, when a voice called to him 
from the curbing: "Mr. Appleton, are you 
going home?" 

He turned around, and there before him 
stood Evelyn Tyler, just about to step into her 
electric phaeton and start for home. Tom felt 
that he had never seen such a handsome girl 
in his life, and made up his mind instantly that 
he must not get so flustered and excited ; but he 



48 LOOKING FORWARD 

threw back his shoulders, and answered that he 
was about leaving for home, and would enjoy 
riding up with her very much. Assisting her 
to a seat, he sat down beside her, and they 
started off toward home. 

"I wanted to tell you/' she said, "how much 
I enjoyed our automobile ride yesterday." 

"I am glad you did/' replied Tom, at the 
same time screwing up sufficient courage to add 
further, "I also enjoyed the trip a great deal, 
and I did not expect to have the pleasure of 
riding with you again so soon." 

"Do you attend the National Convention at 
San Francisco ?" she asked. 

"Yes," answered Tom; "I have been re- 
quested to attend as a delegate from our Com- 
pany. I think I shall take my sister along, if 
she will go." 

"Oh, that will be splendid," exclaimed 
Evelyn; "we can all go together. Won't that 
be lovely!" 

Tom was thrilled with pleasure at this an- 
nouncement, as her presence on such a long trip 
would give him just the opportunity he had 
been seeking. He would see her every day, and 
as the object of their tour was an electrical 
convention, there was a good excuse to talk with 
her freely on electrical matters. He simply 
answered her, however, by stating that it would 
be very pleasant, and they continued on their 
way talking constantly of one thing and 
another. 

Taking the reader back a little, to see what 
Frank Sheldon has been doing. After leaving 
Millville, he went home as stated, and about the 
only important matter on his mind was a 
determined desire to marry Evelyn Tyler. In 



THE COLLEGE BALL 49 

this purpose his mother shared his intentions, 
and not only took unusual interest in watching 
his advancement, but frequently urged him to 
greater effort in his suit. He had seen Evelyn 
at many functions and she ihad occasionally 
attended receptions with him, so that opportun- 
ities were offered him to follow up his suit. The 
first time he talked to her on the subject it was 
quite in the form of a business proposition. 
He mentioned the great wealth which would 
come into his possession some day; the many 
years they had lived near each other as 
neighbors, and ended by stating that, as he loved 
her, he thought she would naturally like to 
become his wife. It amused Evelyn, and she 
was able to laugh it off, and tell him kindly that 
she could not think of such a thing as she was 
about to enter college, and would not have time 
for anything except the studies in which she 
was deeply interested. 

Again, later, he referred to the subject in a 
more persistent manner, but Evelyn told him 
very frankly that she had only a friendly regard 
for him, and if he continued in his intentions 
she would be inclined to drop even their 
friendly relations. 

When he asked her a month ahead of the 
date for the college ball if she would accompany 
him, she had hesitated and put him off until 
the last .few days, finally accepting his invita- 
tion, with her mind fully made up that it would 
be the last time she would accompany him 
anywhere. Her parents had talked the matter 
over with her, and they all agreed that it was 
best for her to inform him definitely that she 
entertained no more than an ordinary friend- 
ship for him, and he could not hope for any- 
thing further. 



50 LOOKING FORWARD 

Prank Sheldon had done nothing for about 
a year after going back to New York from 
Millville, but finally his father insisted that he 
should not remain idle. He was, therefore, 
placed in charge of an electric property in 
Western New York State, but he did not re- 
main with that company more than a year. He 
was constantly in trouble with the employees 
and his associates. Some of them resigned 
rather than go to his father about their trouble 
with him, but finally he decided he did not 
like the electrical business anyway, and would 
not work at it any longer. For another period 
therefore, he was idle again, and finally his 
father placed him at the head of one of his gas 
interests at Hollywood, Mass. He had been 
there about a year, when, on this particular 
day, the reception at the college was the oc- 
casion for his being in Northington. He had 
just come from the Mansion House bar when 
he saw Tom Appleton taking a seat beside 
Evelyn Tyler and driving away with her in the 
electric phaeton. He saw her talking and 
laughing with him in a manner indicative of great 
interest and pleasure, and at once there arose 
in his mind a feeling of jealousy. He had never 
liked Tom Appleton anyway, since the time of 
the accident, when he had been discharged in 
disgrace from the Glendale Works. 

The present situation was relieved somewhat 
when he considered that, at any rate, she would 
be in his clutches in the evening at the ball, 
and he would, in some way, make her promise 
to become his wife. 

The day continued to be filled with sunshine, 
and unusual happiness was exhibited by 
Evelyn Tyler as she flitted to and fro over the 



THE COLLEGE BALL 51 

house, making the last hurried touches in con- 
nection with her toilette. Her mother noticed 
it, and said: 

"Evelyn, I am glad you are so happy tonight. 
I know now that you will have a lovely time." 

The bell rang and Frank Sheldon was an- 
nounced. He came into the hall, but as Evelyn 
was ready he was not asked to take a chair. 
Mrs. Tyler called to him as they were leaving: 

"Frank, you must be sure and make the even- 
ing pleasant for Evelyn, as she is feeling very 
happy now." 

"All right, Mrs. Tyler," he replied, "I'll 
try;" but he knew when he said it, that he was 
thinking of his own selfish ends, and not of 
Evelyn's pleasure. 

They had hardly been seated and started, 
when he told Evelyn that he saw her that morn- 
ing, and was surprised to know that she would 
take such a fellow as Tom Appleton to ride 
with her. 

"What do you know about him?" she asked. 

"I know a great deal about him," he said, 
"and he is not a fit man to be associated with 
you, Evelyn." 

Nothing more was said about the matter, and 
they were soon down in the city and entering 
the college gates. A long line of carriages could 
be seen ahead of them, but gradually their car- 
riage made its way to the entrance of the recep- 
tion hall. Evelyn's happy mood had changed 
since leaving the house, due to Frank Sheldon's 
remarks; but as she saw the magnificent 
decorations and the marvelous beauty of the 
electrical display, her spirits rose. The excite- 
ment had partially changed her mind, and as she 
went to the ladies' dressing-room, wondering 



52 LOOKING FORWARD 

if her friends had arrived, Eethyl Appleton 
came up and spoke to her. 

* ' Isn 't it lovely, Evelyn ? ' ' she cried. 

"Yes, it is beautiful," replied Evelyn, "but 
I wish that I had never come with Frank 
Sheldon; I will tell you all about it later. " 

In a few moments more they were out in the 
ball room, and a sight met their gaze which was 
long to be remembered by all who attended that 
ball. They were in a new building which had 
only just been finished. One of the most 
famous architects in Boston had presented a 
design which was pleasing to the college 
executives not only from the standpoint of 
architectural beauty, but his plans were filled 
with novel ideas regarding illumination. There 
was not a single lamp or bulb to be seen. 
Nothing physical was in evidence respecting the 
illumination, but the combination of wonderful 
architectural display and magnificent illuminat- 
ing effect was at once so beautiful and im- 
pressive as to excite the most favorable com- 
ments. 

The architect's plans had also included a com- 
plete installation of the Telharmonium. The 
interior design was particularly adapted to 
render the very best acoustics. Classical 
orchestral music was being rendered in a man- 
ner to attract the attention of everyone in the 
hall ; yet there was no orchestra and apparently 
no physical source from which the beautiful 
strains emanated. A diffusion of sound was pro- 
duced throughout the hall in the same manner 
as the architect had so successfully arranged 
for diffusion of light. 

Tom had not met Frank Sheldon as yet, but 
as the girls came out together they both reached 



THE COLLEGE BALL 53 

them at the same time from opposite directions. 
Evelyn caught sight of Tom coming toward 
them, and she was very much struck with his 
handsome appearance. He was tall and erect, 
with broad military shoulders; a clean shaven 
face, which was not only pleasing to look upon, 
but it was a countenance full of frankness and 
honesty. Evelyn found herself looking straight 
into his eyes, with such a steady gaze of 
admiration, that Tom was on the point of 
embarrassment, when he noticed the color come 
to her cheeks. 

He was about to congratulate himself upon 
the pleasure in store for him, when Evelyn 
introduced Frank Sheldon. Tom nodded, but 
did not offer to take Sheldon's hand, while 
Sheldon gave him a cold, formal bow. The 
dancing cards were being distributed, and 
engagements for dances were being rapidly 
made. Evelyn had hurriedly looked over her 
card and had crossed three dances, when Shel- 
don asked her what the crosses meant. 

" Those dances are taken," said Evelyn. 

Again Sheldon felt the pangs of jealousy, and 
was more anxiously than ever awaiting an 
opportunity to tell her what he thought, and 
insist upon a promise from her that would 
settle the matter once and for all. 

The music for the first dance was started, and 
Sheldon struck out down the hall with Evelyn, 
rushing through a two step: Tom and Eethyl 
danced together, and Evelyn caught occasional 
glimpses of them, as they gracefully passed 
near her. She noticed that Tom presented a 
splendid form, and many eyes were upon him. 
Sheldon did not dance very well, and Evelyn 
was glad when they had finished. She was 



54 LOOKING FORWARD 

immediately surrounded by a crowd of young 
admirers, asking about dances, and joking about 
the crosses, but Tom succeeded in getting near 
enough to ask about her card, when she leaned 
over near his ear and whispered that she had 
saved three waltzes for him, the second, fifth 
and ninth numbers. Tom marked his card with 
crosses at the corresponding numbers, and with 
a feeling of great pleasure. He saw that E ethyl 
was so popular as to get her card filled quickly, 
and while waiting for the next dance he looked 
around the hall, without paying any attention 
to engaging other partners for himself. 

It seemed an age to him before the music 
started. It was a dreamy waltz which he had 
remembered of hearing, but never before had 
the tones seemed so sweet and pure as tonight. 
How beautiful she was! This was the thought 
running through his mind. She was dressed in 
a rich black velvet gown closely fitting her form, 
and with a string of amber beads encircling the 
throat, the costume was complete. There were 
neither jewels nor flowers; simply the plain 
costume, decorated and embellished by the 
beautiful black eyes, the wealth of hair, the 
lovely white shoulders, and graceful form. She 
placed her hand in his, and his arm was now 
around her waist. Away they glided down the 
hall, conscious of no other persons in the room : 
intoxicated with the, moment's pleasure. She 
thought what a strong manly fellow he 
appeared. How gracefully he danced! And 
Tom felt that surely he was having a beautiful 
dream, from which he must soon awake with a 
thud. She seemed as light as a feather, and he 
felt that he could dance forever with such a 
partner. The music stopped, but there was such 



THE COLLEGE BALL 55 

a round of applause for an encore that again 
they danced, and once more Tom enjoyed the 
delicious sensations which he had never before 
experienced. 

They were all having a lovely time, with the 
exception of Sheldon. He had watched Tom and 
Evelyn all the evening, and was so mad that 
during the intermission he would not enter the 
hall, but sulked outside in the smoking-room. 
He made up his mind that when he danced with 
her again he would ask her to go out into the 
conservatory with him and there talk it over. 
He was glad, therefore, when the music started 
once more. He went for her, and as he came 
up, Tom saw the meanness that was written 
on his face. While they danced Tom sauntered 
out into the garden and sat down alone behind 
some tall spreading palms. It was one of the 
first seats he saw in a quiet spot away from the 
regular path, and he thought he would be 
entirely alone. He had not been sitting there 
long when an angry voice caught his ear. It 
was quite low, but he recognized it as Sheldon's. 

"I insist that you promise me once and 
for all," he was saying, "that you will be my 
wife. You are having too good a time with 
that fellow Apple ton. I know him. He is not 
a gentleman, and is unfit to associate with you." 

"I do not believe you, ' ' came the answer ; and 
Tom knew positively that it was Evelyn with 
Sheldon. 

He was just wishing that he was not in such 
an embarrassing position, when he heard Shel- 
don say: 

"I will make you promise to be my wife." 
Stepping aside, to get a better view, Tom saw 
Sheldon grasp Evelyn's wrist with the grip of 
a villain. 



56 LOOKING FORWARD 

Without waiting another moment, he stepped 
forward. His right arm shot into the air, direct- 
ing a blow which knocked Sheldon keeling over 
on the floor. He was on his feet again instantly, 
and looked at Tom as if he would like to strike 
him; but the tall manly form towered above 
him, and the commanding presence awed Sheldon. 
Besides, his eye was commencing to swell, and, 
as Tom told him positively that he could not 
accompany Evelyn, home, he left the hall 
in a rage. 

Tom explained to Evelyn how he happened 
to be behind the palms. She then thanked him 
earnestly for his protection, and when he sug- 
gested that she could go home in their carriage, 
she was glad and accepted the offer. 

They had still another dance together, which 
was filled with pleasure for both of them. 

On the way home she sat next to Tom. He 
could feel her warm breath near his cheek, as 
the carriage gave an occasional lurch. Two or 
three times her hand was placed on his, and he 
thought once she let it rest there longer than 
usual. Perhaps the girl liked him just a little 
he did not know. The excitement of it all had 
made him lose the good, sound, common sense 
which he possessed when he arrived in Northing- 
ton only a few days before. 

"Good night/' she said: "Come over to- 
morrow, E ethyl. I want to thank you again 
very much, Mr. Appleton, for your kindness and 
protection. ' ' 

Tom answered something. He never knew 
what, but all the remainder of the night, in his 
sleep, he dreamed that he was dancing with 
Evelyn Tyler. 



CHAPTER IV. 

THE ELECTRON PACIFIC EXPRESS. 

One afternoon iabout a week later, Tom, 
Evelyn, and Eethyl were seated in an observation 
car of the Electron Pacific Express. Mr. and 
Mrs. Tyler had been taking a nap. It had been 
a beautiful (afternoon, and /they had keenly 
enjoyed the scenes through which the train was 
speeding them at a rate of 60 to 75 miles an 
hour. Tom had been explaining to Evelyn all 
about the electric train. He said: 

''In 1906 the New York Central Railroad had 
made a trial installation of the electric system, 
which was so successful in operation, that the 
next year they equipped the Hudson River 
branch, and soon the entire road from New York 
to Buffalo was electrified. About the same time 
the Michigan Central was carefully studying 
the problem, and in a very little time it was 
possible to go from New York to Chicago on an 
electric train. The first train to run through 
to Chicago was called the 'Amberon' Express, 
the name 'having been associated so distinctly 
with the early history of electricity." He 
showed her how natural it was for the railroads 
of the country to change quickly from steam to 
electricity as soon as the New York Central had 
secured such -splendid results. "The Penn- 
sylvania road was losing business continually, 
between New York, Cleveland and Chicago 

57 



58 LOOKING FORWARD 

because its steam trains could not compete with 
the modern electric trains on the Central lines. 
The New York Tunnel became a marvel of neat- 
ness; was well lighted and ventilated. All 
the stations were clean and well painted; free 
from smoke and gas. Having a tremendously 
large supply of electricity, and having studied 
the subject in all its details so thoroughly, they 
were quick to adopt electricity for the dining 
ears, and during the hottest days in the Summer 
months, the cooks in the kitchen of the electric 
dining car were comfortable and cool. It was 
a pleasure to ride about the country, a pleasure 
which these fellows derived in the change from 
steam or coal ovens to the electric cooking and 
baking devices. Foods were served more 
promptly, and the cooks and waiters were more 
efficient because of the convenience and ease of 
doing their work. The design of the dining car 
was much better, also, because wires were run in 
a concealed manner, much easier and taking up 
less space than steam pipes. Cleanliness and 
ease of work were quickly appreciated by those 
connected with the kitchen part of the car." 

Tom continued, "The baggage car was also 
equipped with a motor for handling the large 
trunks and luggage. When the train stopped 
at a station, the baggageman turned a switch, 
and a motor operated the sliding door. A small 
crane was then brought into use. It was operated 
t? a motor capable of quickly raising and lower- 
ing large heavy trunks. The station baggage- 
man also had an equipment with small motor 
trucks, for carting luggage between the baggage 
rooms and the trains. The railroad benefited 
in many ways by introducing these electrical 
appliances not only saving valuable time in 



ELECTRON PACIFIC EXPRESS 59 

handling baggage when trains were at the 
station, but also lending its efforts to make the 
work of its employees pleasant and instructive. ' ' 

At this point Tom said, with greater emphasis, 
' * I want to -explain to you how much importance 
the large progressive railroads, manufacturing 
companies, and business houses attach to the 
modern labor-saving devices which cultivate a 
high efficiency on the part of their employees. 
In our factories I have noticed many clever 
schemes for making the work rooms peasant, 
well ventilated, and healthy. In one room 
where copper bars are ground, and much 
copper dust created, which is unhealthy, and 
bad for the eyes, the machines are equipped 
with large pipes, and exhaust fans for carrying 
the dust away, out of the window. The room 
which would otherwise have been very dusty 
and unhealthy was easily made clean and pleas- 
ant, increasing the efficiency of the men 
physically, mentally, and in every way." 

On the Electron Pacific Express they had been 
very much entertained during luncheons and 
dinners by reason of the Telharmonium in the 
dining oar. The most charming music was 
rendered from an unseen source. There was not 
even a violin or piano visible, and to a person 
not accustomed to much travel, the plan would 
excite much curiosity. The girls had, of 
course, read about the Telharmonium a few 
years before, as it was much talked about in 
1906, when Baltimore and New York parties 
organized a large company to introduce it 
commercially. One of the first concerts was 
given at Hardcourt, Conn., and the music was 
created and transmitted by electricity. It had 
been possible before this, to hear music over the 



60 LOOKING FORWARD 

telephone, which was transmitted many miles 
distant, but this particular system included the 
creation of music electrically, in addition to 
delivering it over the wires. Boon after the first 
music station was installed in 1906 in New York 
City, the restaurants, 'hotels, theatres, churches, 
and residences subscribed for connections in 
the same manner as they had subscribed for 
telephone 'and electric light service. At the 
central-station of the New York Company, 
music was created and rendered twenty-four 
hours daily, and iat any hour or minute of the 
day, most delightful music could be secured by 
simply throwing a switch. The people were not 
only greatly pleased to take advantage of the 
plan in the same way that they had used the 
telephone, but the business managers of hotels, 
restaurants, theatres, etc., were able to secure 
twenty-four hour service at less expense, com- 
pared with the old method of string bands. It 
established a much superior system, also, because 
in the large clubs where private rooms were 
continually used, the softest strains of classical 
music could be furnished from the regular 
electric light wires, with no difficulty whatever. 
As early as 1906, this electric system of furnish- 
ing music was commercial and became popularly 
used like the telephone, in a remarkably short 
time. 

City governments soon contracted for music 
in the city parks, and during the Summer even- 
ings, thousands of people were favored with the 
latest pieces, rendered in all parts of the city. 
The old method of delivering music by a small 
band of men resulted in a massing of the people, 
frequently creating a jamb, and demanding 
constant attention of the police to prevent dis- 



ELECTRON PACIFIC EXPRESS 61 

order and violence. The new electric system 
became so satisfactory in delivering music at any 
point that 'artistic poles were located sufficiently 
near together to accommodate many different 
sections of the park. Muselectrans became 
remarkably popular, not only during the Sum- 
mer evenings, but once a week during the 
Winter months, & pop-concert was given in the 
City Hall, which thousands of people attended. 
It cost the people nothing as the city contracted 
for the music at a very low figure in connection 
with its street lighting, incandescent lamps, and 
electric heating appliances for its buildings. 

The Summer of 1907 witnessed the passing 
of the brass bands for street parades. The 
experience of the Muselectrans in the parks soon 
attracted the electric company to the demands 
for electric music in the streets, and at every few 
blocks, these instruments were located on 
ornamental poles. The system worked beauti- 
fully in connection with parades. By means of 
starters, switches, and telephones, there was no 
difficulty in controlling music, starting and 
stopping it, fas the demands required. The 
device itself was made ornamental, and special 
attention given to its artistic design so as to 
co-operate freely with the Municipal Art League 
which was doing such magnificent work for the 
'cities during that year. All dance halls were 
equipped with electric music, and whenever 
arrangements were made for a social dance, 
music and hall were engaged at the same time, 
.and in the same place, offering convenience and 
smaller expense than ever before. 

"But how did they -arrange to furnish music 
in the dining car ? " asked Evelyn. 

"In the baggiage car there is a Dynamophone 



62 LOOKING FORWARD 

which is like one of the old-style organs, except 
it is equipped with a number of small alterna- 
ting dynamos. The key-board is operated by 
a skilled musician. At one end of the dining 
car, in a concealed position, is a Muselectran, 
from which the music is transmitted. In the 
other cars on the train, including the observation 
ear, notice is posted that at certain hours of the 
morning, afternoon, or evening, classical music 
will be rendered; such concerts lasting about 
one-half hour. 

On such long trips as from New York to San 
Francisco, these short concerts break up the 
monotony of the trip, and are certainly con- 
sidered very popular. You recollect how often 
we have noticed the passengers on board this 
train, make use of the instruments. It seemed 
that they would never get enough. While it 
attracts the older people, the children think it is 
splendid. They listen for the longest time, and 
then run and tell their mothers all about it. 
Then back again -and repeat the incident. It is 
indeed a happy hour for the children. After 
the first day out, did you notice how the 
musician came through the train, talking to the 
children particularly? He ascertained what 
selections pleased them most, and promised to 
repeat them that afternoon. 

It is surely a popular plan to please the 
children so much. There is no more forcible 
way to advertise the Railroad Company. Of 
course it is necessary to have a musician travel 
continually with the train, but this represents 
only a trifle to the railroad company, 'as they 
have for years had a stenographer in the observa- 
tion car, who will write letters free of expense 
to passengers. They also carry on board, a lady 



ELECTRON PACIFIC EXPRESS 63 

manicurist, and the extra musician represents 
a small matter compared with the great advertis- 
ing features which the Telharmonium offers, 
and the popularity with which it is received by 
passengers. ' ' 

They were seated in the rear end of the 
observation car, and an excellent opportunity 
was afforded for seeing the track construction. It 
seemed s if they would never tire of watching 
the scenery and gazing at the many interesting 
things along the tracks. The train had com- 
menced to decrease its speed, and slow down to 
about six miles an hour, when soon they saw a 
large gang of men working on the road. Ties 
were being changed and repairs in general were 
being made. As they passed, the click of a ham- 
mer could be heard, and Evelyn asked what the 
noise was, and what was that funny looking 
device on the side of the track. 

1 'That/' said Tom, "is an electric sledge 
hammer, for driving spikes. It has been one of 
the handiest appliances of all, so the workmen 
say. The old method of driving spikes was 
very slow and expensive, also hard work for the 
men. This electric sledge is set in place quickly, 
and strikes & few blows fast and hard, saving 
time and expense for such work. 

' ' There, also, is an interesting device for feed- 
ing water to the engine. You see the trough 
full of water. The engine takes water from that, 
without stopping, by scooping it up. In the 
Winter time, however, it freezes, unless some 
means is provided for heating the water. The 
old way, of heating by steam, was expensive, as 
it was not always easy to get steam all along 
the road. The electric system, however, makes it 
very easy. The wires running alongside of the 



64 LOOKING FORWARD 

road, ean be tapped, anywhere, for such applica- 
tions as these. The old-style hand car is 
no more. The small electric oar takes its place. 
It carries them from one place to another much 
quicker, and is handier and more business-like 
than the old type of hand car. ' ' 

Just before going in to dinner, a porter came 
into the car and asked if Mr. Appleton was 
there. He said there was a telephone call from 
San Francisco for him. Tom went into one of 
the compartments, where it was quiet, and upon 
taking up the receiver, found it was his good 
friend, T. E. Giddings, who had called up to let 
them know that they were expected, and he 
would be at the depot to meet them. Tom told 
him that the train was on time, and they would 
arrive -at nine-thirty the next morning, if good 
luck favored them all through the night. He 
told him that it did not cost anything to tele- 
phone, as the Railroad Company made a spe- 
cialty of the accommodation, to parties who 
had friends coming through from the East. He 
said he had just arrived home from the office 
and was talking to him from his own house. 

When Tom returned he explained it all to 
the girls, who thought it wonderful, as well as 
very kind of the Giddings to appear so thought- 
ful of them. 

The trip had given Tom an excellent oppor- 
tunity to inspect the block system along the 
railroad, and the electric signals were so 
numerous 'and had proven so effective, that the 
passengers had great confidence in their safe 
arrival. Tom appreciated now, more than ever, 
the tremendous importance of the patented de- 
vices which Mr. George Westlington had pro- 
duced for the railroading industry. The air- 



ELECTRON PACIFIC EXPEESS 65 

brake and the electric signals alone would cause 
his name to be carried down into history from 
generation unto generation. So much attention 
was paid to safety by this road, when running 
at night, that an electric arc headlight was 
burned at the head of the engine and one on the 
rear of the train; also one on each side of the 
train, moving up and down every minute by 
means of motors. These were searchlights, and 
at a very long distance away their rays could be 
seen, like a flashlight in the New York Harbor. 
The lights were controlled from the electric 
locomotive, by switches, operated by the electric 
engineer, and when a stop was made at a 
station, the engineer turned off the searchlights 
on the sides, leaving on the head and rear lights 
only. They were very powerful and valuable 
for such service. 

About ten o'clock they all retired after enjoy- 
ing several selections by the Telharmonium, 
feeling that they would soon be in San Fran- 
cisco, the wonderful new city, which had been 
rebuilt during an era when all phases of life 
demanded the daily use of electricity. 

The girls had a compartment together, and 
before they went to sleep they talked over a 
great many matters of mutual interest. It was 
pleasant to recall the many happy occasions 
during their college life. Their electric club 
meetings had been so filled with pleasant 
associations, that they could at any time start 
the subject, and enjoy relating to each other 
reminiscences which their memories reflected. 

"Do you remember the ride we -had with your 
brother Tom, from Springvale to Northington, ' ' 
asked Evelyn. "It was about commencement 
time. I think E ethyl, it was one of the happiest 
days I have spent this Summer." " ' 



66 LOOKING FORWARD 

"Yes, I enjoyed it, too!" said Eethyl. 

"I wonder if brother Tom had a pleasant 
time?" 

"He told me," said Eethyl, "that he hadn't 
enjoyed himself so much before in many years. ' ' 

"Do you remember how we went up on the 
mountain 1 How we strolled around for a while 
in the Park, iand then later went up to the 
Mountain House by the Inclined Electric Rail- 
way? We enjoyed Tom's stories about his 
mountain trips during his boyhood days, and 
then what a lovely ride home by moonlight in 
the auto. Oh ! Eethyl, I cannot remember when 
I have had such a happy day ! ' ' 

Eethyl yawned, and turned over in her berth, 
almost asleep. She had heard all that her girl 
friend hiad said and appreciated just enough 
of it to be glad that she was happy. But 
beyond this she was too sleepy to think. Her 
turn was to come a few months later, when 
Cupid's arrow was*to fly just as straight and 
true toward her heart as it had darted into 
Evelyn's. 

Soon the sounds of regular breathing from 
Eethyl's direction indicated that she was lost in 
sleep, but Evelyn was not even drowsy. She 
wanted to think. What a fine fellow Tom 
Appleton was anyway ! Had she ever met any 
young man in New York that was like him? 
How straight and tall he was! What a fine 
face he had! How often she had thought of 
his appearance at the college ball! What 
delightful dances she had enjoyed with him! 
She would never forget 'how handsome he looked 
on that evening. Among the entire list of her 
gentlemen friends in New York City there 
was not one who could equal Tom Appleton 



ELECTRON PACIFIC EXPRESS 67 

in the dance. Fond memories lingered around 
that one evening when he taught her to dream 
while they waltzed. The (hot blood rushed to 
her cheeks when she thought of his strong arm 
around her waist. Gently, but tightly he had 
held her, and they floated away into space while 
the beautiful, soft strains of music, so deli- 

ciously sweet, 

"Wake up, Evelyn, we are almost due in San 
Francisco." It was Eethyl calling, and Evelyn 
had been dreaming again of the college ball, 
and the waltzes with Tom Appleton. 



CHAPTER V. 

REBUILDING SAN FRANCISCO. 

They arrived on time, the next morning, and 
their friend Giddings was there to meet them. 
After cordial greetings he told them that his 
wife and daughter were in the carriage, await- 
ing them at the station entrance. 

Tom found himself glancing up and down, 
and around the new station. It was a marvel 
in respect to cleanliness and free from the usual 
engine noises. The absence of smoke and gases 
had favored the architect in his efforts toward 
embellishment for the interior design ; an incon- 
ceivable feature in connection with the old steam 
stations, because of the continual smoky and 
gaseous conditions. The architect had even 
gone so far as to decorate in light colors, which 
were blended with modest architectural designs, 
pleasing to the eye, 'and strikingly suggestive 
of a new era in railroad station construction. 
No more noisy escaping steam would be heard 
in that terminal, and if a passenger were early 
to a train, or for any other reason, were wait- 
ing in the station, there were comfortable, easy 
rocking chairs, instead of the old straight- 
backed hard settees. This railroad company was 
very popular with the people, for they had care- 
fully studied the conveniences of travelers, and 
accommodated their plans and construction to 
suit such requirements. 

68 



EEBUILDING SAN FRANCISCO 69 

After examining the station, -they p'assed out 
through the entrance, where Mrs. Giddings and 
their daughter Lueile, were introduced to them. 

" I am so glad to see you, ' ' she said. * ' Lucile 
and I were at the phone last night, when Mr. 
Giddings called you on (the train, and we were 
glad to hear you were well, tand that the train 
was on time." 

4 'We had a delightful trip/' replied Evelyn, 
"but are glad to get off the train once more." 

Tom and his sister went direct to the Gid- 
dings home, but Evelyn went to the hotel with 
her mother and father. 

On the way to the office, after a late break- 
fast, Giddings took much pleasure in showing 
Tom the advantages which San Francisco now 
possessed, in connection with its grand new 
buildings. The Railroad Station had made a 
very favorable impression upon his mind, but 
when driving down through the City of New San 
Francisco, (he was lost in admiration. He had 
never before seen so many new buildings, and 
how beautifully grand they appeared, when the 
height and size of each had been designed to 
harmonize with the character of the other! 
There was a harmony of architecture, which 
lent solidity and grandeur to the massive 
structures. 

Giddings broke the spell by saying, "You 
observe the same cleanliness regarding every 
building which was noted at the railroad station. 
See the signs, the sidewalks, the curbing, the 
pavements; all so clean arid neat. There is no 
smoke in the city. The electrification of the 
railroad, the absence of smoke in the station, 
and the clean 'aspect, led the industrial man- 
agers of San Francisco to a desire for their 



70 LOOKING FORWARD 

buildings to be clean and light. They, there- 
fore, carefully studied the use of electric 
motors, for all industrial purposes and the use 
of electricity for heating, power and lighting. 
The current is transmitted more than one 
hundred miles, from the town of Califa, and 
already more than two hundred and fifty thou- 
sand horse-power is employed for mercantile, 
industrial, and residential purposes in San 
Francisco. You can therefore see why every- 
thing looks so clean and nice. Electricity has 
replaced steam and gas. ' ' 

1 'Yes, it is wonderful and truly beautiful," 
said Tom. "But where are the poles for tele- 
phone and lighting wires? Where are the arc 
lamp poles, and the sign boards indicating the 
names of streets?" 

"They are gone forever, in San Francisco," 
replied Giddings. ' ' You see all those things had 
to be considered, when rebuilding, after the 
earthquake. The architects could see no need 
of street signs on poles, when they could be 
nicely located on the corner of the building, 
artistic in appearance, easy to read in daylight, 
and electrically illuminated at night. This 
detail was never slighted when a building was 
erected, and the system is splendid. 

The street lighting is accomplished by means 
of small arc lights of low candle power, set into 
the fronts of the buildings, with a powerful 
reflector behind, and an opal shade in front to 
soften the rays. These lights are near the 
merchants signs in respect to height, and 
arranged to distribute the light at the proper 
angle. The streets are beautifully lighted 
without poles of any kind. The lighting is no 
more expensive than before, as a very high 



REBUILDING SAN FRANCISCO 71 

efficiency light is used. The space is not valu- 
able, and the appearance of the glass front, for 
the lamps, is not at all objectionable, in the day- 
time. The arc lamps burn one thousand hours 
without attention, which is a radical advance 
in the art. 

The telephone -and electric wires are, of 
course, underground, and now you see what a 
marked difference it makes in the appearance 
of our city. 

All of the electric cars, in the immediate city, 
are -operated in subways, so we have delight- 
fully clean and spacious thoroughfares." 

They had reach&l tihe office building and 
taken the elevator to Giddings' office. There 
the telegrams, telephones, and visits of business 
men indicated a large business in process of 
transaction. Giddings finished up his more 
important matters in about an hour, and then 
they went to lunch. If had commenced to rain 
and Tom asked about 'an umbrella. This 
amused Giddings, and he replied, "Oh! well, 
you are from the East where tihey use umbrellas. 
We have no more use for them here. The 
electric subway trains keep us from getting wet, 
and the Bellamy concert umbrella idea is in 
effect, between the subway entrances and the 
business houses; also all along the streets. We 
can walk for miles, and require neither 
umbrellas nor rubbers. The weather-proof 
coverings -are supported on adjustable and 
movable mast arms, operated by electric motors. 
They are quickly lowered, and when dry, after 
a rain, are raised back into position. ' ' 

They had reached the restaurant. Tom was 
struck with astonishment to see the size of this 
dining-room. It was the largest he had ever 



72 LOOKING FORWARD 

seen. The place was busy, but there was not 
the hurry and busitle and the rush for seats, 
such as v he had often noticed in New York 
restaurants. The place was noted for its prompt 
service and the excellent quality and variety 
of its meats. Giddings ordered <a porterhouse 
steak well done, when Tom suggested as far as 
he was concerned it was just exactly what he 
liked and would have ordered. 

1 'Well," said Giddings, "it is now just 
eighteen minutes past one, and at twenty-three 
minutes past, our steak will be here ready to 
serve. They use the electric broiler which is a 
wonder. I do believe it has done more to 
educate people in electricity than any other one 
device. ' ' 

"Yes," said Tom, "that broiler has been 
popular everywhere. The hotels and restaurants 
made a great point of it, as almost everybody 
likes a nice porterhouse steak, except for the 
waiting of twenty to thirty minutes for it. The 
device pleases all round, because the cost of 
operating is exceedingly low. Yon see, only 
four minutes for using current represents a 
marked economy." 

"Here it comes," said Giddings, looking at 
his watch. "It has been exactly four and a 
half minutes. Now observe him cut it. See 
how the juices flow in great abundance. The 
electric broiler seals in the nutriment of the 
meat, and it is the very best, quickest and most 
economical of meats, when years ago it was the 
most expensive." 

"It was very amusing in the East," said 
Tom, "when 'the business men learned of this 
broiler being used in their clubs and restaurants. 
They could not get a duplicate steak at home. 



REBUILDING SAN PHANCISCO 73 

At first they requested it ; then failing to secure 
it, they commenced to investigate, and study the 
design of the broilers. One gentleman told me 
that finally the relations with his wife were 
getting a little strained, when she produced for 
dinner one evening an exact duplicate of the 
electric-ally broiled steak. He said that he 
recognized ift thie minute 'his carving knife 
touched it, and his wife told him all about the 
efforts of the ladies of the neighborhood to 
learn about those 'club steaks/ They finally 
ascertained about the electric broiler, and pur- 
chased one for trial. This episode led to the 
trial of electric egg steamers, and soon every- 
body was cooking by electricity/' 

After lunch they went back over to the 
office for a half^hour, and about three o'clock 
joined the ladies for a drive, stopping at the 
hotel for Evelyn. 

They had noted the 'attractive architectural 
designs of the houses, and Mrs. Giddings had 
already explained to 'her 'about the abandon- 
ment of chimneys. She said that the coal teams 
were seen no more on their streets. The ash 
teams were things of the past, >and no more ice 
wagons delivered ice from house to house as 
of yore. 

"The only legitimate place where co'al might 
be burned," said Giddings, "would be at 
Calif a, where the current is generated; but 
there, the water supply is so abundant, that it is 
seldom, if ever, needed." 

They were just passing a beautiful residence 
when attention was called to the several 
electrants located around the yard. 

"Those," said Giddings, "are used very 
freely out this way. Most of them are for elec- 



74 LOOKING FORWARD 

trie lawn mower connections, while that one near 

the driveway is for automobile use, or the 

electric wheelbarrow. Another one is a com- 

. bination hydrant -and electrant, as sometimes 

. the gardener wants warm water for sprinkling 

the flowers. The stable is equipped with 

'rectifier for electric automobile, and electric 

water heater in the carriage room, and is 

thoroughly well wired for lighting, heating, and 

power devices. All houses <and stables are 

equipped in a similar way." 

Having driven through the residential part 
of the city, Mrs. Giddings was anxious that 
they should see the district in which the stores 
were located; so Giddings turned his electric 
carriage in that direction. As they drove along 
Tom had an opportunity to show Evelyn and 
Eethyl the interesting points that Giddings had 
explained to him in the morning about the 
cleanliness of the streets, the improved arc 
lighting methods without poles, and other 
features with which the new San Francisco was 
favored. 

The machine stopped in front of one of the 
large blocks, and Mrs. Giddings said: 

"We will go into this large department store. 
It is one of the largest concerns in the city, but 
you will be surprised at the small amount of 
space they occupy for doing such a large busi- 
ness. You see, it is handled somewhat on the 
Bellamy idea, of exhibiting samples and 
illustrating uses of articles at 'this store. Their 
warehouse is located out of the center of the 
city. It is connected, by large tubes, with thirty 
or forty sub-stations in the several residential 
sections. An order placed at this store, is 
telephoned the grand warehouse, and the article 



REBUILDING SAN FRANCISCO 75 

or articles are tubed to the sub-station nearest 
the purchaser's address. At each sub-station an 
electric automobile delivers the material." 

"Is the system practical?" asked Evelyn. 

"Oh, yes," said Giddings, "the service is 
prompt, and is considered very accurate. 
Material is always delivered, before my wife 
reaches home." 

"I do not see any chandeliers at all," said 
Tom, as they entered the store. "How beauti- 
fully everything is exhibited. It miakes one 
anxious to purchase something." 

"Since the earthquake there 'have been no 
chandeliers whatever, used in San Francisco. 
The merchants made a special study of this 
point and concluded that the metal ceiling was 
the most indestructible device they could use. 
Upon consulting a well-known and competent 
Illuminating Engineer, it was learned that the 
most beautiful decorative effects could be 
secured with the ceiling, and it was a most 
accurate and abundant diffuser of light. Some 
of these light diffusing ceilings were exhibited 
at the Portland (Oregon) Exposition, as early 
as 1905, the year before the earthquake." 

Giddings continued further, "The trouble 
with chandeliers and fixtures in San Francisco, 
was in connection with the great amount of dam- 
age done by their falling upon material which 
otherwise would not have been injured. In my 
old house, for example, the bedroom chandelier 
dropped on our bed during the shock and added 
still further to our fright. In our new house 
we have no chandeliers, and metal ceilings are 
used throughout instead of plaster." 

"In this same connection," he said, "you will 
see no chimneys here. The old brick chimneys 



76 LOOKING FORWARD 

were abominable affairs. They were exceed- 
ingly expensive to build, and then were not 
satisfactory. After the shock, there was hardly 
a chimney standing in the entire city. The 
Insurance Companies went so far as to 'actually 
refuse policies unless chimneys were constructed 
of steel, with asbestos block lining. These 
specifications increased the cost to an outrageous 
and extravagant degree, which drove the peo- 
ple into -a more careful consideration of 
abandoning the chimneys. The electrical com- 
panies assisted a great deal in the matter, by 
advertising all kinds of electrical appliances for 
light, 'heat, and power. As early as 1905 
residences in the East had been advertised to be 
without chimneys. An article in the Sunday 
newspapers described 'A House Without a 
Chimney/ and it was read out here in Cali- 
fornia with more than passing interest. Many 
engineers commenced a careful study of the 
problem, and the great destruction of chimneys 
and the awful feelings of the people when 
chimneys fell on the houses, during the shock, 
helped to 'hasten the absolute abandonment of 
the use of chimneys. The engineers went at 
once to the root of the matter and determined 
upon a system which would not have smoke." 
The ladies were very much pleased with the 
great improvement in the stores, and after look- 
ing around fully, they returned to the carriage 
and continued on their drive. After driving 
through many of the more important business 
sections they arrived at Giddings' office. He 
was located on the eighth floor and it was a 
pretty sight to look out of the window, and 
view that wonderful new city. Not a curl of 
smoke, nor a single smokestack, to hide the 



REBUILDING SAN FRANCISCO 77 

most magnificent spectacle which the architect- 
ural ages have ever produced. No wonder that 
the people were proud of their (achievements, 
and no wonder that they had invited the 
National Electrical Association to meet at San 
Francisco that year, as a reminder of the great 
electrical progress which they had made in so 
short a time. 

"What are your feelings/' said Tom to Gid- 
dings, "in respect to this marvelous change in 
the appearance of the city?" 

"Well," replied Giddings, "sometimes as I 
look out there over those immense structures, 
so soon erected, and yet so grand and complete, 
I wonder if it is a dream, or whether it is 
really true. It has recalled to my mind the 
eighth chapter of Edward Bellamy's 'Looking 
Backward,' in which he pictures Julian West 
awakening in the year 2,000 after having slept 
since the night of May 30, 1887, or 113 years. 
I have the book here on my desk, as the idea 
has occurred to me several times lately, and I 
want to quote you ;a few lines, as follows : 

" 'None but an antiquarian who knows some- 
thing of the contrast which the Boston of today 
offers to the Boston of the nineteenth century 
can begin to appreciate what a series of bewilder- 
ing surprises I underwent, during that time. 
The few old land-marks which still remained, 
only intensified this effect, for, without them I 
might have imagined myself in a foreign town. 
A man may leave his native city in childhood, 
and return fifty years later, to find it trans- 
formed in many features. He is astonished, but 
he is not bewildered. He but dimly recalls the 
city as he knew it, when a child. But remember 
that there was no sense of any lapse of time 



78 LOOKING FORWARD 

with me. So far as my consciousness was con- 
cerned, it was but yesterday, but a few hours, 
since I had walked these streets in which 
scarcely a feature had escaped a complete 
metamorphosis.' 5 

"Well, I feel something like that/' said Gid- 
dings. "None of I/he old familiar sights are 
here. I remember the last afternoon I was in 
my old office, I sat and looked out the window, 
thinking for the longest while, little dreaming 
that with the night, the most wonderful and 
dreadful disaster would befall the city, which 
the world has ever known. On that April night 
in 1906 old San Francisco was obliterated from 
the face of the map, and there from the window 
can be seen the greatest of all changes which 
any city, in ,any part of the world, has ever 
experienced. Only 25 years after, and we have 
conditions in San Francisco, which would do 
honor to tihe farsighted prophecies of Edward 
Bellamy in that famous book of 1887. We must 
read over the entire book, while you are here, 
and I will try and show you what a great share 
electricity 'has taken in producing many of the 
so-called Bellamy conditions in 1912, only a 
quarter of a century since his book was written, 
and in which he allotted the year 2000 or 113 
years for his prophecies to come true." 

They all drove home with a feeling that the 
day had been one of education to them. Tom 
found a telegram upon his arrival at Giddings' 
house, requesting him to return at once, which 
was a great disappointment. 

Evelyn had to go over to the hotel, and as 
Tom wanted to answer tlhe telegram, he rode 
error there with her. 

"I -am awfully sorry, Mr. Appleton, that 



REBUILDING SAN FRANCISCO 79 

you have to return," she said, "surely we have 
been having a good time, and I had never 
thought that you would miss the Convention 
sessions. ' ' 

"I am sorry also," said Tom, with an unsuc- 
cessful effort to conceal his disappointment. 
While the convention was interesting to him, 
there was another reason why he wanted to stay, 
and it was far more important than anything 
which the business end might have in store for 
'him. He was very happy therefore when 
Evelyn said, "I will write and tell you all that 
is going on, and will ask father to see that you 
get a set of the papers, which are read before 
the Convention." 

When Evelyn had thus spoken, Tom began to 
cheer up, and they were soon talking about the 
reception which was to be held at the hotel that 
evening. 

They had reached the 'hotel by this time. Tom 
sent his telegram, and Evelyn left to go up and 
dress for dinner. 

He had wired to Millville that he would 
return at once, and then had gone back to Gid- 
dings' house for dinner. 

It was a jolly crowd which met that evening 
at the hotel. It was the evening before the 
Convention was to open, and delegates were 
arriving and greeting old friends whom they 
had not seen since the last meeting. Naturally 
Evelyn's father was a prominent figure as 
President of the Association, and while Evelyn 
had a great many demands on her time, she was 
able to be with Tom and Eethyl a good deal. 

After the reception, dancing commenced, and 
the occasion reminded Tom very much of the 
College Ball at Northington. There was one 



80 LOOKING FORWARD 

exception, and a pleasant one too, that Sheldon 
was not around to mar their pleasure. The first 
dance Tom had with his sister, and it was a 
pleasure to him to see how much she was enjoy- 
ing the trip and this particular occasion. 

As they sat down, Evelyn came up, and after 
introducing her partner, said, "I am awfully 
glad that you are leaving Eethyl with us. We 
shall take good care of her and bring her home 
safely." 

"I am highly grateful/' said Tom, ' 'I am sure 
she will enjoy it, and I shall feel sie is in safe 
keep ing. " 

The very next dance Evelyn had engaged, 
but the one after that Tom had spoken for, and 
as he wrote down his name on the program, 
Evelyn shyly suggested that he might cross off 
an extra one while 'he had the card. This made 
Tom feel good, and was almost sufficient com- 
pensation for his having to return. 

The music once more started, and a dreamy 
waltz was the excuse for Tom to speed away 
around the hall, with his arm about the waist 
of Evelyn Tyler. He knew perfectly well that 
he preferred to dance with her more than all 
others, and there were some things that led him 
to believe that she liked to dance with him, but 
it did not occur to him for a moment that she 
entertained any more than a kindly feeling for 
him. Surely he must not think of anything else, 
as 'he has his plans definitely laid out, and he 
has no business to think of this lovely, wealthy 
young girl, except in 'a very friendly way. 

They finish, and ihave an interesting talk, 
after which a lively two-step once more brings 
them to the floor. Many a couple stop and gaze 
as Tom and Evelyn glide down the hall. They 



REBUILDING SAN FRANCISCO 81 

present a commanding appearance; their danc- 
ing is graceful, and the remark is general that 
they are the handsomest pair on the floor. 

All too soon the hour grew late. Mr. and 
Mrs. Giddings felt it was time to leave, and Tom 
had to say good-bye to them. His sister was not 
going home with him, and kissing her fondly 
they bade each other good night to meet again 
in Northington in about ten days or two weeks. 

After bidding good-bye to Evelyn's father 
and mother, thanking them heartily for their 
watchfulness over his sister, Tom shook hands 
with Evelyn. Again sfae promised to write him 
about the proceedings of the Convention, and 
with this thought on his mind, they parted. 

The midnight electric train from San Fran- 
cisco had on board a man who was happy 
because Evelyn Tyler had treated him so kindly. 
Not yet must he think of anything else from her 
but kindness. Their stations in life are different, 
and he has other responsibilities that make it 
impossible for him to think of Evelyn Tyler 
other than in a friendly way. 

With these thoughts Tom Appleton went to 
sleep. 



CHAPTER VI. 

THE ELECTRICAL CONVENTION. 

The Tyler family was awake and down to 
breakfast early the next morning. It was a 
beautiful day and they were all feeling exceed- 
ingly happy. 

During the meal Evelyn casually mentioned 
to her father that she would like to have him 
secure for her two sets of Convention papers. 

"Why do you wish two sets?" he inquired. 

"I desire to read all the papers myself," said 
Evelyn, "and I promised Mr. Appleton I would 
send him a set." 

"Oh! I see," said Mr. Tyler, "I shall be 
pleased to arrange it. I rather like the appear- 
ance of young Appleton. I heard through an 
officer of his company a while ago, that he is 
quite a valuable man for them." 

Neither father nor mother Tyler noticed the 
flush which came to Evelyn's cheeks, nor the 
very pleased expression. 

Breakfast was soon finished, and they were all 
assembled in the hotel lobby awaiting the hour 
of the opening session. Some of the members 
of the Executive Committee soon made their 
appearance, 'and the Mayor of San Francisco 
was introduced to them. After a short informal 
talk the gentlemen lighted cigars and strolled 
along the corridors to a large assembly hall, 
where the sessions were to be held. It had 
been arranged that the ladies would attend the 

82 



THE ELECTRICAL CONVENTION 83 

opening session, listen to the speech of welcome 
by the Mayor, and the President's address. 

Promptly 'at ten o'clock all the delegates had 
taken seats. E ethyl had come over with Mrs. 
Giddings, and with Evelyn and Mrs. Tyler, they 
were all seated where they could see and hear 
well. 

President Tyler was in the chair, and wait- 
ing for a few moments, until all were quiet, he 
arose, formally opened the Thirty-fifth Con- 
vention of the National Electrical Association, 
and introduced Mayor Weaver of San Francisco. 

As Mayor Weaver arose, his commanding 
presence was noted, and the attention of the 
audience was at once attracted. He spoke as 
follows : 

"Mr. President, ladies and members of this 
great National Electrical Association, in behalf 
of the City of San Francisco, I extend to you 
a hearty welcome within our gates. It is fitting 
that your Association should have selected this 
spot for its debates and discussions on a sub- 
ject in connection with which we have been 
very closely associated since the earliest com- 
mercial application of electricity, and more 
particularly since the earthquake of 1906. 

* * It was electricity which first carried the news 
of our disaster, by means of the wireless tele- 
graph system, to our friends, and which brought 
us messages of encouragement and support in 
the time of our great need. 

' ' It was electricity which first gave us light on 
our streets, after many nights of darkness and 
despair. 

"Electricity has helped us to build more 
quickly than we could possibly have done with- 
out it. All the steel with which our magnificent 



84 LOOKING FORWARD 

buildings were erected, came from mills equipped 
throughout with electricity. 

' ' The marvelous advances in the electrical arts 
have enabled us to rebuild with a beauty in 
design never before appreciated by any other 
city in the world. Our architects have received 
the highest compliments with which men in any 
time in past history have been favored, and 
their works have been the source of admiration 
from all who have visited this new and beautiful 
city. 

1 1 The electrical engineers (have been of marvel- 
ous assistance to the architects. They were suc- 
cessful in the installation of an electrical plant 
at Califa, about one hundred miles from here, 
furnishing all the light, heat, and power to the 
city for its needs, commercially, industrially, 
-and domestically. They helped us to abandon 
the use of chimneys of all kinds, and all San 
Francisco is glad of this accomplishment. The 
architects too rejoiced because of this great im- 
provement, and their designs are more beautiful 
by reason of such advances in the arts. 

"I take pleasure in announcing on behalf of 
our Entertainment Committee that they have 
arranged for electric carriages to be at your 
disposal during the entire Convention, that you 
may conveniently visit all our various parks, 
stores, public departments and any other sections 
of the city where you may wish to go. The 
gates of the city are wide open to you while 
you remain with us, and again I extend to you 
in behalf of the city, a most cordial welcome. 
Mav your proceedings be attended with success, 
and we hope that your stay among us may be 
so pleasant as to make you desire to return and 
pay us another visit at an early date." 






THE ELECTRICAL CONVENTION 85 

As he finished, a loud applause, long con- 
tinued, was indicative of general appreciation 
by the ladies and members. 

Immediately after Mayor Weaver left, 
the President delivered his annual address to 
the Association. The discourse was printed in 
full that day in the San Francisco Times, and 
the following is a verbatim copy of the editorial, 
commenting most favorably, not only on the 
able manner in which it was delivered, but 
particularly upon the marvelous progress of 
electricity in the year 1912. 

"The National Electrical Association opened 
its first session this morning at ten o'clock with 
the largest attendance which the organization 
has ever enjoyed. For several days special elec- 
tric trains have been bringing in delegates from 
all parts of the country. The New York, Boston 
and Philadelphia delegations each had special 
through trains. It is said that the membership 
has now reached the large number of 4,500 
central-station men. The organization has 
encouraged the delegates to bring their wives 
and children, and San Francisco is favored with 
between six and seven thousand visitors due to 
this electrical convention. 

"President Tyler delivered a masterful 
address, presenting the great and wonderful 
progress of electricity in a most able and 
forcible manner. 

"His comparative figures of the amount of 
business in 1912 with those of 1902 are interest- 
ing. The Department of Commerce iand Labor 
at Washington, D. C. in 1902 reported the 
income of Electric Lighting Companies for the 
year 1900. They were roughly as follows : 



86 LOOKING FORWARD 

Electric Lighting $70,000.000 

Electric Power 12,000,000 

Miscellaneous 4,000,000 



Total $86,000,000 

"The report of 1912 by that Department 
shows the enormously increased figures as fol- 
lows: 

Electric Heating $240,000,000 

Electric Power 200,000,000 

Electric Lighting 160,000,000 



Total $600,000,000 

"The growth of the electric heating business 
is very remarkable. We, in San Francisco, take 
great pride in this branch of the industry, as we 
were first to introduce electric heating generally 
for all kinds i of work. In the homes our ladies 
were first in the land to use electric kitchen 
outfits, power motors for household purposes, 
and electric lighting exclusively. The record 
of this year 1912 shows more electric auto- 
mobiles in use in San Francisco than any other 
city in the world, in proportion to its size. The 
use of electricity in the 'homes brought about 
this favorable record, because electric autos 
could be charged at the home at all times; and 
the Electrical Company arranged such a plenti- 
ful supply of electrants, or charging posts, that 
no owner of an electric machine ever had to 
bother about being out of current. 

"President Tyler's remarks about the Elec- 
trical Co-operative Improvement Association will 
meet with much favor in this section. That 
Association hag earned its reputation. Its work 
has long since extended to our Coast, and we 
have benefited by it. 



THE ELECTRICAL CONVENTION 87 

"It is interesting to know that no further 
back than 1906 the present National Electrical 
Association was called the National Electric 
Light Association. In 1907, however, the sub- 
ject was brought up for discussion as to why 
it should be called National Electric Light 
Association when the power and heating ends of 
the business were becoming such important 
factors in connection with the industry. A 
resolution was therefore adopted to change the 
name to the one Which it now bears, and which 
is surely more appropriate. 

1 'When we look back upon the industry, only 
six years finds us in 1906 with an incandescent 
lamp of three watts consumption per candle, 
power. Then with remarkable rapidity the years 
1907 and 1908 had introduced commercial 
lamps of one watt consumption per candle. 
Now in this year of 1912, Prof. Stoenmitz has 
discovered a new material which bids fair to 
give us one-quarter of a watt per candle, and 
we laymen ask when will such wonderful de- 
velopments cease. 

' ' The industry covering the manufacture and 
sale of steam engines has been revolutionized. 
In all sections of this country and in all parts 
of the world, steam turbines have everywhere 
been installed in place of the old style stationary 
engines. And this situation is due to the ag- 
gressiveness of the electrical people and the pro- 
gressive character of their vast and rapid 
developments. 

"The arc lighting field has also been simultan- 
eously revolutionized and our cities and all our 
small towns are brilliantly illuminated with a 
great many more arcs than ever before, yet at 
no greater expense. We marvel at the rapid 



88 LOOKING FORWARD 

progress of the electrical arts, and we rejoice 
greatly that each and every improvement has 
had such an important bearing and such a bene- 
ficial effect upon our social life, our industrial 
welfare, and our domestic happiness. 

11 In passing we must mention the likewise re- 
markable growth of the electric railway system. 

"Until the year'1906 it was a common expres- 
sion to say the ' ' electric street railway system, ' ' 
but now with the tremendous extensions of elec- 
tric roads replacing steam railroads we have an 
industry with which there is no comparison for 
rapid and remarkable growth. 

"We join Mayor Weaver in wishing this Elec- 
trical Convention a most prosperous meeting, 
and wish the delegates to know that we voice the 
feelings of the people, when we say we are 
keenly interested in all their electrical matters. 
We all use the devices in our homes, our places 
of business, our factories, mills, streets, parks, 
and in every phase of life we are dealing with 
electricity in some form or other." 

The ladies retired from the meeting soon after 
the President's address, 'and later in the day 
Evelyn saw the Times article, which she cut out 
and sent to Tom, together with the set of papers 
to be read before the Convention. In her letter 
she was somewhat careful 'about the wording for 
some reason, she could hardly tell why. When 
she first met Tom and rode with him in his auto- 
mobile, she was free and easy, almost to the 
point of a careless manner, thinking only of the 
fun as the happy hours flew past. But now, it 
was a question of what would Tom think, and 
Should she let him know by any sign whatever 
that she cared for him. As she was pondering 
over these thoughts, Eethyl came up behind her, 



THE ELECTRICAL CONVENTION 89 

and asked her the cause of such depth of thought 
when they were having such a good time. 

"Eethyl," said Evelyn, "yon remember when 
we were on the train the other evening just be- 
fore arriving in San Francisco, we talked a 
great deal about your brother. " 

"Yes, I remember, now you mention it," 
replied Eethyl. 

"Of course you did not mention it to him, 
did you Eethyl?" 

"Oh no! Of course I didn't. What makes you 
think I did?" she asked. 

"I was just thinking, that's all Eethyl, and you 
are the dearest sister a brother could possibly 
have. ' ' With this she put her arms around her 
and gave her -a sweet hug and kiss. 

That afternoon the ladies all went for a drive, 
while the second session of the Association was 
assembled. They returned about five-thirty 
and one of the first things Evelyn did was to 
look up her father and congratulate him in con- 
nection with his address. 

"Well, Evelyn, have you enjoyed the day?" 
he asked. 

"Yes, indeed, father, I have. The city is the 
most beautiful one I ever visited, and the Enter- 
tainment Committee works so hard to please 
everybody ! ' ' 

"By the way Evelyn, Commodore Whipple, 
an old friend of mine is here, and has invited all 
the ladies to go down the bay tomorrow morning 
in his yacht. I think it will please you particu- 
larly, as he has it equipped with every conceiv- 
able electric contrivance which will add to his 
convenience. He is very anxious to meet you, 
and I am sure you will enjoy his acquaintance." 

Just then they looked up and saw the Com- 



90 LOOKING FORWARD 

modore coming toward them. He took Mr. Tyler 
by the hand and heartily congratulated him on 
his address, Which he had just finished reading. 

"And this is your daughter?" he asked. 

"Yes, and I am glad to have her know you, 
Commodore. ' ' 

Evelyn shook hands with him, and noted a 
man of sixty years, with iron grey hair and 
heavy mustache. He was tall and broad-should- 
ered, such a build as one would expect from a 
man weighing two hundred and fifty pounds. 
His manner was exceedingly cordial, and Evelyn 
liked him at once. 

"I am to have the pleasure of your company 
tomorrow morning Miss Evelyn," he said, "and 
your mother has accepted my invitation also. I 
hope all the ladies will do so, I want them to see 
our harbor, and I want you particularly to see 
my yacht. I have heard all about your electrical 
knowledge, and I have been looking for a first- 
class electrical engineer to inspect my installa- 
tion." 

"I know I shall enjoy it," said Evelyn, "and 
my friend Miss Appleton will be much interested 
also in the electrical features. She was grad- 
uated with me at South Holly Falls, and took 
the same course. ' ' 

"Well, well, I shall be glad indeed to meet 
her," said Commodore Whipple, in a manner 
which attracted Evelyn's notice, as it was not 
the usual careless way people sometimes make 
such a statement. 

Soon the Commodore excused himself, and the 
others went in to dinner. The evening passed 
with a reception, orchestral selections by the 
Telharmonium and other musical features. By 
eleven o'clock Evelyn had retired, and was sleep- 



THE ELECTRICAL CONVENTION 91 

ing soundly when called at six-thirty the next 
morning for breakfast. 

Again the weather was perfect, and when 
about half -past nine all the ladies were as- 
sembled ready to take carriages to the yacht, it 
was a pretty sight to watch them get started. 

Eethyl had come over with Mrs. Giddings to 
join them at the hotel and have the auto ride to 
the dock. Commodore "Whipple was on hand, 
greeting all the ladies in a most gracious man- 
ner. When Evelyn introduced Eethyl to him he 
declared he had never set eyes on two such hand- 
some girls before in his life. 

They finally started and an hour later were 
comfortably located on the yacht which was 
underway and speeding quietly along, While a 
guide was pointing out the prominent points of 
interest on either shore. 

The Commodore with Evelyn and Eethyl was 
telling about the use of batteries on his yacht. 
He said that everything about electricity was so 
clean that he enjoyed using it. He (had the de- 
signer of the boat make out a list for him, of all 
kinds of conveniences which would make the 
yacht up-to-date in every way. 

At first 'he said they had thought of electric 
light only, but found upon investigation that 
electricity was needed on board almost every 
minute of the day, for some purpose. Therefore 
he installed a large size generator and batteries, 
in addition to the steam installation, and for 
running around the harbor, and taking short 
trips the boat was propelled by electricity. The 
electric hoist for loading supplies looked com- 
pact and was very useful. The Commodore said. 

11 1 have on board the electric Telharmonium. 
This is my bedroom, and there at the head of 



92 LOOKING FORWARD 

the bed is the switch. I am passionately fond 
of music, and always upon retiring select some 
dreamy piece of music, which is pleasing and 
restful. The instrument is arranged for cutting 
out automatically when the selection is finished, 
so if I go to sleep while it is playing it does not 
matter. 

11 There over the head board is the electric 
heating pad. Say, I would not be without that 
for anything. Such a simple device and yet the 
most important thing on this yacht!" he ex- 
claimed. 

"Why do you need so many cigar lighters?" 
asked Evelyn. 

"Why here is one attached to this arm chair," 
said E ethyl. 

"That is wlhat I call convenience," he said, 
"I was always bothered with matches, because 
I never had one when it was wanted. I made 
up my mind that on my yacht I would have 
plenty of these. They are the safest thing on 
the boat, and the wiring for them doesn't cost 
much. They do not consume hardly any cur- 
rent." 

"We are anxious to see your kitchen," the 
girls said at the same time. 

"All right, come this way," and he showed 
them the neatest, cleanest kitchen they had ever 
dreamed of. Both girls knew what a nice 
kitchen should look like, but this was a marvel 
of neatness. 

1 1 Girls, I know you enjoy this room, but 
strange to say I like it about as much as any 
room on the boat. The cook says he can keep it 
as clean as a reception room. Those electrical 
cooking utensils tickle him most to pieces. I 
like to come into the kitchen now and then just 



THE ELECTRICAL CONVENTION 93 

to hear him talk. You see we have an instan- 
taneous water heater here. Can get water in 
fifty seconds any time. I have one attached to 
my bath-tub also. 

1 1 Well now, tell me, am I behind the times 
electrically ? You girls ought to know if anybody 
does. Tell me frankly now, because I am look- 
ing you straight in the eye. ' ' 

"It is complete in every detail," replied 
Evelyn. 

* ' I wish my brother Tom could have seen it, ' ' 
said Eethyl. "It is perfect from the standpoint 
of electrical engineering. ' ' 

"Girls, you flatter me," continued the Com- 
modore, but you must come over to my new 
home, and see how much we have done over there 
electrically. Of course, you electrical people 
think of these improvements from your end of 
the subject, but we, who use what the industry 
produces, are serious in our praises of the practi- 
cal value of such devices. We cannot get along 
without them now, and I for one shall not try to 
do so. Why out at my camp I have had wires 
strung for fifty miles through the woods, and we 
have our home conveniences at camp along with 
the great log fires. We do not lose any of the 
old time pleasures of the woods and fields. We 
have our fishing just the same, but when we get 
in from the day's romp, it is pleasing to know 
that some of our own home conveniences are 
waiting there for us. They remind us of home, 
and we rest in comfort, and are happier because 
of them. That, girls, is the other side of the 
subject, which a representative of the public and 
the people, has to offer. ' ' 

After this statement they went out on deck 
again, and joined the rest of the party in the 



94 LOOKING FORWARD 

pleasures of sight-seeing up and down the harbor 
of the famous San Francisco Bay. 

Over at the Convention Hall the closing hours 
of the remarkable meeting were fast drawing 
them on toward another final adjournment. The 
members and Executive Gommittee had insisted 
upon Mr. Tyler accepting the President's chair 
for one more term, because of the great Inter- 
national Electrical Congress to meet at Berlin in 
September. They desired to be strongly repre- 
sented, and had appointed President Tyler as a 
delegate to that Convention. 

In a most dignified speech, in which much 
feeling was exhibited, he thanked them heartily 
for their faith in him, for the support which 
they had accorded him in the administration of 
the affairs of the Association, and, amidst cheers 
and loud applause, he directed that the Thirty 
Fifth Convention of the National Electrical As- 
sociation stood adjourned. 

Commodore Whipple and the Giddings family 
had been invited to dine with them, and it was a 
jolly party which was around the table that 
evening. They drank to the health of the out- 
going President, Mr. Tyler, and to the health of 
the incoming President, Mr. Tyler, and further 
to the health of the newly elected delegate to the 
International Electrical Congress, Mr. Tyler. 
He said he felt they were loading him too much. 
Then Evelyn suggested a toast to Mr. Appleton, 
now on the train going East, and a safe journey 
to him. 

So, with a great deal of fun and good cheer, 
the party sat around the table until late into the 
evening. Before retiring, they bade the Com- 
modore and Mr. and Mrs. Giddings good-bye, all 
promising to come East and visit them. The next 



THE ELECTRICAL CONVENTION 95 

evening they started for home, with pleasant 
memories of a happy occasion, and loaded with 
about as much honor as any one man can safely 
carry. 



CHAPTER VII. 

THE AUTOMOBILE RIDE. 

Very little had been heard of Frank Sheldon 
since the night when his anger gained the better 
of his judgment at the college reception, and 
Tom Appleton gave 'him a black eye. He was 
still down at Hollywood, managing the gas busi- 
ness, although to be truthful there was little to 
manage, and he was not at his office but an hour 
or so a day. In fact, for many days at a time he 
would be away from the city. Nobody knew 
where he had gone or when he would return. His 
father seldom came there, and took so little in- 
terest in the business, that the business hours 
and habits of his son did not worry him. Frank 
had been down to New York for a few days, and 
one morning at the breakfast table his mother 
asked him about 'his progress in connection with 
Evelyn. 

"Well, mother, I am not getting on very 
rapidly. Evelyn does not seem to care for me. 
I think it is on account of that fellow Apple- 
ton." 

"Who is Appleton," asked his mother? 

"Oh, he is an electrician from Millville. I 
used to know him when I was up at the Glen- 
dale Works. He was one of the men under my 
charge. ' ' 

"Is that so?" said Mrs. Sheldon. "I should 



THE AUTOMOBILE RIDE 97 



think lie was very audacious to think of such a 
thing as trying to gain favor with the Apple- 
tons. I shall surely speak to your father about 
it, and he will mention the matter to Evelyn 's 
father. I do not think her parents realize the 
position of that young upstart, or they would 
not allow her to travel in his company." 

Just then Mr. Sheldon came in to breakfast, 
looking somewhat pale, and nervous. His wife, 
however, did not notice his appearance, but 
started at once to tell him all about Frank's pre- 
dicament. 

"I cannot be bothered with such details," he 
said, "Frank can marry whom he chooses, but I 
would advise him to brace up first and make 
something of himself. I am not well satisfied 
with his career thus far. I had expected him to 
go back up to the Glendale Works, and become 
an electrical engineer, but for some reason or 
other he has never returned, and I have always 
had a suspicion that he did not leave there with 
the best of feeling. I thought perhaps he would 
make a success up at Hollywood but the reports 
I secure are not very encouraging. I had to 
work for a living when a boy, and I believe every 
young man, after leaving college should work 
hard to get a commercial, or professional foot- 
hold. Therefore, Frank, I advise you to work 
and merit the admiration of the young lady for 
your achievements ; tlhen you may reasonably ex- 
pect to win her." 

Having said this, Mr. Sheldon finished his 
breakfast in silence, while Frank and his mother 
left the table and talked further about the mat- 
ter in her morning-room. 

Frank left New York late that afternoon for 
Hollywood, and while on the train his thoughts 



98 LOOKING FORWARD 

more than once dwelt upon Tom Appleton and 
his success. He could not bear to think of Tom 
winning Evelyn, and yet it looked as if he would 
do so unless something were done to prevent it. 

On the train he met an old chum bound for 
Hollywood, and during the course of conversa- 
tion he told Frank that he saw Tom Appleton a 
couple of days before in Northington, and under- 
stood that he was to be there for several days. 
This set Frank to thinking seriously, and it 
occurred to him that he should immediately go 
to Northington and look things over. Perhaps 
he could arrange matters so that Tom would not 
have a very pleasant vacation with Evelyn, even 
though Sheldon himself could not again enjoy 
her society. 

Tom Appleton was sitting on the veranda 
at the home of his parents in Northington care- 
fully reading over again for the hundredth 
time, the note he had received from Evelyn. He 
had been much interested by the Convention pa- 
pers and appreciated her kindness in sending 
them to him, but there was something about that 
simple note which attracted him particularly. 
She had said : 

"My dear Mr. Appleton, I hope you will 
reach home safely." Now, why should she care 
whether he arrived home safely, or not, he 
thought. Then it occurred to him that after all, 
perhaps it was a mere phrase she had used just 
as anyone would wish another a pleasant jour- 
ney. But she continued : 

"What a lovely time we had! Eethyl and I 
were sorry you had to leave San Francisco so 
soon. We enjoyed your company so much." 
Tom dwelt over these lines a long time. It was 
at least pleasing to receive such a missive, and 



THE AUTOMOBILE RIDE 99 

he carefully folded it and slipped it into his side 
pocket, glancing around to see if anyone was 
looking at him. 

Tom had reached Millville from San Fran- 
cisco about a week before, and at once reported 
to the manager of the works. It seems that a 
large deal had come up for consideration 
in Berlin, Germany, and the manager felt it was 
imperative for him to return. A cable was 
finally sent, and the matter was resting for a 
time, so that a few days later Tom arranged 
to leave again and went to Northington to spend 
another week. He was expecting, however, that 
he would be obliged to go abroad inside of a 
month, and was feeling that the few days at 
home would be more than ever appreciated. 

As these thoughts passed through his mind, 
Charlie Kingsley came along, and Tom asked 
him to come up and sit down. The conversa- 
tion soon branched off onto electrical matters, 
when Kingsley said, "Do you remember Tom, 
when I first went to Greenvale in 1906 the me- 
tallic filament lamp was just becoming commer- 
cial? What a radical step it was considered 
when tantalum was suggested at two watts per 
candle power, but I '11 admit I didn 't know what 
to do at Greenvale, with the people, about the 
new lamp. Some of the merchants saw them in 
New York stores, and others looked them up 
when in London, so I was forced to know all 
about them, and finally to secure them and 
handle them for the people. Then came tlhe new 
Tungsten Incandescent lamp with one watt per 
candle power. What a wonder this seemed to us ! 
In 1907 the magazines were full of information 
about Tungsten. I remember Cassiers' Maga- 
zine had an article in one of its numbers refer- 



100 LOOKING FORWARD 

ring to the wonderful developments in incandes- 
cent lighting. The people wanted to know about 
such a radical improvement in the art of light- 
ing, but of course now that they are so common, 
the year 1912 is filled with many other interest- 
ing applications which interest the people. A 
good many of us electrical people, however, 
wondered a great deal how we were coming out 
on the lighting subject, with all its changes in 
design during the years 1906 and 1907. How 
soon we forget those developments! I was in 
New York last week, and it seemed to me that 
the evening was the most brilliant one I had ever 
spent on Broadway. Electric signs everywhere 
advertising the merchants' business. Incandes- 
cent lights in millions of numbers lighted Broad- 
way as I had never before seen it. Years ago 
when I went to New York gas lamps were used 
quite freely, but now the wonderful progress of 
electric lights has driven every other form of 
light out of the field. " 

"Yes, it is very interesting" replied Tom. ''I 
expect to go abroad soon on a deal which requires 
one-half million horse-power of electrical ma- 
terial, covering steam turbines, railway ma- 
chinery, lighting, heating, and power apparatus." 

"What a change there has been, Tom, in con- 
nection with Hudson River boats between Al- 
bany and New York ; also the boats between New 
York and Boston, and Cleveland and Detroit. 
How crude they seemed a few years ago, com- 
pared now with their fine large rooms with baths ! 
Do you remember how stingy they used to be 
with lights in the staterooms? The Tungsten 
lamp has changed that feeling, and now lisrht is 
placed in a room for brilliancy in general illumi- 
nation and for convenience and actual lighting 



THE AUTOMOBILE RIDE 101 

usefulness. I think the best lighting I ever saw 
before the Tungsten lamp became general was in 
Canfield's dining-room at Saratoga. The archi- 
tects adopted the method of concealed lamps 
after Tungsten came into use, and arranged 
their plans accordingly. Architectural beauty 
in designs was never before shown to such ad- 
vantage, and architects all over the world stud- 
ied the situation, particularly with respect to the 
light distribution of Tungsten lamps." 

"Say Charlie," said Tom, "pardon me for 
changing the subject on you so abruptly, but I 
am going to ask E ethyl and Miss Tyler to go 
down to the Canoe Club for the day next Satur- 
day. Will you come along with us? I believe 
they return from the West tonight, and unless 
something unusual occurs I think we can count 
on going. We had planned the trip before go- 
ing West, but did not take it." 

1 ' Yes, I should be very glad indeed to go with 
you. How do you go down ? ' ' 

' ' With the electric touring car, ' ' replied Tom. 
"It is now in the shop for a few days, being re- 
paired. I had not had it gone over for a very 
long period." 

"What time will you start?" 

"Oh, we ought to get an early start," said 
Tom, "leaving here about seven o'clock or half 
past. It is very refreshing to ride early in the 
morning, and we want the whole day there for 
canoeing. 

Charlie Kingsley left shortly, and was walking 
down toward home, when he saw Frank Sheldon 
on ahead. He would have passed him but Shel- 
don got in step and started a conversation with 
him. They talked about automobiles, and nat- 
urally Charlie mentioned their trip and the car 



102 LOOKING FORWARD 

being in the repair shop. Sheldon thought quick- 
ly that they would probably take the old Holly 
stage road and down the long hill by the saw- 
mill. If he could fix the brakes on the machine 
so as to disable them on the hill, perhaps Tom 
Appleton would not win after all. 

He abruptly said good afternoon to Charlie, 
an! started for the repair shop. Having had 
his own machine there often, there was of course 
no suspicion on the part of any of the employees 
that he was looking at the catch on the 
back \vindow, the location of the machine, and 
the general layout of the place. He looked 
over the car very thoroughly and decided 
what tools he would want for the job. Before 
leaving he carelessly made a few remarks to the 
repair man about the design of the car, and then 
left. He walked briskly over to a hardware store 
where he bought a couple of sizes of wrenches. 
Going down the street further, he purchased a 
hard-steel saw, and then started for home. En- 
tering his room after reaching the hotel, he took 
frcrn his bag a bull's eye electric lamp, a slouch 
hat and a mask. After changing his coat he 
placed the various articles in his pockets, and 
then sat down to consider what else was neces- 
sary. 

A bout seven-thirty he was through dinner, and 
went down to the billiard room for an hour. He 
was quite nervous and felt that a few drinks 
would soon put him in shape to do the job, in a 
clever manner. He was smart enough not to 
drink too much as it would require a clear head 
to fix those breaks so as to keep them operative 
and yet injure them so seriously for a steep hill 
as to make them of no value whatever. 

About half-past ten he left the hotel, and 



THE AUTOMOBILE RIDE 103 

started for the repair shop. As he reached the 
alley-way a policeman was standing there. This 
worried him some, and it took him sometime to 
get up courage enough to pass in the alley and 
around to the window. Carefully listening for 
any sound, he took out the electric lamp, and 
quickly pressing the button, noticed that the 
window lock was not fastened. He therefore 
raised the sash, and quietly passing in, let it 
down after him. All at once he jumped, for 
there in front was a policeman, rattling the 
doors as if he could see Sheldon and was coming 
in. He did not do so, however, and soon there 
was silence again in the room, and he was alone 
with the electric auto which was to give Evelyn 
and Tom such a fright, as well as E ethyl and 
Charlie Kingsley. 

He remained there until three o'clock in the 
morning, and being careful to leave everything 
as it was when he entered, except the auto, he 
went out as he had come in. All was quiet on 
the street, and Sheldon passed along, down to 
the hotel and went to bed. 

The next day the machine was not touched at 
the shop, as it had been finished and was ready 
for Tom to take it out Saturday morning. The 
repair man was to have it up to Tom's place 
aLout six-thirty, and as the roads were good 
around there, no great strain would be placed 
on th" brakes, until they reached the old Holly 
Hill road. 

Sheldon did not rise the next day after his 
night's work until eleven o'clock. He took 
lunch, spent a quiet afternoon, and that night 
retired early with instructions to be called at 
five-thirty, and to have his machine in front of 
the hotel at six o'clock. 



104 LOOKING FORWARD 

The next morning the sun came up, and prom- 
ised to offer the picnic party a beautiful day. 
About six-forty-five, Frank Sheldon in his ma- 
chine might have been seen riding along the old 
stage road toward the Canoe Club. Passing the 
bridge over the old Connecticut he failed to 
notice how beautiful was the scene before 
him. His mind was entirely wrapped up 
in the scheme which was to be put 
into effect within the hour. He speeded 
up and soon reached the hill. Here the 
car was slowed down a little, and as the descent 
was started the brakes were so very essential in 
order to secure proper control, he almost lost his 
nerve, and regretted the sneaking, cowardly act 
he had committed. Again, however, he pictured 
in his mind Tom and Evelyn probably already 
started, enjoying the ride and the day, and the 
associations of each with the other. He therefore 
made up his mind to carry out the plans just as 
previously arranged, and half-way down the hill 
he selected a narrow spot in the road where he 
thought no driver could possibly pass, and espe- 
cially one who will probably have lost control 
of (his car by the time he reaches that part of the 
hill. So he stopped, got out of the machine, and 
went into the thick underbrush to await the dis- 
aster, feeling sure his excuse would be a plausi- 
ble one, that he had been in the woods but a 
moment, and so early in the morning did not 
expect any cars along that way. He was willing 
to have his car smashed to pieces for the sake of 
carrying out his mean purpose. 

Just about this time Tom and his party had 
started and were speeding along at a fairly good 
rate. The girls had returned, as they expected, 
from the West, and were agreeably surprised to 



THE AUTOMOBILE RIDE 105 

find Tom at home again. They were only too 
glad to accept his invitation to go on the pic- 
nic, and were ready bright and early to start. 
Evelyn was about to get in behind with Eethyl 
when Charlie Kingsley suggested that he would 
like to sit there if she didn't mind. This was 
quite a bold stroke, and he knew at the time that 
he was not quite well enough acquainted with 
either of the girls to speak so frankly, but Tom 
Appleton was the pride of Charlie's heart, and 
he would take big chances to do him a good turn. 
So he changed the programme at once and as 
Tom told him later, he could have embraced him 
at that moment for his thoughfulness. Eethyl 
volunteered the information to Tom, a few 
months later, that the girls too were pleased at 
Charlie's suggestion. 

They had just come onto the bridge, and all 
were so much impressed with the delightful view 
before them that Tom stopped the machine, and 
they watched the scene in which the old Con- 
necticut River, the Holly Meadows, and the 
mountains played such an important part. 

" There at the bend in the river," said Tom, 
"is where we shall turn in our canoes a little 
later coming up stream. It is a beautiful paddle 
and the morning air is just glorious for our out- 
ing. I feel so happy that I cannot refrain from 
exhibiting it." 

"I am awfully glad, Tom," said Eethyl, "you 
deserve to be happy, and it will give you the 
nicest kind of rest. 

The machine was started once more, and oh, 
if some good guardian angel would now appear 
and tell them of the impending danger! It was 
not to be so, and they passed on over the bridge, 
the brow of the hill was reached, and as Tom 



106 LOOKING FORWARD 

said, later, he thought that surely the brakes 
must be in fine condition with the machine just 
out of the shop. He noticed instantly, however, 
that they did not feel right, and like a flash of 
lightning the thought came over him that one of 
the supreme efforts of his life must now be ex- 
erted. No matter which brake he handled, or 
how hard he aplied it,there was no power avail- 
able for stopping them, or for even decreasing 
their speed. It was a runaway, and he must 
safely guide them down that hill, regardless of 
speed, or teams or anything they might meet. 
He clutched the steering wheel with a grip of 
iron and in a clear, firm voice requested Evelyn 
and the others to hang tight. They knew only 
too well what it meant. Something was wrong, 
because Tom had more judgment than to drive 
like that down hill, and especially that old Holly 
Road Hill. But look ! What is that ahead almost 
in the middle of the road? They are flying 
along at a tremendous speed. Surely no human 
being can drive past that obstacle, and Evelyn 
drew nearer to Tom, and prayed to the Lord to 
protect them if such a horrible accident must 
occur. But Tom had seen the obstacle first, and 
while wondering how any sane man could be so 
careless as to leave a machine in the roadway 
like that, yet his cool, determination to carry 
them safely to the foot of the hill, come what 
may, gave him a grip of steel. His mind worked 
quickly and like a flash he drew an imaginary 
line with his eye, as to the exact spot they must 
pass to clear the other auto, yet avoid 
being ditched on the other side. It now 
seemed an age before they would reach 
that vehicle; but his plan was laid, and he 
had time, even with the great responsibility be- 




clutched the steering wheel with a grip of iron " 



THE AUTOMOBILE RIDE 107 

fore him, to think of Evelyn, and he prayed that 
his judgment might be accurate, and that the 
turf on the roadside might be strong. Swish! 
Like a shot they passed it, and from Tom 's lips 
there came to Evelyn's ears the words, " Thank 
God ! ' ' The danger was not over by any means, 
but the chances were so good compared with 
what they had just met, that there was a feeling 
of relief amongst them all as they stated later. 
It was a long hill, and before they stopped the 
machine was a long ways beyond the foot of the 
hill. As soon as the car came to a standstill, 
Tom's hands dropped, and he fell over the steer- 
ing wheel apparently exhausted. 

It was some time before any of them regained 
sufficient composure to speak, and then they each 
took Tom by the hand, and, with tears in their 
eyes, thanked him and applauded his magnifi- 
cent nerve. Eethyl put her arms around his neck 
and kissed him over and over again. "It was a 
splendid, splendid exhibition of pluck, Tom," 
she said. 

They went ahead to an old farm-house, and ar- 
ranged to have the machine taken back to the re- 
pair shop at Northington by the farmer, Tom 
paying him well for his trouble. They then went 
on down to the Canoe Club with a hired team, 
but the conversation was continually reverting 
to the point as to who could have been so mean 
as to fix the brakes and then attempt to ditch 
them under such horrible conditions. 

Tom thought of one person who would do it, 
and that evening he happened to run across Jack 
Montague from Millville. He was the man who 
had met with the accident on the lines at the fac- 
tory, and to whom Tom had been exceedingly 
kind. Tom told about the mean trick played on 



108 LOOKING FORWARD 

him, when Jack said, ' * I tell you it was Sheldon. 
I saw him looking over your machine day before 
yesterday at the repair shop ; and this morning I 
saw him drive by father's house, this side of the 
hill, and then, by George, he came back again in 
about half an hour, going like lightning." 

Tom could get no trace of Sheldon, and some 
time later it was understood he had gone abroad. 
They all contented themselves with a happy 
feeling for having escaped unhurt. 



CHAPTER 

THE STEAMSHIP ELECTRANIA. 

About a week later Tom received a telegram 
from Manager Hammond, requesting him to ar- 
range to sail for Europe within the next ten 
days. He planned to take Eethyl with him, 
and as the Tyler family had been making plans 
to leave soon, they decided it would be pleas- 
anter to go in a party. 

Therefore, on a Tuesday morning, ten days 
later they were in New York. Everybody was 
up bright and early packing suit cases, and 
making all the necessary preparations to go on 
board the steamship by two o'clock. Those fami- 
liar with the last few hours before the ship's sail- 
ing will appreciate how busy they were on that 
morning. Evelyn and Eethyl had several pur- 
chases to make on 23rd Street, and Tom 
had to keep a short appointment at the 
foot of Broadway, as well as go over to 
the Cunard Line Office, and get the passage 
which had been specially reserved for them. 

They all took lunch down town, and had just 
enough time to take the Subway up to 14th 
street and cross over to the Cunard Docks, arriv- 
ing there as the clock struck two. A grand sight 
met their eyes as before them the new liner, Elec- 
trania, lay moored at the dock of one of the most 
prominent steamship lines in the world. For 

109 



110 LOOKING FORWARD 

years this company had indicated by its accom- 
plishments, the aggressive character of its man- 
agement, and now the grandest achievement of 
all, the steamship Electrania, was about to 
make its debut before the world, to proclaim its 
superiority over ships which had cost millions 
of dollars to construct, and which had long been 
considered the * ' Queens of the Ocean. ' ' In size 
it was the largest ship ever launched, 1,000 ft. 
long, and a gross tonnage of 50,000, having a 
100ft. beam, and accommodating 7,500 persons. 
They passed up the gang plank, and had soon 
located their luggage in staterooms on the prom- 
enade deck. After securing traveling caps, they 
sauntered out on deck to watch the people, some 
of them there only to see their friends started 
safely. For a short time they watched the elec- 
tric hoists as they were being quickly and skil- 
fully manipulated, while trunks and bags 
by the dozens were raised from the dock to the 
ship's deck. Absolutely no noise was made by 
the machinery, and the manner of giving orders 
and the handling of men, indicated a system 
that must produce confidence in the minds'of the 
passengers crossing the Ocean, at least those who 
were crossing for the first time. The luggage 
was all aboard, the order given, "All ashore who 
are going ashore, ' ' and the hand shakes and fare- 
wells were numerous and varied. While many 
friends and relatives, were wishing a pleasant 
voyage, and hoping to see them soon again, one 
old lady (a steerage passenger) was exhibiting a 
great degree of emotion in parting from her son. 
She had evidently come over from Ireland to 
pay him a visit, and was now returning home. 
Tom could imagine the few weeks of happiness 
which she must have enjoyed in the visit to her 



THE STEAMSHIP ELECTRANIA 111 

son, and grandchildren ; the tender memories of 
by-gone days which had again been stirred up, 
and now at this parting were entirely beyond 
control. Perhaps for the last time on earth she 
was looking into -his face, and with such 
thoughts in her mind it was hard to say good- 
bye. 

Tom looked over at Eethyl, and Evelyn looked 
into Tom's face. Evidently the same thoughts 
were passing through the minds of each of 
them. As Evelyn's mother and father came up, 
she called their attention to the incident, and 
said, 'I am glad that we are together, and have 
no thoughts of parting, and I wish the dear old 
lady below could say as much." 

"So do I," said Eethyl, thinking at the same 
time, that she would be gone from her 
home but a short time, and her mother had 
promised not to be lonesome while they were 
away. 

The decks were soon cleared, all went ashore 
who were going ashore, and at a word, the gang 
planks were slid into place. These planks were 
motor operated, and Tom noticed with interest, 
the neatness of the scheme. It was only one of 
many surprises regarding electrical appliances 
which this new ocean liner had to offer. Elec- 
tric tug boats came along-side for assisting the 
large steamship out of the harbor, and many 
favorable comments were made about these elec- 
tric tugs. The circulars of the Cunard Line fully 
explained how much attention had been given 
during the past few years to the subject of elec- 
tricity; how in 1906 they became enthused over 
the possibilities of its applications, and had se- 
cured the very best electrical engineering talent 
to study the various electrical problems in con- 



112 LOOKING FORWARD 

nection with ship building and ship life. Having 
a desire to be foremost in all new ideas they 
adopted the electric tug boat, and professed to 
have the first smokeless boats in the New York 
harbor. It turned out, however, to be a good 
thing for the Cunard company in many ways. 

The tug boats were built for electric motor 
propulsion. Knowing that the large ocean liners 
had plenty of power, which was not being used 
while the tug boats were assisting them out of 
the harbor, the engineers found that it was 
economical to supply power to these tug boats 
without much extra cost. Therefore all the Cun- 
ard Line tug boats were electric. It was not nec- 
essary for them to carry coal on board. This 
gave the boat a much neater appearance; in 
fact, the electric tug of the Cunard company 
was one of the sights of New York, and the ma- 
chinery was kept in the same ideal condition as 
the dynamo rooms of Kieth's theatres, where 
patrons were invited to visit and inspect the 
electric light, heat and power apparatus. 

Therefore, on this eventful sailing day, every- 
body watched with great interest, when the tugs 
came alongside, and made taut to the greaft 
Electrania. The signal was given for making 
cable connection, and electrically the tugs were 
connected with the ocean liner, so that power 
was being transmitted from the large steamship 
to the tugs, and without smoke or dust or dirt, 
the Electrania was electrically " tugged " out of 
the New York harbor. 

At the bow and stern, and amidships, electric 
music from the Telharmonium was rendered so 
that the audience on both the pier and the boat 
were favored in a most delightful manner. 
Amidst the waving of handkerchiefs, throwing 



THE STEAMSHIP ELECTRANIA 113 

of caps, and with cheers from both the piers and 
the decks, the steamer passed on down by the 
Statue of Liberty, with its great electric light, 
and out to sea. One by one the tug boats left, 
and with the power from the Edmund's storage 
batteries, they were soon back in the New York 
harbor. 

The girls went up into their stateroom to dress 
for dinner, and when Tom came up a little later 
he was much pleased to see the conveniences 
about the stateroom. The engineers had cer- 
tainly studied the comfort of the traveler, for 
everywhere there was some evidence of luxury. 
Two electric lights had been located on either 
side of the mirror, and the reflection of light 
from the glass was such that one might expect 
an engineer had tried the light before passing 
upon the wiring and location of the outlets. Tom 
said to himself, "What a small matter this is, 
yet it is exceedingly convenient to have plenty 
of light when dressing. ' ' 

After removing his coat and vest, preparatory 
to shaving, he noticed particularly a small side 
dish for heating water, and here also was a 
notice inviting the passengers to turn an electric 
switch for securing hot water. The plan seemed 
to have been studied by some engineer who had 
at some time or other shaved himself and appre- 
ciated the convenience of securing hot water by 
simply turning a switch, as compared with ring- 
ing the bell, and waiting for a maid, or steward 
to bring it. The Cunard company had placed 
itself in the position of inviting its guests 
to convenience and luxury, and all that was 
necessary to accomplish this was the installation 
of a slightly larger electrical generator. 

Evelyn and Eethyl had adjoining rooms, and 



114 LOOKING FORWARD 

while they were dressing, their tongues were 
wagging just as fast as possible. Eethyl was un- 
packing her suit case, and was about to take out 
the traveling iron when Evelyn said excitedly, 

"Eethyl, do come in here a moment, I think it 
is just lovely to see how convenient they have 
arranged things for the ladies in these state- 
rooms. Instead of seeing a printed card every- 
where reading, "How to adjust life-preservers," 
I am glad to see that notice, "Ladies, use this 
receptacle for the electric iron/' 

They went back to Eethyl's room, and found 
the same method of wiring there, and the same 
careful attention paid to convenience for travel- 
ers. 

"I knew we would be pleased," said Evelyn, 
"to go abroad on this boat. We shall see many 
new things aboard this new ship, and I am so 
happy we could come together." 

The bugle had blown for dinner, and they 
hurried up their dressing so as not to be very 
late. 

They were shortly eating in the luxurious din- 
ing saloon below, and were particularly im- 
pressed with the architectural design of this 
room. It seemed as though the design was empha- 
sized and beautified by the artificial light. No 
lamps whatever were visible; the eye dwelt at 
length upon the decorative ceilings and side 
walls without fatigue. The architectural design 
of the artist was easily interpreted, and nothing 
mechanical or electrical was visible. It was par- 
ticularly restful and impressive, compared with 
the usual method of lighting rooms ; either from 
the ceiling or side walls, so that wherever the eye 
wandered, it mnst at all times be confronted 
with the glare of light. They were quickly com- 



THE STEAMSHIP ELECTRANIA 115 

mencing to understand why this boat was named 
the "Electrania." 

The girls remained in the ladies' smoking 
room for a short time, and then left to retire 
early, while Mr. Tyler and Tom went to the 
men's lounging room to enjoy a quiet smoke, 
and at the same time watch the progress of the 
pool on the boat's run. It was becoming very 
interesting in the great progress in design of 
ocean liners, to see what speeds would be made, 
especially on their first trips, so tonight was one 
of much interest to many of the passengers, 
particularly those possessing a slight sporting 
inclination. Some argued that while she 
evidently had powerful turbines, yet at the 
same time she was extremely large and bulky, 
and the machinery new. Some thought even 
six days to Liverpool would be a good run. 
Other enthusiastic ones felt that she was actually 
good for four days as guaranteed by the build- 
ers. Twenty persons entered the pool, and 
finally they compromised on the figures of 680 
to 700 miles for the first day's run, but when 
the numbers were auctioned off, it was plain to 
be seen that the low field was the more popular. 
Tom had considerable confidence in the boat, 
and made up his mind that the high field was 
the better choice. However, the next day would 
reveal the character of 'his judgment. 

Finally when the excitement of the auction 
had subsided, Mr. Tyler commenced to talk to 
Tom about his work at Millville. The conversa- 
tion gradually drifted to the new Hudson River 
boats running between Albany and New York. 

"The new Fulton which was put in com- 
mission early in 1908 had many improvements 



116 LOOKING FORWARD 

t 

compared with previous boats. In fact, it was 
one of the first boats of its kind to have plenty 
of private baths, and hot water in every state- 
room. It was the electric water heater which 
caused this new departure. The staterooms are 
also equipped with electric heaters." 

"It is all very interesting," said Mr. Tyler. 
"I am ashamed to say that I have not been on 
such boats, but Evelyn has kept me pretty well 
posted. I expect that we shall see many new 
appliances on board this liner, that we had not 
heard of before, even though we are in the 
electrical business. I was very well pleased with 
my stateroom, and Mrs. Tyler thought it was 
especially convenient. I have not been abroad 
for several years, and I must confess that there 
has been a great improvement in the traveling 
accommodations. It seems to me that the 
electrical industry has been responsible for 
most of the comforts which we now enjoy." 

With this statement Mr. Tyler said good-night, 
and left Tom alone. 

Before retiring, he desired to think over the 
past few months' experiences by 'himself, and 
taking another cigar from his pocket, was 
pleased to find that this room had been particu- 
larly well equipped for using electric cigar 
lighters. The engineers had actually made a 
great success in respect to the installation of 
these devices. The tables in the smoking room 
were made fast, which is the custom on ship- 
board, and the wiring had been arranged so that 
there was a cigar lighter suspended under each 
corner of the table. There was not a match box 
to be seen anywhere in the room, and much 
favorable comment was made upon the very 
convenient arrangement of these devices. In 



THE STEAMSHIP ELECTRANIA 117 

fact, they were so popular that those who had 
match boxes in their pockets were never seen to 
use them, on account of the ease with which 
they could reach the electric lighters. 

While electrical devices had for years been 
uppermost in Tom's thoughts, tonight he was 
thinking of Evelyn. Since their thrilling 
experience in connection with the automobile 
ride, no opportunity had been offered him to 
detect any sign that she cared anything for him. 
During that trying experience, and shortly after, 
Tom thought she had exhibited much feeling for 
him, but he finally attributed it to the excite- 
ment to which she had been subjected in connec- 
tion with the dangerous ride. After all, it was 
no matter anyway how he felt, she was beyond 
his reach, for a great many reasons. So he 
finally retired, and dreamed that a twenty thou- 
sand horse-power steam turbine had been sent 
down to the testing department for test. After 
a great deal of worry and trouble, he awoke to 
find that the only effort he had to put forth 
was to get up and take his turn at a salt water 
bath, in response to the steward's call. 

The next day passed with the usual points 
of interest. Those who were not reading were 
up on deck lounging in steamer chairs, or 
amusing themselves in the gymnasium. This 
was a very interesting room where the engineers 
had introduced interesting applications of elec- 
tric motors. There were several devices, shaped 
somewhat like wooden horses, which were de- 
signed to move in a manner representing the 
canter or gallop of a horse. They could be 
started or stopped by the rider by simply throw- 
ing a switch, and the speed could be similarly 
controlled. The machine could be adjusted to 



118 LOOKING FORWARD 

suit the rider, and this method of exercise was 
keenly enjoyed. In fact, the horses were so 
popular that it was found necessary to take 
turns, especially during the morning hours. 

Another popular device in the gymnasium 
was the motor boat in which one could secure 
the exercise of the same muscles as when rowing 
a boat. The device could be adjusted for 
exercising the arms only, or it was possible of 
adjustment so as to move both the arms and 
legs. The speed could likewise be controlled 
easily by the turn of a handle conveniently 
located. 

The Tyler- Appleton party became very much 
interested in the game of shuffle-board. Evelyn 
and Tom played against E ethyl and Mr. Tyler. 
As one of the sailors was chalking out the lines, 
Evelyn remarked what a beautiful morning it 
was, and Tom noticed how bright and happy 
she looked. It seemed to him that he 'had never 
seen her look so pretty and vivacious. When 
the lines were finished, Eethyl spoke up, and 
said, 

"Mr. Tyler, will you be my partner?'* 

"To be sure I will," he replied, "but I can- 
not promise to be especially skillful. ' ' 

Evelyn then turned to Tom, and said 
bewitchingly, "That makes it compulsory for 
us to play together." 

They were down at the other end of the lines, 
and Tom whispered to her, "I am glad of it. I 
shall enjoy playing with you." 

Neither Eethyl nor Mr. Tyler, noticed the 
color which came to Evelyn's cheeks, but she 
had been waiting to catc'h some little sign that 
Tom cared for her, even in the slightest degree. 
He had seemed to be so distant and reserved 



THE STEAMSHIP ELECTRANIA 119 

when in her presence, heretofore, and now this 
morning she could detect a slight change in his 
attitude. 

Tom was happy, and while his sister and Mr. 
Tyler beat them the best two out of three games, 
he enjoyed it immensely. It was a new 
experience for him to have this young lady 
associated so closely to him, to have those beauti- 
ful black eyes penetrate his own, so often, with 
meaning glances. He began to say to himself, 
lookout or you will go too far on a road which 
you have no business to travel. 

But everybody was on time for lunch, with an 
appetite to make havoc of the electrically cooked 
food in the dining-room. During the meal 
attention was called to the many small insulated 
pieces on the table about one-quarter the size of 
a teacup. These were electric heating plugs for 
keeping dishes warm, coffee hot, etc. They were 
located likewise in all the stewards ' rooms in the 
place of steam pipes. The engineers found upon 
investigation that electric wiring was much less 
expensive than steam pipes, and with the large 
supply of electricity to which they had long 
been accustomed, they always had plenty of cur- 
rent and heat. The stewards were particularly 
pleased with the use of electric heating devices 
in the summer time, when steam pipes were 
more or less uncomfortable. 

Down in the kitchen the electric cooking and 
baking devices were of remarkable value. The 
arrangement was so much cleaner than coal, and 
so much more comfortable than either coal or 
steam that the cooks did better work, and the 
meals were served much more rapidly than ever 
before. 

The Cunard company made a specialty of 



120 LOOKING FORWARD 

'having plenty of fresh air in all parts of its 
boats. They made free use of electric exhaust 
fans which were built to keep pure fresh air 
passing continually through the ship. Their 
engineers had carefully studied the subject of 
daylight distribution, as well as artificial light- 
ing by electricity, throughout the steerage rooms, 
and the first and second-class cabins. The day- 
light reflected its healthful rays, and good cheer 
and happiness were produced alike in all parts 
of that great ocean traveler. 

By special permission from the chief engineer, 
they were all shown into the turbine room where 
80,000 H.P. was operating day and night 
throughout the trip. They were shown in 
operation, some of the sliding doors connecting 
different apartments for the purpose of insur- 
ing weatherproof and fireproof sections of the 
boat. These doors were operated by electric 
motors controlled by switches in the captain's 
quarters. The ladies were interested in the dish 
washers. They had never thought before how 
6,000 or 7,000 dishes could be washed three times 
a day, and the easy manner in which this work 
was done with electric dish-washers impressed 
them considerably. 

It was not necessary for this boat to carry 
any ice on board. It saved the Cunard Com- 
pany not only the expense of purchasing about 
100 tons of ice for each trip, but economized in 
the labor of loading at the dock. A new scheme 
of producing cool air by electric motors had 
been carefully studied by the company's 
engineers, and was successfully used. The 
refrigerators in different parts of the boat were 
individually piped, and operated by motors as 
the occasion demanded. 



THE STEAMSHIP ELECTRANIA 121 

The multiple arrangement of these refrigera- 
tors was not only economical, but especially 
convenient for the different stewards' rooms, 
effecting great promptness in serving refresh- 
ments and beverages, as well as offering great 
convenience for these different departments. 

The electric elevators were commented upon 
very favorably. There were four for passengers 
and two for freight. Not only did they offer 
convenience and ease in going to different parts 
of the boat, but trunks and luggage were handled 
in a much more business-like manner than ever 
before, because of the freight elevators. 

During one of the evenings a Telharmonium 
Concert furnished entertainment that was 
exceedingly enjoyable. Printed programs were 
distributed, with a notice that the steerage and 
second-class passengers were able to listen to 
the same music. Muselectrans were installed in 
all three concert rooms, notwithstanding they 
were located in different parts of the boat, and 
all the passengers, regardless of class, were able 
to hear the concerts. The Cunard engineers 
deserved much credit for having arranged the 
wiring and plans to accomplish such a popular 
and beneficial scheme. 

By Friday afternoon, when three days out, the 
Electrania had made such a good speed record, 
that it was well known they would reach Queens- 
town and deliver the mail by midnight, and 
would arrive in Liverpool Saturday afternoon 
by four o'clock, exactly four days from New 
York, thus making the banner ocean trip to 
present to the world. 

In the evening, the girls were seated out on 
deck with Tom, Evelyn's parents had said good- 



122 LOOKING FORWARD 

night, and E ethyl finally excused herself, stating 
that she had to write a few letters. 

Evelyn and Tom were therefore left alone, 
just as the moon was appearing and casting its 
silvery light over the ocean's waves. 

For a long time they sat silent, and finally 
Evelyn broke the spell, by stating, "Do you 
know I have heard E ethyl speak of you so often 
as Tom, that I should like to have your per- 
mission to call you Tom." 

"I have felt the same way," said Tom, 
"Eethyl has mentioned your name so often to 
me, in her letters and conversation, I should like 
to call you Evelyn." 

"It is a bargain, then," she said, "but there 
is another matter I want to mention to you that 
you may not be able to- answer so readily. Do 
you know, I was almost provoked that you did 
not answer my letter from San Francisco, when 
I sent you those papers. What have you to say 
for yourself, Mr. Tom?" 

"I do not know," said Tom, "I received the 
papers, and enjoyed them very much. It was 
kind of you to send them." He did not dare 
tell her why he had not written to her in 
answer to her note. 

They talked on and on, keenly enjoying every 
minute, until E ethyl, having written her letters, 
appeared on the scene, and broke the spell. 
They all bade each other good-night, and as 
Tom turned to get a last glimpse of Evelyn, 
before entering his stateroom, he found two 
beautiful black eyes, and a hanpy face, looking 
straight at him. And as Evelyn Tyler entered 
her room she gave Tom a smiie and a wave of 
the hand which he remembered for a long time 
after. 



CHAPTER IX. 

THE ELECTRICAL WORKS RUGVALE. 

It was about four o'clock on Saturday after- 
noon. They were up on deck, their luggage 
ready, and spending their time in watching the 
great Electrania enter the Liverpool Harbor. 
They had heard of the great Liverpool dock, 
and there before them was a beautiful spectacle. 
For miles and miles, up and down, as far as the 
vision could reach, there were spacious wharves, 
not only noted for the extensive facilities which 
they afforded, but likewise for the remarkable 
cleanliness exhibited. They could now appreciate 
why this dock had earned such a reputation, 
and it seemed to them as 'they watched the tug 
boats and other craft passing on all sides that 
they presented a very fine appearance. 

By four-thirty the passengers were all 
landed, and were an the station awaiting 
examination of luggage, and trunks. Here in 
this place the first opportunity was offered to 
see how rapidly England had taken up the 
various applications of electricity. Instead of 
the old coal fire-places so common in 1906, elec- 
tric radiators of attractive design were freely 
installed, for furnishing the small amount of 
heat required in that climate. In the baggage- 
room luggage and trunks were handled by 



124 LOOKING FORWARD 

electric motor cranes, and trucks, and Tom was 
pleased to find how easily and quickly he was 
able to get his trunks checked. The American 
system had been adopted by all roads through- 
out England, much to the satisfaction and 
pleasure of American travelers, at least. 

It was necessary to cross the city to the North- 
western Railway, as they were going to Rugvale 
for a few days before visiting London. Tom 
called two electric cabs which landed them at 
the other station within twenty minutes. Hav- 
ing secured tickets they were speeding along 
rapidly toward Rugvale. 

All the trains of the Northwestern Railroad 
were electric, and the cars were beautifully 
furnished (Pullman type), with the very latest 
approved devices. They were electrically heated 
and lighted; equipped with telegraph and tele- 
phone apparatus, and many convenient motor 
applications. One very interesting application 
was in connection with the raising and lowering 
of windows. Travelers*in general will remember 
the tremendous exertion which was necessary 
with the old arrangement for raising a Pullman 
car window. In fact, it was seldom that it could 
be raised unless the porter himself was rung up 
and requested to perform the operation. The 
study of electric applications had resulted in 
the design of a very small motor so arranged 
mechanically that by throwing a switch, the 
window could be moved up or down. When 
raised up, a screen was raised at the same time, 
and when lowered, the screen automatically 
went down out of sight. The people not only 
welcomed this convenient arrangement with 
much pleasure, but the porters were also glad 
of the improvement. They claimed the old way 



ELECTRICAL WORKS RUGVALE 125 

required a good deal of space for the screens 
when not in use; many were broken or lost out 
of the window, and in general the new scheme 
was much superior. 

The compartment accommodated all five of 
them, and the arrangement was quite satis- 
factory. They were all in one party, and the 
Tylers had enjoyed the company of Tom and 
E ethyl a great deal, while they in turn were 
happy in the company of Evelyn and her father 
and mother. 

The conversation had drifted back to the 
steamship, where they had spent four happy 
days, and Mr. Tyler was saying, 

"I believe the wireless telegraph system in- 
terested me as much as anything on the boat. 
Surely that is a wonderful advance in the art of 
communication. I was greatly impressed with the 
story related by Mr. Worthington regarding the 
icebergs their party met on a trip last season 
from Naples to New York. They were on a slow 
boat, and when about eight days out they sighted 
two icebergs. He said he had been over six- 
teen times and never had seen one before. They 
were within ten miles of each other; both 
moving in the same direction with the boat. 
They passed one not more than a mile away, 
and it created an enormous interest on board. 
Running into a whale and cutting it in halves, 
was exciting, but did not compare with the 
magnificent view which they had of these 
gigantic icebergs." 

"How large did he say they were?" asked 
Eethyl. 

"The one nearest to them he said was one 
hundred and fifty feet long and stood up out 
of the water one hundred and forty feet. The 



126 LOOKING FORWARD 

other was ten miles away, and did not look as 
large as it actually was. He thought it was 
four or five hundred feet long, but not more 
than sixty feet out of water. The temperature 
of the air changed from sixty-five degrees down 
to forty-five within an hour, and everybody 
went in their staterooms for heavy wraps. 
Before morning they were in a dense fog which 
usually follows the experience of sighting ice- 
bergs." 

* * I should think that would be very dangerous 
for such fast boats as the Electrania, ' ' said Mrs. 
Tyler. 

"That is why I was so much impressed with 
the wireless telegraph system," replied Mr. 
Tyler. "There was a ship ahead of them some 
two hundred miles, and they were in constant 
communication, furnishing information as to 
the direction and course of the icebergs, where 
sighted, their size, and all details. You can 
therefore see what a great protection the 
apparatus becomes. Every ship is equipped 
with powerful instruments, exceedingly sensative 
to impressions from the aerial spheres. All 
through the night or in a fog, these electrical 
beacons guard the precious life and valuable 
property on board." 

"It is exceedingly interesting," said Tom, 
"when you stop to think of the comparison of 
the wireless with the old style pole-wire system 
used on land. The wireless is not confined to 
any direction, nor affected by the winds, nor the 
storms, nor by a fog; but from all directions, 
with the wind or against it, rain or shine, in 
clear and in fogory weather, that electrical 
receiver is on the alert, ready to inform the cap- 
tain what ship is ahead, where bound, and learn 
all about everything: which should be known for 
the safety of the Company's passengers." 



ELECTRICAL WORKS RUGVALE 127 

"That makes me think," said Mr. Tyler, "I 
have a treat for you all. Perhaps your mother 
may not quite enjoy it, but you young folks will 
be pleased to know that Lord Kelton of London 
has extended an invitation to us to ride over 
with him from Rugvale to London in his electric 
aeroplane. ' ' 

"Isn't that lovely!" exclaimed Evelyn. 

"Delightful," said Eethyl, "Will you be 
afraid to go Tom?" 

"No, indeed," replied Tom, "it will be a 
rare opportunity, and I have wished for a long 
time to meet Lord Kelton." 

The train was just pulling in to the Rugvale 
station, and hasty preparations were made to 
get out. Carriages were taken to the Continental 
Hotel where dinner was served. After dinner 
Tom was called to the telephone, and was glad 
to hear again the voice of his old friend Phelps. 

He said he would come right over with his 
machine, and explain their plans at the hotel. 
Not more than twenty minutes after, he came 
into the hotel parlor, where Tom introduced him 
to the entire party. 

"Now, make yourselves at home," he said, in 
a very congenial manner. Phelps always had a 
smile on his face, and in a few minutes you 
felt as if you had known him for years. 

"Mrs. Phelps will call for the ladies about 
ten o'clock to-morrow morning, and Tom, you 
and Mr. Tyler can come down to the works and 
spend the day with me." 

This plan was agreeable to all, and after a 
short talk, Phelps bade them ood-ni<?ht. They 
were tired, and the opportunity to retire early 
met with favor. 

The next morning the men started for the 



128 LOOKING FORWARD 

works in Phelps' electric auto. They were to 
lunch down there, but promised the ladies that 
they would be home early to dinner. 

C. W. Phelps had long been connected with 
the electrical industry. About 1901 he had 
come over from America to take charge of the 
Rugvale factory, fully expecting to see the 
Works spring up and flourish in a few years, 
but little dreaming that as early as 1912 there 
would be 12,000 employees on the factory pay 
roll. 

On the way down, Phelps said, "Well, Tom, 
I am glad you are here, it will do me good to 
show you about the works. We are doing a 
tremendous business, and some times I wonder 
where all the material is used. It was about 
1906 that we commenced our big boom here. 
You will remember how the papers in the United 
States aggressively agitated the subject about 
establishing Commercial Departments among 
the electrical companies, for acquainting the 
public with the many uses of electricity, and 
how the Electrical Cooperative Improvement As- 
sociation was organized with its aggressive lead- 
ers continually studying the ways and means of 
promoting the commercial end of the electrical 
industry. Well, it was about this time that the 
electrical companies in England woke up with 
a great start. They not only became exceedingly 
aggressive, but the low prices prevailing for 
electricity in England, gave them great advan- 
tage over American Companies. I was so much 
impressed with this point, that I had hung up 
in my office, one of the price lists, and circulars 
which were printed in 1906. They were 
advertising to the public freely that their prices 
for electricity for power and (heating devices 



ELECTRICAL WORKS RUGVALE 129 

were remarkably low. These prices coupled with 
a very aggressive policy for pushing the sale of 
current, quickly, showed us that we must extend 
our works greatly, and with the utmost dispatch. 
We have been busy doing it every minute since 
that time." 

We had now reached the office, and after 
spending a minute with two or three men who 
had been waiting to see him, Phelps took them 
out into the works. The first shops entered 
were the steam turbine buildings, and it was a 
pretty sight to one keenly interested in such 
work. There were three buildings 700 to 800 
feet long with two spacious wide bays, and a 
50 foot center bay. Three electric cranes were 
continually busy passing up and down with 
large disc frames, and other large parts. Ten or 
fifteen, 10,000 H.P. turbines were in process of 
construction, while three or four 15,000 H.P. 
sizes were just being started in production. 
These were the more important sizes, although 
the shops were filled with parts for producing 
all the smaller sizes, and Phelps explained to 
them that the Cortice type of turbine had 
secured a great advantage over other types by 
reason of its simplicity of construction, small 
space occupied, and the most excellent results 
secured from those installations first introduced. 
In 1905 and 1906 they had established a great 
reputation for the Cortice turbine. As the elec- 
trical companies were so exceedingly busy, it was 
necessary for them to purchase the most durable 
and reliable apparatus, and absolutely avoid 
troubles and delays due to faulty design or poor 
material. 

The next factory was the Incandescent Lamp 
Works, and here was a most interesting place. 



130 LOOKING FORWARD 

As we entered Phelps said, ''We thought we 
were busy in 1906 when several hundred thou- 
sand lamps per day were being completed and 
shipped, but no one anticipated the tremendous 
increase in the business when the new Tungsten 
incandescent lamp was introduced. The people 
were especially pleased with the improvement, 
because their houses were brilliantly 'lighted, 
with a great many more small unit lamps, at 
about the same expense as before. The time has 
passed when residence customers will turn off 
the lights when going from one room to another. 
The cost of lighting on the old basis made it 
necessary, but now they will not do it. Houses 
are brilliantly illuminated, from early evening 
until bed time, and the people are thoroughly 
well satisfied. About the same time that the 
new lamp was introduced to the public, the 
special study of illuminating engineering was 
very effectually undertaken. The contractors, 
handling the wiring of offices, and buildings, 
placed the subject in the hands of a 
special illuminating engineer who made it 
his business to thoroughly acquaint the 
people, the architects, and the business men, 
with the new ideas on illumination. As soon 
as a contractor heard that plans were out among 
house builders for building a new residence, 
blue prints and various wiring schemes were 
immediately mailed to the owner, and to the 
architect. The local newspapers introduced an 
electric news column for keeping the public 
posted on new ideas relating to electricity, and 
monthly magazines which did not have an 
article on electrical matters on some of its pages 
soon became unpopular. Gradually the public 
became familiar with new designs in lighting. 



ELECTRICAL WORKS RUGVALE 131 

and the ladies took even a keener interest in 
electric wiring, the location of lights, and the 
convenient electrical devices, than they had 
shown in regard to wall paper and furniture. 

In fact, it became necessary to consider 
decorations, furniture, and electrical devices 
together, for the sake of harmony in design." 

''Therefore," Phelps added, "you will see 
why the incandescent lamp business has become 
such a factor in our Works." 

We then entered the Motor Department which 
was likewise crowded with orders. Sewing 
machine motors, dental motors, and small 
industrial motors of all kinds were made in a 
separate large building. Formerly they had 
been produced in the small department with the 
larger sizes. "But," said Phelps, "the motor 
business took a big spurt with the other current- 
consuming devices as soon as the electrical com- 
panies commenced to make public the many 
convenient applications of motors, and show 
how inexpensive they were to operate. There 
was a tremendous field open which has not yet 
been covered, and from the looks of our order 
books the demand is still increasing. When 
erecting our new buildings, we gave very great 
attention to the use of motors, and you will note 
the entire absence of shafting, and the beautiful 
distribution of daylight in all the rooms. We 
believe strongly in plenty of light, and good air 
for ourselves. We spend more than half our 
lives here in these shops. By having good light, 
our eyes are better equipped to do the work for 
the Company, and stronger for the general uses 
for which our Creator intended them. Good, 
pure air is well known to be a health 
preserver. We have devices here for keeping 



132 LOOKING FORWARD 

cool in summer, and warm in winter. Do you 
remember how large corporations in times past 
have furnished large recreation rooms for their 
employees, 'hoping to lencourage attendance 
during the winter evenings? Often times the 
managers of such corporations have failed to 
provide light, pure air, and conveniences for 
their employees during those best hours of the 
day when maximum work is expected? Maxi- 
mum production is the great study with us 
these days. The question is, how to get the 
greatest amount of work per individual, and for 
the minimum amount of space and machines. 
That is, "tools must be sharp," or production 
will be slow. The best production managers 
are likewise learning that high grade light, pure 
air, and the latest ideas in motor .applications 
are essentials which place America in the front 
ranks of the manufacturing industry, compared 
with all the world. In past years I have known 
men to ruin their eyesight, and injure their 
health in the Copper Bar Department of some 
of the old factories, improperly equipped, but 
here you will find every department organized 
with the special purpose of protecting each 
employee for the sake of maximum production, 
as well as a general regard for humanity. " 

From the Motor Department we passed to the 
Arc Lighting Department, and two very large 
buildings were required for this branch of the 
business. Regarding this work Phelps explained 
as follows: 

"Strange to say, the entire arc lighting work 
was revolutionized about the same time as the 
new incandescent lamp was introduced. Smaller 
units and more light were demanded by electrical 
companies. The merchants in England were 



ELECTRICAL WORKS RUGVALE 133 

very quick to learn of the great results secured 
by the merchants in America about the year 
1906. Illuminating engineering was much 
emphasized by a formal association of the lead- 
ing illuminating engineers at New York, result- 
ing in the organization of an Illuminating 
Engineering Society. From that date, the utmost 
importance was attached to illuminating mat- 
ters; in fact, we set the pace here at Rugvale 
by having an illuminating engineer devote 
several months close attention to the proper 
lighting of our buildings. When given this duty 
to perform, he was instructed to consult the 
foreman of each room, .who was familiar in detail 
with the production requirements, and the 
desires of the employees; likewise to confer 
with the production manager as regards artificial 
light, compared with daylight. As a result on 
dark, cloudy days, or during the over-time work, 
the foremen can count on maximum production 
as far as light is concerned. 

"You will see what a grand evolution was 
experienced in these branches of the industry. 
The Research Laboratories not only produced 
clever inventions, resulting in great operating 
economies, but in addition, a great Publicity 
Bureau was simultaneously organized, with the 
hearty support of the electrical manufacturers, 
contractors, supply dealers, architects, and 
builders. It was the greatest movement of the 
times, and stamped the years 1906 and 1907 as 
the beginning of a marvelously progressive era 
in the electrical industry. It is not necessary 
to stop and think why the merchants and manu- 
facturers in general were in sympathy with the 
movement. They saw at a glance that the 
electrical industry was being revolutionized, and 



134 LOOKING FORWARD 

were thankful that such a magnificent co- 
operative organization had been created to 
intelligently handle all phases of the subject; 
an organization determined to study in detail, 
all the various classes of mercantile business, 
industrial demands, residential requirements, 
and then scientifically, practically, and accurate- 
ly prescribe the electrical devices best suited 
for the many particular uses. The organization 
simply represented the electrical companies, and 
not only studied the subjects as I have related 
above, but were quick to inform the people 
regarding such applications." 

It was now about one o'clock and Phelps took 
them over to the works restaurant to lunch. 
After placing their order, Mr. Tyler said. 

"Mr. Phelps, I want to empasize your point 
in regard to the merchants. I remember dis- 
tinctly the efforts exerted by John Merrymaker 
in New York City in the year 1906 to cooperate 
with the elecrical industry in a grand attempt 
to acquaint the people more fully about electri- 
cal devices. In October, of that year he set 
apart a large space in his store which was di- 
vided into sections representing rooms in a resi- 
dence. Then all kinds of electric household uten- 
sils were skillfully exhibited. The kitchen had 
its electric stove; the dining-room its chafing 
dish, the bath-room its radiator, etc. There 
can be no question but what John Merrymaker 
did this missionary work because he took pride 
in new developments. He wanted the people to 
know his policy. He wished them to feel that 
they could always come to that store and find 
new things, even though he lost money in the 
venture. There was surely no profit in the 
business during those days. In the States, John 



ELECTRICAL WORKS RUGVALE 135 

Merrymaker was the representative merchant, 
who exhibited the most aggressiveness in the 
dissemination of ideas and information to the 
people regarding electricity. In connection with 
the campaign I mentioned he distributed free 
ten thousand pamphlets describing and illustrat- 
ing electricity in the home." 

"I have an illustration in mind," said Tom, 
"that shows the cooperative manner in which a 
prominent author helped to acquaint the people 
with electrical devices. Mr. George Lyles of 
New York City published a book in 1906 en- 
titled, ' * The Inventors. ' ' In that book he devoted 
several pages to the subject of heating by elec- 
tricity, making references to the progress along 
that line. The space which he devoted to electri- 
cal matters in that book, was indicative of the 
desire on the part of representative men to co- 
operate with the electrical fraternity and pro- 
mote electrical applications. This year 1912 
may be called a mile-stone, recording the phe- 
nomenal progress of electricity. 

After lunch they visited the Heating Device 
Department, one of the newest branches of 
this large corporation's business, yet hav- 
ing grown in a few years to represent 
a considerable portion of its total sales. 
It was surely the most interesting de- 
partment of all. Of course, it was well 
known that electric light had replaced gas 
for all kinds of illuminating requirements, 
but the death-knell had likewise sounded for gas 
in respect to heating operations. Electric glue 
pots, electric soldering irons, electric furnaces, 
water boilers, radiators, and heating devices of 
all kinds were in evidence not only in the Heat- 
ing Department buildings, but Phelps said there 



136 LOOKING FORWARD 

was not a foot of gas used in all the entire 
works. Electric heat was used in the ovens for 
drying the transformer coils, for sealing 
incandescent lamps, and for 'all kinds of work 
where heat applications were necessary. 

At first it was thought that gas was so cheap 
that electricity could not compete with it, but 
a special heating engineer was commissioned to 
study the subject with great care. He did 
nothing else, and soon found that as electricity 
was being used in such vast quantities for 
operating motors, fans, testing department, arc 
lamps, and incandescent lamps, it could be more 
economically used than gas, which was required 
for heat only. 

Phelps continued, "We are producing 10,000 
electric flat irons per week, and yet we are behind 
our orders. More than 1,000 men and girls are 
employed in this department. We have been 
running night and day for nearly a year, and 
must extend our facilities quickly or else injure 
our business in this line. I am looking forward 
with much pleasure to show you my house this 
evening. Rugvale was one of the first cities to 
illustrate the use of electric household utensils, 
and it was not long before they became exceed- 
ingly important to all of us ; but we will talk of 
that later." 

The heating device buildings were so interest- 
ing they spent more time there than they had 
thought. 

As it was getting late, Phelps said, "We had 
better go over to the office, and sign up the mail, 
preparatory to going home early, or the ladies 
will get after us for not keeping our promise." 
On the way over Tom asked what effect such 
great increases in the business of current-con- 



ELECTRICAL WORKS RUGVALE 137 

suming devices had upon the other branches 
of electrical supplies, and apparatus. 

"Well," Phelps replied,, "it is natural to 
understand that such great increases result in 
the increased demands for transformers, meters, 
and wiring devices; in fact, the wiring device 
business was greatly boomed, as wiring device en- 
gineering became as popular as illuminating engi- 
neering had been. This company had a specialist 
continually following the subject with the view of 
simplifying, and standardizing as much as pos- 
sible. When visiting this department you will 
find a very busy place. The consultation rooms 
are filled from morning until night with com- 
mittees considering new ideas, approving blue 
prints, or discussing new plans having to do with 
some large building soon to be erected, and 
wired in the latest style, following the best wir- 
ing device engineering." 

And so the afternoon in the factory was 
passed. Tom and Mr. Tyler felt that surely 
this great corporation had been no small factor 
in the great electrical era, about which so much 
had been said and done. Phelps quickly looked 
over his letters, the electrical carriage was at 
the door, and they were soon driven to the 
"Manager's House," as the Phelps residence 
had been styled by the factory employees. 



CHAPTER X. 

EVENING IN ENGLISH HOME. 

They were seated at the dining-room table 
when E ethyl turned to Tom and said : 

"Oh! I wish you could have been with us on 
the drive this afternoon. It was simply delight- 
ful. The roads are beautiful, and with the auto- 
mobile we were able to go a great distance, and 
see a great deal in a short time. Rugvale is a 
charming spot." 

"I am awfully sorry," Tom replied, "but I 
think we shall have to leave for London tomor- 
row morning, and I am afraid I could not spare 
the time to look around here. What is the 
population of Rugvale?" turning to Phelps. 

"It is now about 35,000. The last census 
showed that during the past ten years its 
increase in population has been proportionately 
the greatest of any city in England. Of course, 
the large extension in the works has caused the 
phenomenal increase. Every married man 
newly employed at the works brought from 
three to five people into the city. As most of 
the natives were already employed, the greatest 
numbers of the new men came from some other 
city." 

They were soon through dinner and seated in 
the den, where cigars and small coffee were 
served. 

138 



EVENING IN ENGLISH HOME 139 

The conversation naturally drifted to the 
subject of house building. Mrs. Phelps said, "I 
am pleased to know that you are interested in 
new houses. We enjoyed every minute while 
this house was being built." 

"Yes," Phelps joined in, "it is a lot of fun. 
My wife arranged most of it except the electrical 
end, and come to think of it, she arranged most 
of that." 

"Why shouldn't I," she replied, "I spend 
more time at home than you do. The women 
folks are responsible for the kitchen, and as the 
kitchen stove is now electrical we ought to know 
all about it. I am so glad we gave up our old 
coal stove and gas range. They were nuisances. 
The last year we had our coal stove I thought 
the cook would go crazy. Either the draft was 
not good, or the chimney needed cleaning, or 
the grate was broken. There was always some- 
thing needed repairing on that old stove. The 
gas stove, however, was worse. One day it 
frightened us so! I was out at the time, but 
the cook told me she was nearly killed. It seems 
that she tried to light the oven burners, and as 
she explained it, the door blew off, knocked her 
over on the floor, and smashed the whole lower 
sash of the kitchen window. She vowed she 
would never use that gas stove again, and I 
guess she never did. She enjoys the electric 
stove very much indeed." 

Phelps joined in here in an enthusiastic 
manner. 

"She is a girl who loves cleanliness, and the 
electric outfit is certainly perfect in this respect. 
Then all girls like the idea of doing things 
quickly. The fire in the old stove was always 
getting low. The cook says she was either 



140 LOOKING FORWARD 

going down cellar after kindlings or waiting for 
the fire to ' come up ' most of the time. ' ' 

Then Mrs. Phelps explained further to them, 
in a very enthusiastic manner, which made 
Evelyn and Eethyl think that surely the entire 
world was wrapped up in the subject of home 
conveniences. 

"The second girl is much pleased, however, 
over the electric air heaters and radiators. She 
says they are just lovely, and so say we all. 
When you think about the old coal fire-places, 
it is difficult to understand how we tolerated 
them as long as we did." 

"In the first place, all the heat went up the 
chimney. I thought I would die, the first year 
we were here. There was no heating system in 
the house and we had been living for years in 
Chicago where the houses are splendidly heated. 
We could never get accustomed to the fire-places 
here. Of course the climate is mild, but many 
days during the year we -are uncomfortable 
without a fire. Then the care of them was a 
great nuisance. They also- made an awful 
amount of dirt and dust. Ate far as expense is 
concerned, I think the old fire-places are a good 
deal more expensive than the people realize. 
It was necessary to keep coal on the fire con- 
tinually. We were always buying coal, and 
never could keep warm. 

* ' But the new electric heaters are ideal. How 
much we have enjoyed them ! None of the heat 
goes up a chimney. All the heat given off 
by the heater is pure air, and there are no gases 
to be taken away. There is no need for a 
chimney, and therefore all the heat generated 
is utilized and saved. This effects great economy, 
which is not appreciated until the electric 



EVENING IN ENGLISH HOME 141 

heaters are used. We have two kinds, the 
luminous radiators for very mild wsather and 
quick heat, and the air heaters when we really 
desire to warm up the entire room. 

11 Another feature greatly in favor of the 
electric heaters, is particularly emphasized in 
the construction of a new house. A fire-place in 
every room required a good many chimneys, and 
they were expensive to build, especially when 
accommodating their designs to room decora- 
tions. 

"The electric heating system saves this 
expense likewise. Oh! there is no use making 
comparisons. The old system is not worthy of 
it. I hope I shall never see another fire-place 
as long as I live." 

"You must go and inspect Mrs. Phelps* 
refrigerator room and store room, ' ' said Evelyn. 
"You know they are on the same floor, off the 
kitchen. There is no cellar under the house. 
Simply the space for ventilation, with windows 
for circulation of fresh air." 

"Yes, we saved considerable by omitting the 
cellar," said Phelps. "And there is really no 
reason for having one. The contract for 
masonry and plastering was surprisingly low. 
We have a splendid large laundry off the 
kitchen, and side of that is the refrigerator room, 
made large for cold storage purposes also. We 
make the cold air for this room by means of an 
electric motor, and we can adjust the tempera- 
ture as we like, in accordance with the outside 
temperature. Then next the refrigerator room 
is the storeroom. 

"You will see that we have plenty of room, 
and the rooms are conveniently located. The 
omission of chimneys and cellar saved me more 



142 LOOKING FORWARD 

than enough money to pay for the electric stove 
and air heaters, and all the lighting, heating 
and power devices used in my workshop, which 
I think is worth knowing. I am well satisfied 
that we did not put in a steam heating system. 
It would have cost me $1,000, and my experience 
during the past fifteen months leads me to feel 
well pleased with the electric heating system. 

"We made another saving which is very 
interesting. It is in the right line also, which 
I was not sure about when first I investigated 
the matter. We have no hot water tank, and 
only one pipe for both hot and cold water, 
instead of two pipes. The electric continuous 
flow water heaters have proven to be very valu- 
able. We have one installed over the kitchen 
sink, another in the girls' bath room, a third in 
the bath room on the second floor, one connected 
to the bath tub, and one in the laundry. We 
can get warm water in forty seconds, and hot 
water in a minute. The expense for operation 
is very slight, due to the intermittent use of 
electricity. The faucets are two-way type. One 
way turns on cold, and the other way hot water. 
It is much better than the old system where a 
30 gallon tank had to be heated and frequently 
only two or three gallons were used during the 
entire morning and afternoon. It was a very 
wasteful system. The electric water heaters 
have proven economical and very satisfactory." 

"Dear, won't you kindly hand me the music 
programme?" said Phelps to his wife. "I met 
Jones of the Local Electric Company yesterday, 
and he told me to be on the lookout tonight 
for some specially fine music, and I told him I 
was glad of it, as we were to have some people 
with us from America." 



EVENING IN ENGLISH HOME 143 

' ' Here it is ! The * Storm in the Alpine Moun- 
tains ' at 9 o'clock, a selection composed 
especially for the great organ in the Cathedral, 
at Luzerne, Switzerland. It is just nine by my 
watch, and you'd better turn the music switch! 

As they listened, the very faintest rumbling 
could be heard as from a great distance, and 
Phelps whispered, ' ' Jones told me the piece was 
representative of -a thunder storm in the Alps. ' ' 
Then the softest sweetest strains came forth 
representing the calm before the storm. The 
thunder sounded nearer and louder, then a sharp 
lightning flash so cleverly presented as to make 
one glad to be under shelter. The rain could be 
heard coming down in torrents, and the wind 
whistled and howled so that you could imagine 
the whole mountainous region thoroughly 
angered and wreaking forth its vengeance 
through the thunderings, lightning flashes, and 
swaying and groaning of the trees. 

When the selection was finished Phelps said 
he thought that it was a splendid illustration of 
the accuracy of reproductions by the Telhar- 
monium. He had heard the large organ at 
Luzerne, and considered that the electric music 
was fully as well rendered. 

' 'How is the Telharmonium progressing over 
here," asked Mrs. Tyler. 

"In a surprising manner," said Phelps. 
1 1 There is hardly a city or town now which has 
not installed 'a system, and the people are com- 
ing to believe that they cannot get along with- 
out it any more than the telephone or the 
electric lights. I do not think we ever notice 
the difference in our monthly bills, and I am 
sure we would not wish to give it up now." 

"But won't you tell them about the Rugvale 



144 LOOKING FORWARD 

Realty Company, Mr. Phelps?" said Evelyn. 
"I am sure it will interest them." 

"Well," said Phelps, "the British Dobson- 
Housman Company purchased a very desirable 
tract of land some four years ago, covering 
about 100 acres. The Realty Company was 
organized, and -a manager placed on the property 
to develop it quickly. Good roads were laid out, 
underground electric mains located, electric car 
tracks laid, side-walks and grass plots established, 
and lots were divided up, varying in size any- 
where from 75 x!70 to 300 300. It required 
about a year before the first section was ready 
and soon the lots were selling in good shape. I 
was one of the first to purchase, and am quite 
well satisfied with the location. The lots were 
exceedingly reasonable in price. Certain restric- 
tions were placed upon the cost of the house, 
and its nearness to the street front. As a result 
splendid houses have been built, making a 
section of the suburb which is considered the 
most desirable in the city. 

"We started to build our house the year after 
the great San Francisco earthquake, when so 
much was being said about building construction 
and the proper wiring plans for electric devices. 
We all made up our minds, therefore, that 
Rugvale should be the first city in the land for 
exhibiting aggressiveness in electrical matters. 
We would make it an electric city. We secured 
control of the old Electric Lighting Company, 
employed a manager whom we knew to be 
aggressive, and who possessed a thorough 
knowledge of the business. We not only gave 
him a good salary, but offered a commission to 
him of 5 per cent on all increased business 
which he might secure for the Company. The 



EVENING IN ENGLISH HOME 145 

price of electricity was reduced to a point more 
comparable with other cities in England, where 
successful results were being secured, and soon 
we were making great headway. 

"In view of the necessity of educating the 
public in regard to proper wiring, the Company 
decided to make a special arrangement with wir- 
ing contractors so as to encourage the people 
as much as possible to use electricity liberally. 
Great effort was made to illustrate the use of 
the devices for a time, in several sections of 
the city, so as to quickly acquaint the people 
with the varied and convenient uses of electric 
household devices, industrial motors, incandes- 
cent lamps, fan motors, etc., etc. 

" Another very good policy we adopted at a 
small cost, and it turned out to be -a good invest- 
ment. The Company decided to build a half 
dozen houses, two of them representative of flats, 
which would rent for a small sum comparable 
with other flats in the same location. Also two 
of them to be small sized houses and two to be 
large sized houses, for which it was known there 
was a demand. They gave the most special 
attention to the wiring of these houses. The 
engineer of the Company first made his sug- 
gestions to the contractors of the city, and 
architects were called upon for advice, and to 
show them what object was in view. The 
special engineer at the works on wiring, light- 
ing and heating devices was also called in, and 
they drew up their plans most carefully. They 
wanted to have the character of the work good 
and exemplify all the devices which are con- 
venient and attractive, yet keep the cost within 
reasonable figures. This policy, in addition to 
the many houses built by our engineers and fore- 



146 LOOKING FORWARD 

men at the works, offered a liberal education 
for the entire city. After that, whenever a house 
was to be erected, the architect first took an 
interest in the electrical end; the contractor 
next; then the supply dealer, and the owner's 
attention was drawn forcibly to the electrical 
matters about the house. Lighting, heating and 
motor devices were as common for consideration 
as the color of the paint or the style of architec- 
ture." 

4 'Well," said Mrs. Phelps, this is surely tire- 
some for Mrs. Tyler, and I think perhaps the 
girls have actually had enough 'shop' for one 
night. I have some things to show you upstairs, 
and we will leave the men here to talk more busi- 
ness. Tom and Charlie are the greatest ones to 
talk and I hope they will not tire you out Mr. 
Tyler." 

The men, therefore, continued their talk, and 
many were the interesting and amusing 
incidents which were brought back to their 
minds, when Tom and Phelps were closely 
associated with each other years ago in the 
States. Phelps was one of nature's noblemen 
and Tom loved him like a brother. It seemed 
to him that Phelps looked sick and he urged him 
not to work so hard. 

A half hour later they prepared to leave for 
the hotel as they had to rise early for the air- 
ship excursion. Phelps said he regretted very 
much he could not be over in the morning and 
see them off as he had already made an impor- 
tant engagement and could not well break it. 

They all thanked Mrs. Phelps heartily for a 
most pleasant evening, and the last thins: Tom 
said to Phelps was not to work so hard. He 
promised he would take a rest and they said 



EVENING IN ENGLISH HOME 147 

good-bye. It was the last time Tom ever saw 
him, for he was taken to his bed shortly after- 
wards and never recovered. The electrical in- 
dustry had been benefited by his work. He gave 
his whole life and soul to the electrical profes- 
sion and with his death the industry suffered a 
loss. 



CHAPTER XL 

AIR SHIP EXCURSION. 

It was about seven o 'clock in the morning, and 
everybody was astir bright and early at the hotel 
Continental. Many of the guests had already 
learned that Lord Kelton would breakfast there 
at the hotel with the distinguished Americans, 
one of whom was a delegate to the International 
Electrical Congress, and none other than 
Evelyn's father. The local paper the evening 
before had written a half column in regard to 
Mr. Tyler's visit to Rugvale, describing his vast 
connections with large electrical corporations in 
the States. Reference was made to his success- 
ful administration as President of the National 
Electrical Association in America, and the honor 
conferred upon him in the election as delegate 
to the Electrical Congress of all the Nations. The 
editorial further stated that the visit of Lord 
Kelton personally to Rugvale, with his aeroplane 
to greet the American banker and capitalist, was 
indicative of the high esteem in which he was 
held by the electrical fraternity of England. 

As early as seven-thirty they were all in the 
breakfast-room, and it was a happy party seated 
around the table. Lord Kelton sat at one end 
with Mrs. Tyler on the right and Evelyn at his 
left. While waiting for breakfast to be served a 

148 



AIR SHIP EXCURSION 149 

great many questions were asked regarding the 
air apparatus. Lord Kelton answered them in a 
very plain and intelligent manner, indicative of 
much thought and time given to the subject. 

"How delightful it must be," said Evelyn, 
''Ever since your wireless message, Lord Kel- 
ton, we have eagerly looked forward to this ex- 
perience," 

"I am sure you will enjoy it. Sometimes one 
of my passengers exhibits a little fear at first, 
but it vanishes entirely after a very few mo- 
ments," he said. 

"Do you consider the electric system of bal- 
looning to be a complete success ? ' ' asked Tom. 

"Yes, indeed," Lord Kelton replied. "It is not 
only a success scientifically, but in the past year 
many practical demonstrations of commercial 
value, have been made. Large orders have been 
placed for express cars, and within a few months 
there will be in use in England two or three 
hundred aeroplanes." 

"We were saying recently," remarked Mr. 
Tyler, "that we felt that the most wonderful 
piece of electrical machinery on board the Elec- 
trania coming over, was the wireless apparatus. 
I understand your flying machine is controlled 
by a similar apparatus, but, of course, much 
more powerful. ' ' 

"Yes, you are correct," Lord Kelton replied 
"There are a dozen electrical companies which 
are equipped with the apparatus for transmit- 
ting powerful currents of electricity through 
the air. Very high poles are erected in their 
works' yards, these poles closely resembling the 
wireless stations you have already doubtless seen. 
Each of the twelve stations supplies current for 
a particular zone including a territory of fifty 



150 LOOKING FORWARD 

square miles. Therefore the aeroplane is within 
the range of electrical power, of the proper quan- 
tity and kind, extending over six hundred square 
miles, in any direction North, East, South or 
West, and apparently to any height above the 
earth. As soon as you see my car, you will notice 
apparatus of a similar character, in appearance 
at least, to the wireless machinery on board the 
Electrania. It is the ability of this apparatus 
to receive electricity by induction, from the 
sources of supply I mentioned, which furnishes 
the power to start the motor, which in turn re- 
volves the machinery of the aeroplane." 

"It is highly wonderful," said Mr. Tyler. 
* ' To me it is the most marvelous of all the many- 
electrical wonders with which the art is bounti- 
fully favored." 

''Yes, I have often felt as you do, Mr. Tyler," 
said Lord Kelton. "I think that scientists and 
electrical engineers keenly feel in awe of that 
great principle of inductioin. Experience has 
of course, taught us many of the common laws 
governing inductive effects. 

They had finished breakfast, and had left the 
dining room with the eyes of every guest upon 
them. Lord Kelton was at the side of Evelyn,and 
both attracted more than usual attention. She, 
because she was a beautiful American girl; he, 
because he was a scientist of great fame, and a 
man who neither lived on the earth, nor under 
the earth; nor yet under the waters of the 
earth, but amidst the birds of the air, up close 
to the beautiful blue sky, where the atmosphere 
is infinitely clear and pure, where there is 
neither dust nor dirt; nor smoke. 

"Strange!" remarked Lord Kelton to Evelyn, 
as they were walking along together, "but my 



AIE SHIP EXCURSION 151 

car takes less power to propel it, the greater 
height I ascend from the earth." 

"Why, how do you account for it?" asked 
Evelyn. 

* * I really don 't know, ' ' he said, * ' I have tried 
to solve the answer, sometimes checking over 
my instruments which record the energy con- 
sumed, thinking perhaps they were inaccurate. 
Then, again, I have thought of the static elec- 
tricity which must exist in those higher regions 
to a greater extent than on earth, unless the ex- 
ception may be in such mountainous regions as 
the Pike's Peak section or the Alps territories 
offer. But to no avail. It all leads me to believe, 
Miss Tyler, that there are greater wonders in the 
air than we have yet dreamed of." 

A messenger came up to Lord Kelton and 
proudly informed him that the automobile was 
at the door, which was to convey them to the 
aerial garage. The ladies had been advised about 
the necessary wraps, which had been brought 
down with them, and were now being placed in 
the machine. Their luggage and trunks were 
left with the porter to be sent to London, and 
with a good-morning to the proprietor and clerk, 
the flying-machine party walked out to the auto 
and were driven over to the electrical station 
from which point the ascent was to be made. It 
was not more than a half mile and they soon 
reached the place. As the machine entered the 
works' yard, they all noticed the tall pole with 
its electrical paraphernalia and a short distance 
away was the great tall shed or stable in which 
the aeroplane was "hitched." 

It was surely an exciting time for all of them. 
They gazed at the shed like the old farmer who 
came to town and looked for the first time at an 



152 LOOKING FORWARD 

electric street car. There was really more ex- 
cuse for wonder in connection with this experi- 
ence, because they were not only strangers to the 
machine itself, but were entirely unacquainted 
with the traveling characteristics of the air. 

Tom Appleton was the first to jump out of the 
auto. He might be given credit for greater sta- 
bility or control over his enthusiasm than any- 
one else in the party. It was not that he lacked 
interest in the wonderful ride they were about 
to take, but he was unable to control his feelings 
in regard to Evelyn Tyler. All through the 
week on board the steamer, and ever since they 
started, he had been experiencing some of the 
happiest days of 'his life. Night and day he 
thought of that dear, sweet face, which was al- 
ways so bright and cheerful. He thought of the 
frank open manner in which she had suggested 
calling him Tom, and this morning she looked 
so fresh and pure in his eyes, that he made up 
his mind at the breakfast table to be just a 
trifle risky for this one day. So, as Evelyn 
alighted from the -auto, giving his hand a tight 
squeeze, he whispered softly in her ear, ' ' I want 
to sit beside you in the car." 

They all walked together over toward the 
garage. Lord Kel ton's assistants had evidently 
made all preparations for the ascension, and 
they therefore took seats at once. Without at- 
tracting attention Evelyn had taken a seat next 
to Tom and he was happy. To be a trifle frank 
but positively confidential, Evelyn was also ex- 
periencing moments, yea, hours and days of su- 
preme happiness. 

The main switch was thrown, in connection 
with which there was heard only the slight snap- 
ping sounds aloft on the great electrical ball re- 



AIR SHIP EXCURSION 153 

ceivers. Lord Kelton had taken a position on the 
commander's deck, just forward and 'high 
enough above the rest so as not to obstruct the 
view ahead. The next order was to throw the 
motor switch, when a slight vibration of a power- 
ful motor, might be noticed. The third order, 
closed the switch which started the propeller. 
Slowly, but gracefully, they left the earth, as- 
cending gradually at an angle of about fifteen 
degrees. They cleared the tall steeples, the 
trees and the house-tops, and as Evelyn turned 
her head to look down, way down below on 
mother-earth, the feeling of fear came over her, 
which Lord Kelton had mentioned >at the break- 
fast table. 

"Tom, I .am actually frightened," she whisp- 
ered, and instinctively clutched his arm and sat 
up nearer to him. 

Tom knew no fear, but 'he was sufficiently 
thoughtful and observing to know that just a 
little encouragement, at this time, would help 
matters wonderfully. He looked into her face, 
their eyes met, and he said calmly to her, 
* ' Evelyn, do not look down for a while, but look 
away into the vast expanse of beautiful atmos- 
pheric territory. I want you to notice how 
proud Lord Kelton appears! Do you see his 
Lieutenant <at the helm ? Notice how cleverly he 
handles the car, changing his course a trifle now, 
at the same time increasing the angle of ascen- 
sion, and isn't it wonderful to see the amount 
of room 'and the conveniences available in this 
vehicle ! ' ' 

It was a clever way that Tom possessed, of at- 
tracting one's attention, and effectively chang- 
ing the subject in such a manner as to relieve 
the situation. He had done the same thing with 



154 LOOKING FORWARD 

his sister many a time before, and now Evelyn 
had forgotten her uncomfortable feeling, and 
was listening attentively to Tom's pleasant voice 
as he described many interesting points of con- 
struction about the car. 

Lord Kelton had come down again among 
them, and was calling their attention to the ap- 
pearance .of the trees, and the hills and the 
streams below. The trees looked like green vel- 
vet lawns, with* the hills interrupting the monot- 
ony and introducing an undulating character to 
the picture, adding gracefulness and beauty to 
their first "earth scene " as viewed from the 
fifth strata of. atmospheric space, and as noted 
on the sectional aerial space indicator. And the 
rivers down there, flowing peacefully over the 
surface of the earth, looked like tiny beds of 
glass. The sun's li^ht upon the waters, made 
mirrors from which beautiful views were re- 
flected, ever increasing the scene of beauty which 
the earth was capable of exhibiting. 

"In order that you may have no fear what- 
ever," said Lord Helton, "I will say that should 
any cne territorial zone, for any reason, fail to 
give power, an automatic device, cuts in a series 
of storage cells, sufficient in power to keep us 
moving in a forward, downward direction, and 
simultaneously, a set of aluminum wings spread 
themselves in a manner to very greatly increase 
the resistance of the car against violent descent; 
cr, in other words, they produce uniformity in 
downward motion and avoid diving or exhibi- 
tions of unarrial mannerisms." 

At this he laughed, and turning to the chief 
aeronaut asked what speed they were making. 
The answer was received sixty-five miles an hour 
which was only about seventy per cent, of the 






' * The silence was interrupted by a noise, 
which startled them all." 



AIR SHIP EXCURSION 155 

speed they would attain as the .height of ascen- 
sion increased. He told them they were still ris- 
ing gradually, and as he had finished speaking, 
the silence was interrupted by a noise, which 
startled them all ; that is, all except Lord Kelton 
and his aeronautic assistants. Again Evelyn 
drew close to Tom, and took hold of his hand. 
Before he could advise her, Lord Kelton said, 

"That is the receiver. It indicates another 
air ship in this zone. My assistant will soon tell 
me the exact distance away, her speed, the 
course she is traveling, and all about her. 
You see each ship has immediate correspondence 
with each other, within a radius of fifty square 
miles. Note particularly what an element of 
safety this represents for traveling. The old 
steam trains had their whistles which could be 
heard but a few miles away. The automobiles 
have their horns, and at night their lights, but 
the electric air ship "picks up" a sister ship 
fifty miles away and immediately learns all 
about her plans, to avoid accident of any kind. ' ' 

"Down there below," he continued, "you see 
what looks like -a little village. It is the city of 
Manchester. You will be glad to know, Mr. Ty- 
ler, that we consider Manchester one of the most 
aggressive electrical cities in all Britain. It is 
strange, too, when you come to think of it, be- 
cause it is a workin^man 's town, a great manu- 
facturing center. But that is the reason why we 
think so much of the progress made by that elec- 
trical company. They have so studied the sub- 
ject that in every home in all Manchester, elec- 
tric lights are freely used. The electric house- 
hold utensils are wonderfully popular, also, 
and" 

Evelyn had been listening intently to every 



156 LOOKING FORWARD 

word, and was looking square at 'him, when all of 
a sudden and quick as a flash, he stopped, his face 
changed color slightly. The car slackened speed 
perceptibly. What was the matter! It com- 
menced to descend and was diving. 

The aluminum wings were spreading! The 
battery indicator showed that the batteries were 
cutting in. Loud and stern was heard Lord Kel- 
ton's command to his assistants, ''Steady boys, 
careful at the steering wheel. Everybody hold 
on tight. We shall land safely." 

Just then another lurch sent a sensation of 
fear and trembling through the minds and bodies 
of the ladies. Evelyn leaned over close to Tom, 
and whispered, ''Tom, are you afraid?" 

"No, Evelyn, I am not," he said. She had let 
go <her hold of the ship and was tight in his 
arms. 

Again there was a savage lurch, and she again 
whispered, 

1 ' Tom, if we are taken now, we will enter into 
eternity together. Are you happy?" 

"Absolutely, Evelyn, we will be together," 
and he held her closer than ever. 

Just at this point it will be exceedingly inter- 
esting to know the whereabouts of Frank Shel- 
don, and what he is doing. Some ten days be- 
fore, he had arrived in Manchester, England, 
having come over to Europe immediately after 
the cowardly automobile affair in connection 
with which he was now a fugitive from justice. 
He had heard through the American papers that 
Mr. Tyler was appointed a delegate to the In- 
ternational Congress at Berlin, and it seemed 
fair to assume that the Tylers would arrive at 
no late date, at least. Having watched the list of 
cabin passengers on all the steamers which had 



AIR SHIP EXCURSION 157 

arrived, he finally noticed that they were on board 
the Electrania, but much to his surprise and 
chagrin he saw the names of Tom Appleton and 
Eethyl next on the list. For a moment this 
made him furious, but he soon calmed down, 
and commenced to think over the situation. He 
was stopping at the hotel Carlton. As he sat 
there in the lobby of the hotel, a messenger boy 
was going through the corridors calling ou\t 
" Telegram for Mr. Kingsley." Sheldon knew 
that Kingsley was stopping there at the 
hotel, and that he was very much in- 
terested in Eethyl Appleton. Here was an op- 
portunity for him to know what was going on, 
at least. So he signalled to the boy, put a shill- 
ing in his hand, and told him that Mr. Kingsley 
wanted him to look at the telegram, in his ab- 
sence. This was a natural request, and the boy 
gave him the message walking away happy, with 
a very liberal tip. 

Sheldon tore open the envelope and read, 
"Leaving \here tomorrow morning with Lord 
Kelton's party, in aeroplane for London. Hope 
to meet you there." (Signed) Eethyl Appleton. 

Here was his opportunity. Carefully he 
folded the envelope and sealed it. The messen- 
ger boy was there in the lobby still, and he 
beckoned to him to come over. 

"This telegram is not very important boy. 
Put it in Mr. Kingsley 's box. ' ' 

Therefore, the telegram was not sent to his 
room. Mr. Kingsley was not there all the even- 
ing, and hurried up to his room late at night, 
without getting the telegram. In the morning 
he slept late, and not until half -past nine did he 
see Eethyl's message. Then he started at once 
for the station of the Manchester Electrical Com- 



158 LOOKING FORWARD 

pany. He hurried all the way, feeling that for 
some reason or other, he ought to hurry, and see 
if the sectional territorial space indicator was all 
right. He was making a special study of this 
system over here in England, and knew that as 
Lord Kelton's party approached and passed 
Manchester, the indicator would record their 
safety first; also speed, height of atmospheric 
strata attained, etc. He had been there several 
times before, and this morning hurried right 
through the yard to the station switchboard. 
Opening the door, he saw the large turbine room 
vacant, except for one man who was hurrying 
away from the switchboard. He could just get 
a glimpse of his face and recognized him as Shel- 
don, but hark! there is the "aerial emergency 
signal!" What does it mean? Is there nobody 
about? He commenced to shout, for he knew 
they were due in the zone just about this time, 
and something told him that it was their ship 
which was in distress. He haloo'd to the top of 
his voice, and the emergency bell was fiercely 
ringing, yet it seemed an age to him before a 
switchboard man hurried into the room, saw at 
a glance the switch which had been pulled, and 
grabbing it with a jerk it was in again, and the 
zone was once more furnishing power to Lord 
Kelton 's aeroplane. 

Back again we turn to the party, miles above 
the earth in a car which had stopped flying and 
was exercising the law of gravity just about as 
fast as the emergency factors in its design, would 
permit. But listen! The snap is again heard! 
There is a strong held once more upon the car. 
It felt to the party as if the God of the Heavens 
had suspended a powerful magnet in the space 
above them, and it was gradually but positively 



AIR SHIP EXCURSION 159 

holding them up; and now they are ascending 
once more, and sailing again through those won- 
derful, yea more than wonderful, regions of the 
universe. 

''Get communication with Manchester station 
quick, ' ' was the command given by Lord Kelton. 

"Aye! aye! sir," came the response. 

A half minute more, and the answer came, 
"Switch was thrown by unknown scoundrel, 
during inexcusable absence of our switchboard 
tender. Positive assurance trouble will not re- 
cur." 

"Well, I declare," said Lord Kelton, "this is 
worth knowing." Then turning, he gave an 
order that all the stations in the remaining zones 
should be notified that they were passing 
through, and stations must be sure about their 
power. He requested positive assurance from 
each station, and upon receipt of their replies, 
he was able to influence his party wonderfully. 
They were soon laughing and joking over the in- 
cident as if nothing had happened. 

Tom Appleton was one of the party who was 
almost sorry to have the episode end. Even with 
the knowledge that they might dive into eternity 
at any moment, he was calm and cool. A feeling 
of contentment and happiness had stolen over 
him, for he felt that the girl with whom he had 
become desperately in love had shown signs of 
similar feelings for him. 

Now it was all over, and he must realize once 
more that it could not be. He must not think 
cf continuing such pranks under any circum- 
stances, because he had duties before him which 
were plain. Duties to his sister and his father 
and mother. Another thing, he was not suitable 
for such a prize. She was rich, enormously rich ; 



160 LOOKING FORWARD 

and her father would never think of allowing 
him to marry her, with the small income he se- 
cured and his meager prospects. Then, if there 
were no hope of marrying, why encourage such 
a situation. 

These were some of the thoughts passing 
through his mind, when Lord Kelton suggested 
that they should have a little lunch. It was 
nigh on to noon-time, and as they had had such 
an early breakfast, the idea struck everybody 
favorably. 

The table was spread, in the compartment be- 
low. The delicious fumes of a porterhouse steak 
were soon wafted up to the hungry passengers 
above in the observation room. The odor of coffee 
was another evidence of a delightful meal ahead. 
Within ten minutes from the time it was sug- 
gested they had all gone below, and were enjoy- 
ing a hot lunch, far up in those regions where 
man was only commencing to explore. But the 
progress of electricity in 1912 was marvelous. 
The old saying ' l There is nothing new under the 
sun," is surely no longer true, because no one 
ever contemplated in the dark ages, or the mid- 
dle ages, or any age in the history of the world, 
that a party would sail through the air in 1912 
in an electric air ship, miles above the earth, and 
eat a hot lunch cooked on board by electricity. 
After the lunch was over the cigars were passed 
around. Electric cigar lighters could be used 
with safety here on board where matches were 
considered risky. Lord Kelton gave instructions 
for the chafing dish to be brought out, and the 
girls made fudge for the party. Then came the 
surprise of all, for at a command, one of the crew 
turned a music switch, and the Telharmonium 
gave forth its tones in the same manner as the 



AIR SHIP EXCURSION 161 

houses, restaurants, hotels and theatres were 
favored down there on earth. 

Just as the sound of music died away, notice 
was given that they were approaching London, 
and Lord Kelton again took personal command 
on the bridge. The order was given to take angle 
at fifteen degrees down, and the car gracefully 
dipped, but without any perceptible change in 
the comfort of the party. No difficulty what- 
ever was experienced in landing safely at the 
garage, where two autos conveyed them to their 
hotels. Lord Kelton accepted an invitation to 
lunch with them next day. Before leaving the 
entire party thanked him in a very earnest man- 
ner for a most enjoyable excursion, Which had 
pleased him as well. 

The London Times that evening mentioned the 
successful tour of Lord Kelton 's aerial party 
that day, but made no mention of the accidental 
descent. 



CHAPTER XII. 

THE ROSES. 

The party was stopping at the hotel Electrece, 
one of the largest and most popular first-class 
hotels in the heart of London. 

About two o'clock, the next day after their 
aeroplane excursion, they were assembled in the 
dining-room. Lord Kelton had arrived early 
and was in the best of spirits, which was like- 
wise true regarding each one of the party. 
E ethyl was particularly happy, with Charlie 
Kingsley there by her side, although she did not 
realize that the pleased expression on her face 
was so noticeable, and the reason so apparent to 
the others. 

Tom and Charlie had talked over the matter 
of Sheldon throwing the switch at the Man- 
chester station, and decided it was best not to 
inform Lord Kelton that they knew the name 
of the party. The London papers had made no 
mention of the incident, and Lord Kelton evi- 
dently did not care to discuss it further. Tom 
felt, however, that he had a bitter enemy to deal 
with, and must be on his guard now more than 
ever, as it was apparent that Sheldon would not 
stop at anything to gain his purpose, no matter 
if it involved Evelyn as well as Tom himself. 
Sheldon was not registered there or in any of the 
hotels in London, as far as they could determine 
by careful search, but they made up their minds 
to keep a careful watch for him. 

162 



THE ROSES 163 

Lord Kelton was saying to Mrs. Tyler that 
the people of London were very proud of the 
hotel Electrece. 

* * They may well be, ' ' she replied. ' * Our rooms 
are exceedingly comfortable. " 

"The plans were commenced about the time 
of the great Electrical Era in England," said 
Lord Kelton, "and the Architect, Contractor 
and Owner had so much to consider in the way 
of electrical matters, in and around the hotel, 
they thought Electrece a very appropriate 
name. ' ' 

"An important feature about the hotel in 
which we take pride is its electric heating sys- 
tem, and it is said that this is considered one of 
the best features by the guests. At any time, 
no matter the character of weather, heat can be 
secured by simply throwing a switch. How often 
has it been said that London hotels and boarding 
houses were not comfortable, even in the month 
of May, because there was no heating system for 
warming the rooms! It was because coal and 
gas grates were depended upon, and they were 
not satisfactory as room heaters. ' ' 

"The English Electrical Engineers became 
very much enthused over electrical matters about 
the year 1906, and Mr. H. F. Partridge of Lon- 
don took the lead. His reputation as an Elec- 
trical Engineer was of the highest order, and not 
only throughout Great Britain but likewise in 
the United States, he was well-known as an ag- 
gressive and brilliant engineer. 

"His engineering organization was large and 
composed of smart men, well acquainted with 
the practical side of all branches of the electrical 
industry. 

But the banner engineering, of the H. F. 



164 LOOKING FORWARD 

Partridge firm, was the installation of the elec- 
tric heating system at this hotel. Many of the 
electrical people thought that it would not be a 
marked success, but this firm never undertook 
anything and made a failure of it. The low 
price of electricity in London, and the character 
of the climate, were important factors which 
lead to success, but the advantages of the system 
to travelers was a feature not to be overlooked. 
Guests would turn on the heat just to take the 
chill off the room, and soon turn it off again, 
as too much heat was disagreeable. The hotel 
management was extremely gratified with the 
system, as it was entirely satisfactory in every 
way. It was vastly superior to any other sys- 
tem in the matter of maintenance; also operat- 
ing, and the safest of all systems. When heat 
was required it was necessary to simply throw 
on a switch. There was no fire to be cared for, 
and to get low, if not given proper attention. 
There was no provision necessary for large stor- 
age of coal. The Electrical company made a 
business of handling coal, and did it scientifi- 
cally. They simply ran two wires into a switch- 
board at the Hotel Electrece; and furnished a 
system free from all bad points of the coal fur- 
nace or steam boiler, yet instantly responding 
to the requirements for heat by the simple throw- 
ing of a switch. 

Thei success of this sytem reflected great credit 
on the firm of H. F. Partridge and especially 
upon Mr. Partridge himself, who was, from the 
start, a keen believer in its success. It had not 
been tried before, on a large scale, as the condi- 
tions had not been exactly right ; but now it had 
actually been demonstrated, and its success 



THE ROSES 165 

added still more to the fame already gained by 
that company. 

It also turned out to be a very valuable feat- 
ure for the Hotel Electrece, because the electri- 
cal papers, the daily papers and the magazines, 
were continually writing about it, and together 
with the fine reputation which the hotel gained 
for "service without tips," it soon was doing a 
most thriving business. This was a very grati- 
fying situation, as a new hotel not infrequently 
requires considerable time to become advertised 
and known, and even then it is slow competitive 
work at the best/* 

"San Francisco has done remarkable work in 
electric heating/' said Mr. Tyler. "What you 
say about the experience of the H. F. Partridge 
engineering firm, reminds me of the rapid 
strides which are being made in all countries. 
You spoke of 'service without tipping.' It is a 
most excellent policy. We had thought that per- 
haps the service would be poor, but it is not. I 
was told that a porter was discharged a few 
weeks ago for accepting a tip. The hotel man- 
agement seem determined to adhere strictly to 
the policy of 'service without tipping/ and I 
am sure it is pleasing to stop in such a hotel." 

Matters of general interest were then discussed 
and after lunch, Lord Kelton's carriage was an- 
nounced at the door. Mr. and Mrs. Tyler went 
out driving, leaving the girls and young men to 
spend the afternoon by themselves. Eethyl and 
Charlie went down to the old Tower of London, 
while Evelyn and Tom strolled in the other di- 
rection, toward Trafalgar Square, crossing 
which, they entered the National Art Gallery. 
They went into the art gallery particularly to 
see the paintings, but it was of special interest 



166 LOOKING FORWARD 

to notice how thoroughly, and to what extent, 
the management had taken advantage of the use 
of electric lights. They were told by one of the 
attendants that an illuminating engineer de- 
voted months to the gallery, before any change 
whatever was made in the lighting. Finally he 
made a joint report with one of the prominent 
artists, after demonstrating many lighting ef- 
fects by actual test, after which the building 
was rewired and lighted with a view of exhibit- 
ing the paintings to the very best advantage. 
The general lighting of the rooms to see your 
way about, was now a secondary matter, whereas 
some years ago no attention whatever was paid 
to the proper exhibition of the paintings; they 
had lights simply to see your way about the 
place. 

Tom and Evelyn had taken seats opposite a 
painting by Raphael. It was getting along to- 
ward four o'clock in the afternoon, and as the 
day was cloudy, they would have been unable to 
see the picture to advantage, had it not been 
properly lighted by artificial light. 

"Just think," said Tom, "that picture was 
valued at $270,000. It was considered one of 
the best in the gallery. Yet for years there 
were days and days when tourists passed through 
this room, and could not get even a fair idea 
of the painting, due to poor light. Illuminating 
engineering is certainly of great benefit in con- 
nection with art galleries. 

"There is a painting here owned by J. Pier- 
pont Morton which has been loaned to the gal- 
lery. See how beautifully the colors are brought 
out! Isn't it wonderful how accurately artifi- 
cial light reproduces colors? Experts who have 
devoted years of study to the subject, claim that 



THE ROSES 167 

the arc light, properly equipped and installed, 
is absolutely accurate for reproducing colors, 
identically as daylight will reproduce them." 

Evelyn asked if the gallery were ever open in 
the evening. 

1 ' That has been a great feature of this gal- 
lery, " said the attendant. "After the great im- 
provement in illumination, the opportunities for 
studying the paintings in the evening, were so 
good that the directors concluded to have the 
gallery opened every Wednesday and Saturday 
evening during the winter months. 

"A record kept during the past two winters 
showed that the largest numbers of people, who 
visited the gallery in the evening, were working 
men with their wives and daughters, and the 
scheme has been continued to the great satisfac- 
tion of everybody." 

As it was nearly five o'clock, they returned to 
the hotel, taking one of the electric omnibuses 
so popular then in London. In 1905 a great 
many tests of these buses were made, but it was 
not until the Edmund's Battery was successfully 
introduced that the electric buses became very 
generally used. It was a very rare thing to see 
an omnibus in London driven by horses, and the 
old gasoline buses, once used to a limited extent, 
were either remodeled for the electric equip- 
ment, or else sold as second-hand to some of the 
smaller cities. 

"Did it not take a long time for the Edmunds 
Battery to come into general commercial 
favor ? ' ' asked Evelyn. 

"Yes," replied Tom, "but all good things 
come slowly. The extra time taken, however, 
demonstrated beyond any question, the very 
durable features of the battery, and the delay 



168 LOOKING FORWARD 

in its introduction was also fortunate, because 
prices for current were materially reduced later, 
and it was just these two features which created 
a very favorable impression upon the London 
companies operating the buses. They were sure 
that the people would prefer the electric type, 
because it offered such advantages as cleanli- 
ness, ease of riding, ease of starting and stop- 
ping, minimum noise, and above all, the Elec- 
trical Era had struck London, and the engineers 
devoted such close attention to the subject, and 
were so bound and determined to win, that they 
were exceedingly successful. The electric bus 
has turned out to be a success in every way. ' ' 

They were seated on top of the bus, on the 
very last seat, and were practically isolated and 
alone by themselves. Tom had congratulated 
himself upon being with Evelyn Tyler, upon 
having the opportunity to talk with her, to listen 
to her voice, to watch the pleasing expressions 
which were constantly illuminating her count- 
enance. He had frequently found himself think- 
ing of things to say, which would cause her to 
smile, that he might study and gaze with admira- 
tion at the beautiful face before him. He was 
happy to be with her, to be near her, sitting side 
by side, there in the gallery, looking over the 
catalogs together, and passing opinions upon the 
comparative merits of the different paintings. 
Now and then a soft hand would gently rest 
against his own, and it thrilled him with a desire 
to bend down low and whisper to her, burning 
words of love, for he now felt that she 
cared for him more than a little. But he dared 
not do it, and as they sat there on the bus, watch- 
ing the throngs of people passing to and fro, 
hurrying and scurrying in an aimless manner, 



THE ROSES 169 

it made him think of his predicament. Was he 
doing right? Could he continue in this man- 
ner, trusting in his promise to himself to control 
his feelings absolutely, no matter what the con- 
ditions. His reverie was interrupted by Evelyn 
saying softly, 

' ' Tom, I did not mean to be such a coward as 
I appeared yesterday in the flying machine, but 
the sensation of fear came over me so suddenly 
that I did not have time to carefully consider 
what I did." 

Tom felt himself again losing his good inten- 
tions. He wanted to answer that he would like 
to be by her side all through life, and protect 
her from all danger and harm, but finally his 
judgment won out and he actually said, 

"I think I understood your feelings. Surely 
it was an experience which we will never forget. 
I am glad if I helped to give you assurance of 
safety, and allay your slight fear. ' ' 

The conductor called out hotel Electrece, their 
conversation was ended, and dismounting from 
their upper deck seats, they walked slowly 
through the court yard to the ladies' entrance. 
Tom excused himself and Evelyn went into the 
writing room. An hour later, when Tom went 
up to his room, he found a large bunch of 
luscious red roses on the table, and an envelope 
addressed to him near by. Tearing it open he 
read the following note: 

1 'Dear Tom, 

"I could not tell you on the bus all I wanted to 
say about our experience yesterday in the air- 
ship. It is the second time we nave been in 
grave danger together, and I have greatly ad- 
mired your courage. At the time of our wild 
auto ride, your cool, determined manner saved 



170 LOOKING FORWARD 

my life. I told my father and mother about it, 
and they know I am writing to you my feelings. 
I did not tell them until this morning, and I am 
sure they will thank you personally for the cour- 
age you displayed. Will you please accept these 
roses as tokens of my respect for you. 
" Yours truly, 

"Evelyn Tyler." 
"P. S. 

"Should you wear one of these tonight at din- 
ner, I shall know that you are thinking of me. ' ' 

Tom read and reread the postscript. Surely 
his case was getting more serious. He felt posi- 
tive now that she loved him. Should he wear 
one of her roses down to dinner? Would it not 
injure her to lead her on in this manner? Would 
it help his own case ? This thought he put aside 
immediately. He was bound that his own wel- 
fare should have no weight in the matter. He 
must consider what was best for her. 

His brain was in a whirl, and when he went 
down stairs to dinner, he hardly knew what he 
did or said, except that he didn't have on the 
rose. Soon he saw a lovely vision coming over 
toward him. She was dressed in the same black 
velvet gown as when he first danced with her at 
the college ball. What a prize for some fellow! 
He wished with all his soul that he had worn the 
emblem of love which was so generously sug- 
gested. 

He felt his face turn red, and then he was 
saying to her that he had received the roses and 
thanked her for them. But oh, what a hollow 
voice was that! Could it be Tom talking to 
Evelyn? He saw the quick glance, and then a 
slight flush which she had tried so hard to con- 
ceal. They went to dinner, and through the din- 



THE ROSES 171 

ner hour it was with difficulty that the conversa- 
tion was maintained. Eethyl talked freely with 
Charlie Kingsley and Mr. and Mrs. Tyler re- 
lated some of their experiences during the after- 
noon, but Tom and Evelyn were unusually quiet. 
Early in the evening Evelyn excused herself and 
went to her room. Closing the door and locking 
it, she threw herself face downward on the bed 
and wept like a little child. When Eethyl came 
in a couple of hours later, to retire, she found 
her asleep in the same position. 



CHAPTER XIII. 

IN PARIS, 

During the next few days the girls were left 
to themselves to a considerable extent. Tom 
and Charlie had gone to Paris on business, while 
Mr. and Mrs. Tyler were exceedingly busy. 
Evelyn had not been feeling well, and her 
mother thought it a good plan for her to lounge 
around the hotel, and avoid as much excitement 
as possible. E ethyl was only too glad to keep 
her company, and it was on one of these after- 
noons that they were seated in the private parlor 
adjoining their rooms. Evelyn had been trying 
to become interested in a new book recently 
published, while E ethyl was busy on a piece of 
embroidery work, endeavoring to finish it by the 
time they returned home, for her mother. 

Finally Evelyn looked up from her book, and 
glancing over to where E ethyl was sitting, she 
was struck with the close resemblance between 
Tom and his sister. 

"How much you look like Tom," s^he said. 

"Do you think so?" replied Eethyl. "I am 
glad, for I always admired his looks." 

"Do you believe Tom cares anything for 
me?" asked Evelyn. 

"Why, of course, he likes you, Evelyn. 
What makes you ask that silly question?" 
And then she looked up and noticed that Eve- 
lyn's eyes were filled with tears. She left her 
work at once, and went over where Evelyn was 
seated. 

172 



IN PARIS 173 

"What is the matter, Evelyn?" she asked, 
"Do you know, I have felt that something had 
gone wrong with you. Wouldn 't you like to tell 
me what it is?" 

Evelyn then told her the whole story from 
start to finish, and when she arrived at the inci- 
dent of the roses, she sobbed as if her heart would 
break. And E ethyl comforted her as best she 
could, assuring her that it would come out all 
right. 

"I am sure," she said, "that Tom would cut 
his hand off rather than give you such pain, if 
he only knew it, Evelyn. I know him so thor- 
oughly that I am positive he has some very im- 
portant reason for failing to do as you wished 
him. Perhaps he feels that his duties to father 
and mother will not permit Ihim to think seri- 
ously of such a thing, and he has such a high 
regard for honor that he would not deceive you 
by carrying his attentions too far. He has often 
told me that he would never allow himself to 
become closely associated with any young lady, 
so long as JBather and mother are dependent upon 
(him." 

Evelyn had dried her tears and was listening 
intently. There was a new idea entering her 
mind, gathered from what E ethyl had said. 

After a while she continued further: "You 
know Evelyn, that Tom has paid all my expenses 
through college ; also the expenses of my trip to 
San Francisco, and over here. He has always 
bought all my clothes, too, and probably he does 
not know just what to do, even though he cares 
for you more than he has shown." 

E ethyl could hardly finish the sentence. Her 
lip was quivering, and before they were aware 
of it, she too was in tears. It had dawned upon 



174 LOOKING FORWARD 

her suddenly that now perhaps she was becom- 
ing a drag on Tom, and if he had not been tied 
down by such large expenses, due to her, he 
might have acted differently. 

Now it was Evelyn's turn to sympathize, and 
comfort her. She put her arms around Eethyl's 
neck, and kissed her over and over again. With 
her own handkerchief she wiped the tears away, 
and in a minute more they were both laughing. 

"Eethyl dear," she said, "I have some good 
news for you. I meant to have told you before, 
but I was so selfish thinking of my own troubles. 
I heard my father talking over the matter with 
mother a few days ago. He wants to secure 
Tom as the president and manager of a large 
electrical company which has just been consoli- 
dated. I heard him say that the position would 
pay fifteen thousand a year, and the pianty 
would be given a liberal amount of stock besides. 
Now won 't that be fine ? ' ' 

Eethyl's eyes were now brilliant, but before 
she could speak, Evelyn said, 

"Do you think there is any chance of his re- 
fusing it?" and she listened anxiously for the 
reply. 

"No indeed, I should think not," said Eethyl. 
' ' Of course I cannot tell exactly how Tom feels, 
but I believe he will be highly grateful for the 
thoughtfulness of your father, and the faith he 
must have in Tom's ability." 

The girls were both feeling better, and 
Evelyn suggested that they put up their book 
and work, and go out for a walk. 

After dinner that evening, as they sat in the 
large lounging room, Evelyn quietly talked to 
her father about the position he had mentioned 
to her mother. 



IN PARIS 175 

''I have not said anything to him yet," said 
her father, "but I will as soon as we get to 
Paris." 

"Father, won't you write him a line about it 
tonight? I feel sure it will please him, and it 
can make no difference with you. I wish you 
would." 

"Well, if it will please you Evelyn, I will," 
he said. "It will give me an opportunity to 
pay you back for tihe fine house you selected at 
Northington, and all the happy hours I have 
spent since we moved there." And he went to 
the writing room at once and made Tom the 
offer which Evelyn had told Eethyl about that 
afternoon. And she went to find Eethyl and 
tell her what her father was now doing. That 
night the girls went to their room exceedingly 
happy, and Eethyl even ventured to tell some of 
the things which made her feel that Charlie 
Kingsley had more than a friendly feeling for 
her. 

The next morning Tom and Oharlie Kingsley 
were seated in the lobby of the Hotel Continen- 
tal, Paris. Charlie had tried hi$ best to enliven 
Tom's spirits, but without avail. All the way 
over the Channel, and on the train from Calais, 
he had been sober as a deacon, and finally Char- 
lie gave it up as a bad job. He had made up 
his mind that Tom had some very good reason 
for feeling so glum. So he let him alone with 
his own thoughts. They hardly said two words 
at the breakfast table, each reading his paper 
silently. 

After breakfast they had gone into the lobby 
to sit down for a smoke, and as Charlie's sug- 
gestion to take a gallop through the Bois-de- 
Boulogne, would require no extended conversa- 



176 LOOKING FORWARD 

tion, and leave Tom time to think, he considered 
it a good idea, and Charlie arranged to have the 
horses at the hotel at ten o'clock. 

Tom was wondering for the hundredth time 
how he could have been so mean as to cause that 
beautiful young girl to feel so unhappy. Never 
since he had known her, had she appeared to 
him in other than the happiest kind of spirits, 
and now he steps into her life and in a bungling 
sort of fashion deeply offends her over a trivial 
matter. Why had he not done as she had sug- 
gested in such a sweet manner? What harm 
could it have done? It would have given her 
happiness, and his own fogey ideas could have 
been straightened out later. But then, after all, 
what about those ideas! Was he entirely 
wrong? Why should he lead the girl on when 
he could not possibly think of telling her of his 
love, because he (had others dependent upon 
him, and he must not think for a moment of 
shirking his responsibilities to them. By the 
time he had arrived at this concluson again, the 
horses were at the entrance, and he was no 
nearer solving the problem before him. 

The morning air was bracing, however, and 
before he had gone far, it occurred to him that 
the thing would solve itself perhaps, and he had 
better look on the bright side of the subject. 
Charlie was calling attention to the Triumphal 
Arch erected by Napoleon, which they were ap- 
proaching. Tom had always enjoyed reading 
about Napoleon and now as they were passing 
under one of the grand monuments erected in 
honor of his famous victories, a feeling of deep 
respect came over him. He promised himself 
that while he was in Paris, he would not only 
see and learn all about Napoleon as Paris knew 



IN PABIS 177 

him, but would show his great respect for the 
man as a representative American should do. 

With these thoughts passing through his mind 
they entered the woods. Words fail to describe 
the beauty, which is everywhere in evidence, 
passing through this woodland section. Thie 
sun's rays playfully passing in and out among 
the trees, lent the finishing touches of light and 
shadow, to a scene already radiant with the rich- 
est varieties of delicate green shades. The road- 
way was filled with magnificent turn-outs, in one 
long line, as far as the eye could reach. It was 
an inspiring scene, and Tom found himself un- 
consciously straightening up in his saddle. An 
exhilarating feeling came over him, and he 
spurred on his horse to a smarter gallop. For a 
mile or more they rode in this manner, busily 
watching the throng of carriages and yet get- 
ting the greatest amount of pleasure from their 
ride. They had been furnished with excep- 
tionally good mounts, and were keenly enjoying 
the sport. Soon they came to a fork in the road, 
when Tom taking the lead, turned to the left 
and cantered at an easy pace, along a quiet, 
unfrequented path, until they came to another 
turn in the road, where the narrowness of the 
way led them to slow up, especially as the sound 
of hoofs indicated that another horseman was 
coming toward them. Tom got a glimpse of him 
through the brush, before he came into the 
open, and greatly to his 'surprise recognized 
Sheldon. He spurred up (his own horse, and 
just as Sheldon was slowly coming around ^the 
turn, Tom grabbed his horse 's bridle with a jerk 
that nearly unseated the rider. 

"Dismount at once/' Tom commanded, as he 
flung himself quickly from his own horse. 



178 LOOKING FORWARD 

Charlie Kingsley had been quick to take in the 
situation, and had blocked the way effectively 
so as to offer no opportunity for Sheldon to go 
ahead, and he couldn't possibly turn around 
Tom had an iron grip on the bridle. Sheldon 
knew what that grip meant, as he remembered 
the night of the college ball. 

"Well, don't you intend to obey me?" asked 
Tom in a tone- which Sheldon felt pretty sure 
meant business. 

"I cannot imagine Why you are acting like 
this," he answered, although at the same time 
dismounting as Tom had commanded. 

' * I will explain to you soon enough, you cur, ' ' 
said Tom, looking him straight in the eye. "Tie 
your horse to that tree before I shake the day- 
lights out of you." 

There was fire in Tom's eye, and Sheldon felt 
the position was very awkward. He tied his 
horse, and as Tom gave his bridle to Charlie, he 
turned to Sheldon and suggested that they sit 
down there under the trees and talk for a few 
minutes. 

"Do you realize, Sheldon," he said, "that I 
have evidence enough against you to put you 
behind the bars for a long time ? ' ' 

"I don't know what you are talking about," 
said Sheldon. 

"Yes you do, you scoundrel, your face shows 
you are lying. You know well that you tam- 
pered with my brakes, and then deliberately 
placed your own car in a most dangerous posi- 
tion on the old Holly Hill road, hoping we 
would all get killed coming down the hill. I 
have absolute evidence that it was you." 

' * And further, Charlie Kingsley saw you leave 
the switch, after throwing it, at the Manchester 



IN PARIS 179 

Station, when yon knew we were coming through 
the Manchester zone in Lorrd Kelton's Aero- 
plane. ' ' 

' ' You do not dare do anything about it, ' ' said 
Sheldon. ' ' How would it look to see your names 
all mixed up in the Paris and London papers, 
including the delegate to the International Elec- 
tric Congress; also telling the love story of 
Evelyn Tyler, and 

1 ' Stop ! ' ' shouted Torn, ' ' not another word, or 
I '11 lay you out flatter than a pan-cake. ' ' 

"You cannot frighten me," said Sheldon, 
making a feint at a defiant answer, but shivering 
in his boots in a manner he was unable to con- 
ceal, try as hard as he could. 

"If you are through lecturing, I will go." 

' l Before you go, ' ' said Tom, ' ' I warn you that 
I sthall take steps against you the moment you 
put foot on American soil, and it will go hard 
with you. I further warn you to keep out of 
our way during the remainder of this trip, or 
you will find yourself locked up over here. ' ' 

With this statement he pointed the way for 
him, and told him to go. Sheldon walked over 
to his horse, untied him, mounted and rode away, 
without turning to bid them good-bye. 

Tom felt that he had at least experienced the 
satisfaction of telling Sheldon what he thought 
of him, and warning him to keep out of their 
way. They mounted their horses, and once more 
enjoyed keenly the exhilarating effects which 
the exercise and the scenes were bound to 
produce in connection with that beautiful morn- 
ing's ride. 

By twelve-thirty they were back at the hotel, 
and a bath and change of clothing, made both of 
them feel fresh and strong, capable of doing 



180 LOOKING FORWARD 

justice to the lunch set before them. Tom was 
feeling more like himself, as Charlie noticed 
with considerable pleasure, and when lunch was 
over, they went to the lobby to finish their cigars, 
and talk over plans for the afternoon. They had 
hardly taken seats, when one of the ihall boys 
handed a letter to Tom, which he noticed from 
the post-mark was from London. He tore off the 
envelope little expecting that such good news 
was so near to him. Unfolding the letter he 
read Mr. Tyler's offer, and quick as a flash it 
dawned upon him that perhaps his problem was 
now solved. 

A hundred thoughts passed through his mind 
at once. He would write a letter to Evelyn 
and tell her how sorry he was for treat- 
ing her so unkindly that evening at the hotel in 
London. No, that would not do, because if for 
any reason this new position should fail him, 
then his responsibilities to father, mother, and 
sister, would not permit his considering such 
great happiness as he thought lay before him. 
Well, at least, he ought to telegraph Mr. Tyler, 
how thankful he felt for the kind consideration 
of his name, and he started for a telegraph 
blank ; but Mr. Tyler had requested him to wait 
until he arrived in Berlin when they would talk 
the matter over. After all, there was nothing 
to do, but keep cool. Why was he so excited? 
Was it the position which had caused every 
nerve in his body to tingle? No, he felt con- 
fident he could handle that. Well, then, what 
was it ? Why not admit frankly to himself that 
before he had hardly finished reading the letter, 
he was thinking of Evelyn, and the changed 
conditions which would permit him to earnestly 
strive to win her love ! 



IN PAiRIS 181 

Poor Tom, there were no genii to whisper 
quietly in his ear that Evelyn dearly loved him, 
and had requested her father to write him 
several days sooner than he otherwise would, 
because she cared for him, and desired to see 
him prosper. 

While all of these thoughts were running 
through his mind, Charlie Kingsley had been 
waiting around, anxious to talk with Tom on a 
serious matter, concerning Eethyl and himself, 
but did not wish to speak as long as Tom was 
in such a mood as the past twenty-four hours 
had indicated. They had an appointment at 
three o'clock at the Louvre Gallery, and as they 
passed out of the hotel, Oharlie thought it wise 
to wait until evening, and then have a good 
long talk with Tom on the subject so dear to his 
heart, and which he had already delayed 
mentioning longer than he should, because, as 
stated, Tom's mood was not altogether suitable, 
in Charlie's opinion, for a nice, satisfactory 
talk. 

So they walked over through the park, past 
the museum, and cutting diagonally across the 
pavement, entered the gallery at the side door. 

They sent their cards up to Prof. Tournier, 
with a letter of introduction from Mr. W. 
D 'A. Rhine, a prominent Illuminating Engineer 
in the States. Prof. Tournier came down to the 
reception room and extended to them a most 
cordial greeting. 

"I have most pleasant recollections of Prof. 
Rhine," he said, in good English. "He was 
here in Paris considerably during 1907 and 
1908. We saw a great deal of each other, and 
I enjoyed his acquaintance very, very much. 
He was the most brilliant engineer on illumina- 



182 LOOKING FORWARD 

tion I have ever met. Excuse me, gentlemen, 
but come up to my office. We will take the 
elevator. ' ' 

For a short time they talked over the general 
subject of art, and its dependency upon 
artificial illumination for proper exhibition. 
Prof. Tournier was not only a painter of rare 
fame, but had made a special study for years, 
of the most skilful exhibition of the choice 
paintings in the Louvre. He was a Director of 
the Gallery Association, and Manager of all 
Exhibits. It was fortunate therefore, that Tom 
and Charlie could meet him personally. 

"I suggest, Monsieur Appleton," he said, 
* ' that you let me take you into the most impor- 
tant salons where the actual results of our 
illuminating engineering plans can be noted by 
you to better advantage." 

"By all means," said Tom, "we shall be 
pleased to follow you. Let me say that your 
reputation, for skilful exhibition of paintings 
is well known in America, and we have looked 
forward with much pleasure to the actual 
inspecton, and a conversation with you on the 
subject." 

They had just entered the salon exhibiting 
masterpieces from the Italian School. The dis- 
play which met their gaze was at once recognized 
by Tom as the result of Prof. Rhine's engineer- 
ing. A skilful engineer, well versed in light- 
ing, can, at a glance, recognize the work of a 
master hand in illumination distribution, in the 
same manner as an artist recognizes the skill 
of a master in some famous painting, and can 
tell by some characteristic of coloring, or 
peculiar selection of colors, that it is the work 
of Correggio or Tintoretto, or Raphael, without 



IN PARIS 183 

being advised of the artist's name. The room 
was not only filled with a soft, even distribution 
of ligiht, equal in quantity, and uniform in 
quality, in all parts of the room, but there was 
beauty and brilliancy in the effect. The colors 
seemed to stand out in the paintings as the 
artist had intended they should. 

"This method of engineering is carried out 
all over the gallery. It is known as the D iff user 
Ceiling System. Very high efficiency arcs are 
used, and you will note there are no evidences 
of the physical parts of the lamps in sight. ' ' 

"It is magnificent; perfect," said Charlie. 
"I have never seen light diffused more thor- 
oughly. ' ' 

While inspecting some of the paintings in 
detail, Prof. Tournier told them the history of 
their study of illuminating engineering and the 
cause of their adopting electricity for artificially 
illuminating the gallery. In a most interesting 
manner he described the memorable meeting of 
the Grand Illumination Conference held in 
Paris early in the year 1907. He said: 

* ' The great satisfaction whidh the new electric 
illuminating methods had produced in the minds 
of the Directors at the National Gallery in 
London, and the many references in the 
magazines and art papers, led to a long dis- 
cussion, and energetic agitation, regarding the 
poor lighting arrangements in St. Paul's, Lon~ 
don, the Cathedral at Cologne and Milan, St. 
Mark's at Venice, the Florence Cathedral, St. 
Peter 's at Rome, and the Louvre Gallery. Many 
tourists criticised all these edifices because they 
were so poorly exhibited. They claimed that it 
was a pity to lose the opportunity of seeing the 
world-renowned paintings, architecture, and 



184 LOOKING FORWARD 

sculptural works to best advantage, because 
they were exhibited in places improperly 
illuminated. 

"Architects, of some note, had deplored their 
inability to study certain architectural features 
of the Cathedrals, because the light was so poor 
it was with difficulty that they could see even 
the design, to say nothing of studying the 
details. 

"A magazine article in 1906 by a prominent 
sculptor, mentioned that the guide who showed 
him through one of the old Cathedrals in a 
large city in Italy, used a candle in order to 
enable him to see details, which should have 
been properly exhibited, because of the great 
interest and value attached to the works of the 
old masters. 

"Massive doors, representing the highest 
degree of skill in bronze casting attained any- 
where in the world, at any time in all history, 
magnificent in general, beautiful in detail, which 
might be studied for hours with profit and plea- 
sure, were exhibited by candle light. 

"A prominent artist wrote an article in 
regard to the proper exhibition of paintings, 
criticising severely a prominent old palace in 
Venice, where wall paintings of rare value, by 
no other brush than that of Paul Veronese, 
were exhibited in such a manner as to warrant 
exceedingly unfavorable comment on the man- 
agement. 

"One grand old picture, famous througfhout 
the world, for its size and the number of figures 
represented, was exhibited by means of small 
tin blinders to put over the eyes, because the 
light was so poorly distributed in the room. 

"The Managing Directors of the Louvre, at 



IN PARIS 185 

Paris, had shortly followed the plan of the Lon- 
don National Gallery in respect to illumination, 
and while the many visitors from far and wide 
were coming to see the Louvre re-arranged, a 
conference was called to meet in Paris, including 
Directors from all the prominent galleries and 
Cathedrals in Europe. The very best Illuminat- 
ing Engineers in the world were invited to 
attend; and together with artists of fame, 
Cathedral and gallery directors, the important 
subject of illumination was discussed. 

"During the first part of the conference, it 
was conclusively shown that the use of candles 
in Cathedrals near the fine old paintings, had 
had a most injurious effect on the colors. One 
striking illustration was given by a Venetian 
delegate, who said that a very valuable original 
painting by Titian had been nearly destroyed 
because it had been so long subjected to the 
injurious fumes and smoke from candles. 

1 'It was likewise shown conclusively that it 
was useless to consider illuminating such places 
by gas light. 

"The second day the most enthusiastic 
speeches were made in favor of the general plan 
of electric illuminating for the most effective 
exhibition of paintings. The reason for using 
electric lights, instead of candles or gas, was 
naturally in connection with the preservation of 
the colors, but the engineers showed, by careful 
explanation and practical demonstration, that 
the colors were beautifully and accurately 
reproduced by the electric arc, so that the eye 
could perceive and appreciate the artist's real 
intentions in utilizing certain colors. On the 
contrary, it was shown that the 'artist's design 
was entirely misconstrued and distorted, when 
exhibited by gas or candle light. 



186 LOOKING FORWARD 

''A delegate from Dresden said that they had 
heard of the improvement in illuminating the 
London Gallery, and they had equipped two 
small rooms in the Dresden Gallery for the 
proper exhibition of Raphael's Sistine Madonna 
and Correggio 's Holy Night. He said the results 
were more pleasing than they had hoped, and 
their efforts had been greatly appreciated by 
many tourists, who were short of time, and had 
been able to visit the gallery at night, to their 
entire satisfaction. They were simply anxious 
to see these two wonderful paintings, and did 
not care to take time to see all the gallery. In 
this way they were able to save a day in their 
programme, spending more time in Berlin and 
catching the steamer at Hamburg for New York. 

"It was shortly after this conference," he 
continued, "that Prof. Rhine commenced active 
engineering over here, and his results in the 
cathedrals, galleries, and museums, have made 
him famous throughout all Europe." 

Tom thanked him kindly for speaking in 
such high praise of one of his own countrymen. 
Rhine had been a friend of many years' stand- 
ing, was a hard worker, and deserving of all the 
praise bestowed upon him. 

The hour was getting late, when they 
expressed their hearty appreciation to Prof. 
Tournier for his kind personal attention, and 
returned to the hotel. 

In the early evening, after they had left the 
dining-room, and were smoking their cigars, 
Charlie told Tom all about his feelings for his 
sister Eethyl, and asked his consent to speak 
to her on the subject. He told him that he felt 
almost sure Eethyl loved him, and if he had 
Tom 's permission he would win her for his wife. 



IN PARIS 187 

Tom rose, and grasping Charlie by, the hand, 
said, "You have my permission Charlie, by all 
means, and my best wishes. No one could ask 
for a better brother than you would be to me, 
and I do not know of anybody I would prefer 
to have my sister marry, than you. I believe 
she loves you, and that she will answer you 
'yes." 

As Tom had a report to make out, he left 
Charlie writing to Eethyl Appleton, whom he 
thought he could now call his sweetheart in ear- 
nest. And he said in his letter that he had 
something to tell her when they met in Berlin, 
which would make him intensely happy, and he 
hoped would make her not less so. 



CHAPTER XIV. 

EVENING WITH EMPEROR. 

Two weeks later, the entire party were together 
once more in Berlin, the electrical city of Ger- 
many. The city had rightfully earned this 
title. The large Ellegemeine Electrical Works 
had been wonderfully aggressive with its large 
manufacturing plants, not only producing all 
kinds of appliances to be operated by electricity, 
but likewise educating the people by various 
methods to use such devices in their homes, their 
factories and in connection with their mercantile 
life. 

As early as 1903 they were developing and 
manufacturing electric heating devices. In 1906 
they were the leaders of the world in electric 
motor applications, and in 1907 it was "nip and 
tuck" as to whether Germany or the United 
States was most advanced in the incandescent 
lighting industry. 

Therefore when this party arrived in Berlin, 
and it was known that the American delegate 
to the International Electrical Congress was at 
the hotel Bristol, the newspapers were filled with 
items regarding electrical matters, and Mr. 
Tyler was besieged with visits from newspaper 
reporters. 

Tom and Charlie had arrived in Berlin several 
days before the others. The negotiations which 
Tom had been conducting for his Company had 

188 



EVENING WITH EMPEROR 189 

been completed, and he had cabled to Manager 
Hammond in Millville the results. 

One morning he was sitting in the office of 
Herr Dunkel, one of the naval officers of the 
German government. He had met this gentle- 
man before in the States, and had enjoyed his 
acquaintance. Their associations were such 
therefore that he talked freely about Tom's 
friends in the Glendale Company at Millville. 

He had just started talking about their mutual 
friend Caryl D. Hastings, and was saying. 

"I admired Mr. Hastings very much indeed. 
I believe him to be one of the most brilliant of 
the electrical men in the States. His work with 
the government in connection with sub-marine 
electrical matters has given him a very high 
standing in Germany." 

"It pleases me," said Tom "to hear you 
praise Mr. Hastings' ability as an engineer. I 
have known him personally for many years, and 
have a high regard for him. Many of his ideas 
have been adopted, and the industry has been 
extended, due in no small degree, to his earnest 
and able efforts. Do you remember meeting 
Henry L. Darrity when you were in the States, 
Herr DunkeU" 

"Yes, indeed. It was the year after the Cin- 
cinnati Convention. Almost everybody I met 
told me of the aggressive manner in which Mr. 
Darrity handled the affairs of the National As- 
sociation as its President. To me he appeared 
to be wonderfully well posted on gas interests as 
well as electrical matters. I heard many promi- 
nent men give it as their opinion that Henry L. 
Darrity was the most aggressive and the ablest 
President the Association had elected for many 
years. ' ' 



190 LOOKING FORWARD 

With a few more general comments Tom bade 
good morning to Herr Dunkel, and upon reach- 
ing the hotel learned that the Pitch family, from 
Johnsonville, Michigan, had arrived : Mr. W. 
A. Fitch, his wife, and two daughters. 
Tom Appleton was much pleased to meet them, 
as he had known Mr. Fitch for many years, and 
greatly admired him for the aggressiveness he 
had always exhibited in handling the electric 
lighting, heating, and power transactions 
throughout the many cities and towns in Michi- 
gan, where they were continually prospecting for 
business. 

Tom looked them up immediately, and intro- 
duced his friends and sisters, who were delighted 
to again meet people from the States, especially 
Tom's friends. He planned that they would all 
take dinner and spend the evening together. Ac- 
cordingly about seven-thirty that evening they 
were all seated at one large table in the dining- 
room. The talk had been more or less general. 

"An improvement has been put into effect 
throughout Italy, for which all tourists should 
be grateful. It is in the form of electrozonic 
water in the hotels, and on the trains. 

"Physicians of high reputation, have made 
public statements setting at rest all question as 
to the character of the water. Every good 
hotel now uses an electrozonator through which 
all drinking water passes." 

"When we were over here before," said Mr. 
Fitch, "I figured from $1.60 to $2.00 per day 
for drinking water alone. We never would 
drink wine or beer, and had been advised not 
to drink water on the continent. 

We, therefore, never touched anything but 
mineral water, all the while we were here. It 



EVENING WITH EMPEROR 191 

cost us from $75 to $100 for water on the trip, 
while this trip has not cost us a cent for water, 
due to the electrozonization of the water. How 
much more pleasant it is, to spend $75 or $100 
in souvenirs, which are always bringing back 
tender memories of happy days abroad ! ' ' 

Mr. Fitch continued, "The ladies feel that 
one of the greatest improvements in the trains, 
is in connection with the toilet rooms. Their 
last experience over here was something awful. 
The very best train system otherwise, was weak 
in respect to the toilet rooms. They were not 
kept clean, and it was disgusting to expect any- 
body, man or woman, to enter such a place. 
Finally, in 1906, the magazines, called the mat- 
ter so forcibly to the attention of the rail- 
road officials, that much better attention was 
given to the subject. It was a very easy matter 
to remedy. All the toilet rooms in the Pullman 
cars in America are kept as neat and clean as 
our own residence bath rooms. There is no 
difficulty whatever connected with the idea. The 
difference between one way and the other, is 
proper attention vs. no attention. It will be 
appreciated that with brand new cars such as 
we saw on the Paris and Berlin Electric Express 
train, and with notices about such improve- 
ments as electrozonized water, electric dining 
car, the new telharmonium on board train, 
and the electric motor applications for raising 
windows, handling baggage, etc., the railroad 
company could not very well afford to have 
unsanitary toilet rooms on its cars." 

"Did you stop long at Rome?" asked Evelyn. 

"We were there about a week," replied Mr. 
Fitch. 

"Of course you went through St. Peters?" 



192 LOOKING FORWAKD 



chimed in Mrs. Fitch, and thank 
goodness, they have an elevator for reaching the 
dome. The last time we were there Mr. Fitch 
and I walked up and down 1260 steps to see that 
dome. We were both so provoked over the mat- 
ter that we did not enjoy our visit to St. Peters ' 
a bit." 

1 i But that is all changed now, ' ' exclaimed Mr. 
Fitch. "They have two very large elevators, 
fully capable of accommodating all the tourists 
who visit the Cathedral. The building is 
beautifully illuminated, also, with electric 
lights," he said. 

"That is very interesting," said Mr. Tyler, 
"how was it brought about?" 

"I understand," said Mr. Fitch, "that a few 
of the most prominent influential architects, 
sculptors, and artists formed themselves into a 
committee to fully investigate the matter. There 
had been considerable criticism from all quarters 
to the effect that the Cathedral should be open 
at least one evening in the week, for the benefit 
of the poorer classes. To carry out this plan it 
was necessary to illuminate properly. Much 
agitation was going on also in regard to the 
London and Paris Art Galleries. Such articles 
attracted great attention at Borne because of 
the many rare, famous and valuable paintings 
which are there on exhibition. This Committee 
made a full investigation and then called on the 
Pope and set the matter before him. It was not 
long after, that the elevators were installed and 
the Cathedral was beautifully illuminated." 

"I understand you were at Milan, also. How 
did you find the Cathedral there?" 

"Most beautiful in every respect," replied 
Mr. Fitch. "Thoroughly illuminated, and an 



EVENING WITH EMPEROR 193 

electric elevator instead of the noted 149 steps 
to climb up to the roof and down again. " 

"Mr. Fitch, did you notice about the heating 
systems of the art galleries and cathedrals in 
Italy? When I was over some years ago they 
were inclined to be rather damp and cheerless. ' ' 

"As you know/' he replied, "the water 
powers throughout Italy are numerous, and 
particularly since 1906 they have been developed 
with remarkable rapidity. Therefore power is 
very cheap, and the rate is so low that all 
factories, churches and public buildings are 
heated by electricity. The requirements in 
cathedrals are just suited to the electric system. ' ' 

That evening they all spent together in the 
lounging room. The telharmonium furnished 
music of a pleasing character. Mr. Tyler and 
Mr. Fitch talked at length over the price situa- 
tion in connection with the sale of electricity. 
Mrs. Tyler and Mrs. Fitch talked about matters 
of common interest, while the four girls with 
Tom and Charlie told stories, laughed and joked, 
talked of their college days, the good time at 
school, the ocean voyage with its many incidents, 
the air ship excursion with its thrilling 
experience, and then every little while they 
would listen through the telephones to the funny 
songs and jokes at the various theatres. The 
evening passed before they were aware of it, 
and they were sorry, as the Fitch family had to 
leave for Hamburg, early the next morning. 

It had seemed awfully good to meet friends 
from home, over there amongst so many stran- 
gers, and When they bid each other good night 
and good-bye, it was with deep regrets. 

The next day was an exceedingly busy one. 
Emperor William had extended an invitation 



194 LOOKING FORWARD 

to the delegate of the International Congress 
with his wife and party to dine with the Royal 
Family at Potsdam that evening. The Emperor 
had always taken a very pronounced interest in 
electrical matters. In fact it was, in no little 
part due to his personal efforts that Germany 
ranked so exceptionally high, in electrical 
developments, with the other nations of the 
earth. 

It was well known that when the Crown 
Prince visited America in 1905, he took a special 
interest in electrical developments. It was not 
many years after that his palace at Potsdam 
was equipped with the electric heating system, 
and the old fashioned stoves were abandoned. 

It was also well known that the Emperor had 
ways and means of ascertaining the progress, 
made in the United States during the year 1906, 
in connection with electric household utensils, 
and was one of the first to equip his palace with 
all the convenient devices which the Berlin 
factories were producing. 

When the invitation was first received, Tom 
and Charlie were a little inclined to back out, 
but Mr. Tyler was anxious to have them go, as 
a matter of respect for the invitation of the 
Emperor, if for no other reason. They were 
exceedingly glad that they did, for they had a 
most enjoyable time. 

Tihe Emperor was good enough to make it a 
very informal affair, and he made everyone feel 
entirely at ease from the moment they arrived. 

Prince Henry and the Princess were there at 
the Palace to receive them, and in a most cordial 
manner extended a welcome to the distinguished 
Americans in behalf of the German people. A 
general conversation ensued, interrupted shortly 



EVENING WITH EMPEROR 195 

after by the entrance of the Emperor and 
Empress. After the formal introduction, the 
Emperor expressed great pleasure in meeting 
the delegate to the International Congress, and 
conversed with him until dinner was announced. 
The Emperor offered his arm to Mrs. Tyler, and 
they took the lead toward the dining room. The 
Empress followed with Mr. Tyler, and Prince 
Henry offered his arm to Evelyn. The Princess 
went in with Tom, while Charlie and E ethyl 
brought up the rear, as happy as any two living 
mortals could possibly be. 

The Emperor opened the conversation with 
a most informal statement to the effect that the 
dinner about to be served was cooked entirely 
by electricity. 

"Isn't it surprising how enormously the 
industry has grown?" he remarked. 

"Rather, considering that hardly twenty-five 
years ago, almost nothing was known about it 
at all," replied Mr. Tyler. 

"I hope Mrs. Tyler we shall not tire you with 
our shop talk," the Emperor said. 

"No indeed, it has been a part of my life for 
many years, in fact ever since my daughter was 
a little girl. I never tire of listening or talking 
on the subject." 

* ' I was greatly interested in the lead taken by 
the American Colleges for girls in establishing 
an electrical course. I think that Germany was 
second to take up the innovation. How reason- 
able it seems to us now, when we have electric 
household utensils surrounding us on every side. 
Yes, even my stable is equipped with them. It 
is very desirable that our girls and women 
should know how to cook and do housework. 
Their training in college teaches them all things 



196 LOOKING FORWARD 

about the care of a house, and it is a splendid 
idea." 

Prince Henry and the Princess had been rela- 
ting some of their experiences in connection with 
air-ships. They were very greatly interested in 
the trip with Lord Kelton as Evelyn related 
it; in fact so much so, that the conversation 
became general, and Emperor William wanted 
to hear all about it. He had not known that 
such great speeds could be attained. 

"Does Lord Kelton seem to think that the 
electric air-ship will be the most practicable of 
all the various forms?" he asked. 

"I think he does," answered Tom. "He 
admits it is expensive to manufacture, and will, 
be until quantities can be produced. The operat-' 
ing cost is heavy now, but when all electrical 
stations establish their sending equipment, the 
cost of navigation will be small. At present 
he is confined to twelve zones, or an area of six 
hundred square miles." 

"My!" exclaimed the Empress who had 
become quite excited over the discussion. ' ' How 
can they tell when they have reached the outer 
edge of the electrical zone? Perhaps the air 
changes its resistance as the ship approaches an 
unelectrified zone, and rings an emergency bell. ' ' 

"Yes," answered Tom, somewhat surprised, 
at the knowledge which the Empress exhibited 
on the subject, "and if the current is thrown 
off entirely, for any reason, batteries are 
automatically cut in, which supply sufficient 
current to allow the car to move at a slow 
speed on the level and properly descend without 
diving. ' ' 

The Emperor then addressed Tom personally, 
"Mr. Appleton, I feel as if I knew you well," 



EVENING WITH EMPEROR 197 

he said. "Some years ago I believe you were 
at the head of the Testing Department in the 
large Glendale Electric Works at Millville, 
N. Y." 

Tom said he was. 

"Well," continued the Emperor, "I took a 
great interest in a young man who spent two 
years there, and he was always writing to me 
something about Tom Appleton, the head of the 
test. If all the boys thought as much of you as 
my young friend, you are to be congratulated." 

The Emperor 's story pleased Tom a good deal. 
Mr. Tyler was taking it all in, and poor Evelyn 
could hardly restrain herself from telling the 
Emperor a great deal more that she knew about 
Tom, but she had to content herself with a very 
pleased expression, and glancing quickly over 
to Tom, she found that he was looking straight 
at her, and they both blushed like a couple of 
country school girls. 

Tom did not have an opportunity to reply, as 
they had all risen and were following the 
Emperor and Mrs. Tyler to the coffee room. 

They remained at the Palace for the better 
part of the evening, and the Emperor took 
occasion to talk at length with Mr. Tyler in 
regard to the electrical industry in general. He 
seemed to enjoy talking about the large con- 
solidation of interests in America, and asked 
Mr. Tyler a good many questions pertaining to 
this subject. Naturally the conversation drifted 
to the prominent men connected with the 
industry since its early commercial history. 
It was remarkable that he possessed such 
detailed knowledge of men and events in 
America covering a period of many years. He 
paid a high compliment to the officers of the 



198 LOOKING FORWARD 

Association of Edmunds Illuminating Companies 
and emphasized how aggressively they had taken 
up and followed new ideas regarding electricity. 
He said the speech of J. W. Loeb at Saratoga, 
some years ago, was a masterpiece, and he al- 
ways thought of it when talking of the progress 
of electricity. 

"I personally met J. McCallan and Louis 
Fernaldson when they were over, two years ago. 
Charming fellows, and exceedingly clever/' con- 
tinued the Emperor. 

The Prince had been listening intently, and as 
Emperor William finished, he said. 

"When I was in the States I had a very inter- 
esting talk with President Roosevelt. He told me 
that he took the keenest interest in electrical sub- 
jects. When Governor of New York State he 
had been entertained one evening at Millville by 
J. R. Lovering an executive of the Glendale Elec- 
trical Company. He emphasized the remark- 
able character and ability of the man, and his 
popularity among the thousands of men under 
his direction." The Prince felt that with such 
a man as a leader he could understand the phe- 
nomenal progress of electricity in 1912. 

"I believe I appreciate just what President 
Roosevelt meant," said the Emperor, "because 
I have personally met General Eugene Grafton a 
man, regarding whom the President could apply 
the same high compliment. I know him well. 
For many years he has spent at least a month in 
Germany, each year, and I will never forget the 
interesting evenings we have spent together. Dr. 
Rathnung, whose opinion is highly rated, here in 
Berlin, told me that he thought General Grafton 
had done more in behalf of the rapid develop- 
ment of the electric street railway, in the 



EVENING WITH EMPEROR 199 

States, than any other one individual." 

"In the States," said Mr. Tyler, "we also 
have a very strong admiration for Dr. Rathnung 
Surely he deserves all the praises which your 
good people have showered upon him. Probably 
no other man has done more for the electrical 
industry than has Dr. Rathnung." 

"All the people of Germany know about his 
work and they admire and love him for his ac- 
complishments, " said the Emperor. 

The Prince then recalled an evening spent 
with Andrew Carnelty, when he talked in the 
most enthusiastic manner regarding the future 
of electricity. 

"In all my trips," said the Prince, "I cannot 
remember of a more interesting evening. He 
told me of the steel mill equipments, the won- 
derful developments of electrical devices for 
handling machinery, transferring red hot ingots 
and bars of steel, from one end of the roam to 
the other. The day after, I saw the operations, 
and I was impressed beyond expression. Mr. 
Carnelty was with me in person, and he said: 
"Electricity is a wonderful agent. I know it 
has helped the steel industry wonderfully to 
make remarkable progress in the processes of 
steel manufacture. ' ' 

"Your industry is to be congratulated upon 
having such a powerful advocate as Mr. Car- 
nelty. His large contribution of money toward 
the erection of the Engineers building in New 
York City was further evidence of the great in- 
terest he has always exhibited in behalf of the 
electrical industry." 

"It is needless to state that Andrew Oarnelty's 
name will never be forgotten by Americans," 
replied Mr. Tyler. 



200 LOOKING FORWARD 

The Prince continued, "I have always had a 
high regard for electrical engineering, and I had 
the pleasure of meeting your most distinguished 
engineer, Mr. E. W. Rose. He must be a man 
of unusual ability. When I visited your various 
factories it seemed to me that it must have been 
a tremendous task to follow the engineering of 
such machinery, and prevent the ruination of 
your own Company as well as the good custom- 
ers who purchased from you, and had faith in 
your Engineering Department. Outsiders can- 
not appreciate the extent of your organization. 
If they could, then it would not seem so wonder- 
ful to us. I went into a large publisher's estab- 
lishment recently, and saw them printing novels. 
The art had reached such a high degree of per- 
fection that one machine performed a dozen or 
more operations. The paper and ink on one side 
of the room pass to the other side, and lo and 
behold ! a complete book. ' ' 

1 'Of course," said Tom, "that does not in- 
clude the writing of the novel. ' ' 

Oh, no," exclaimed the Prince, taking it seri- 
ously. 

Tom smiled and said, "some months ago I had 
a conversation with an author, who had been 
trying for a long time to get a book published 
through a large publishing house in New York, 
but their ideas differed widely as to what the 
people would and would not read. My friend 
the author felt that the book contained material 
which would keenly arouse the interest of the 
people, old and young 'and tall ' classes. Be 
claimed it was written in a style which would 
encourage readers to absorb the semi-technical 
parts, or really the best parts of the book, be- 
cause he had introduced scenes and incidents in 



EVENING WITH EMPEROR 201 

novel form to assist and aid the reader to par- 
take and digest intellectual food necessary if one 
wants to become a representative man or woman. 
He argued with the publisher that inasmuch as 
there had been so many novels published in the 
past few years, introducing simple and pretty 
love stories, that perhaps the people were now 
ready for a book of unusual educational char- 
acter. " 

"What did the publisher say?" inquired the 
Emperor, who had been keenly interested. 

"He refused to accept it," replied Tom, "so 
the author published it himself, and has proved 
his opinion was correct. The people are reading 
it. Young men and young girls are reading it. 
Business men and the women of our homes, also. 
I expect it will be read freely throughout Eu- 
rope, likewise; yet the publisher misinterpreted 
the desires of the people. He believed he was 
catering to their demands in grinding out love 
stories of all kinds for their pleasure, and is now 
surprised to find that the people are, after all, 
thoughtful. That they do not care for pleasure 
all the time, but will occasionally stretch a point 
and read a book for the benefit which may ac- 
crue to them intellectually." 

"I am glad," said the Emperor, "that your 
friend had fully protected himself by copyright. 
That makes me think, Mr. Appleton, do you 
know Mr. A. G. Dorris of the Glendale Company 
I believe he lives either in New York or Mill- 
ville." 

"Yes, I know him well," replied Tom. 

"I enjoyed meeting him," continued the Em- 
peror, ' ' He was over here for a short time a few 
years ago, and I was impressed with the patent 
situation on electrical devices as he described it. 



202 LOOKING FORWARD 

We are not inclined to appreciate the endless 
number of patents continually being taken out 
on all manner of devices, and then detailed 
patents of some particular new idea relating to a 
part or parts of such devices. Mr. Dorris must 
have his hands full in protecting the company's 
interests; but he is an able man, necessarily a 
clever patent lawyer; and I marvelled at the 
engineering knowledge he possessed. He con- 
tinued to interest me regarding new develop- 
ments, and I really wondered at the man's exhi- 
bition of versatility. Your company is favored 
with many men, whose attainments from an elec- 
trical standpoint, are admired by the people of 
all Nations." 

Then the Emperor made reference to Mr. 
Geo. Westlington of Peatsburg. He said he had 
met Mr. Westlington several times. The Prince 
had also met him and they all spoke in high 
praises of his personal work in connection with 
gas engines. They felt that he was surely 
entitled to great credit for the extensive manner 
in which the gas engine industry had been 
promoted. 

"But his masterpiece," said the Emperor, 
"was the electrification and clarification of 
Peatsburg." 

"Yes, indeed, you are correct," said Mr. Ty- 
ler. 

"Any one who remembers Peatsburg in 1906, 
and sees the city today, will agree that it was 
'Geo. Westlington 's masterpiece.' ' 

"Do you remember the circumstances?" asked 
the Prince. 

"Yes, I distinctly recall them," he said. "The 
latter part of 1907 he commenced to study the 
situation, and laid plans for a gigantic electrical 



EVENING WITH EMPEROR 203 

station immediately near one of the largest coal 
fields, with the idea of transmitting current to 
Peatsburg for power, light and heat. He had 
special engineers also in San Francisco during 
1907, gathering data covering the rebuilding of 
that city. His representatives secured testimony 
from prominent merchants in San Francisco, 
regarding the absence of smoke, and the satisfac- 
tion from electric motors. The subject of a 
clean city so interested Westlington, that he per- 
sonally visited San Francisco before accepting 
reports, r.nd then commenced the grandest cam- 
paign destined to change Peatsburg from a dirty 
smoky place to a beautiful, clean city. The suc- 
cess of his plans was due to the thoroughness of 
his work, the great strength of his campaign, 
and his firm belief that electricity would cure the 
evil and make the people very much happier. 
His scheme was a marvelous one, and the people 
gave him credit for the accomplishment." 

Then the Emperor spoke, in a very dignified 
tone, of Mr. C. A. Coughlan, the American 
banker and capitalist, and President of the Glen- 
dale Electrical Company. He paid him com- 
pliments of a rare kind, in a manner which was 
exceedingly gratifying to Mr. Tyler, who had 
been closely associated with Mr. Coughlan for 
many years. He had the keenest admiration for 
his ability as a financier, a thorough organizer, 
and above all, a thoroughbred gentleman. 

Before they left, the Emperor expressed an 
earnest wish that the Electrical Congress would 
result in great benefit to the electrical companies 
among all the nations of the earth. They all 
agreed that the evening had been mutually 
pleasant, and with a hearty hand-shake, and 
the best of wishes, the party left for Berlin. 



204 LOOKING FORWARD 

The following day was spent quietly. A drive 
in the morning, then lunch, and after, Tom had 
a good opportunity to talk with Mr. Tyler. 
A long discussion did not seem necessary. Tom 
had a few questions to ask in regard to his 
responsibilities, but Mr. Tyler had made up his 
mind already that Tom Alppleton was the man 
for the position. It was therefore settled 
definitely, with the understanding that Tom 
could secure the hearty approval of his superior 
at the Glendale Electric Company. In view of 
the splendid offer before him it did not seem 
that there would be any question from that 
source. v 

Tom thanked Mr. Tyler most cordially, and 
assured him that he would devote his very best 
energies to the satisfactory management of the 
new company. He then excused himself and 
went in search of his sister to tell her of the 
good news. It was in her room that he found 
her, and when he told her of his good luck, she 
threw her arms about his neck, and rejoiced 
with him as they had been wont to do in the 
years gone by, when they were children 
together, and shared all of each others joys and 
sorrows. She also told him of Charlie's con- 
fession of his love for her, and that she had 
asked him to wait so she could talk it over with 
her brother. 

"By 'all means, I would accept him/' said 
Tom, "I am sure father and mother will abide 
by our judgment. Charlie is a good man. I 
have known him for years, and he will make you 
a good, life companion. I congratulate you, 
Eethyl," and he took her in his arms, as if she 
had been a little babe, and kissed her pure, 
sweet lips. 



EVENING WITH EMPEROR 205 

It was expected that the International 
Electrical Convention would hold its sessions for 
at least a week, and as the rest of the party, 
other than Mr. Tyler, would not participate in 
the proceedings, it was decided that Mrs. Tyler, 
with the girls and young men, would leave 
Berlin and go on to Venice, a city which they 
were exceedingly anxious to visit and spend 
considerable time. Mr. Tyler urged them to do 
this, as he knew it would be more enjoyable for 
them, and the following day they departed, 
promising that some one of the party would 
write him some message each day. 



CHAPTER XV. 

SUB-MARINE PAINTINGS. 

The Express Italiano had been hurrying them 
along at a rate which would soon end the 
journey. It was about four o'clock of a beauti- 
ful afternoon. The trip had been one of the 
most enjoyable they had experienced. Not one 
of the party was tired, but keenly on the alert 
to get a first glimpse of that wonderful city of 
Venice. They had now reached the stone trestle 
over which the railroad extends for miles, and 
which might be called practically the entrance 
gate to the city. 

"Won't it seem strange," said Evelyn, "not 
to see any cabmen or horses waiting in front 
of the station. " 

"You will see the gondoliers there by the 
station platform, standing by their boats, and 
exceedingly anxious to secure your fare. They 
are fully as aggressive as the cabmen. " This 
remark was made by Mrs. Tyler, who remembered 
the scene very well, when she was in Venice 
many years before. 

The train was now in the station. Tom had 
secured two good porters to handle their luggage, 
and they were soon seated in a gondola, which 
was to take them to the hotel. 

Only those who have experienced the comfort 
and pleasure of a Venetian gondola will 

206 



SUB-MARINE PAINTINGS 207 

appreciate the feelings of these happy people. 
It was their first opportunity to witness with 
what wonderful skill the gondolier steered his 
boat in and out from among the others, and then 
started rapidly up the canal toward the hotel. 

After going for considerable distance on the 
Grand Canal, a turn was made up another street, 
and then another turn, and still another. The 
turns were also sharp ones, and the girls could 
not understand why they were not run into by 
some other boat, at some one of the many corners 
which they had to turn. Boats were coming 
from the opposite direction, but the gondoliers 
had a peculiar call, which each one sung out, 
just before making a turn. It was an approach 
signal. While it was very effective, and the 
sound seemed to carry a great distance, helped 
by the high conductivity of water, yet it was not 
harsh or unpleasant, but rather musical. The 
call of the gondolier will be remembered always 
by those who have visited Venice. 

They stopped at the Hotel Royal Deneille. 
Lovely large rooms were assigned to them, 
directly overlooking the Grand Canal. Having 
plenty of time now, to take things easy and not 
hurry, they unpacked the luggage, and changed 
their clothes. Tom and Charlie shaved, and by 
dinner time they were feeling slick, and ready 
to enjoy a good meal. 

After dinner they walked out on the 
promenade in front of the hotel. A short dis- 
tance beyond they passed the famous Doge's 
Palace. They made plans to go in there the 
next day. Further on was St. Mark's Square. 
They were well repaid for their walk, for a 
specialty was bein^ made of the exhibition of 
the four famous Mosaics over the entrance to 



208 LOOKING FORWARD 

\ 

St. Mark's Cathedral. For nearly a thousand 
years these pictures had been subjected to the 
elements of the earth, and yet with marvelous 
beauty the colors shown forth as if the design 
were newly completed. Aside from the wonder 
attached to the remarkable preservation of the 
entire subject, they were beautiful to look upon. 
Exceedingly rich were the colors, and the artist's 
intention seemed to be to bring the figures 
together in such a manner as to create a magni- 
ficent splendor in -color design. 

After studying the exhibition for some time, 
Tom said, "These Venetians are likewise artists 
in connection with illuminating engineering. 
The interior of the cathedral must be wonder- 
fully beautiful." 

Returning to the hotel they soon retired, all 
understanding that they would be up reasonably 
early, take breakfast together, and get a good 
start in the visit to Doge's Palace. Their plans 
carried, and the next morning about nine-thirty 
they were passing up through the long corridor 
of this ancient edifice. 

The guide whom they had selected was 
exceedingly clever. He could speak English 
tolerably well, and contrived to show them the 
most noted paintings, and the most interesting, 
without wasting much time. In the salon where 
the paintings of Paul Veronese were exhibited, 
they took particular pains to read Baedeker and 
listen to the guide very attentively. From that 
room they passed on to the salon in which 
Tintoretto 's most famous work was shown. Tom 
was very much impressed with the skill with 
which the engineer had succeeded in getting the 
light onto every portion of this most gigantic 
painting in the world. 



SUB-MARINE PAINTINGS 209 

The next room they entered, contained modern 
paintings of life and landscape views under the 
sea. They asked the guide all manner of 
questions concerning these sub-marine paint- 
ings, which he answered in an intelligent man- 
ner, and showed them circulars, illustrating and 
describing how these pictures were actually 
painted under the sea. He told them that the 
sub-marine boat made a trip twice a week with 
artists on board who made a specialty of that 
class of painting. He thought he could get 
permits so they could make the trip if they cared 
to do so, and he would act as their guide. Mrs. 
Tyler and Charlie and Eethyl decided the trip 
was too exciting for them, but Tom and Evelyn 
were more than anxious to take it. The boat 
started at eight o'clock the next morning, and 
Tom requested the guide to be on hand with the 
permits. 

Frank Sheldon was in Paris but a day or two 
after the talk with Tom in Le Bois de Boulogne. 
He spent several days in Berlin, and then left 
that city for Venice. It seemed to him pretty 
certain that the Tyler family would go to Venice 
before returning to the States. 

Upon his arrival there, one of the first things 
he heard about was the sub-marine boat for 
painting under the sea. His curiosity was 
aroused at once, and he immediately secured 
permission to go on board. There were so many 
electrical appliances of all kinds used in this 
craft, that he felt sure Tom and Evelyn would 
take a trip in her if they came to Venice. He 
made up his mind therefore, on two points, 
namely, to watch the hotel arrivals carefully, 
and to become an employee of that boat at once. 
The latter was not so easy to accomplish, but 



210 LOOKING FORWARD 

finally he succeeded by explaining that he was 
an electrical engineer, and convinced them that 
he could make himself valuable on board. He 
had thoroughly disguised himself, with wig and 
beard, and the clothes of a more ordinary man 
than he had been representing himself for the 
past month. 

This disguise was positively necessary, for 
him to carry out the plans already in his mind. 
He therefore devoted himself very thoroughly 
and systematically to the study of the electric 
circuits. He wanted to ascertain exactly where 
the circuits from the switchboard were carried, 
and to know just which were lighting, power 
and heating. Also exactly how the various 
machinery was controlled. He felt that his plan 
now would make Tom Appleton regret that he 
had ever crossed his path. He failed to 
appreciate two things, however; one, that his 
time to learn all about that boat was short, and 
he was not so much of an engineer as he might 
have been. 

The name of this sub-marine boat was the 
Amberniato. It was a single screw, steel frame, 
designed by Brennanto at Milan in 1908. She 
carried a complement of twenty-five people, 
including the crew. She was one hundred and 
twenty-five feet long with a diameter of ten 
feet. Her displacement was two hundred tons, 
and her speed fifteen knots on the surface and 
ten knots under the sea. The famous Edmund 
Storage Batteries gave the boat its motive power. 

The next morning after the Doge's Palace 
visit, Tom and Evelyn were met by their guide 
in front of the hotel, and he made them com- 
fortable in one end of the gondola, then taking 
the oar, gently, softly and gracefully they 




^ Gently , softly and gracefully, they glided along 
over the water. " 



SUB-MARINE PAINTINGS 211 

glided along over the water. Only occasionally 
could the dip of the oar be heard as it touched 
the water. The guide said nothing, nor did 
either Tom or Evelyn wish to break the silence. 
Evelyn was just the least bit nervous, as her 
mother had expressed some doubt as to the 
safety of such a trip to the bottom of the 
Adriatic Sea. 

Within a half hour they had reached the 
Amberniato, and were watching the boat get 
under way. The main switch was thrown by 
the Engineer pressing a button, which started 
a small motor for mechanically operating the 
switch. Another switch was thrown which cut 
in part of the batteries only, starting the boat 
at quarter speed and gradually bringing it up 
to full speed for surface navigation. The noise 
made by the machinery was surprisingly little, 
and to Tom the boat looked to be representative 
of perfection in mechanical and electrical 
engineering. 

The guide introduced them to the Captain, 
who spoke good English, and was quite enter- 
taining. He quickly relieved Evelyn of all her 
fears regarding the excursion, as soon as he told 
how common the trips were becoming, how free 
from accident of any kind, and how strong and 
reliably his craft had been built. In fact he 
proved to her that the chances of safety were 
better than when she was walking on the street, 
or riding on the train. 

A prominent artist was also introduced to 
them, Signer Leganto. This Italian painter had 
become famous for his many subjects illustrat- 
ing to the people the life and character of 
animate and inanimate objects under the sea. 
He showed them the clever manner in which 



212 LOOKING FORWARD 

the searchlights, on either side of the boat, were 
designed to give the artists light. All told, 
there were twelve searchlights of various sizes, 
different intensities, furnishing different colors 
of light, etc. The Rhine Scintillator was also 
among the valuable pieces of apparatus which 
the artists used, to get effects under the sea. He 
explained that they were continually experiment- 
ing with lights because of the many beautiful 
scenes which the sea was capable of producing 
under the many changing cloud, sky and 
atmospheric conditions. A storm, he said, would 
change the entire subject being painted, and 
waste a great deal of time waiting for some 
exact light condition to again exist, so as to 
finish the picture. Whereas with electric light 
the daylight color can be secured uniformly and 
can be changed at will by the artist to any one 
of the primary colors, or by the scintillator 
can be changed to a mixture of shades and 
combinations of colors of marvelous beauty. 

"Did you ever meet Prof. Rhine?" asked 
Signer Leganto. 

"Yes," said Tom, "he is a very close friend." 

"Indeed, I am pleased to hear it," he said. 
"I think a great deal of him. He came over 
here and designed all of this apparatus for us. 
He is the most clever engineer on lighting, I 
ever met." 

"He has a good reputation in the States," 
said Tom. 

Just then the Captain gave an order to pre- 
pare to dive. This was followed soon by 
another order giving the angle. The sensation 
was very little different from what it was on 
the surface. They had been out about two hours 
and had gone about twenty-five miles out to sea, 



SUB-MARINE PAINTINGS 213 

before diving. A very beautiful spot had been 
selected to make the descent, so Signor Leganto 
advised them. The other artists were adjusting 
their easels, getting their paints ready, and it 
looked as if they would soon be down a sufficient 
distance to anchor, at least, temporarily, until 
the artists were satisfied they had reached the 
most desirable position from which to paint. 

They were finally anchored, and Tom and 
Evelyn were looking at the artists' work with 
the greatest feeling of wonder. They had never 
seen anything like it. Hills and mountains were 
there under the sea, before their gaze. They 
had always thought of fishes only below the 
water, but here was a delightful panorama as 
far as the eye could see, on all sides of them, in 
front and behind the boat for miles and miles. 

Evelyn could now see by their system of 
mirrors, and the use of reflected light, how the 
extensive scenes were brought within the view 
of all the artists, without the necessity of glass 
windows entirely covering both sides of the boat. 
It was simply necessary to have four small glass 
windows, fore and aft, on either side, which by 
skillful engineering were positively maintained 
water-tight. 

"What if a monster whale should attack the 
boat?" she asked. 

"That is an easy point to answer, " said the 
Captain. "We have search lights with special 
carbons, giving low light efficiency, but very 
strong heat rays. We have found by experience 
that none of the sea animals will come anywhere 
near these rays. We never have any trouble 
from this source." 

He had hardly gotten the words from his 
mouth, when all the lights went out, and they 
were left in total darkness. 



214 LOOKING FORWARD 

Tom knew pretty well where Evelyn was 
located, and was at her side in a second. He 
took her in his arms and held her tight. 

"Do not be afraid Evelyn," he said, in a cool, 
determined manner, "you are with me." 

"I am not afraid, Tom," she answered, 
"when I am with you," and as she raised her 
head trying to see his face, their lips met, and 
he kissed her over and over again. They were 
burning kisses of love which Evelyn had never 
known before, and she had forgotton their 
predicament. She thought only of Tom Apple- 
ton and knew that he loved her, for his arms 
were around her, and they were already wedded 
one to the other by virtue of this happy moment. 

In another minute the lights were on again, 
and the Captain explained to them that they 
had had a short circuit in the switchboard room, 
necessitating the throwing on of the emergency 
lights on the power lines. He did not tell them 
about the green sailor who had posed as an 
engineer, and who for some reason or other had 
been fooling with the wires; and that he lay 
down stairs in the switch-board room in a very 
critical condition. 

Immediately after the lights were thrown on, 
the Captain gave orders "to surface again," 
and they reached the surface and sailed home 
without further incident. 

They did not mention to anybody at the hotel, 
the experience on board the sub-marine boat, but 
described the wonderful character of the bottom 
of the sea, and the many interesting electrical 
devices on board; also the beautiful paintings 
which were in process of completion, represent- 
ing the most famous scenes with which modern 
painters have had to deal. 



SUB-MARINE PAINTINGS 

The next day they all went to see the glass 
factories. It was a treat to everyone. They 
were not only interested in the delicate methods 
of manufacture, but were astonished at the size 
and character of the exhibition rooms. Mrs. 
Tyler spent several hundred dollars for Venetian 
glass, having it expressed direct from the factory 
to Northington. A few days later Mr. Tyler 
came, and they had great fun telling him all 
about the purchases they had made, the sight 
seeing, and as soon as he was through breakfast 
in the morning they insisted that he should 
go with them to St. Mark's Square and feed 
the doves and after he had once been down 
there, he became enthused over them, and they 
visited there two or three times a day all the 
while they were in Venice. 

For the benefit of any reader who may not 
have heard of the doves on St. Mark's Square, 
let it be said that there are thousands of these 
pigeons who make their home there. During all 
hours of the day these doves will be seen either 
eating corn down on the square, or perched on 
the cornice of some nearby building. An old 
gentleman sits there in the center of the square 
selling little bags of corn, one bag for ten 
centimes. These pigeons are so tame they fly on 
the children 's hands and arms ; sometimes several 
on one arm, and another up on their heads. 
Then they buy more corn, and the pigeons con- 
tinue to show their affection so long as the corn 
lasts. 

Every day at two in the afternoon, a cannon 
is fired, giving the signal for all the doves to 
come down to their noon meal. It is said that 
this custom is in accordance with a will which 
was made, for the benefit of the pigeons on St. 



216 LOOKING FORWARD 

Mark's Square, and from which monies the 
interest only was to be used for the daily feeding 
of these dear little creatures. 

Mrs. Tyler went with her husband to again 
see some of the points of interest, and then the 
girls and the young men, would engage gondolas 
by the hour, and while the gondolier skilfully 
steered the boat through the many canals, under 
the pretty covered arches and bridges, Tom and 
Evelyn sat and dreamed, with the lovely blue 
skies of Italy looking down upon them. 

One afternoon before they returned from such 
an excursion, he said to her : 

' ' Evelyn, I love you. Will you be my wife ? ' ' 

"Yes, Tom," she answered, "I love you more 
than I can tell." 

And before they had quite reached the hotel, 
the darkness of night came stealing over the 
city; and Tom took her in his arms and sealed 
their promise with loving kisses. 



CHAPTER XVI. 

ELECTRICITY IN SWITZERLAND. 

They had reached Luzerne, and were com- 
fortably located at the Hotel des Balances. The 
weather was so fine they were taking their break- 
fast out on the veranda, in the open air, where 
they could watch the birds, and the fishes in the 
Lake. 

The birds were so tame, that they flew onto 
the veranda railing, and when a crumb was 
dropped on the floor, they would come down 
within a foot of your hand and remain there, 
as if to make a better acquaintance. 

"What a beautiful spot!" remarked Evelyn. 
"I am so glad we came here. I read yesterday 
in one of our books, that there are 200,000 birds 
in Luzerne, and I do not wonder that they come 
here, the place is so beautiful." 

When breakfast was finished they leaned over 
the railing, and threw crumbs into the Lake for 
the fishes. 

There were thousands of them swimming 
around, jumping to the surface for these crumbs 
too light to sink, and diving half way to the 
bottom for those pieces which were too heavy 
to float. The water was so clear that the fishes 
could be distinctly seen at any depth, and 
Evelyn thought it great fun to watch them. 

At 11 o'clock Tom and Evelyn were to take 

217 



218 LOOKING FORWARD 

the boat down the Lake to Brunnen, and so they 
started to stroll slowly along down to the dock. 
All the boats on the Lake were operated by 
electricity using the Edmunds storage batteries, 
and it was a pretty sight to see them gliding in 
and out, and backwards and forwards, some 
docking and others just putting off, for a trip 
down the Lake. There was no noise of escap- 
ing steam. There was no smoke coming out of 
tall smoke stacks, and the design of the boats 
was considerably different from the old time 
steam boats. 

Good seats were secured on deck, where they 
could get a good view of both sides of the Lake, 
and see everything before them. They hardly 
knew when the boat started, it made so little 
noise. They were soon swiftly passing down by 
the foot-hills and approaching the first landing 
at Altenpass. A short stop was made to take 
on a passenger, and off again. Now they were 
passing a steep mountain side. Sheep were 
quietly grazing half way up the mountain, and 
the beautiful green pastures would make one 
almost question the great depth of snow which 
could be seen on the same mountain peak. Tom 
was much impressed with the numerous streams 
which were rushing down the mountain sides 
and emptying into the Lake. There was hardly 
any time that the eye could not see two or three 
such streams, starting from the melting of the 
snows on the mountain peaks, falling and flow- 
ing from point to point, as the formation of rock 
and earth on the mountain side, would permit. 
Here was the reason why electricity was so 
cheap in Switzerland, why so popular among all 
classes of people, and so extensively used. 

They were not to arrive at Brunnen until two 



ELECTRICITY IN SWITZERLAND 219 

o'clock, so at one o'clock they arranged for a 
lunch on board the boat. 

The menu called attention to the fact that all 
the foods were cooked, on board, by electricity, 
expecting probably, that this would particularly 
attract the English and American tourists, and 
perhaps lead them to take lunch on board, 
instead of waiting until the hotel was reached. 

By the time lunch was finished, they had 
reached Brunnen. After landing, they turned 
to the right and ascended a hill, toward Axenf els. 
About a quarter of a mile, from the landing, is 
the entrance to the Electric Railway for taking 
passengers up the mountain. 

This road was very popular, and was used 
extensively for tourists desiring to ascend to the 
mountain house quickly and without fatigue. 
The cars were neat and substantial, and the 
roadbed was well constructed, indicating a 
degree of prosperity in connection with the Rail- 
way Company. 

They preferred to walk, however, and 
were soon trudging along the road overlooking 
the Lake of the Four Cantons, and a more 
beautiful sight they had never before viewd. 
Everything was in harmony on that Summer 
afternoon. The sun was shedding its radiant 
light over the mountains, the lake and the hill- 
sides. The sweet music from hundreds of thou- 
sands of birds was being wafted from all the 
tree tops, over the hills and far away. The 
soft breezes of a Switzerland Summer added 
freshness to the mountain air, and with the 
radiant light, the sweet music and the soft 
breezes, love reigned supreme in the hearts of 
those young people. They had just emerged 
from the woods into the bright sunshine, and at 



220 LOOKING FORWARD 

a turn in the road one of the most beautiful 
views lay before them. They stood there 
together, looking out over the gorgeous panora- 
mic view of Switzerland. Everywhere was 
beauty and harmony in Nature, and there was 
harmony in their souls, on that beautiful Sum- 
mer afternoon. 

Evelyn leaned over and whispered softly to 
Tom for fear of disturbing the stillness and 
beauty of the scene. "Tom, I was thinking if 
it were possible for anyone to be happier than 
I am at this moment. As we came out from 
the shaded woods into this great burst of sun- 
light, I thought I had witnessed the greatest of 
all lights we have yet seen or talked about on 
our trip sun-light or God's light. As the sun- 
light excels in strength and beauty all the other 
lights of the world, so does our true love rise 
and tower above the common feelings so 
frequently considered and known as true love." 

' ' Yes, ' ' answered Tom, ' * I am also happy, but 
I am so constituted that I can never look out 
upon God's light, and witness such a view as 
this, without thinking which of all the artifical 
lights designed by man, comes the nearest to 
perfect daylight. The pine knot was exceedingly 
crude; the tallow candle was but a short step 
in advance; the kerosene lamp was better in 
many ways, particularly in respect to its light 
distributing qualities. Gas light became popular 
because gas could be well located in residences 
and industrial houses, and the lights turned, 
off and on, at will. But Oh! how far short 
of the sunlight have all these illuminants 
reached! While gas light does not produce 
smoke, the air becomes so vitiated that for both 
illuminating and heating purposes, gas has long 



ELECTEICITY IN SWITZERLAND 221 

since been discarded. After all, the electric 
light really comes the closest to daylight of any 
illuminant that is known in the art of lighting. 
Those who have made a special study of 
illuminating engineering, have conclusively 
shown that the electric carbon arc, as employed 
in its latest commercial equipment, is capable 
of producing spectroscopic colors of the same 
general tone and character as the daylight spec- 
trum; a continuous band of light, abundantly 
rich in red, orange, yellow, green, blue, indigo 
and violet, and beautifully and evenly dis- 
tributed in each of its colors, like a spectro- 
scopic view of daylight will disclose, on an 
afternoon about four o'clock when the sky is 
clear and there are no clouds to interfere with 
the ideal and perfect daylight distribution. 

The electric light can be produced without 
smoke or odor, dust or dirt. Nor does it have 
any injurious effect on the air, which the people 
and physicians, are commencing to consider as 
an absolute essential for the introduction, here- 
after, of any illuminant. It is a wonder that 
the use of gas was tolerated by the people so 
long before it was abandoned. Surely the 
advance in the art of lighting, has been greatest 
since the commencement of the electrical age, 
and the electric light is the nearest approach, 
by the hand of man, to God's sunlight." 

As the time was passing rapidly it was sug- 
gested that they continue their walk, up to the 
Axenfels Hotel, where they could sit on the 
veranda, view again the mountain scenes, and 
later in the afternoon take tea, before returning 
to Luzerne. They, therefore, spent the day 
there in the heart of the Switzerland Mountains, 
and Evelyn declared she had never spent a 
happier day than that had been. 



222 LOOKING FORWARD 

After tea they strolled back down the moun- 
tain arriving at the landing in time to catch 
the six o'clock boat to Luzerne. The trip up 
the Lake, at that hour of the evenng, was charm- 
ing, and the lights and shadows on the moun- 
tains formed pictures so lovely in color and 
beauty, that they keenly enjoyed it. 

For several days they remained in Luzerne, 
visiting interesting points in various parts of 
the city, always taking much pleasure in the 
walks and strolls, which are so pretty, in and 
around that delightful place. One day they 
climbed to the top of the Gutsch where they 
secured a splendid general view overlooking the 
city. Leaving there they walked several miles 
through the woods over to Sonneberg. It was 
another one of their many happy days, when all 
Nature appeared so beautiful and so peculiarly 
in harmony with their own thoughts and 
ideas. The air was literally filled with 
the gay songs of the birds. Occasionally 
they noticed a short lull in the music, which 
was simply a prelude, followed by a most 
delightful solo from some leader of the woodland 
orchestra, and through all the trees, from one 
end of the woods to the other, could be heard 
the grand chorus, from thousands and thousands 
of birds, joyfully proclaiming their gladness, for 
the harmonious relations with Nature. They 
were in synchronism with all Nature on that 
bright Summer day. Their songs were synchron- 
izing indicators. To those lovers of Nature, 
strolling through the woods that morning, the 
bird language was delightfully sweet and pure. 
Their notes were the true signs of happy rela- 
tions with the bright sunshine of the morning. 
They manifested thankfulness for the sunshine, 



ELECTRICITY IN SWITZERLAND 223 

happiness for the freshness of the morning air, 
and delight in the Summer breezes, which gently 
rocked the tree tops, backwards and forwards, 
swinging them to and fro; and the birds and 
the sunshine, the pure morning air and the 
breezes, were all in synchronism, while Tom and 
Evelyn had thought that they never had been 
so happy, before, in their lives. 

As they emerged from the woods, on the left, 
was a field of buttercups and violets, and there 
knee-deep among the flowers, were two little 
children, with their hands just as full of flowers 
as they could hold. One was a boy of about 
seven or eight years, and the other a little girl 
about ten or eleven. 

Their faces were beaming with delight, and 
Tom and Evelyn sat down by the road-side to 
watch these pretty children, as they gathered 
the flowers of the field. 

"Tom," said Evelyn, "there is no doubt, 
whatever, about this picture before us being an 
original. Frequently it has been difficult for 
us in the foreign galleries to know definitely 
those pictures which were originals, without 
continually referring to the catalogue, and even 
then we were not always sure, and the 
attendant's English was, frequently, very poor. 
I think this is the best of all the pictures we 
have seen. Let me show you ! Look there and 
see a field covered with buttercups and violets 
from one end to the other; and there the little 
girl, a perfect picture, as she stands with a hand- 
ful of buttercups. See how the sunlight reflects 
the golden color of her hair. What a shapely 
head! And that little red dress is so becoming 
to her. Next the boy, surrounded and almost 
hidden by the flowers, now and then glancing 



224 LOOKING FORWARD 

around to locate another spot where he can con- 
tinue to gather these delightful tokens of 
Nature. There are all the colors which an 
artist could desire, and the models could not be 
better. The faces are such happy ones, and the 
entire picture is natural and real." 

* * Yes, ' ' answered Tom, ' ' and the light is good. 
"What a shame it would be to exhibit this same 
picture in some dingy palace, on a side wall, 
where the light is so poor one could hardly tell 
if the wall is painted at all, to say nothing of 
studying the detail. See how the sunlight falls 
on the little girl's locks! What a beautiful 
golden color is reflected ! The boy's suit of blue, 
the dress of red, the buttercup's yellow, the 
shade of blue in the violets, amidst the green 
fields and the woods beyond, offer colorings for 
a perfect picture. Surely if all the great paint- 
ings in the world could be exhibited under such 
favorable light conditions as this one, then 
Raphael and Titian, Correggio, Rubens and Paul 
Veronese, could all rest in eternal peace, for 
their designs would evermore be understood and 
critics on color would find no opportunity to 
exercise their opinions." 

After reaching thj Summit House at Sonne- 
berg they ordered lunch. It was a lovely place, 
from which a very extensive view met their 
eyes. Tom noted particularly the prosperous ap- 
pearance of the hotel. It was about eight to ten 
miles out of the city, yet equipped in every way 
with electrical appliances, operated by current 
transmitted from the city. Out in the yard was 
a merry-go-round for the children, as many 
parties came there for a day's outing in the 
form of a picnic. This machine was operated 
by a motor, and the proprietor told Tom that he 



ELECTRICITY IN SWITZERLAND 225 

used electricity in a hundred different ways, 
throughout his hotel. 

By half-past four they left for a walk back 
through the woods, by the path leading to the 
Gulch, and arrived in Luzerne just in time to 
meet the rest of the party and go down to the 
Cathedral and listen to the great organ, about 
which they had heard so much. 

They were impressed with the beauty of the 
interior of the church. It was especially well 
lighted, had a cheerful atmosphere, and it was 
a pleasure to sit there absorbing all the beauti- 
ful things which everywhere met their gaze. 
Just before the organ-concert there was a grand 
concert of birds, which could be heard outside 
the windows, and while the program was not 
systematically arranged, nevertheless the chorus 
produced a harmony sweet and rich in tone, 
delightfully pleasing to hear. The first selection 
on the program was over, and they were well 
pleased. They could now understand why every- 
body who had heard this organ, so loudly praised 
its tone and power. During the Alpine Storm 
selection, when the thunder roared, the tones 
fairly rattled the windows in the building, the 
vibrating sounds were so powerful. They re- 
membered well the evening at Phelps ' house, and 
the skillful rendering of this piece by the 
Telharmonium. The execution of the organist 
was wonderful, the capabilities of the large 
organ were skillfully exhibited, and best of all, 
there was a comfortable cathedral in which the 
concert was held. Think of a cathedral being 
comfortable ; then add beauty, architectural and 
sculptural skill; then paintings of the masters, 
glass windows of great value and interest, bronze 
castings unmatched anywhere in the world, and 



226 LOOKING FORWARD 

you have a combination that can be equalled 
nowhere except in Europe. Comfort and 
convenience make life. With them, people are 
congenial; without them, dyspeptic. Cultivate 
the ways and means of securing comfort and 
convenience! When the masses of the people 
commence to study the great benefits of light, 
and the priests give more attention to this 
world, instead of acting as ushers for the next 
world, there will be more real, honest worship 
in the cathedral, because it will then be properly 
lighted and heated, and will be cheerful as well 
as dignified and sanctimonious. 

The party left the Luzerne Cathedral on that 
Summer evening in 1912, satisfied that the 
streams flowing down the mountain sides of the 
Alps, had not only been harnessed, but the 
power was used for the very practical purposes 
of heating and lighting cathedrals. 



CHAPTER XVII. 

UNDER THE ALPS MOUNTAINS. 

A few mornings later the party left Luzerne 
for Milan, Italy, over the famous St. Gothard 
Railroad. To the men, particularly, this rep- 
resented a great treat. They had heard a good 
deal about this remarkable railroad, cut through 
the Alps Mountains. 

In describing this railway in 1912, Baedeker 's 
new book claimed that the entire road was 
operated by electricity, with the ivery finest train 
equipments in the world. It further stated that 
while the engineering connected with the con- 
struction of the tunnels, was of a wonderful 
character, the modern electrical engineering 
referring to the electric lighting, heating and 
ventilating of the tunnels, and the special equip- 
ment of the trains was worthy of equal con- 
sideration and attention by tourists. 

Upon entering the first tunnel Mrs. Tyler said : 

"Why, this is not bad at all! I had been 
somewhat fearful of the tunnels, but if they are 
all like this, we shall hardly know we are going 
through any tunnels." 

"The new incandescent lamps are installed 
so closely together, that the light is most 
excellently distributed, " said Mr. Tyler. 

"Are the lights burned twenty-four hours 
continuously, whether the trains are passing 
through or not?" asked Evelyn. 



228 LOOKING FORWARD 

"No!" answered Tom. "All the lamps are 
lighted, during the passing of the trains, but an 
automatic signal indicates when the train has 
come out of the tunnel, and 75 per cent of the 
lights cut off. This permits of economizing 
electricity when all the lights are not required, 
yet there is no time when the tunnel is dark. ' ' 

"All these tunnels, Evelyn, are large and 
roomy. You will see there are double tracks, 
and plenty of room on either side, for an 
individual to walk. There are spaces, also, at 
frequent intervals for employees to stand out of 
the way when a train is passing. ' ' 

One of the passengers opposite, heard their 
discussion, and volunteered some interesting 
information. He said that in 1906 he had 
traveled over the road, and while it was con- 
sidered that the tunnels were well ventilated at 
that time, and no trouble experienced from 
smoke, yet he said .that the windows had to be 
continually closed and opened, to be comfortable. 
If open in the tunnel, the smoke came in the 
car, and it was exceedingly disagreeable. If 
they were closed, it was hot and stuffy. 

However, when the railroad was electrified, 
the system of ventilation was greatly improved. 
There was an entire absence of smoke so that 
the windows could be left open constantly. 

Our friend continued, "Another bad feature 
before the tunnels were modernized, referred 
to the dampness. Electricity is now turned on 
for a part of the day, to offset this chilly 
atmosphere. ' ' 

After the train had entered the famous nine 
mile St. Gothard tunnel, and had reached the 
highest point on the road, they commenced going 
down grade at a considerable speed. The ladies 



UNDER THE ALPS MOUNTAINS 229 

were slightly nervous, especially while in the 
big tunnel. They felt better, however, when 
Tom informed them that the electric train 
system had three different methods for stopping, 
and it was next to impossible for a train to run 
away, even on any kind of down grade. 

In regard to the construction of the tunnels, 
some engineers had felt there was somewhat of 
a sameness in the engineering, which finally 
resolved itself into a matter of money, time and 
labor. But in the electrical equipment of this 
great railway line, the lighting of all the tunnels, 
the electric signals, the motor applications, the 
heating, and the many electrical appliances on 
the trains; all being operated from water falls 
down the mountain sides; power harnessed to 
electrical machinery so that it was absolutely 
controlled for light, heat and power; this was 
the most wonderful piece of engineering the 
world had ever witnessed. 

In an endeavor to divide the credit among 
the engineers, Tom felt like stating that the 
skill exhibited, which permitted travelers to go 
by train direct through tunnels under the Alps, 
surely represented a great advance in the art 
of engineering; but it was of great importance 
to the world, to have travelers go over this 
road, in comfort and with pleasure, because 
many of them were seeking pleasure with plenty 
of money to pay .for ease and luxury. Those 
who were on business from Switzerland to Italy, 
and vice versa, .could fully appreciate the 
modern conveniences, and in time it meant a 
great increase in travel, bringing financial gain 
to the merchants of Italy and Switzerland. 

Our German friend also said, "The Railroad 
advertised its equipment very generally, and 



230 LOOKING FORWARD 

those who traveled and used the many electrical 
appliances on the train v soon demanded them for 
their homes, and their own industries at home. 
People from all nations also toured that section, 
and soon there was an international clamor for 
modern conveniences such as they saw on ^the 
famous St. Gothard Electric Road. I, myself, 
remember the impression it made on me. One 
evening after dinner, I came from the dining 
car into the smoker, and I saw everybody using 
electric cigar lighters. I tried one and was 
surprised at its simplicity. A circular was on 
the table and I read all about the device, and 
when I returned to Berlin I purchased from 
the local Electric Company, a half dozen of 
them. It led me into a very interesting study 
of the subject. I found that I could use a good 
many such articles, and my next venture was 
one of those new kind of coffee machines. We 
always use it now. And then when Christmas 
time came around, I saved myself a lot of worry 
about a present for my wife, by purchasing 
a chafing dish. We have had delightful even- 
ings at home with our friends dropping in, and 
they always take interest in those new devices. 

"When taking long rides on the train I 
frequently meet gentlemen who have said that 
they became interested in a similar way, while 
crossing the ocean on the Cunard Steamers. 
Only yesterday I met a gentleman who crossed 
on the Electrania, and he told me it was wonder- 
ful the number of uses which they make of elec- 
tricity. 

" While on the subject he told me about a little 
shaving mug he carried with him. In fact, he 
showed it to me. It was in a neat, black leather 
case, like a Gillette Safety Razor, and I shall 



UNDER THE ALPS MOUNTAINS 231 

have one of them as soon as I can get one. He 
says it is made particularly for traveling, 
adjustable for any voltage, so he has never found 
a place yet where he could not use it. ' ' 

"Yes, it is all very interesting/' said Mr. 
Tyler, "and I quite agree with you that such 
Companies as the St. Gothard Railroad and the 
Cunard Company are much benefited by their 
liberal policy in adopting all such appliances, 
and the benefit is shared by all mankind. 

"I heard a good illustration recently in 
regard to the value of such a small article as 
an Electric Baby Milk Warmer. It seems that 
sometimes trouble has arisen in the steerage on 
the Cunard Steamers, because passengers going 
over with babies, would bring on board a lamp 
to heat the baby's milk, and endeavor to hide 
the lamp from the officers of the boat. On one 
trip a lamp exploded and a small fire was caused. 
You will see that a small matter worked up into 
quite an important point. Well the Purchas- 
ing Agent was instructed to equip the steerage, 
as well as the first and second cabins, with 
Electric Baby Milk Warmers, and the deck 
steward's duty is to call the roll of babies as 
soon as they leave the dock. Here again, notice 
how the education extends from day to day, all 
over the world. The Cunard Company does this 
to protect its boats, but, think, what a fine 
opportunity it offers to educate the poor classes 
of people, in all countries, regarding convenient 
ways of living. The Hungarian woman who uses 
a Baby Milk Warmer on board a steamer, for a 
week or ten days, will find some way of having 
one when she reaches home. They cost but two 
or three dollars, and can be operated cheaper 
than oil, coal or gas." 



232 LOOKING FORWARD 

"Yes," replied the German, "I don't doubt 
it. It is surprising how economical those devices 
are. Why, I don't see any difference in my 
light bill since I commenced using them. They 
must consume only a small amount of electricity, 
or else they are very efficient. My wife uses an 
electric sewing machine motor a great deal, and 
they tell me it only costs one cent an hour to 
run it. She says she would never be without 
one, and all the neighbors became greatly 
excited about it, and rushed down to the office 
of the Electrical Company to get their machines 
equipped. ' ' 

"Do you live in the city of Berlin, or out in 
the suburbs?" asked Tom. 

"I have two houses, one in the city, a Winter 
House, and a Summer home in Potsdam. At 
first I met with some little difficulty equipping 
my Summer -home. In Berlin they were very 
glad to see my house filled with electrical 
appliances, but at Potsdam they had not quite 
taken hold of the business in an aggressive man- 
ner. The introduction of them in my residence 
established their policy, and now their heating 
business is as large as their lighting. I think 
the manager told me recently that it is larger 
this past year." 

"I am quite well acquainted," he continued, 
"with Herr Rathnung, President of the Ellege- 
meine Electrical Company at Berlin. He has 
kept a personal eye on these small devices in a 
most surprising manner." 

"Yes, I met him," said Tom; "a month ago 
I went through their works. They have always 
led the world in the application of motors. 
Their motor factories are marvelously large. 
Every working day of the week they turn out 



UNDER THE ALPS MOUNTAINS 233 

three hundred and fifty complete motors, or over 
two thousand each week. It is a great pleasure 
to go through their works. " 

"Herr Eathnung told me only a few weeks 
ago," said the German acquaintance, "that it 
was one of the pleasantest features of his work 
to watch the constant building up and spread- 
ing of electrical devices for the industrial arts 
and all kinds of work with which our daily 
lives are associated. " 

He ( was about to leave them at the next station. 
He had evidently enjoyed their conversation a 
good deal. He seemed pleased when Tom told 
him about some of their experiences, and 
particularly so when he became aware that Mr. 
Tyler was President of the National Electrical 
Association of America and a Delegate to the 
International Electrical Congress. To emphasize 
his respect for Mr. Tyler, and following a char- 
acteristic of his race, he politely rose, stood 
erect, heels together, and bowed low. 

"Herr Tyler, sir, I am honored," he said. 

After this he gave them his card, and Tom 
was not a little surprised to know that it was 
Herr Wadlington, a financier of Paris and 
Berlin fame. He spent part of his time in each 
place, and, in fact, had been in New York 
frequently during the years 1906, 1907 and 1908 
when the new developments were so rapid in 
electrical matters. He was a very tall 
man, slightly stooping, indicative of scholarly 
instincts, rather thin drawn face, but this 
feature hidden by a heavy beard. While not a 
handsome man, his dark eyes flashed and spar- 
kled, becoming brilliant and lustrous, thoroughly 
illuminating a pleasing countenance. When talk- 
ing on electrical matters, he became enthused, 



234 LOOKING FORWARD 

and his face became radiant, reflecting to the 
mind of one who watched him closely, a 
high degree of scientific knowledge and a 
deep regard for the industry. He became 
inspired as he talked. Tom said he was a 
thorough engineer and a scholar. 

They bade good-bye to him with deep regret, 
and he promised, when next in America, to 
surely call on them. 

The impression he left with them was that 
the Germans were the most clever scientific 
engineers in the world, and, after considering 
all the different industries, and then applying 
the statement, it may be nearly true, but taking 
the electrical industry separately, the American 
Engineers have unquestionably a long lead com- 
pared with other nations. 

The party arrived at Milan safely, took much 
interest in the famous Cathedral, finished by 
Napoleon, visited the Art Galleries, and a few 
days later were at Florence. 

Much time was spent in the Uffizzi Gallery, 
in driving through the beautiful parks, and, 
particularly, in the examination of the Floren- 
tine mosaics. The most magnificent specimens 
of mosaic handiwork were on exhibition there, 
and they were so thoroughly enthused that Mr. 
Tyler presented each member of the party with 
a picture in mosaic as a souvenir of the city and 
their pleasant sojourn there. He bought for 
his own home a very large copy of President 
Roosevelt in mosaics, of the most delicate colors, 
and representing a wonderful amount of skill 
in the art. For the reader 's benefit, President 
Roosevelt had been re-elected in 1908 and was 
still administering the affairs of the American 
Nation in the year 1912. 



UNDEB THE ALPS MOUNTAINS 235 

\ 

The party spent a week in Borne, and then 
took train for Naples, where they remained 
for several days, visiting Pompeii and Vesu- 
vius, but preparing to leave early the following 
week on a Cunard Ship for New York. 



CHAPTER XVIII. 

ERUPTIONS OF MT. VESUVIUS 1906-8. 

The party arrived at Naples late one afternoon. 
As they were approaching the city, from the 
train window, Mt. Vesuvius could be seen, and 
at a distance sufficiently close to satisfy the 
passengers. Clouds were hovering around the 
top of the mountain, and occasionally puffs of 
smoke could be seen, curling their way up 
admidst the clouds. Evelyn thought, for some 
reason, she could not tell why, the mountain 
looked ugly, and she was glad when the train 
pulled into the railroad station, and they were 
driven to the hotel. 

At dinner, that evening, they were fortunate 
in meeting Mr. Burton Holman, the famous 
American lecturer. He told them a great many 
interesting things about the volcanic mountain, 
to which they listened with much real pleasure. 
His presentation of the subject, indicated great 
familiarity with the history of Mt. Vesuvius, 
and the many remarkable scenes which its erup- 
tions had produced. 

"I was at Athens in April, 1906, " he said, 
"attending the great athletic games, when news 
reached us that Mt. Vesuvius was spitting fire 
in a somewhat furious manner. We had 
intended going straight back to America, but 
hearing of this eruption, we packed off 

236 



MT. VESUVIUS 1906-8 237 

immediately to Naples. It was on Friday night, 
April 6, that we arrived in the bay, and it was 
the most wonderful, the most magnificent, 
spectacle, I ever expect to view. The top of the 
mountain looked like one great, terrific, light- 
ning storm. From one side of the crater rim to 
the other, was a continual stream of fire, shoot- 
ing backwards and forwards, interrupted 
occasionally by a terrific explosion, sending fire, 
smoke, stones and dirt, far up into the heavens. 
Awful thunderings could be heard, and as the 
darkness deepened, the sky above the mountain 
grew red, with the reflection of the fire light 
from the volcanic crater. If it had not been for 
the magnificently beautiful sight before our eyes, 
and our* desire to take advantage of every change 
of scene, I think we should have been overcome 
with fear. On the contrary, we looked on the 
scene, with awe-inspiring interest. " 

"The next morning, by four o'clock, we were 
over at the foot of the mountain, as near to the 
lava-flowing spot as the red hot lava would allow 
us, and with our Biograph Machine set up, 
commenced taking the first of, what will surely 
be granted, the finest collection of pictures in 
the world. The lava was flowing down the 
mountain sides in great streams, and we could 
see that the day, ahead of us, would be of 
unusual interest, and valuable. The top of the 
mountain was also spitting fire the same as the 
night before, and it required considerable 
thought to determine, which pictures were most 
to be desired. It was a lucky thing for us that 
the machine was pointed toward the mountain, 
because before long, the entire top of the moun- 
tain fell in, with a tremendous crash. In all 
my life experience, I never saw anything so 



238 LOOKING FORWARD 

terrible. In my lectures during 1906-7, this one 
view received the greatest applause, from the 
many audiences before which the pictures were 
exhibited. 

In the afternoon we secured most interesting 
views of the people leaving their homes and 
fleeing to places of safety. My experience in 
taking these pictures was exceedingly varied. 
At times we did not know but what our efforts 
would be in vain, for we were continually fear- 
ful about the light. The air was filled with 
ashes and dust, which were being carried along 
in the form of one great, black cloud. We were 
able, however, to get on the extreme edge of this 
cloud, and while the procession of people was 
trying to get out of the cloud of ashes and dust, 
into the light, clear atmosphere, we were con- 
tinually taking pictures. It was remarkable 
that we were so fortunate, but as the ash cloud 
moved slowly on, we kept moving the machine 
back several hundred feet, and by this means 
succeeded in getting not only a great many 
views, representing the actual flight of the 
refugees from their homes, but also views of a 
most remarkable character. " 

These biographic views shown by Burton Hoi- 
man during 1906 and 1907 were the most 
remarkable pictures ever produced. Maga- 
zines and newspapers made most favor- 
able comments upon the Holman lectures. 
They gave him credit, not only for the remark- 
able character of the views, but mentioned 
particularly the energetic and heroic efforts 
which must have been put forth, during those 
days and nights, when his aim seemed to be to 
get nearer to the scene, while everybody else was 
fleeing with fear, in the opposite direction. 



MT. VESUVIUS 1906-8 239 

The next day they went over to Pompeii. 
They secured a guide at Cooker and Sons tourist 
office, in Naples, and went by electric road, 
which was preferable to the steam road, as the 
cars were open and much better equipped. The 
guide told them many interesting stories about 
the life of the people who had lived in the small 
towns around the base of the mountain. 

He said, "Even the 1906 eruption did not 
have sufficient terror to prevent them from 
returning to their homes, and again settling down 
to a peaceful life just as if nothing had 
happened; but when in August 1907, an erup- 
tion occurred (more terrible than any recorded 
in the previous history of the mountain) the 
government took hold of the matter, and insisted 
upon the absolute abandonment of the territory 
all around the base of the mountain for a radius 
sufficiently distant to protect everybody from 
harm or injury to person or property. This 
was evidently the only way that the natives 
could ever be induced to leave that section. By 
remaining there, they were continually in 
danger, and at every out-break of the volcano 
they were not only terrorized, but frequently 
lost their homes, and property. Other people were 
also affected. The cities and towns throughout 
Italy, and in fact the people in all sections of 
the world were continually on the anxious seat 
for fear of these people, who still had persisted 
in re-establishing homes there under the moun- 
tain, regardless of pre-historic warnings suffi- 
cient to permanently frighten people of ordinary 
sense. ' ' 

They returned from Naples with a feeling 
that while they were glad to have seen Pompeii, 
and glad to have been so close to Mt. Vesuvius, 



240 LOOKING FORWARD 

yet it was a relief to be back again in a locality 
which was supposed to be safe from the fangs 
of that monster. 

In the evening after dinner they again met 
Mr. Holman, who kept them continually 
interested with his description of the Olympian 
games. 

1 ' It was a most interesting spectacle, ' ' said Mr. 
Holman, "to see 60,000 people congregated in 
one place, and to hear their cheering and 
enthusiastic applause whenever an exhibition of 
exceptional skill attracted their attention. Every 
opportunity was offered to us to secure biograph 
views of all the games. However, the more 
experience I gain in connection with this work, 
the more wonderful does the biograph machine 
appear to me. It seems almost impossible to 
realize that we can go over to Athens with a lit- 
tle small piece of apparatus, and take back to 
America an absolutely accurate reproduction of 
the contests as they were actually conducted. 
More and more each day I am convinced that the 
biograph method of transmitting important 
scenes, and occasions, from one country to 
another will become exceedingly popular and 
valuable. For example, I have a friend who has 
a contract now with a large organization in 
America to make biographic pictures of 
the prominent electrical transmission plants 
throughout Switzerland. Definite arrangements 
are made with the Swiss companies to take views 
of the entire system, commencing with the 
mountain stream, and continuing over its 
course to the power house; from there, along 
the transmission lines, showing the character of 
construction, and finally ending with views such 
as the electric lighting, heating, and power 



MT. VESUVIUS 1906-8 241 

supply of the St. Gothard Railway, including 
its tunnels, etc. This method keeps the electrical 
organizations of America thoroughly posted 
continually in regard to the latest developments 
in electrical power transmission schemes. 

"The industry as a whole has been much 
benefitted also by the biograph machine. At first 
the method was a very popular one in America 
in connection with lectures given by the Ameri- 
can Electrical Companies. During the winter 
evenings they would give free lectures to the 
public, showing with the biograph machine, the 
extensive and varied applications of electricity 
in the home, and in the industrial world. One 
evening would be devoted to the illustration of 
motors, including a view of factory practice, 
showing different rooms in the mill, and cover- 
ing dozens of very interesting electrical motor 
applications. Another view showed how the 
wood was sawed and split at one of the 
prominent wood yards. A third view showed 
the use of the motor in the home for the sew- 
ing room, the work shop, the lawn mower, the 
wheel-barrow, etc. 

* ' The next lecture would refer to the electrical 
applications of heat, and the city officials were 
much pleased to have the views illustrate the 
up-to-date electrical apparatus used in connec- 
tion with the city government buildings. Views 
of hotels, and residences were shown, and the 
lecturer intermingled interesting bits of informa- 
tion along with the pictures, so that about a half 
dozen instructive lectures of this nature, were 
given during the winter, which were considered 
to be exceedingly advantageous to all the people. 
This method of acquainting the public with the 
many electrical appliances, and their applica- 



242 LOOKING FORWARD 

tions, was not only utilized extensively, and to 
the great advantage of the electrical companies 
of America, but as soon as the English and Ger- 
man companies heard about its advantages, they 
adopted the plan, and the biograph was the 
means of greatly extending the electrical busi- 
ness all over the world very much to the benefit 
of the people, in general, as well as the industry 
in particular. " 

"I can understand now," said Mr. Tyler to 
Mr. Holman, "why the electrical cooking and 
baking materials, and electric heating devices 
became so quickly introduced. In the first place 
they were actually superior in a great many ways 
to other methods for cooking and baking, and 
the question was simply to disseminate the 
advantages, and acquaint the people in the most 
direct and effective manner. There is no 
industry in the world which is more aggressive 
than the electrical, and while it seems almost 
incredible that so much progress could have 
been made in electrical matters in this short time, 
yet I am beginning to appreciate how it was 
done. 

"I do not believe that anyone living in 1887 
would have believed that in 1912 the electrical 
street railways, and the electrical trunk lines, 
would have been so much extended as we see 
them today. One reason for such great results, 
in the short time, was because the people played 
such an important part in the affair. The peo- 
ple became quickly educated on the subject. 
They learned to ride a block to save time, and 
before the electrical railway was built it would 
have been next to impossible to expect such a 
thing would happen." 

Eethyl interrupted, "don't you 



MT. VESUVIUS 1906-8 243 

remember, Tom, the old horse-railway of the 
Northington Company which was operating as 
late as 1890? It was a line two miles long, and 
the ride from one end to the other cost twelve 
cents. I shall never forget the old school-house 
hill, where "Fatty Green" was located with his 
horse, ready to hitch on to the car, at the bottom 
of the grade, and help the two horses mount the 
hill. What a time they used to have with balky 
horses, and in the winter time the cars were not 
taken out of the barn at all; they operated one 
big buss on runners, and their time schedule was 
"knocked into a cocked hat." 

"You are right," said Tom, "I remember it 
well, but now the line extends clear to Wilmings- 
burg, a distance of twelve-miles, and then to 
Springvale, a distance of seventeen miles, where 
the people ride for pleasure during the summer 
months. They can take their whole family down 
to the park, or the mountain house, and spend 
the day for less than fifty cents, and through 
the efforts of these electrical companies all the 
people of their class and condition are able to 
secure pleasure from the ride, the delightful 
air, and the beautiful scenery. Every railway 
company in America established one or two 
pleasure parks at the end of its lines, and made 
these parks so attractive that the people 
appreciated their efforts, and it was the people 
of America who made the electric railway so 
quickly popular, which resulted in the attain- 
ment of a marvelous growth in the electric rail- 
way industry. About 1906 the electric lighting 
companies commenced to realize the value of 
such a policy, and it was through their energetic 
efforts, combined with the demands of the people 
for popular up-to-date devices, which has 



244 LOOKING FORWARD 

resulted in the marvelous growth of electricity. " 
Saying good night, and good-bye to Mr. Hoi- 
man, they retired, and the next morning took the 
Cunard steamer for New York, where they 
arrived safe and sound fifteen days later. 



CHAPTER XIX. 

ELECTRICITY DOWN ON THE FARM. 

They were at home again, in Northington. It 
was on a Saturday evening, and the entire party 
was assembled in the Tyler home, with Eethyl's 
father and mother present. 

For the hundredth time they had been talk- 
ing over their European travels, and still Father 
and Mother Appleton listened with the utmost 
patience, but whenever they touched upon the 
airship excursion or the submarine boat 
experience, they all found themselves lost 
in wonder, and actually listening again with the 
greatest interest. 

The door-bell was heard, and Evelyn ran to 
meet Tom, who was expected up from New York 
on the evening train. Evelyn was glad to see 
him, and did not hesitate to throw her arms 
around his neck and shower him with kisses. It 
had been known for some time that they were 
engaged. Evelyn's father and mother were not 
at all surprised, and when she and Tom talked 
the matter over with them, they said they were 
glad and wished them great joy and happiness. 

The past two months had been filled with 
pleasure, for Eethyl and Charlie also were to be 
married. It was to be a double wedding, and 
Thanksgiving eve was set as the exact date. The 
door-bell sounded again, and Uncle Ed Fielding 

245 



246 LOOKING FORWARD 

was ushered into the room. He had not seen 
them since their return, and was eager to hear 
the news. It was with much pleasure that he 
listened to their stories, and, as reference was 
made to Frank Sheldon and his malicious capers, 
Uncle Ed. got right up from his chair, and, in 
an excited tone, exclaimed, "The scoundrel! By 
Gosh, I wish I could have laid my hands on 
him." This was very strong language for 
him, as he had never been heard to swear be- 
fore. 

Finally the conversation changed slightly, 
and Uncle Ed. asked, 

"Did you see any farms over there which 
equal mine?" 

"Well, no," said Tom, "although there may 
be many farms which are electrified. We could 
not possibly investigate anything more, and so 
we are not posted in detail to answer your ques- 
tion." 

"Uncle Ed." said Eethyl, "tell us all about 
your farm. It is a long time since I was there, 
and some of the rest have never seen it." 

So Uncle Ed. started. He had been farming 
for more than fifty years, and it was of the 
keenest interest to hear him tell of his experience 
with electrical appliances. He said that he was 
first induced to commence using a few small de- 
vices by reason of circulars issued by a firm 
up in Wisconsin, called theNorthwestern Electri- 
cal Manufacturing Company. All the farmers 
were continually receiving circulars from this 
concern, advising them to use electrical appli- 
ances on the farm and save much labor, time 
and expense. "These circulars," said Uncle 
Ed., "were exceedingly attractive. They were 
filled with illustrations of farm life, and each 



DOWN ON THE FARM 247 

and every application was illustrated with great 
clearness, and the cost of operation was made 
very plain. In fact," he said, "we became 
so much interested that it was a common occur- 
rence to stop our horses on the road when meet- 
ing neighbors, and the first thing we said was: 
'Well, have you seen the latest circular from 
the Northwestern Electrical Company?' and the 
usual reply, 'Yes, it was pretty good. We must 
do something about that. If we had electricity 
in this neighborhood, all the devices would be 
splendid for us to use/ But the circulars kept 
coming along every month, and before long, a 
half dozen of us fellows got together one evening, 
and discussed the matter very carefully. We 
wrote to the Manager of the Railway Company 
in Capfield, a few miles away, asking him to be 
present at the meeting, and it was then and 
there determined that six of us together would 
take a minimum amount of electricity from the 
Capfield Company per month, and at least give 
the plan a trial. 

' * The next month was a pretty busy one with 
us. The wires were being strung, and we were 
holding meetings again once a week to be sure 
that we were starting out right. At such meet- 
ings we fully discussed every point. We deter- 
mined to have our houses and barns well lighted 
by electricity, and to have all the wiring done 
in the very best manner possible. We all be- 
came very much interested to know about the 
fire risks, and by the time we had finished our 
investigation, I tell you we felt that the way 
our work was being done, our property was a 
thousand 1 times safer with electricity on the farm 
than it had ever been before with oil lanterns 
knocking about everywhere. Why ; when I think 



248 LOOKING FORWARD 

of all the years we used those lanterns, and the 
careless manner in which we handled them I 
wonder that our homes were not destroyed long 
ago. It makes me nervous now to think how 
we allowed ourselves to travel all over our barns 
in the early evening during the winter seasons, 
feeding and caring for stock, pulling down hay, 
bedding, etc. Well, I tell you that it was the 
pleasantest sensation I ever experienced when 
the electric lights were first turned on in North 
Capfield; I shall never forget it. It was in the 
early evening of a cold November day. I was 
just about to tell Sam that we had better go out 
and feed, when the telephone rang, and we were 
advised that the current was just being thrown 
on. They had been able to finish the work a day 
earlier, and said that we were to have the light 
that night. You bet we were pleased, and Sam 
went to the first switch he could reach and the 
light shown forth from those little incandescent 
lamps as I had never before appreciated. Then 
he turned another switch which lighted the front 
piazza. There was another lamp which was in 
front of the old barn door, and there from the 
window we could see whether the barn doors had 
been closed and locked for the night. In the past 
years there had been many an evening when 
Sam and I had entirely forgotten whether we 
locked the barn doors or not, and rather than go 
to bed with such a feeling in our minds, Sam 
would put on his boots, and go out ; most always 
to find that they were securely locked, and he 
and I were too nervous. 

"After we had used electricity for some time, 
and became familiar with it, Sam drew a sketch 
of the old barn doors, and the room in which the 
switch was located, and sent it on to the North- 



DOWN ON THE FABM 249 

western Electrical Company with a little story 
of our first experience with electricity. A 
few months after their circulars showed the il- 
lustration Sam had drawn, together with the 
story. It looked real good, and the idea is 
such a practical one, I am sure that many farm- 
ers all over the country will adopt the same 
plan. 

"Around this section of the country we have 
become as well acquainted with the Northwest- 
ern Electrical Company in Wisconsin as we have 
always been with the Poultry Journal people. 
We had correspondence with them frequently, 
and occasionally their man comes here to see us. 
Of course it is a long distance, but it pays him 
to come once in a while, as there are so many 
farmers now who have electricity on the farm. 
The experience of our first six pioneers, soon 
led to all the farms being wired so that we are 
quite an electrical community. 

* ' It was a pleasure to saw and chop our wood 
that winter. It seemed to me that we accom- 
plished more during that season, and were hap- 
pier than at any previous time in my farm ex- 
perience. The work was interesting. We had 
no trouble whatever. We ordered all -our elec- 
trical material from the Northwestern Company, 
and they were very particular to ship it. Why 
they actually sent a .man on here for a month 
to show us how to operate -each piece, and in all 
this section there has never been a single article 
that has gone .wrong. We have a large dairy, 
and it is entirely equipped with electrical ap- 
pliances ; the girls never worry nowadays about 
washing the milk pans. They have a dish .wash- 
ing machine which saves them lots of time, and 
trouble. 



250 LOOKING FORWABD 

1 1 Then the wind-mill is operated by an electric 
motor, which is thrown on and off automatically, 
thus keeping us well supplied with water at all 
times, yet economizing in current when it is not 
necessary to be pumping. 

' ' One of the best things I think is the refrig- 
erating apparatus. I had heard a good deal about 
that before we had electricity. One time I was 
visiting some relatives in Hardcord, Conn., and 
while there, I saw several stores where they had 
the electrical refrigerating plant in service. I 
made up my mind that if we ever had electri- 
city, I should certainly stop cutting ice and make 
our own cold air for refrigerating purposes. Just 
think of the time we saved in this way. Why it 
used to take us weeks and weeks tot get in the ice, 
and we never could tell when we were going to 
do it; the season was so variable. Sometimes 
the irregularity of the season interfered with 
our other duties, to a very annoying extent. 

"Well Sam attended school at the Amherst 
Agricultural College all that winter, without in- 
terfering with our farm work whatever, and not- 
withstanding that we had more head of cattle, 
and live stock than at any previous year, we got 
along with two less men than we had had during 
any winter before. " 

"How did you light your barn?" asked Mr. 
Tyler. 

' * Well it was very interesting to see how thor- 
oughly well acquainted with the subject this 
engineer from the Northwestern Company was. 
He had blue prints and photographs of other 
farms particularly in the west, and we found it 
a very easy matter to locate the lights. As I 
remember, there was but one change after they 
were once installed. We had a light over each 



DOWN ON THE FARM 251 

manger in the stables. Each, light was arranged 
horizontally, or at right angles from the side 
wall, equipped with a reflector, and served to 
light up-stairs above the mangers as well as 
down stairs in the stall and manger. At the time 
of feeding, by turning a handle all the reflectors 
were turned to throw the light up stairs, and 
vice versa when the light was required in the 
manger. In back of the stables, there were two 
lights located one at either end with a diffuser 
for throwing the light down back of all the stalls. 
The wagon sheds, the grain room, the harness 
room, and all such places were lighted by locat- 
ing the lamps where Sam thought the most light 
would be required. In such places we studied 
over the matter considerably, with a desire to 
save in the number of lights where we could, 
and yet secure enough illumination to be conven- 
ient in connection with our work. 

" During the summer time, we used the motor 
hoists to splendid advantage. It did not take 
us any time to unload our hay. Another great 
advantage was in connection with getting into 
the barn with the hay. There is considerable 
of a rise just before entering the barn door, and 
we had often thought of grading it differently, 
but had never gotten to it. Well, sometimes if 
we had too much of a load, we had great diffi- 
culty in getting into the barn ; but with the elec- 
tric motors, no matter how heavy the load, we 
would attach a loop to the axle of the hay wagon 
and turn the switch. I tell you there was not 
much time wasted in reaching the barn floor 
after that motor started. " 

"Have you used electricty in the meadows 
and fields very much?" asked Tom. 

"Well, of course it is not so handy as it is 



252 LOOKING FORWARD 

around the house and barn, but I was much 
surprised to find how many opportunities there 
were to use the motors for loading. One of our 
largest fields is located near, and parallel to the 
road where the main wires come up from Cap- 
field, and here we use the motors, a good deal. 
When loading hay, we have a motor wagon 
which is driven up to the hay wagon, and by 
means of tackle, and the motor, it does not take 
long to get in our hay from that field. Instead 
of making various trips, we keep the motor going 
continuously, and hire a few extra teams to work 
for us, so that we load all the while, and the hay 
is 'gotten in' in no time. Since we have 
adopted this plan, I do not remember of ever 
having our hay get wet, because we could get it 
in so quickly. 

"Our apples can be picked and handled to 
great advantage. It does not take any time to 
load and unload barrels, and we have been very 
successful in the handling of the apples. You 
see our apples now command the highest prices, 
because we are so particular about our store- 
house. When wiring for electricity, we gave 
much attention to the apple storehouse, arrang- 
ing so that we could keep a uniform tempera- 
ture throughout the entire season. Our experi- 
ence has shown that it has never been necessary 
to inspect the apples any more. The automatic 
control of the cool air from the refrigerator 
appartus has been so successful that we 
can depend absolutely upon its results. This 
arrangement is very valuable to us, as it is a 
crop on which we can now count with a great de- 
gree of security. 

"I made a special study of hanging tobacco in 
the barns. Before installing electricity, it re- 



DOWN ON THE FARM 253 

quired several men to handle the stalks from the 
wagon to the top poles in the barn, and required 
a great deal of valuable time as well. I con- 
structed our wagon so as to accommodate a great 
many specially designed poles which would fit 
into the special wagon rack. Motor hoists on the 
wagon would raise the poles to the ground racks, 
when the tobacco would be quickly strung, and 
as soon as the poles were filled, they would be 
hoisted back again on to the wagon. When all 
the poles were full, the wagon load would be 
drawn back to the barn, and very quickly un- 
loaded by hoisting each pole into its respective 
rack in the barn loft. When I worked this out 
with Sam, we made blue prints and drawings 
and finally sent them to the Northwestern 
Company, where they were received with much 
interest and enthusiasm. The tobacco journals, 
and the farming periodicals wrote articles about 
this system of getting in tobacco, and Sam and I 
felt that after all, we must be pretty good engi- 
neers. To tell the truth, we did not know much 
about electrical matters, but when it comes to 
talking farming, or how to get in tobacco, then 
you better look out for us, because you cannot 
very well fool a man who has been fifty years in 
the business night and day constantly studying 
out many interesting features." 

"How about that new factory you erected 
some two years ago?" asked E ethyl. 

"Oh! You mean the electrical insulator fac- 
tory ! ' ' exclaimed Uncle Ed. ' ' Well that is very 
interesting. It don't belong to me you know. 
It's a stock company, and I'm simply the Presi- 
dent. You see, back in 1907, us farmers were 
trying hard to find any practical way of making 
money, and when we learned all about the 



254 LOOKING FORWARD 

advantages of all of Tom's electric articles, we 
adopted them as fast as we could. I had an 
electric machine which would milk fifty cows at 
once, and as I kept one hundred head or there- 
abouts, I'll tell you it was not only convenient 
but it was a great saving to us. 

Well, all of a sudden, one bright morning I 
read in the electrical department columns of 
the Farmers Journal that some smart Dutchman 
over there in Berlin had been able to make in- 
sulating compound from milk, and by jingo I 
was interested. I went right down to Luther 
Bartlett's, and I remember distinctly Luther 
was sawing up wood. Just as he caught sight of 
me he says, " 'Say, Ed, this electric saw beats 
anything I ever tried before on my farm. ' : 

4 ' I says, oh shaw ! Luther lets not waste time 
talking about things which we positively know, 
but what do you think of that Dutchman over in 
Europe who can make a pound of insulating 
material from a few quarts of milk?" 

" 'You don't mean it,' " said Luther, "By 
George that's important to you and me Ed." 

" * Just as sure as you're born, Luther, if that 
Dutchman is right, we will form a stock com- 
pany here, and compete with the world in mak- 
ing those little wiring devices which have been 
made from porcelain so long.' 

"Well, Tom, we farmers watched that develop- 
ment very carefully, and when the first samples 
were sold in this country, we had them analized 
and tested. Then we looked up the scientific 
papers thoroughly, and finally one day Sam 
made some samples in our laboratory. They 
were pretty good, and Luther and I made up 
our minds to get more cows. We organized a 
company and now we employ three hundred 



DOWN ON THE FARM 255 

hands and -have hard work to fill our orders. 
That same Dutchman discovered later that peas 
could be used also for certain compounds, and 
then Luther Bartlett and I were the first to grow 
a double crop of peas and we have been very 
successful. 

"You see there 's nobody like a farmer to 
raise peas and milk. Why I keep five hundred 
head of cows, and if I didn't have these modern 
devices for milking and other things I could 'nt 
compete with other manufacturers and keep in 
the business. 

"However, I never would have believed that 
in such a few short years us farmers would have 
an electric insulator factory and take such an 
active part in the electrical industry. " 

"How did you happen to put in the electric 
cooking and baking outfit?" said Evelyn. 

"Well, you see we gradually became accus- 
tomed to the convenience which the electrical de- 
vices offered us, and as we studied from week to 
week and month to month, the farming papers, 
and the circulars from the Northwestern Com- 
pany which spoke in such high terms of the cook- 
ing outfit, my wife figured out that it would be 
economical after all to use it. She convinced me 
that if we did not do something, she would have 
to buy a new kitchen stove, or else they would 
not have anything to eat around the house. I 
asked the price of a stove when I was down to 
the city one day, and learned that the one we 
wanted was $65, while the Northwestern Com- 
pany advertised a complete cooking and baking 
outfit for $60. So we decided to have all the 
electrical appliances which the household really 
demanded. When we ordered the outfit, they 
sent us an electric flat iron with it, and you could 



256 LOOKING FORWARD 

not take that iron out of the house now with 
a yoke of oxen. I never saw anything so popu- 
lar as that iron has been with the girls. 

1 'Then I got excited one day, and ordered one 
of those electric shaving mugs, and a Gillette 
Safety Razor. Sam and I went halves on that 
deal, and I would not take $100 for those two 
articles if I knew that I could not get others to 
replace them. Say, there is not a hot water bot- 
tle within ten miles of our house, and before we 
became electrified, you could not drive by a house 
which was not equipped with that old-time ne- 
cessity. The electric pad now hangs in its place, 
and all the Capfield homes swear by it. 

1 ' Well it is getting late, and I must surely catch 
the last car to Capfield. Come up before you re- 
turn, the folks will want to see you, and I have 
some fine music for you. You know we have one 
of the Telharmoniums. I wish I could stay 
longer and tell you all about it." 

They said good night, and the electrical 
farmer started for the Capfield car, cheerful and 
happy ; the monotony of his life on the farm had 
been broken, and it would not be fair to omit 
that the Northwestern Electrical Company had 
effectively exerted its electrical educating in- 
fluence among the farmers all over the country 
to their mutual benefit. The farmers in the 
United States played a very important part in 
the great electrical era of 1907. 



CHAPTER XX. 

THE PEOPLE AND THE ELECTRICAL COMPANIES. 

The next day, in the afternoon, Tom had a 
visit from a young man by the name of Wallis- 
ton, who was an old Northington boy, but had 
been located in New York for some years. He 
was also well connected with the electrical busi- 
ness, and the conversation was of mutual interest 
to them. They were discussing the attitude of 
the people in connection with electricity, and 
why the people in certain localities were so much 
better acquainted with appliances than in other 
sections. They both agreed that the people 
wanted electricity ; that they liked it, and talked 
about it. That they liked to read about it, and 
above all enjoyed using it in their homes and 
their business. They took an added interest, 
however, in an almost direct proportion to the 
aggressiveness of the Local Electrical Company. 

At this point in the conversation, Tom said: 
"I always enjoy visiting the City of Hardcord, 
Ct. It is one of the most progressive places in 
the world, and particularly does it represent the 
extent to which the people will use electricity 
when properly presented to them. The Presi- 
dent and Manager of the Electrical Company at 
Hardcord has been for years, and is today, a 
leader in electrical matters. He was one of the first 
to install a large water power system for trans- 

857 



258 LOOKING FORWARD 

mitting electrical power from a distance of 11 
miles into the city. From the start he kept be- 
fore him at all times the demands of the people, 
and adopted the policy of giving them the bene- 
fit of all improvements which the advance in 
the art introduced. Such for example, as more 
light at no increase in cost. I have heard him 
talk with the greatest enthusiasm about their 
system for maintaining the highest quality of 
light by sending employees out among their cus- 
tomers, and changing incandescent lamps in the 
residences and business houses at intervals of not 
more than 300 hours. In this way the people 
were much benefited, because, without any in- 
convenience to themselves, or bother in changing 
the lights, they were favored at frequent, and 
regular intervals, with brand new incandescent 
bulbs. The people of Hardcord noticed these 
things in their favor, and a feeling of confidence 
was at once established. 

1 1 For many years they had the best arc lighting 
system which was known to the art, but when 
the new alternating long burning arc lamps 
were offered as a commercial article, the Hard- 
cord Company was the first to install a trial sys- 
tem. The action of the people was here 
again emphasized. They watched the test 
on the streets, and appreciated at once that the 
electric company was endeavoring to place their 
city in the lead from the standpoint of street 
lighting by electricty. They therefore helped 
the situation by approving the new lights, and re- 
questing that they be installed, and Hardcord 
started early in the history of this system, with 
the best lighted streets in the world. Electrical 
men from far and near visited the place to in- 
spect this new method of street lighting. 



ELECTRICAL COMPANIES 259 

"They were also leaders in the storage battery 
field by equipping their station with a large bat- 
tery plant. To those familiar with electrical 
engineering, it was plain to be seen that the 
Hardcord Electrical Company was fast getting 
into a position where the gas company would 
have to go out of business. In 1912 gas lighting 
was a thing of the past, and all the factories of 
the city were operated by electric motors. The 
great electrical vehicle manufacturer at Hard- 
cord was one of the largest customers of the 
Electrical Company, and all the baker shops, 
and the hotels of the city did their cooking and 
baking by electricity furnished from the plant of 
the Hardcord Electrical Company. All the years 
of study and preparation which the active mana- 
ger had given to the subject was fast proving the 
superiority of electric light, heat, and power 
}iver any other form or system. The most inter- 
esting evidence of the complete down-fall of the 
gtts business was in connection with the introduc- 
tion of the electric cooking and baking outfits 
for homes. For ten years, between 1895 and 
1905, the gas people had successfully pushed the 
gas stove business, which kept them in the field, 
notwithstanding that gas for lighting purposes 
had been almost entirely replaced by electricity ; 
tut where the electrical companies showed 
Strength and superiority, was in connection 
with the extent of their business. With 
/electricity they handled great illumination 
/deals, as well as marvelous schemes con- 
nected with power engineering. They made 
customers of all the factories; they furnished 
light for all the homes, and were easily in posi- 
tion to take on the one remaining branch of the 
business; namely, electric heating; so the Hard- 



260 LOOKING FORWARD 

cord Company commenced a campaign among 
the people for replacing gas stoves, and exten- 
sively introducing electric kitchen outfits. It 
was not long before the true state of affairs was 
advertised in all parts of the city. Upon a fair 
trial among many homes, it was shown that the 
electric system of cooking and baking was in 
every way superior to gas, and not more than 
10 per cent or 15 per cent more expensive. As 
a matter of fact in some cases the conditions 
were very much in favor of the electric system, 
and resulted in electricity being much cheaper. 
As soon as these facts became known among the 
people, they became very enthusiastic, and the 
homes as well as the factories were arranged for 
electric light, heat, and power. The days of the 
gas company were numbered. Before 1909, the 
few small customers they had left, using gas 
stoves, were won over by the Electrical Com- 
pany and now in 1912 there is not a foot of gas 
made or sold in the City of Hardcord, and the 
people have benefited as well as the Electrical 
Company. Physicians and scientific men who 
have studied the subject for years, have proven 
to the people that health and happiness have in- 
creased among the homes since the use of gas 
was discontinued." 

''Then the people of Hardcord are the best 
educated people in the world on electrical mat- 
ters, " said young Walliston. 

"Yes, it is true," answered Tom, and the elec- 
trical profession has been benefited by the aggres- 
siveness and the experience of that very suc- 
cessful manager at Hardcord. He set the pace 
for the electrical companies of the world, and is 
recognized today, without question, as one of 
the grandest, and most eloquent representatives 



ELECTRICAL COMPANIES 261 

with which the electrical industry is favored." 
It was suggested that they go out on the 
piazza, and continue their talk, as it was much 
cooler, and pleasanter. Tom opened a box of 
cigars, and after securing a light, explained that 
this was one of the first 'boxes of cigars which 
had been sold with bands that were -applied by 
machinery. 

"You see," said Tom, "all cigar bands in the 
past have been placed upon cigars by hand, 
which is very expensive. An electrical engineer 
who had been studying the subject for some time 
invented a mechanical contrivance operated by 
an electric motor, which picks up and holds the 
cigar while another operation places the band 
around it, and fastens the two ends together. A 
large electrical manufacturer purchased the pat- 
ents controlling this device, and makes all the 
machinery for the cigar manufacturers. Unless 
one has thought of the subject somewhat, it is 
difficult to realize how important this machine 
has become to the cigar people, who save hun- 
dreds of thousands of dollars each year by the 
new method of applying the bands. 

"I have a great admiration for the large 
power companies up through Michigan," said 
Tom. "They have won the confidence of the 
people in the same way that the Hardcord Com- 
pany did. I have in mind one particularly large 
company, which has been very successful. Two 
brothers started in the electrical business more 
than twenty years ago. They were formerly in 
the grist mill trade, but purchased a dynamo 
for operating arc lights, and doing the street 
lighting in Johnstown, Michigan. They soon saw 
the opportunities which the electrical business 
offered for the future, 'and dropped the grist 



262 LOOKING FORWARD 

mill branch to devote their entire energies to the 
.electrical business. The principles on which 
these two brothers did business were such as to 
make them successful. They treated the people 
right. Of course they studied the engineering 
features of the business very thoroughly, keeping 
in close touch with the new ideas which the in- 
dustry introduced. Soon the incandescent light- 
ing machinery was on the market, and the stores 
and homes of Johnstown were favored with 
electric lights, at a figure sufficiently reasonable 
so that they could afford to use them, and from 
year to year increase their demands without un- 
due extravagance. Then came the industrial 
motor branch of electrical engineering, and 
Johnstown was not far behind in the many ap- 
plications for which electrical motors were 
designed. Manufacturers and merchants came 
to know that these electrical men in John- 
stown were leaders in electrical matters in the 
West. They had the utmost confidence in them, 
and when the great electrical era struck Michi- 
gan, the people in their homes were waiting, 
ready to respond to the appeals of the Electrical 
Company. By 1912 these brothers had acquired 
more than a dozen large water powers, and with 
the great facilities which the power, and their 
experience afforded, they accomplished the most 
wonderful results among the homes and factories 
down through the cities and towns where their 
wires reached, and carried the electric fluid. 
They put the strength of their whole organiza- 
tion behind the plan, and the people who had 
been treated well in all their transactions in the 
past, were now eager to enter into further ne- 
gotiations. Nowhere in the whole country was 
the campaign with electrical appliances more 



ELECTRICAL COMPANIES 263 

successful than through the cities and towns of 
Michigan. I was visiting there some time ago, 
and saw the finest freight depot I have ever seen 
in my life. It was a new building erected and 
finished in 1909. Ordinarily freight depots were 
simply lighted with electricity, but these broth- 
ers were away in advance of the times, on elec- 
trical motors especially, and before the plans 
were completed they called upon the railroad 
company, and asked to be allowed to submit a 
proposition for electrifying the new freight de- 
pot. After explaining their position fully, they 
were told to go ahead and submit plans with a 
proposition. As a result, the electrical work in 
that depot is of much importance to the railroad 
company. The large doors opening on to the 
platform are opened and closed by motors. 
Every section of the depot is equipped with an 
electric crane controlled from the floor. These 
cranes can be run right through the doors both 
in front on the freight platform, and in the rear, 
approaching up close to the freight cars. Where 
they had twenty-five men to handle freight every 
day, there was congestion and delay among the 
teams waiting for freight. The railroad com- 
pany now employs one-half the number of men, 
handles much more freight, and the work is con- 
ducted with promptness and despatch. The men 
who had heretofore handled the freight were 
greatly pleased over the new plan, because they 
were able to utilize their brains more than be- 
fore, and the work was of a higher order than 
simply wheeling freight on trucks from one end 
of the freight house to the other. 

4 'This was an engineering feature which was 
looked upon with great favor. It was of ad- 
vantage to the Electrical Company, as the peo- 



264 LOOKING FORWARD 

pie all visited the place to see the work done. 
These brothers were continually studying ways 
and means for doing things by electricity, which 
would be appreciated by the people. For ex- 
ample, they were among the first to make ar- 
rangements with the dentists of Johnstown to 
use electrical appliances. They understood that 
their dentists had on their books at least 2,000 
customers, and every day in the year, the people 
came to the dentist's office to get their teeth 
fixed; and while there, they watched the elec- 
trical appliances operate, and asked questions 
about electricity. They were told how conveni- 
ent the dentists considered them, and the small 
boys, young men, ladies, and wives of the com- 
munity, soon came to know all about electrical 
appliances. 

''The monthly bulletins of the Electrical Com- 
pany were read as regularly in the homes and 
industrial classes, as Scribner's Monthly, or Har- 
per's Weekly, or McClure's, or Munsey's maga- 
zines. In fact they were read more, because 
they were mailed free to the people. One very 
interesting plan started by the Johnstown Com- 
pany, was to offer prizes among the young peo- 
ple for the best application of an electric appli- 
ance in the home. They did not care how large 
or small the electrical article, or whether it was 
a puzzle, or a plaything, or what it was, so long 
as it represented an electric appliance used in 
the home. I knew one boy who secured the first 
prize of $100 for describing his playroom, which 
was equipped with all kinds of electrical contri- 
vances. He had a photograph taken and sent on 
with his description, and for months the John- 
stown Electrical Company was besieged with let- 
ters and questions from all the young boys in 



ELECTRICAL COMPANIES 265 

Michigan, desiring to know more about this little 
fellow's playroom. Another interesting part of 
their monthly bulletin was the nursery depart- 
ment. A former kindergarten teacher had 
charge of this department, and she seemed to 
make it a most interesting class of work. The 
little ones awaited anxiously the next bulletin, 
and the nurse girls and mothers had to read over 
and over again, about the little girls and boys 
who had electrical toys for their birthdays, and 
on their Christmas trees. And it did not stop 
there, because they soon found out that these 
pretty toys could be used on their electric wires, 
and little by little, all the children in Michigan 
became possessors of electrical toys, much to 
their amusement, and greatly to their benefit. 

"So the people became all powerful in 1912 in 
regard to the electrical industry. There was no 
more agitation for municipal ownership, for 
electrical companies. On the contrary, the great 
electrical era had been so aggressively promoted 
by the private electrical companies that the com- 
parison between private and municipally con- 
trolled companies was exceedingly bad. The peo- 
ple were the first to complain, and careful in- 
vestigation proved that their claims were just. 
They showed conclusively that the organization 
of the municipal companies was not sufficient to 
take care of their requirements for light, heat, 
and power in the homes, the factories, and the 
stores. The municipal companies did not keep 
the people informed ; they did not issue monthly 
bulletins; and were far behind in the art of 
handling electrical appliances. As a result, there 
was constant agitation by the people, in favor of 
private electrical companies, which finally de- 
manded that the cities should sell out at a fair 



266 LOOKING FORWARD 

price to some good first-class company, and now 
there is hardly a municipal electrical plant in 
the whole of the United States." 

" Which do you consider the largest and most 
aggressive individual electrical company in the 
world?" asked young Walliston. 

" It is my understanding, ' ' replied Tom, * ' that 
the Shecargon Edmunds Company of Shecargon, 
111., is the largest and most progressive. The lat- 
est advices show that they have 50,000 customers 
on their books. Their methods have been the 
cause of much admiration, not only among the 
electrical people, but all the people in general. 
As early as 1900, they issued their monthly bul- 
letin, and from year to year have been studying 
the best ways and means of keeping the people 
informed about their facilities. This company 
studied the business from all sides. It not only 
kept pace with the demands of the people, but 
it was the first company in the world to install 
the largest combination steam turbine, and elec- 
trical generator. It has been said that the man- 
agement of this company was the best, most 
energetic, and successful, of any company in the 
world. Those who have been connected with 
that company state that the President had edu- 
cated his heads of departments so effectually, 
that his own aggressive, up-to-date ideas could 
be seen in all branches of their business. He 
knew the business in all its details; had been 
personally associated with the great Thos. Ed- 
munds in the early days of electricity; and it 
was the detailed knowledge of the business, 
coupled with his executive ability, which kept 
the Shecargon Edmunds Company far in the 
lead as an electrical corporation. First in light, 
first in heat, and first in the power of the indus- 



ELECTRICAL COMPANIES 267 

trial world. When this man's biography shall 
have been written, and the people shall have 
known the ability which he possessed, they will 
understand why his company led the world dur- 
ing the great electrical era of 1907. When 
the command was given to push electrical 
heating devices among the homes of the 
people, there was no let-up until this com- 
pany towered away above every other elec- 
trical company, in its results. Their com- 
mercial organization showed wonderful aggres- 
siveness in presenting the subject. There was 
no detail too small for the careful presentation 
of these solicitors of electricity. So thoroughly 
were the devices exhibited, that the people be- 
came tolerably well versed in electrical engineer- 
ing, and never before in the history of the in- 
dustry had they become so familiar with the ear- 
nest efforts of the Shecargon Edmunds Com- 
pany to educate them regarding their home ap- 
pliances. The wiring contractors, and the sup- 
ply houses all noticed the great impetus which 
their end of the business had acquired, and every 
proprietor, manager, and assistant manager con- 
nected with the electrical business did his share 
in experimenting with the appliances. They 
took it up first as a matter of duty, then as a 
matter of interest, and finally became so en- 
thused that their homes demanded the devices 
for all time." 

"Well," said Walliston, "I am afraid I must 
go. The discussion is very interesting. I do not 
know where it will end. When you stop to think 
of the part which electricity now plays in our 
lives, and the ever-increasing use of electricity 
in all its branches, it is well that our boys and 
girls are educated young to undertsand the sub- 



268 LOOKING FORWARD 

ject. The next generation will breed many elec- 
trical engineers of marked ability, so that as the 
industry grows, and takes on marvelous propor- 
tions, the young men of the country will be able 
to cope with it, to the great advantage of them- 
selves, and all the people of the world," 



CHAPTER XXL 

MILLVILLE, THE ELECTRIC CITY OF THE WORLD. 

Tom wished to go back to Millville for a cou- 
ple of days, and see s'ome of his old factory 
friends, before the wedding, and he therefore 
left Northington one afternoon, promising to re- 
turn in a day or two. 

It was a great pleasure to meet them all again 
and it was with deep regret that he was leaving 
the place where so many interesting, happy years 
were spent. 

The city was located on the banks of the Mo- 
hegan River in a beautiful valley bearing the 
same name. The population in 1912 had reached 
the 100,000 mark, representing the largest pro- 
portionate increase between 1900 and 1910 of 
any city in the United States. 

One of the best boat houses 'anywhere in the 
country might be found only a few minutes' walk 
from the city's center. There, one- may rent 
a sail boat, motor boat, row boat or a canoe, de- 
pending upon the individual's previous marine 
experience. Many are the tales of love which 
those boats might relate, were it not for the fact 
that when the boat is hired, while the man- 
agement does not guarantee that the boats will 
not listen, he will positively assume all respon- 
sibility for any tales that might be thereafter 
related. 



270 LOOKING FORWARD 

Near the main street, within a short distance, 
may be seen a livery stable, famous throughout 
the entire State of New York for its fine turn- 
outs. This stable was one of the first to carry a 
line of automobiles, motor cycles, and horseless 
vehicles, thus offering to the people, conveniences 
of all kinds, from which they might take their 
choice. Electrical vehicles were exceedingly 
popular as the Millville Electrical Company had 
installed electrants freely throughout the city, 
sparing no expense to encourage the use of elec- 
tricity in every way. 

Millville was proud of its pavements. It had 
more miles of asphalt laid, in proportion to its 
population, than any other city in New York 
State, and its park system, while not very old, 
had the advantage of being laid out on the most 
modern plans, free from mistakes which other 
cities had made, and gaining all the advantages 
which the latest experience had offered. Visi- 
tors to Millville were driven for miles through 
these parks, and finally passing beyond the park 
system, entered into the grounds of the Mohegan 
Country Club. During the first few years of 
this club's existence, it had become well known 
throughout the State, but it now possessed an 
unparalleled reputation. It had a membership 
of between 1,500 and 2,000, including non-resi- 
dent members, and still a long waiting list. With 
miles of driveways, all kinds of sporting games, 
and $75,000 invested in the house and grounds, 
the club offered exercises and amusements of a 
very high order. The associations of this club 
were likewise exceedingly pleasant. It had 
twenty or twenty-five sleeping-rooms available, 
so that visitors from many parts of the country 
frequently made their headquarters there. Many 



, MILLVILLE THE ELECTRIC CITY 271 

of the prominent electrical engineers in Boston, 
New York, and Chicago had driven into the 
woods at the right of the tenth hole tee, and with 
the tall grass hazards, and the brooklets on the 
course, they had here been taught to swear in 
graceful form. One other thing may be said; 
namely, that it was one of the most popular as- 
sociations in the city, and much of its success was 
due to the untiring efforts of the several able 
presidents which had been elected. It was a good 
thing for the electrical industry that such a fine 
place was available for so many young electrical 
men to exercise, and preserve their best energies, 
mentally and physically, for problems sure to 
come later in life, and sure to be handled better 
because of those early years of part pleasure 
and part work. 

The city was also proud of its magnificent new 
railway station, including with its erection, the 
abandonment of the grade crossing. This station 
was considered one of the best along the lines of 
the New York Central Road. Its lighting had 
been commented upon with much favor. The 
type of lighting was the well-known metal ceil- 
ing arc diffuser system. The company had made 
a specialty of this particular installation, because 
of its location, and the many famous engineers 
who would pass through this station from all 
parts of the world. It was said that the results 
of this engineering caused more favorable com- 
ment among the engineers of various railroads 
than any other one class of engineering during 
that year. 

Just before Tom returned from Europe, a 
large new department store had been opened in 
the city. This was a magnificent building, nearly 
twice as large in size compared with any other 



272 LOOKING FORWARD 

building previously erected there. He had been 
very much interested in this store. The building 
was famous for its construction. The pile driver 
which first started the foundation was driven by 
an electric motor, the electricity for which was 
supplied by the Millville Electric Light, Heat 
and Power Company. When the steel structures 
were received, they were handled by electric mo- 
tors, and cranes, and every one of the rivets were 
driven and headed by electric hammers, or elec- 
tric riveters. The electric wiring plans were five 
times rejected, and changed to suit the owner, 
and more than 100 detailed prints of the wiring 
alone, were made to suit him. Before the ceil- 
ings 'and side walls were commenced, the archi- 
tect and illuminating engineer had had many 
conferences, with the result that the illumina- 
tion for that building, both for daylight distri- 
bution, and artificial light, was the best which 
they could possibly offer. 

After the store was finished there was one 
room which for a time was very popular. It was 
called the " Light Exhibition Room." The illu- 
minating engineer had planned this room, with 
instruments to show the public how various col- 
ored cloths and garments appeared under the 
many forms of light common to all classes of 
merchants. The idea of this department store 
in educating the public was to try and induce 
customers to avoid purchasing colored material 
in any store except that one, where the illumi- 
nation during the day time, or from artificial 
light, was sure to result in -a satisfactory pur- 
chase. 

There were no fixtures of any kind whatever 
in this store. The cash register apparatus was 
concealed ; the incandescent and arc lighting ma- 



MILLVILLE THE ELECTRIC CITY 273 

terial was part of the ceiling, and arranged as a 
part of the decorations. The building was 
equipped with four electric elevators, and one of 
the best restaurants in the city. Every bit of 
food was cooked by electricity, and in this store 
all the electrical applications were set forth in 
practical form. The Telharmonium was a most 
popular addition to the many other devices, and 
in the restaurant particularly. 

The Woman's Club of Millville was another 
organization which was famous for the aggres- 
sive manner in which it followed subjects of 
importance to the country at large. About the 
year 1906 this had been one of the first organi- 
zations to agitate the subject of "Good House- 
keeping." In their cooking schools the electric 
method of cooking was used for demonstration. 
They claimed that any housewife living in the 
"Electric City of the World," who was anx- 
ious to promote and advance good housekeeping 
should use electricity for cooking and baking, 
and continually be studying the different devices 
which would make her home pleasanter for her 
husband and family. A story had been passed 
along regarding this Woman's Club, which is 
worth repeating, as it indicates the progressive 
character of its members. It seems that an 
old speaker from one of the large cities had 
been invited to give them a talk on good house- 
keeping, but for some reason, had not sized up 
the audience with proper care, and many refer- 
ences were made to the use of a gas stove. She 
likewise failed to exhibit any degree of experi- 
ence with electric devices, which showed that 
her education had been limited, and that she 
was not a representative speaker for promoting 
the best interests of good housekeeping. It is 



274 LOOKING FOKWARD 

said that the members were so much put out 
about this affair that an Executive Committee 
meeting was held, and a resolution passed, re- 
quiring a very close investigation thereafter, 
when extending an invitaton to outsiders to speak 
before that club. In fact the Woman's Club of 
Millville possessed such a reputation for the 
manner in which it had promoted the subject of 
"Good Housekeeping" that their secretary was 
besieged by letters requesting articles for print- 
ing in the Woman 's Club papers and magazines, 
for the benefit of other clubs studying the same 
subjects. This particular subject was given 
great emphasis by the Millville Club, because all 
the members determined to see electrical devices 
put forward to the front. They knew from their 
own experience that they possessed merit over 
all other former devices, and as Millville was 
ranked as the "Electric City of the World," 
they felt that the entire club, as well as the cook- 
ing department, should bend every energy to 
advance and promote good housekeeping. This 
was one strong reason why the club was so suc- 
cessful in all its papers, and demonstrations on 
the subject. 

Another excellent feature about which Mill- 
ville could talk boastingly, and in a proud man- 
ner, related to the number and character of its 
schools. While the remarkable increase in pop- 
ulation had taxed the School Board's ability to 
build schools fast enough, yet they had kept pace 
with the requirements, and now they could boast 
of their schools without complaint, or criticism 
from any party. The School Board of Millville 
was famous for its daring character in undertak- 
ing new schemes, and in every case the results 
bad been so excellent that they began to feel that 



MILLVILLE THE ELECTRIC CITY 275 

what others called risk and daring, represented 
after all, a knowledge of the times and the 
proper care of the public '& children. 

Early in the year 1907, the School Board 
adopted the plan of studying geography by 
means of the biograph. All the new schoolhouses 
had been provided with a large Assembly Room, 
and a good sized stage. A biograph machine 
was purchased, and a teacher employed who had 
made a special study of the biograph method of 
teaching geography. He visited the schools once 
a week, at which time the different classes were 
sent to the Assembly Room for instructions. A 
class studying 'about Italy for example, would 
first take up such cities as Milan, Venice, Flor- 
ence, Rome, and Naples, in connection with which 
places the teacher would show biograph pictures 
relating to the special, prominent features for 
which they had long been noted. It is easy to 
understand how much the school children would 
appreciate moving pictures of the eruption of 
Mt. Vesuvius, or a trip through the St. Gothard 
tunnel, and it was soon noticed that the examina- 
tion papers in geography showed remarkable 
improvement. The plan seemed to rivet their at- 
tention to the subject, and dates, as no other pre- 
vious method had done. 

Millville was to be congratulated upon having 
such a broad-minded School Board, and through- 
out the entire State of New York, there was no 
Board of Education which enjoyed greater dis- 
tinction. Their enviable reputation was well 
earned, because they were continually intro- 
ducing some new feature of practical value, in 
the schools. 

An electrical man of broad experience was for 
several years the president of the Board. Mr. 



276 LOOKING FORWARD 

A. L. Roland's interest in the welfare of Mill- 
ville had long since been proved. Having gone 
there to live early in 1890, he was well qualified 
as to the needs of the city, and had taken no 
little share in the improvements which had been 
made from year to year. Through his effort, 
the Carnegie Library was successfully under- 
taken, and erected, probably several years before 
it otherwise would have been built. 

Not long after he became president of the 
School Board, he brought before that body, the 
introduction of a mechanical and electrical 
course for the boys. It was one of the most pop- 
ular features that could have been raised at that 
time, and before the Board realized the situation 
the newspapers expressed the views of the public 
and the plan was an assured success from the 
start. It was a matter of common knowledge, 
among the parents of thau community, that when 
their boys reached the age of twelve or thirteen, 
it was with difficulty that they could hold their 
attention to the school studies. A great many of 
the boys had a bent for mechanical or electrical 
matters. It was said that they were always tinker- 
ing around the house, fixing the electric door 
bells, etc., and before they realized it, the boys 
had left school, and were working in the shops. 
This new branch at school consisted of a good 
model room with lathe, and tools. It was custo- 
mary to study the design of the smaller electri- 
cal devices like small motors, fan motors, incan- 
descent lamps, wiring devices, preparatory to con- 
tinuing to study the subject on a larger scale 
later at Yoonyun College. The constant aim of 
the School Board was to study ways and means 
of holding the attention of the boys during a 
period when they were inclined to be restless. It 



MILLVILLE THE ELECTRIC CITY 277 

was at such, a period the parents were anxious 
to have them continue school, if it were not a 
waste of time, and they were glad to hear of 
this new departure in the public schools, and 
supported it in every way. It was not long be- 
fore other schools in the State adopted the same 
course, and now electricity is brought to the at- 
tention of the people during their early school 
days. 

But electricity was not to stop here, for the 
kindergarten teacher saw the splendid oppor- 
tunities of interesting little four-year-olds, by 
fitting up her schoolroom with little electrical 
games. One small contrivance for the baby 
girls was to have a motor turning a spindle, or 
bobbin, on to which a ball of yarn could be 
wound. She had a miniature sized Christmas 
tree on which the tiniest incandescent lamps 
were placed, in little sockets and electric lights 
were produced, much to the amusement of the 
children. Still another device interested them 
much, in the form of a motor arranged by the 
teacher so that when a little one turned a switch, 
a big toy elephant, on the end of a line, would be 
hoisted up to the ceiling. At first it took some 
patience on the part of the teacher to under- 
stand the devices, and teach the children how to 
operate them. Her plan was to teach such games 
only twice a week, and the parents noticed that 
the children talked continually about these play- 
things, and could not wait for the day to come 
when the next kindergarten lesson would 
include the playing of electrical games. 

While the Millville kindergarten teacher was 
the first to introduce this method of interesting 
children, yet it was not long before the scheme 
was adopted in all the cities, and towns. The 



278 LOOKING FORWARD 

merchants gave some study to the subject also, 
and continually demanded new electrical con- 
trivances, and playthings, for birthday and 
holiday trade. Fathers and mothers who had 
always found it difficult to know what to buy for 
their children, commenced to fill up their play- 
room with electrical playthings. They were 
pleased to do it, not alone for the pleasure which 
the children derived, but they felt that it was 
a splendid and easy way to educate the boy 
along a certain branch of science, which would 
help him later in school, college, and in fact his 
life work. 

Nor did electricity stop here at the age of four 
year-olds, because the physicians of Millville 
became enthusiastic on the subject, and made a 
special study of the applications which were 
suitable for their profession. In this way the 
very young babies were taught to use electricity, 
and derived therefrom the greatest amount of 
pleasure. The electric baby milk warmer 
became so popular that the physicians urged the 
electrical companies to carry more of them in 
stock. They were used much for heating milk, 
and all the babies in the country recognized 
their superiority, and would use no other kind 
of a milk warmer. They claimed that the milk 
did not taste as good when heated over gas, and 
vowed they would never drink any more milk 
except that which was heated in the electric 
milk warmer. The nurses studied and became 
familiar with the electrical articles which were 
necessary for them to use. In one case in Mill- 
ville, the nurse used an electric heating pad for 
seven weeks, keeping a new born babe 
thoroughly warm, and comfortable in its basket. 
It was exceptionally small, weighing only four 



MILLVILLE, THE ELECTRIC CITY 279 

and one-half pounds, and with its delicate little 
body there was considerable concern lest it 
should be unable to stand the slight changes in 
temperature to which it must be continually 
subjected. The doctor had said that it must be 
kept warm, and that the easiest, most effective, 
and least expensive way to do it, was to use an 
electric heating pad. 

So the city of Millville was first in all the 
world to commonize electricity, and its great 
multitude of devices. Throughout all life it 
became a dependence. In a speech made by 
Mark Twain in Boston, in the year 1906, at a 
public meeting for the benefit of the San Fran- 
cisco earthquake sufferers, he dwelt at length 
upon the habits of his twin brother and himself, 
when they were two weeks old. It created great 
amusement in the audience when he mentioned 
the ease with which his brother always got his 
milk first. He was stronger, and the electric 
switch was nearer to him than it was to Mark, 
so that about every meal his brother was nearly 
through eating before Mark commenced. He 
said that they both looked back upon their early 
electrical training as being of inestimable value 
to them, later in life. 

From the cradle to the kindergarten, in the 
early home life, then at the public schools, in 
the libraries, in the colleges, in the industrial 
world, the commercial life, and throughout 
one's entire existence, electricity plays a most 
important part. 



CHAPTER XXII. 

THE DENTIST AND PROF. STOENMITZ. 

Tom stopped in, before leaving Millville, to 
see Dr. Warden, a very prominent dentist in 
Millville. He had known him for several years. 

" Doctor," said Tom, after a while, "I wish 
you would show me all the electrical 'appliances 
you have here in the office. I am much 
interested in them." 

"I should be glad to do so," said Doctor. 
"By the way, I have just received a splendid 
letter from the President of the American 
Dentists' Association, thanking me kindly for 
the paper I recently read, at their annual meet- 
ing, regarding electrical appliances for dentists' 
offices." 

"Well, it is surprising to see how many 
instruments you use, in this business, which are 
electrically operated, ' ' said Tom. ' ' I was count- 
ing up the other day," responded the Doctor, 
"and I was surprised myself to find twenty- 
five different electrical devices, which I have in 
use almost daily. It makes our work much 
pleasanter, and vastly more interesting. The 
Dental Magazines now devote considerable space 
to the electrical department of their papers." 

"Yes, and I have noticed," said Tom, "that 
the electrical manufacturers and the electrical 
people in general, take a great interest in this 



DENTIST AND PROF. STOENMITZ 281 

branch of their business. For example, the 
electrical companies, in their monthly bulletins, 
are devoting a good deal of space to the Dental 
Offices. You know those bulletins are now 
divided up in accordance with classes of busi- 
ness. When they were first printed, they were 
of a general character, but as the applications 
of electricity became so varied, it was found 
that the bulletins should be classified, to be 
easily handled and intelligently read. ' ' 

"The bulletin of the Millville Company is 
very popular," said the doctor, "here at our 
house, we look for it each month. There is always 
interesting reading about some new electrical 
installation. Their representative calls in here 
occasionally, and I am glad to give him any- 
thing of interest, which is going on in my line. ' ' 

Tom inquired as to the best tooth powder to 
use, and the Doctor remarked "that here again 
it was necessary for him to talk about electricity, 
because the powder which had been, by all 
means, the most successful, was Calox, a 
preparation made from Electrolysis. 

"In fact," said Dr. Warden, "the paper 
package in which the material is boxed, has a 
picture of Niagara Falls on either end of it. 
The advantage which this tooth powder possesses 
over other forms, is in connection with its ability 
to clean the teeth, even though the tooth brush 
does not touch the hidden particles surround- 
ing the teeth. The powder when mixed with the 
saliva of the mouth, causes a chemical -action, 
cutting away *any impurities around the teeth, 
and cleaning them effectively." 

"Does it injure the enamel of the teeth?" 
asked Tom. 

"No," replied the doctor, "that is the reason 



282 LOOKING FORWARD 

it is such a popular article. At a meeting of the 
National Dental Association of America, held in 
Chicago in 1906, this tooth powder was com- 
mented upon with great favor. The patented 
principle involved, was considered as one of the 
greatest discoveries in the dental line, for many 
years. A box will last a long time, and it costs 
only twenty-five cents, so that millions of boxes 
have been sold. It is distinctly an electrical 
combination, and the electrical era has given 
Calox a considerable boom, which it might not 
otherwise have enjoyed." 

The doctor said, "Tom, do you know Mill- 
ville now possesses an enviable reputation, as 
far as electrical matters are concerned. It ranks 
every city in the world for its variety of 
applications. Personally I am much interested 
in the new Allis Hospital, which was opened in 
1907. Much thought and attention was given 
to the many conveniences made possible by the 
use of electricity. The wiring is the very best 
which the Electrical Engineers could specify. In 
all the wards there are electrical radiators which 
are appreciated very highly, for if there is 
anything which pleases a physician, it is to 
avoid dampness, .and have heat just at the time 
when it is wanted. Near each cot there is an 
electric table. It answers the purpose for hold- 
ing books, flowers, magazines, etc., but also is 
wired with outlets, and devices for heating 
water and milk, and keeping foods warm. It 
seems simple now to see how useful such a table 
is, and there is no reason why all tables of the 
kind should not be made electrical for the 
conveniences which we all enjoy. 

"All the kitchens are equipped with electrical 
cooking and baking outfits, and the big ironings 



DENTIST AND PROF. STOENMITZ 283 

are handled by the electric flat irons which are 
especially pleasing. 

* ' The operating-rooms are lighted in a manner 
which reflects credit upon the surgeon who 
arranged it. There is no possibility of being 
without light, even for three seconds, and the 
lighting is so arranged that dust cannot fall by 
the movement of fixtures. 

"It was Dr. McMolton who did so much to 
make the hospital a model, as far as electrical 
conveniences were concerned. He had visited 
many of the most important hospitals in the 
country, and knew what they lacked, as well as 
their good features. He claims that the Allis 
Hospital, of Millville, is the latest and most 
up-to-date of any institution of its kind in the 
country. It is said that many Committees of 
other hospitals in the North, East, "West and 
South, have visited our hospital, and expressed 
great satisfaction at the many new ideas gained 
by such visit." 

Tom left Dr. Warden's office, after expressing 
his hearty appreciation for the interesting 
things he had told him. 

That evening he had an invitation up to the 
Chapter House at the College to dinner. He 
had always been a great favorite among the 
college boys. 

About 7 o 'clock they sat down to dinner. The 
conversation naturally drifted on to the subject 
of Yoonyun College. A young man, by the 
name of Mr. Wood, spoke very highly of the 
electrical course at Yoonyun. He said he was 
taking a post-graduate course in electrical 
engineering. Before deciding upon his course, 
he had investigated the subject with much care. 
He said it was surprising what a great reputa- 



284 LOOKING FORWARD 

tion this college possessed, and the name of 
Professor Stoenmitz was upon the lips of every 
student, far and wide, who had any intention 
of attending Yoonyun. This young man's home 
was out in Michigan, yet Dr. Stoenmitz 's name 
was as well known in that section as in the East. 
Mr. Wood felt that such feelings were warranted, 
when considering the character of the course 
which Yoonyun offered and the facilities with 
which the young men were favored. Their 
laboratory apparatus was of the latest and most 
approved type, and Dr. Stoenmitz had made a 
special point of educating young men particu- 
larly on current consuming devices, and the 
latest and best samples of all kinds of instru- 
ments and meters, transformers, arc lamps, 
incandescent lamps, fan motors, wires and cables 
and heating devices, were to be found in that 
famous electrical engineering laboratory. 

Mr. Wood said, "The boys look forward with 
the keenest interest to the lectures by Dr. 
Stoenmitz. No matter what the subject is, he 
surrounds it with such attractiveness, and 
makes it so plain to us that we all listen 
intently. 

"And, after the lecture, we discuss among 
ourselves, how he can possibly keep so well 
posted on all kinds of electric material. He 
never uses notes, and yet his detailed familiarity 
with the smallest parts of small devices, is 
remarkable. There are many, among the classes, 
who have found difficulty in appreciating 
certain points well, until Dr. Stoenmitz had 
made them perfectly clear, in a few words. He 
has a way of presenting a subject, which attracts 
our attention at once, and gives us a clear 
understanding, of the matter. Of course, we 



DENTIST AND PROF. STOENMITZ 285 

feel that Dr. Stoenmitz 's experience, past and 
present, is such, as to render him a very able 
man on electrical matters. 

''The popularity which he enjoys among the 
students, proves the truth of this statement. 
Students admire ability, and when a Professor 
combines ability with a wonderful way of 
presenting his ideas, then is his reputation 
established. 

"Of course each year the reputation of the 
Yoonyun Engineering course, is extending 
throughout the world, and the college may be 
heartily congratulated upon having such a man 
associated with its interests." 

"What you have said, Mr. Wood, interests 
me very much/' said Tom. "I have often 
listened to Dr. Stoenmitz talk before large elec- 
trical conventions. The impression he always 
creates is long remembered, and talked about, by 
those who were present. As he rises to speak, 
there is silence in the hall. His presence on the 
floor commands immediate attention. Some of 
the audience listen because they enjoy the clever 
manner in which he presents his arguments. 
Others, however, have told me, that they always 
learn a great deal when Dr. Stoenmitz talks at 
a convention. It makes little difference what 
subject is being discussed, he usually presents 
some point of interest, which has not been 
raised. ' ' 

Tom further continued, "Asdde from the elec- 
trical business Dr. Stoenmitz is also a genial 
person. I have spent many a pleasant evening 
with him, and have met him occasionally on the 
train traveling to Boston, or perhaps on the 
way to some convention. I never knew him to 
show any signs of annoyance at the questions on 



286 LOOKING FORWARD 

electrical matters, which are put to him, and 
some of them are almost foolish; and many 
persons step up and speak to him, without any 
object in view, except to say that they have 
talked to him. 

"Considering the character of his work, his 
accomplishments and the great amount of time 
which he has given to the electrical subject to 
effect such accomplishments, it is wonderful that 
he is able to exhibit such a happy disposition 
at all times. 

"His home life is exceedingly pleasant. The 
residence of Dr. Stoenmitz is one of the best in 
Millville, surrounded by several acres of wood- 
land territory. Much taste and botanical skill 
has been exhibited in the arrangement of the 
gardens, the beautiful hedge in the front, and 
the tall poplars extending back into the yard, 
where hundreds of tall pines perfume the air 
and are conducive in great degree to vigor and 
health. 

"But all of these are minor considerations 
compared with the electrical features of Dr. 
Stoenmitz 's residence. It is probably the most 
wonderful in the world, as far as electricity is 
concerned. He personally laid out the wiring, 
planned his switchboard, and arranged the 
lights. Every conceivable kind of device must 
have been seen, sat some time or other, in his 
laboratory. I have seen there, all kinds of light, 
from all kinds of current, and from multitudes 
of shapes and styles and forms of lamps. His 
conservatory contains a large variety of cacti, 
which are rich in many shades of green. To 
that which already appeared beautiful and 
thrifty in its own world of green color, he added 
a remarkable richness by illuminating the room 



DENTIST AND PROF. STOENMITZ 287 

with electric lights, producing rich shades of 
green. 

1 'In an auxiliary greenhouse ten feet away 
from the large one, there is a large geranium 
bed, with blossoms abundant and rich in red. 
In this room he had installed lights which had a 
spectrum rich in the red, and lent brilliancy in 
color to the geraniums, which were beautiful 
under the ordinary light of day. 

"And in the wall decorations in his house, 
special study was given to the colors of the 
tapestries and the character of the furniture, so 
as to harmonize with the electrical fixtures and 
the color of the illumination. 

"I have always taken much interest in this 
house," continued Tom, "because it has been 
distinctly electrical, from the time the first stone 
in the foundation was laid. I do not know of 
any place in the world, which, has been so 
identified with electrical subjects, <as this home 
and laboratory of Dr. Stoenmitz." 

The evening drew to a close all too soon, and 
as the boys bade him good night and good-bye 
for a time at least, Tom felt that surely he was 
leaving behind many good friends in the dear 
old city of Millville. 



CHAPTER XXIII. 

ELECTRIC ARC LIGHTING. 

Just before leaving for Northington, Tom 
walked up toward the new section of the city, 
in the hope of meeting one or two of 'his old 
friends. He was just passing the house of Mr. 
E. J. Bergmann, when he called to him from 
the piazza to come up and sit down. 

Mr. Bergmann was one of the most prominent 
political men in Millville, having been for many 
years a very popular alderman, and this 
particular year had just been elected Mayor of 
the city. It was an honor which he had earned 
by the exercise of principles in politics, which 
met with the hearty approval of the people. He 
was a candidate of the people, and combined 
with a character and habits based upon the best 
principles of life, he soon became a political 
power. He had been connected with the elec- 
trical industry for nearly twenty-five years, 
having been associated with Thomas A. 
Edmunds in the early days of electricity. It 
was a treat to hear 'him reminisce about the 
experiments and trials, through which they 
passed, way back in the early 80 's. 

The conversation drifted onto the subject of 
street lighting, when he said, "that luminometer 
which we have in the office of the Street Light- 
ing Committee, is one of the best illumination 



ELECTRIC ARC LIGHTING 289 

instruments I have ever seen. The city has a 
contract with the Illuminating Company, and I 
do not know of any other contract on its files, 
which is so easy to interpret, and so mutually 
satisfactory, as that one. 

Before the Lighting Committee knew of that 
instrument, there was a feeling on the part of 
the city officers, that we had no good oppor- 
tunity of checking up the rating of our street 
lamps. But with this luminometer a test can 
be made at any time, upon the order of the 
Chairman of the Lighting Committee. By 
reference to the contract, it is known, just what 
size of print can be read with a luminometer, 
and it is the simplest method of rating illumina- 
tion. Every test we have ever made, has shown 
our lamps to be exactly in accordance with the 
contract. The city has never been concerned 
about the candlepower of the lamp, near it and 
under it. What we have and need, is the lamp 
giving the best distribution and light, on all 
sides, at the distance of 150 to 200 feet from its 
location. Then you see, by having lamps every 
300 or 400 feet apart, all through the city, we 
are especially well lighted. There is not a fire 
hydrant in our entire city, which is not well 
illuminated. Our fire chief has advised me 
many times, that he was much pleased with the 
street illumination in Millville. We have now 
about 2,000 arc lamps, and I understand that 
they are the best which the art affords. " 

"Yes," said Tom, "this is a well-lighted city, 
and it ought to be. The officers of the city, and 
the people in general, have taken a great interest 
in electrical matters here, and they have had 
faith in the Electrical Company to do what was 
right and for their mutual interest. Many cities 



290 LOOKING FORWARD 

have felt in the past, that whenever the elec- 
trical companies had a new arc lighting system 
in view, that they must look sharp, or the candle- 
power of the lamp would not be up where it 
should be. If every alderman in the country, who 
is considering the approval of a street lamp for 
his city or town, would study the street-light 
luminometer, there would be no more difficulties 
between the city and the Illuminating Company, 
in regard to the volume of light from electric 
street arcs. 

"How about that long burning luminous 
arc/' asked Mr. Bergmann, "has it been as 
popular throughout the country as it has been 
here?" 

"Yes," replied Tom, "it took a big start in 
1907. The lamps are particularly well adapted 
to certain circuits like those in Millville.' They 
operate direct from this circuit, without the use 
of revolving machinery in the station. 

"The system is remarkable. The best elec- 
trical engineers in the country have shown their 
approval, by adopting it for their street 
illumination requirements. ' ' 

"The people, however, are most interested in 
the character of the arc," said Mr. Bergmann. 
"When our Lighting Committee investigated the 
subject, they were much impressed with the 
brilliancy which the arc exhibited, and its rich 
silvery color. Its ability to distribute the light 
just where it is wanted, on the street, was also 
noted carefully. Another point, which makes 
it popular, is its long burning feature. It 
burns the longest of any arc lamp which was 
ever designed. 

"That is an excellent point, in connection 
with busy city streets, because the lamps are 



ELECTRIC ABC LIGHTING 291 

not disturbed, but once in about fifteen days, 
and longer than this in Summer time. I can 
well understand why they have been so 
popular. ' ' 

"All the large cities in the country have 
adopted them, ' ' said Tom, * * and several hundred 
thousand lamps are now burning nightly, 
throughout our cities and towns. Considering 
the great field for these lamps, -and the desire 
on the part of Illuminating Companies and 
Cities to adopt them, it is a pleasure to have -an 
instrument, like the luminometer, for accurately 
and properly presenting the light to the non- 
technical public. 

"Prof. W. D. A. Rhine first introduced the 
device, in its commercial form, and it is only 
one of many scientific illumination instruments, 
designed by him, which have been of much value 
to the electrical industry, to the merchants, to 
industrial concerns and the people in general. 

"His most recent invention relates to an 
instrument for measuring the illumination of 
interiors. It is called an interior photometer. 

"With this instrument electrical companies 
have been able to visit a merchant's store, tell 
him quickly how much illumination he already 
has, and take his order for so much more, 
rearranged and properly distributed, in accord- 
ance with the requirements. 

"This instrument has been particularly 
popular with the merchants, in all parts of the 
country. ' ' 

"Another scheme of Prof. Rhine/' said Tom, 
"has been to combine the use of the biograph 
machine, with his scientific illumination instru- 
ments, for the purpose of proving absolutely 
the theory of colors in connection with the 



292 LOOKING FORWARD 

electric arc. He was able to take most beautiful 
views of the arc, in colors, by reason of the 
inventions of the biograph engineers, who have 
recently made a great success of color motion 
pictures. In his lectures, Prof. Rhine would 
throw on the screen all kinds of electric lights, 
in colors, then show and describe their 
respective spectroscopic views, making it very 
plain to his audience that the electric arc could 
be relied upon, absolutely, for the reproduction 
of colors, whereas much difficulty would be 
experienced with all other forms of light." 

"I suppose/' said Mr. Bergmann, "that it 
was this character of work, upon Prof. Rhine's 
part, which led the Glendale Electric Company 
to establish the great Illuminating Engineering 
Laboratory here which I understand has made 
a great reputation for itself. " 

"Yes," replied Tom, "the illuminating 
engineering between the years of 1900 and 1906 
involved a great deal of hard work, much 
expense and a vast amount of patience, but as 
we now look back upon those years, it is most 
interesting to reflect upon many of the 
problems. At times, they seemed very compli- 
cated and exceedingly difficult to solve, but the 
great value of those years was in connection 
with the firm foundation established for 
illuminating engineering. It was that founda- 
tion which has made the large laboratory a 
marked success, and it is known all over the 
country to be equipped with the latest and 
most up-to-date light measuring instruments 
and capable of rendering expert opinion on any 
part of the subject of illumination. Best of 
all, however, it has men experienced in tha 
study of the subject, so that large illumination 



CO-OPERATIVE ASSOCIATION 293 

problems can be undertaken, and carried out 
practically, with the best results possible to 
obtain. This is the kind of reputation which 
the laboratory is known to enjoy, and every bit 
of it has been earned and is deserved/' 

And the afternoon gradually stole upon the 
twilight. Tom had reached his old boarding- 
house and went out on the piazza to smoke his 
cigar. He caught a last glimpse of the sun as 
it went down behind the mountains. It was 
just at the gap between the hills, where all the 
trains passed through to the West. In the years 
gone by, it had been a common sight to see the 
great black clouds of smoke, curling up in 
peculiar fashion, from the smokestack of steam 
engines, puffing and steaming with their heavy 
loads, and wending their weary way along the 
famous railroad, so well known to Millville 
people and the world in general. 

But now, the smoke curls no more. Like the 
camp fire of the Indian, through the Mohegan 
Valley, it has gone forever. The hills have taken 
on a fresher appearance. The trees, on the 
mountain sides, look more thrifty. For more 
than half a century they had been absorbing 
the smoke and dust of the old steam brutes, 
and . were gradually being choked out of 
existence. Nor was there any smoke from the 
old Locomotive Works, which lay in between the 
piazza view and the mountains, for these great 
shops were now operated by Electric Motors, 
and all applications of light, heat and power 
were electric. 

So, on this particular evening, he enjoyed the 
gorgeous sunset in all its glory, neither 
obstructed by smoke, nor dirt, nor dust, but 
clear and brilliant, filled with richness in color. 



294 LOOKING FORWARD 

And the afterglow was wonderfully beautiful. 
The reds took on a higher tone of color, and 
the sky was filled with richer and more gorgeous 
blues than in times past, because the atmosphere 
was so purely free from smoke and dust that the 
light possessed marvelous strength and intensity, 
unhampered by the smoke, steam and cinders, 
through which, colors, originally rich and 
brilliant, lose their intensity, becoming sluggish, 
pale and faint. 

The beautiful Mohegan Valley lay stretched 
before him, and beyond, in the distance, the 
Adirondacks furnished the background for a 
grand, picturesque scene. But what are those 
objects moving along the Erie Canal which can 
be seen so plainly ! Why, they are Electric Motor 
Boats, so commonly used nowadays along that 
new highway for commercial transportation. 
The grass is not growing in the Erie Canal, for 
the people of York State, having spent their 
money for vast improvements, have successfully 
commercialized the scheme, and a marvelously 
extensive business is being conducted on this 
famous old waterway. 

Early in the morning Tom took train for 
Northington, sorry to leave his dear old friends, 
but glad to return to Evelyn, who, within a few 
days, would be his own wife and lifelong com- 
panion. 



CHAPTER XXIV. 

THE COOPERATIVE ELECTRICAL IMPROVEMENT 
ASSOCIATION. 

Tom Appleton had returned from Millville 
and found everybody exceedingly busy arrang- 
ing for the wedding. Many guests had already 
arrived, and among them Tom and Evelyn 
were very much pleased to have Mr. and Mrs. 
Giddings, of San Francisco, present. 

One evening 'after dinner, Tom and Giddings 
sat down to talk over matters. 

"Well," said Giddings, "it seems incredible 
that such a tremendous gain could be made in 
any one industry in such a short time. There 
must have been some very particularly, 
aggressive and concerted action to bring about 
such results." 

"There was," said Tom. "A plan of co- 
operation was conceived by J. Robert Grossman 
as early as the year 1904. His ideas were 
nursed in a practical manner through the manu- 
facturing organization in which he was 
associated. In 1905 he appeared before the 
National Electric Light Association, and pre- 
sented his views very broadly in a paper before 
that body. A committee was appointed by the 
association to co-operate with the Manufacturers 
Committee, and during the year an organization 
was formed, known as the Co-operative Elec- 
trical Improvement Association." 

295 



296 LOOKING FORWAKD 

"What was the exact object of this associa- 
tion?" asked Giddings. 

' ' The scheme was essentially a cooperative one, 
having for its object the growth of the industry ; 
also to popularize and commonize the use of the 
electric current among all classes of the people, ' ' 
said Tom. 

"This 'association, " continued Tom, "had 
representative members, on its Board, from 
every branch of the industry interested. For 
example, the furniture dealer took a keen 
interest in the organization because the electrical 
engineers had studied ( a way for electrifying 
furniture. The McDowall Cabinet Company 
was the first to popularize the plan by advertis- 
ing Electric Kitchen Cabinets. Then a Mirror 
Concern introduced a line of mirrors with 
incandescent lights mounted on either side. It 
became very common to purchase dining-room 
tables all wired for convenient use of electric 
appliances. ' ' 

"I presume, 1 " said Giddings, "that the 
Wiring Contractors, Jobbers, Dealers and Elec- 
trical Salesmen were interested." 

"Yes," replied Tom, "and so were the Trades 
Papers, Magazines, and even the Contractors 
who built houses. The Association advanced 
arguments in favor of contractors using electric 
tools among their carpenters. Much time and 
labor could be saved, and when bidding on a 
new house, the contractor who was up-to-date 
on such matters usually secured the contract. 
As soon as he broke ground for the cellar, his 
electric tool wagon was brought on the scene. A 
large electric hoist and crane were included in 
the outfit, and boulders and large stones were 
quickly removed, as well as the excavation of 



CO-OPERATIVE ASSOCIATION 297 

dirt. Heavy stones for foundations were raised 
and lowered, and moved sideways, and it seems 
nowadays as if a house could not be built with- 
out this electrical tool wagon." 

"Did the Electrical Company consider such 
contractors as good customers, as merchants and 
residents?" asked Giddings. 

"Yes, they were considered particularly good, 
because they used all the current during the day 
time and very large quantities during the Sum- 
mer Season when Electrical Companies were 
looking for such business." 

"The people," said Giddings, "seldom stop to 
think that in the early days of electricity, the 
electrical companies had no other business but 
furnishing light at night." 

' ' But, now-a-days, ' ' said Tom, ' ' their business 
is like the railroad business, a twenty-four-hour 
service , and better than the merchant 's line, 
which deals mostly with daylight customers. 
The electrical business today, covers the entire 
twenty-four hours, and it is so arranged that the 
load is practically as large at night as during 
the day ; although in 1908 and '09 the motor and 
heating business had grown so rapidly that 
everybody had to hustle to bring up the lighting 
end of the industry. 

"You see, Giddings," said Tom, "how beauti- 
ful is the principle of the scheme of co-operation. 
In quoting from Mr. J. Robert Grossman's 
paper in 1906, he referred to the objects of the 
new association as follows: 

"One of the most important objects is the 
establishment of co-operative relations, both 
moral and financial, among the different elec- 
trical interests, the manufacturer and the peo- 
ple, to the end that each may contribute in 



298 LOOKING FORWARD 

some measure toward bringing about the results 
desired in common by all." 

"But why did he include the people/' said 
Giddings, ' ' what interest have they ? ' ' 

' ' They have a very great interest, and by all 
means are properly included. I will give one 
illustration to show how the plans cooperate 
with the daily lives of the people. The New 
York American and Journal sent out, with their 
Sunday papers a set of postal cards, regarding 
Buster Brown and Tige, with instructions to all 
children, that if they would run a hot flat iron 
over the blank spots on the cards, a picture 
would appear, showing what Buster and Tige 
were doing. Well, this became very popular, 
but it increased greatly in favor, when the 
paper offered Miniature Electric Flat-Irons to 
do the heating, called 'The Children's Iron.' 
Every child in our neighborhood sent for one, 
and the little girls used the iron for pressing 
their dolls' clothes. It was the most popular elec- 
tric device introduced that year, and the people 
began to feel a great interest in such things. ' ' 

* ' Yes, I can understand what you mean, ' ' said 
Giddings. "It is practically a covenant on the 
part of the electrical industry that its engineers 
and other representatives, will study the 
demands of the people for conveniences. ' ' 

"Some of Grossman's ideas were considered 
a trifle advanced, especially by the conservative. 
One idea, in particular seemed at that time, to 
be unusually radical, but it has turned out 
especially well. It was the idea of each member 
of an association passing on to some other mem- 
ber, the advantages which electricity offered in 
all phases of life. Traveling men would agree 
to patronize those hotels, shops and stores, 



CO-OPERATIVE ASSOCIATION 299 

where electricity was found to be most plenti- 
fully used. It was a cooperative idea, and 
created the phrase, 'All Together, all the Time, 
for Everything Electrical/ " 

* ' Grossman must have been a very aggressive 
man," said Giddings. 

''He was," replied Tom, "and he was well 
qualified to make a grand success, which 
this year of 1912 has shown. He seemed to be 
an indefatigable worker, and had studied the 
subject so thoroughly, and accumulated so much 
data for illustrating his points, that skillful 
presentation was cultivated in a marked degree, 
and was not the least important part of his suc- 
cess. 

"In one of his papers, he said, ' There are 
additional to those in the electrical field, who are 
naturally directly interested in the wiring of new 
construction work, the following list in other 
fields, having more or less to do with the ques- 
tion of wiring buildings: 
5,206 Architects 

2,433 Large Building Companies 
2,786 General Contractors 

42,516 Real Estate Agents 

40,416 Carpenters and Builders 



93,357 Total/ 3 

"I can commence to appreciate," said Gid- 
dings, "the great opportunity for such an 
association. ' ' 

"It was well organized, on co-operative lines," 
said Tom, "and behind it there was a 
tremendous power in the form of the Electrical 
Engineering Society with its great organization ; 
also great inventions were continually being 
introduced, and this Association appreciated that 



300 LOOKING FORWARD 

the field for their work would ever be an 
enormously increasing one. They also had 
studied the power and force of advertising 
mediums, such as periodicals, magazines and 
newspapers issued to the American people/' 

"I can appreciate that," said Giddings, "for 
I had opportunity some six years ago to investi- 
gate the mediums through which advertisements 
might reach the people. I was surprised to 
learn that between 8,000,000 and 9,000,000 
pieces of literature were issued annually to the 
people. Think of the great opportunity of 
acquainting the public with electrical matters, 
after deciding that it was a good plan to do so. ' ' 

"When this Association was formed the elec- 
trical business had been under-advertised. The 
business had grown so rapidly and so much 
engineering work had been necessary, that the 
electrical companies had met with difficulty in 
arranging large supplies of current for pushing 
the commercial side of its business. But at the 
time this Association was formed, great changes 
had taken place. The Electrical Companies had 
studied their requirements and planned for 
surplus current, so as to pronounce to the people 
that they were ready to offer them great con- 
veniences. Therefore when the plan started, 
the organization was large and equipped to 
handle the business well." 

"Were the manufacturers ready, also?" said 
Giddings. 

"Yes, they were," replied Tom, "and here, 
at this point in our talk, I should tell you that 
among the organizations of the electrical manu- 
facturing companies there were exceedingly 
bright men, fully the equal of the personnel 
among the local electrical companies. The 



CO-OPERATIVE ASSOCIATION 301 

factories had men studying the subject from the 
standpoint of the people; and likewise the 
engineers of the local companies possessed a 
fund of information regarding the design of 
new material, its testing, inspecting, etc. 
The foundation had been well laid for a grand 
campaign, and the Co-operative Electrical 
Improvement Association was born just at the 
right time/' 

Tom continued further: "An excellent illus- 
tration of the manner in which the people's de- 
mands were studied refers to the Hylo Lamp. 
The Company that developed and manufactured 
this lamp knew positively that it had merit. It 
was convenient in a bed room, a hall, or for a 
dozen different purposes in the home. It was 
economical, and the people applaud an economi- 
cal device. The Co-operative Developmental Im- 
provement Association helped the people to 
know about this lamp earlier than they might 
have known otherwise. ' ? 

"Wasn't it likewise true about the glower 
lamp?" asked Giddings. 

"Quite so," answered Tom, "the manufactur- 
ers particularly emphasized the distribution of 
light in a downward direction, because they had 
studied the use of light practically by the peo- 
ple. They knew that if light was wanted on the 
table in front of you, it was foolish to distribute 
the illumination all over the room in every other 
direction. This glower lamp furnished a beauti- 
ful light, which was demanded by the merchants 
quite generally as early as the years 1905 and 
'06. It represented an advance in the art of 
illumination, which the Co-operative Association 
helped the people to understand in many 
practical ways," 



302 LOOKING FORWARD 

"What about the foreign countries ?" asked 
Giddings. 

' * They watched the progress of the American 
Association and by 1907 the results were such as 
to induce them to organize along similar lines. 
England and Germany were first to study the 
matter. Mr. J. Robert Grossman was given a 
most cordial invitation to meet prominent elec- 
trical men in London and Berlin, which he 
gladly accepted, and helped them to get started. ' ' 

"They all must have been very serious, " said 
Giddings, "only great earnestness and persist- 
ency could bring about the marvelous results so 
quickly. ' ' 

"All the electrical men were earnest, " said 
Tom, "they wore a pin on the lapel of their 
coat, emblematical of the organization, and like 
a college fraternity, there was a certain dignity 
surrounding it which kept the profession 'All 
Together, all the Time, for Everything Elec- 
trical. '" 

"The National Electrical Association, was 
formerly known by another name, was it not?" 
asked Giddings. 

"Yes, its name was changed to the National 
Electrical Association in 1907. At each annual 
meeting a Progress Report was read, to which 
great importance was attached. These reports 
not only gave many statistics which were valu- 
able, regarding old branches of the business, but 
were particularly of value in connection with 
the new fields. For example, it was the Progress 
Report which attracted so much attention be- 
fore the Convention in 1907, on Electric Heat- 
ing Devices, that led to a change in the Associa- 
tion's name. This branch of the business had 
grown so large, as well as the Motor business, 



CO-OPERATIVE ASSOCIATION 303 

that it was not considered right and proper any 
longer to call it the National Electric Light 
Association. ' ' 

"What was the attitude of this organization, 
in regard to the Cooperative Electrical Improve- 
ment Association ? ' ' asked Giddings. 

"It was very favorable to it," replied Tom. 
"I remember well that the 1906 Progress 
Report made special reference to the new 
point of departure. It said that that year 
seemed to mark tihe beginning of a new period in 
the development of electric light, heat and 
power in the United States; that the Elec- 
trical Companies had united upon a commercial 
propaganda to sell much larger quantities of 
current than ever before, because they were so 
well prepared to do it. It was further pointed 
out that while technical changes and engineering 
improvements would not cease, a marvelous 
interest was being evinced in connection with 
the development of the commercial side of the 
industry. Ample evidences were offered to 
illustrate these points, among which was the 
great interest exhibited by everybody in con- 
nection with the work of the Electrical Co- 
operative Improvement Association." 

"The individual who made these Progress 
Reports must have been well informed and very 
capable," said Giddings. 

"Yes, indeed," replied Tom. "He possessed 
remarkable ability, which was continually 
stimulated and highly cultivated by broad 
experience. For years he had been associated 
with a large prosperous technical newspaper, 
which had gained and maintained an enviable 
reputation for its technical reports. The elec- 
trical companies in the United States owe a debt 



304 LOOKING FORWARD 

of gratitude to the technical press for the many 
years and the very successful manner in which 
important engineering problems have been 
promulgated and agitated. They were one of 
the first organizations to -approve and offer 
hearty support to the Cooperative Electrical 
Improvement Association, and it may be said in 
their praise, that the very successful start which 
that valuable Association made, was due in no 
small measure, to the assistance from the 
Technical Press." 

"Well," said Giddings, "I have been very 
glad indeed to know all about this great 
cooperative plan having to do with the electrical 
industry, from its start to this present time." 

Shortly after, Giddings retired, but Tom 
wandered out on the piazza for a few moments 
before going to bed. He had hardly closed the 
screen door when a great illumination display 
could be seen across the sky. It was one of the 
large searchlights on the through trains which 
were nowadays equipped with signals for night 
running, to thoroughly protect all travelers. 

As he looked out upon those wonderful 
illumination effects, there passed through his 
mind the marvelous character of electrical work 
which was going on in the world, and he was 
glad that an organization had been formed for 
the purpose of keeping the people informed 
about electrical matters. 

The train had passed on, and, with a last 
glance out over the quiet meadow city, he turned 
and walked into the house. The Co-operative 
Electrical Improvement Association was destined 
to live long after his usefulness would have 



CHAPTER XXV. 



At last the happy day had arrived, and the 
with a dear, blue sky. It was 
for Evelyn and EethyL They 
up and dressed at an early hour, and the 
first thing Evelyn did was to call Eethyl on the 
'phone and congratulate her upon the weather. 
Tom and Charlie Kingsley were happy fellows, 
and each thought himself to be the luckiest 
person in the world. 

At an early hour, Tom came rushing through 
Ac hall to the dining-room door at the Tyler 
home, where he was brought to a standstill 
abruptly, when the girl of his choice plunged 
gracefully into his arms, making no effort to 
conceal the joy and happhiean which she felt 
Having shaken hands, and received a cordial 
Father and Mother Tyler, they 
the decorations and details 
of the wedding ceremony. The trophies for the 
DnoesmaiuS and best men were inspect ed and 
aproved, and the hour set for the rehearsal. 
The floral decorations had been received, and 
friends were just returning from the woods 
where beautiful specimens of natural flowers 
had been gathered. The bay-window in the 
had been selected as the exact 



306 LOOKING FORWARD 

location for the ceremony, and they all set to 
work decorating this bay for the first celebration 
of its kind. 

By eleven o'clock the decorations had been 
finished, and Tom left for the city, promising 
to return promptly after lunch for the rehearsal, 
which would take place at two o'clock. He 
boarded the electric car in front of the house, 
and, in about ten minutes, had reached the main 
street, or so-called " shop-row. " 

He had just alighted from the car when some- 
one grabbed him by the 'arm. Turning around 
he saw it was Sheldon. In a second Tom's eyes 
were ablaze with anger, but intuitively he held 
back any rash words, for there was a new light 
in Frank Sheldon's eyes. A marked change was 
easily noted in his demeanor. 

"Tom," he said, "come over to the club a 
moment and give me one final opportunity to 
explain." The tone was submissive and was an 
appeal that Tom could not deny. So they went 
over to the Club, and there Sheldon told him 
all about his last attempt on board the sub- 
marine boat to destroy them, if possible; how 
he had been severely burned and had received 
an awful cut in the head where he had fallen. 
Then the days and days in the hospital at 
Venice, when, lingering between life and death, 
he had been led to see the awfulness of his 
deeds, and earnestly prayed that God would help 
him to start afresh. From that date, there was 
a change in his condition, and he commenced to 
improve, and finally was well enough to leave. 
He said that upon his return he found that his 
father had died, and he and his mother had 
been left penniless. He asked Tom to forgive 
him, that he might haye a clear conscience, and 



THE WEDDING 307 

again face the world for an uphill struggle to 
make a man of himself. 

He held out his hand, which Tom clasped, 
and promised him that he would explain it all 
to Evelyn, whom he knew would willingly 
extend her sympathies to him. 

This was the last Tom ever saw or heard of 
Sheldon. He stopped to make a few small pur- 
chases; also met Charlie Kingsley and they 
went in to secure their marriage licenses, after 
which they went back to the Tyler mansion to 
take quite a prominent part in the rehearsal. 

Promptly at two o'clock, a switch was turned 
in the music-room, and the strains of Mendels- 
sohn's Wedding March made them all realize 
that only a few hours remained before the four 
young people would become inseparably joined 
for companionship through the swift gliding 
years of life. Amidst the happy thoughts of 
those who keenly enjoyed the entertainment 
were mingled the sad feelings of father, mother 
and friends who could not help but think that 
the occasion, after all, meant -a loss to them. The 
girl who had been with them through all the 
years of babyhood, childhood and early woman- 
hood, would be with them no longer. She was 
leaving them to become a part of a new home. It 
is true that she would come home for occasional 
visits, for Thanksgiving, Christmas and other 
holidays, but she would not be with them each 
day at breakfast, lunch, and dinner; the even- 
ings, on Sundays and in and out, living amongst 
them as in the old days. Yes, indeed, she would 
]be missed, and on the faces of those who dearly 
loved her, the appearance of tears was plainly 
visible. But the day had now come, and the 
party made every effort to enjoy the remaining 



308 LOOKING FORWARD 

hours as much as possible. Much fun was dis- 
played in matching up the couples, the young 
girls exhibiting some embarrassment in disclosing 
their identity with certain young men, and 
many were the blushings and hiding of faces 
during that memorable afternoon. 

The procession finally started, winding its 
way down the front stairs through the lower hall. 
Evelyn and Father Tyler were ahead with 
Eethyl and her father following. In the bay- 
window, under the wedding bell, the minister 
awaited them, and Tom and Charlie were near 
him, ready to take their rightful places at the 
side of those sweet young girls whose happiness 
would this day be assured by association with 
such reliable -and honorable young fellows. 

The afternoon passed, and with the evening 
came the actual ceremony, which was reported 
in the local papers of Northington. Below is an 
account of the wedding, as it was copied from 
a clipping taken from the Northington Gazette, 
morning issue of November 30th, 1912. 

DOUBLE WEDDING. 

APPLETON-TYLER KINGSLEY-APPLETON. 

About one hundred guests were present at the 
residence of Mr. and Mrs. Horman Tyler, Thurs- 
day evening, when their daughter, Evelyn, was 
married to Mr. Tom Appleton, formerly of 
Northington, for many years at Millville, but 
now a resident of New York City. 

The sister of the bridegroom, Miss Eethyl 
Appleton, was also married, at the same time, 
to Mr. Charles Kingsley, a former resident 
of this city. 



THE WEDDING 309 

About seven o'clock Mendelssohn's Wedding 
March was beautifully rendered by the Telhar- 
monium, and the bridal party entered the parlor 
where the ceremony was performed. The brides 
and grooms were joined in matrimony under 
the marriage bell, which decorated the old bay- 
window. 

The ceremony was performed with a ring, and 
Reverend F. T. Pomerell officiated. 

Miss Tyler was beautifully gowned in white 
India silk, and her bridesmaid was Miss Clara 
Newman of Chicago. 

Miss Appleton presented a lovely appearance 
in a gown of Canary silk, her cousin, Miss White 
of this city, acting as bridesmaid. 

Mr. Cameron, of Millville, was best man to 
Mr. Appleton, while Mr. Devereaux acted as best 
man to Mr. Kingsley. 

Charles Marlow and Henry Hartwell were 
ushers. 

There was a large num'ber of valuable presents. 
The two happy couples left on the nine o'clock 
train for the South, where they will remain for 
several weeks. 

It will be remembered that both of these 
young ladies were graduated from South Holley 
Falls College this past year, having secured the 
degree of electrical engineer. 

The career of Tom Appleton is well known 
here in Northington, and his recent new position 
in New York City was well deserved. The peo- 
ple of this city all join in wishing these two 
couples the greatest amount of happiness. 



CHAPTER XXVI. 

TWENTY-FIVE YEARS AFTER. 

Shortly after their return from the South, 
Tom and Evelyn were one evening sitting alone 
in their parlor. Evelyn had been reading over 
again the story of Edward Bellamy's "Looking 
Backward. ' ' 

She had just stopped at the point where 
Julian West had fitted up that wonderful sub- 
terranean room as a sleeping chamber, when 
Tom asked her to read that again. She started 
reading, therefore, as follows: 

"This was the sleeping chamber I had built 
under the foundations. I could not have slept 
in the city at all, with its never-ceasing nightly 
noises, if I had been obliged to use an upstairs 
chamber, but to this subterranean room no mur- 
mur ever penetrated. When I had entered it and 
closed the door, I was surrounded by the silence 
of the tomb. In order to prevent the dampness 
of the sub-soil from penetrating the chamber, 
the walls had been laid in hydraulic cement, and 
were very thick, and the floor was likewise 
protected. In order that the room might serve 
also as a vault equally proof against violence 
and flames, for the storage of valuables, I had 
roofed it with stone slabs hermetically sealed, 
and the outer door was of iron, with a thick 
coating of asbestos. A small pipe, communi- 

310 




THE LATE EDWARD BELLAMY 



TWENTY-FIVE YEARS AFTER 311 

eating with a windmill on the top of the house, 
insured the renewal of air." 

" There's the point," interrupted Tom. "If 
Bellamy were planning for Julian West in 1912, 
he would have said, that an electric motor was 
connected to an electric exhaust fan, which in- 
sured the renewal of air to the chamber. ' ' 

Evelyn had read on to Page 40 where Julian 
West was again himself, physically, after 
awakening in the year 2000, or 113 years after 
1887. Where Tom interrupted again Evelyn 
had read, "The impressions of amazement and 
curiosity which my new surroundings produced, 
occupied my mind. For the time the memory 
of my former life was, as it were, in abeyance. 
After Dr. Leete had responded to numerous 
questions on my part, as to the ancient land- 
marks I missed, and the new ones which had 
replaced them, he asked me what point of the 
contrast between the new and the old city struck 
me most forcibly. ' ' 

Julian West responded as follows, "I really 
think that the complete absence of chimneys and 
their smoke is the detail that first impressed 
me." 

"You see," said Tom, "that Bellamy's ideas 
are carried out in San Francisco. You remem- 
ber when we were there I showed you how com- 
pletely they had abandoned chimneys. Elec- 
tricity has been the means of meeting many of 
Bellamy's ideas." 

"Yes," said Evelyn, "and in England we 
heard of so many new houses having been built 
without chimneys. Also throughout the South- 
ern States of America, chimneys are no more, 
and electric heat has replaced coal and gas. I 
wonder if Bellamy expected that_in_twenty-five 



312 LOOKING FORWARD 

years, so many of his prophecies would come 
true?" 

Evelyn read on, and had reached page 43, 
with the following description by Bellamy : ' ' The 
apartment in which we found the wife and 
daughter of my host, as well as the entire 
interior of the house, was filled with a mellow 
light, which I knew must be artificial, although 
I could not discover the source from which it 
was diffused." 

" Those words were written by Bellamy in 
1887," said Tom. "I am curious to know what 
he would think of the marvelous progress in the 
art of lighting in 1912. Twenty-five years have 
produced most wonderful improvements in 
artificial lighting by electricity." 

She had continued to read as far as page 66, 
when Tom again interrupted: "That is interest- 
ing, please read it over!" 

So Evelyn read, "As an individual's satis- 
faction during his term of service depends on his 
having an occupation to his taste, parents and 
teachers watch from early years for indications 
of special aptitudes in children. A thorough 
study of the National industrial system, with the 
history and rudiments of all the great trades, is 
an essential part of our educational system. 
While manual training is not allowed to 
encroach upon the general intellectual culture, 
to which our schools are devoted, it is carried 
far enough to give our youth, in addition to 
their theoretical knowledge of the national 
industries, mechanical and agricultural, a 
certain familiarity with their tools and methods. 
Our schools are constantly visiting our work- 
shops and often are taken on long excursions to 
inspect particular industrial enterprises." 



TWENTY-FIVE YEARS AFTER 313 

1 'There," said Tom, "I told you about the 
great strides of the Millville Schools, and the 
aggressive administration of Mr. A. L. Roland 
as President of the Board. I guess that Bell- 
amy would be pleased if he could n'ow step in 
and see the progress that has been made." 

Evelyn again read on to a point in regard to 
hours of labor for workmen, which interested 
Tom greatly. It read as follows: "The hours 
of labor in different trades differ 'according to 
their arduousness. The lighter trades, prosecuted 
under the most agreeable circumstances, have 
the longest hours, while an arduous trade has 
very short hours." 

Here Tom said, "Evelyn, I wish Bellamy 
could have lived to see the universal Saturday 
half-holiday. It would have done his heart 
good to see the splendid manner in which the 
laboring men utilize their privileges on Satur- 
day afternoons." 

"You are right," said Evelyn, "the laboring 
men of the country have become vastly more 
intelligent in the past twenty-five years." 

"I admit it," replied Tom, "but electricity 
has been the most potent factor toward the 
better condition of the working men. Factories 
with healthful light, pure air and improved 
machines, have benefited the average workmen. 
On the railroad, the electric hoist, shovel, work- 
car and spike driver, have educated the railroad 
laborers. In twenty-five years electric labor- 
saving devices, have increased with remarkable 
rapidity, and the working men have learned to 
operate' electrical machinery, gaining not only 
higher wages, but also by snorter hours. Many 
of the so-called laborers of Bellamy's day are 
now electrical and mechanical engineers, due to 



314 LOOKING FORWARD 

the influence which labor-saving devices have 
had upon their lives. 

As Evelyn read on, Tom listened with interest, 
and noted particularly what Bellamy said about 
the choosing of a profession in the year 2000. 
"It is for the man to choose in accordance with 
his natural 'tastes, whether he will fit himself 
for an art or profession, or be a farmer or 
mechanic. The schools of technology, of 
medicine, of art, of music, of histrionics, and 
of higher liberal learning, are always open to 
aspirants without condition. " 

"At this point," said Tom, "we are both 
agreed that the profession of music has under- 
gone a radical change. There is no excuse today 
for children spending an hour a day practising 
on a piano, or violin, or any string or brass 
instrument, when the Telharmonium has proven 
so successful. I wish that Bellamy could be 
here with us tonight and talk over these matters. 
Surely he did not believe that in 1912 instead 
of the year 2000, you and I could reach over 
to a side wall switch, and secure music by simply 
turning a handle." 

"Yes, this point is exceedingly interesting," 
said Evelyn, "but Bellamy was clear in his 
mind on this subject, even though he may not 
have expected that it would come to pass in 
1912. See what he says, "I followed her into 
an apartment finished, without hangings, in 
wood, with a floor of polished wood. I was 
prepared for new devices in musical instruments, 
but I saw nothing in the room, which by any 
stretch of imagination could be conceived as 
such. It was evident that my puzzled appear- 
ance was affording intense amusement to Edith. 
* Please look at today's music/ she said, 'and 



TWENTY-FIVE YEARS AFTER 315 

tell me what you would prefer. ' The card bore 
the date September 12, 2000, and contained the 
longest programme of music I had ever seen. 
It was as various as it was long, including a 
most extraordinary range of vocal and instru- 
mental solos, duets, quartettes, and various 
orchestral combinations. ' ' 

' ' How much that sounds like the writings and 
descriptions about the Telharmonium/ ' said 
Tom, "and again the electrical industry has 
produced Bellamy's idea. The difference is that 
the Telharmonium plan is much less expensive 
than Bellamy's telephonic scheme, and is in 
commercial use in the year 1912 instead of the 
year 2000. " 

When Evelyn had reached page 106, she said, 
"We saw in San Francisco, the large central 
warehouses of the merchants, the distributing 
tubes and electric delivery wagons. Those con- 
ditions tally very closely with the Bellamy store 
plans. ' ' 

Tom was deep in thought, and finally said, 
* ' I remember in the first few pages of Bellamy 's 
book, I think, page 15, he refers to building a 
house for himself and his intended bride. The 
strikes of those times delayed its construction, 
and on May 30, 1887, when he entered his long 
sleep of 113 years, the house was still unfinished. 
I was thinking about how it would have been 
lighted ; probably by kerosene lamps, and heated 
by coal stoves. What a marvelous change these 
twenty-five years have brought about. If Bell- 
amy should walk into our house tonight, and see 
the illumination, the electric heating system and 
my workshop, he would go home and write 
another book entitled 'Twenty-five Years After,' 



316 LOOKING FORWARD 

or what electricity has done for the people since 
1887." 

Evelyn straightened up with vigor and vim, 
"Hold on," she said, "I have been holding 
back page 119 for this very moment. Bellamy 
says there that 'Electricity, of course, takes the 
place of all fires and lighting/ ! 

"Yes, that is good," replied Tom, "and I 
like what he says about the problem of domestic 
service. In 1912 we are not doing it exactly 
the way he planned for the year 2000, but it 
closely approaches an ideal kitchen arrange- 
ment. He says 'we choose houses no larger 
than we need, and furnish them so as to involve 
the minimum amount of trouble to keep them in 
order/ Now the electric kitchen cabinet 
permits of a small pantry and a small kitchen. 
It is one cabinet taking the place of a large 
pantry, a large kitchen, a coal stove, a gas range, 
and an ordinary table, and the kitchen girl is 
now a cultivated, highly intelligent domestic 
electrician. Our washing is done by an electric 
washing machine ; the ironing is made quick and 
clean, and the cooking is without coal, ashes, dirt, 
dust or trouble. Surely Bellamy would say we 
are wise in our generation, and in some respects, 
perhaps, are bettering his plans." 

"On page 164," said Evelyn, "is the following 
'The highest of all honors in the nation, higher 
than the presidency, which calls merely for good 
sense and devotion to duty, is the red ribbon 
awarded by the vote of the people to the great 
authors, artists, engineers, physicians and 
inventors of the generation.' 3 

"Yes," Tom said, "that is a point of great 
interest. I was glad to see the question raised 
this year, as the people showed their very great 



TWENTY-FIVE YEARS AFTER 317 

pride in the electrical engineers of this country, 
and emphasized very strongly the valuable part 
they had played in the past quarter of a century, 
in the affairs of our Nation. ' ' 

''Referring to pages 187 to 191," said he, 
"the industrial army and its ten great officers, 
do not exist as yet, exactly as Bellamy outlined, 
but the President of the United States, Theodore 
Roosevelt, has been a people 's man, and many of 
his fearless acts against large corporations, 
trusts, etc., have led the people to believe in the 
dawn of a new era. The seed has been sown for 
an industrial harvest in which the barns of the 
people will be liberally well stocked. ' ' 

"Further than that," said Tom, "when 
Theodore Roosevelt was elected in 1908, almost 
by acclamation, it was well known among the 
people that their rights would be protected; 
and in selecting a candidate for the next Presi- 
dent, the utmost care was exercised that he 
should be a man representative of the people, in 
whose hands the interests of the people would 
be safe-guarded." 

As Evelyn closed the book, they dwelt upon 
the universal liberality of employers, manu- 
facturers and railroad executives toward long- 
service men; reference was made to the large 
numbers being continually pensioned as their 
days of usefulness were almost ended. 

Tom called attention to the date of May 30, 
Decoration Day in the year 2000. They 
wondered what kind of a procession would 
parade the streets, and of what event it would 
be commemorative. They referred to the 
Decoration Day of 1912 when such a small 
number of the old Civil War Veterans were in 
line, and the few short years to pass when all of 



318 LOOKING FORWARD 

them would march together once more, free 
from old age, with its attendant cares and 
troubles, and assured of peace and happiness 
during all eternity. 

It was midnight, and as the reader is planning 
soon to say good-night to Tom and Evelyn, with 
the ending of the chapter, their youthful 
appearance indicates that with good luck and 
health they will be living in 1937, and will see 
the dawn of a half century added to the year 
1887. Their chances are fair, also, for existence 
here on earth in the year 1962, or seventy-five 
years after. Yea, let us hope that by means of 
electricity, there may be discovered an elixir 
of life, which will prolong the years of these 
two young people, and with the full exercise of 
their physical and mental powers, may they be 
living to enjoy the ideal conditions prophesied 
for the year 2000 by Edward Bellamy. 

THE END, 



AUTHOR'S NOTE. 

Reference is frequently made in this book to the Elec- 
tric Heating System for residences and buildings in 
general, in the year 1912. The author fully believes 
that the Electric Heating System will be quite com- 
monly used, by that date; and adopted, to a limited 
extent much sooner, especially in the Southern States, 
the Pacific Coast, certain sections of England, and 
wherever the average temperature, during all seasons 
is high. 

The author further believes that the Electric Heating 
System will be used, considerably, even in the colder 
climates, in the North, where the conditions of the 
business of many electrical companies will permit of a 
very low price for current; for example, a large water 
power plant; or isolated plants, furnishing current for 
large estates; or for ocean liners, and lake boats. 

Experience in his own house, coupled with a consid- 
erable study of the subject, leads the author to believe 
the foregoing statements are fair and reasonable. 

Readers may be interested in the following quotation 
from "The New Knowledge," by Robert Kennedy Dun- 
can, a book published about a 'year ago. 

"It has been playfully suggested by Prof. Rutherford 
that some day it might be possible to construct a deto- 
nator which would send a wave of atomic disintegration 
through the earth, and decompose the whole round 
world into helium, argon and other gases, leaving liter- 
ally not one stone upon another. 

"Without being frightened by any such humorous 
suggestion as this, we can easily grant that with the 
continuous acceleration of scientific research, where one 
year of the present counts for a cycle of former time, 
there will come a day in the unending succession of 
days, when men will look with mingled horror and 
Hmuseinent, at the burning of coal and wood, and will 
date the coming in of their kingdom, to the time when 
Curie and Laborde demonstrated the existence and ex- 
tent of interatomic energy." 

To any readers who are inclined to doubt the possi- 
bility of using light in the many ways the author has 
suggested and imagined, I would call their attention 
again to Mr. Duncan's book, "The New Knowledge," 
pages 193 to 257, Readers who are particularly inter- 
319 



ested in the subjects of light and heat, would, I am sure, 
enjoy reading "The New Knowledge." 

Many readers will be curious to know what electricity 
is, and the following quotations from "The New Knowl- 
edge" may satisfy such curiosity. 

"What positive electricity is, nobody knows. * * * 
It seems to exist in the form of particles, the size of 
atoms. In fact, the size of the atom seems to deter- 
mine the size of the electricity connected with it." 

"Negative electricity is particulate in character; that 
is, it consists of separate definite units. These units, 
if they could be obtained in a state of rest, would, it is 
deemed, have no mass whatever. Whether under these 
conditions they would have spatial dimension, is not 
known." , 

"A moving unit of negative electricity, together with 
its bound ether, has a corpuscle. The mass of a cor- 
puscle depends upon the amount of bound ether con- 
nected with the moving unit, and this depends upon the 
velocity. The average mass of a corpuscle is about one 
one-thousandth of that of a hydrogen atom." 

"An electric current is nothing but a series of cor- 
puscles 'handed along* from one atom to another, 
through the wire. At the beginning of their course, 
there is a deficiency of corpuscles, and the positive elec- 
tricity of the atoms thus appears. At the end there is 
a gain in the corpuscles, and the negative electricity is 
manifested." , , 

"Magnetism is a force developed at right angles to 
the direction of motion of the moving corpuscle." 

31. W. HILLMAN. 



320 



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